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Of the might that cloth'd “The Pater Patriæ "--of the deeds that won A nation's liberty, and earth's applause, Making Mount Vernon's tomb a Mecca haunt-. For patriot and for sage while time shall last, What part was thine, what thanks to thee are due, Who mid his elements of being wrought With no uncertain aim-nursing the germs Of godlike virtue in his infant mind, We know not,-heaven can tell !

Rise, noble pile ! And show a race unborn, who rests belowAnd say to mothers, what a holy charge Is theirs—with what a kingly power their love Might rule the fountains of the new-born mindWarn them to wake at early dawn, and sow Good seed before the world doth sow its tares, Nor in their toil decline—that angel bands May put the sickle in, and reap for God, And gather to his garner.

Ye who stand With thrilling breast and kindling cheek this morn, Viewing the tribute that Virginia pays To the blest Mother of her glorious Chief; Ye, whose last thought upon your nightly couch, Whose first, at waking, is your cradled son,

What though no dazzling hope aspires to rear
A second Washington, or leave your name
Wrought out in marble, with your country's tears
Of deathless gratitude, yet may ye raise
A monument above the stars, a soul
Led by your teachings, and your prayers, to God.



Wild was the day; the wintry sea

Moaned sadly on New England's strand,
When first the thoughtful and the free,

Our fathers, trod the desert land.

They little thought how pure a light,

With years should gather round that day ;
How love should keep their memories bright,

How wide a realm their sons should sway.

Green are their bays ; but greener still

Shall round their spreading fame be wreathed, And regions, now untrod, shall thrill

With reverence when their names are breathed.

Till where the sun, with softer fires,

Looks on the vast Pacific's sleep,
The children of the pilgrim sires

This hallowed day like us shall keep.



Sir, our Common Schools are places wherein the children of all our people meet. They study together, they associate together upon a common level. They come to understand and know each other, assimilate in morals, in tastes, and in habits. A sort of brotherhood is established, fraternity of feeling promoted, and a foundation for a life of liberality and kindness towards each other is laid. The importance of this consideration is not, I fear sufficiently appreciated. Its influence is measureless in giving practical effect to that spirit of universal toleration which breathes through all our institutions and speaks in all our laws. I know well, that our Common Schools have been denounced as “Godless” and “infidel" by a denomination that arrogates to itself all the wisdom, all the truth, and all the piety of the world. I know they have been thus denounced because they do not teach a blind and unquestioning obedience to the priesthood, because they do not inculate the doctrines of Rome as a primary element of Education. I should hold them as worse than useless if they did so, because I am myself a heretic according to the papal creed. But, sir, I should be equally opposed to the introduction of my own particular faith as one

to be propagated through our Common Schools or by means of the Common School Fund. Those schools are not the places to shape the particular faith of the pupils. Faith in the Bible itself should be taught, its holy inspiration as the word of the great God spoken to man as a guide to salvation should be taught, because it is so regarded by all denominations of Christians. Certain great fundamental truths of Christianity should be inculcated, for they are acknowledged by all; but creeds and dogmas should be left to home influence, or to the calm study of the Bible itself.

Sir, the children educated by these funds are to be the future sovereigns of the country ; they are to wield the destiny, for good or for evil, of the State. What kind of education should they have, to fit them for the exercise of this power and these duties? No one, I presume, will deny the proposition that it should be intellectual, historical and moral : upon these three propositions all will unite. The history taught should be authentic; it should be the truth ; it should not be fashioned and shaped to meet the views of any sect, nor to promote or screen any particular denomination—nor should it be arranged with a view to prejudice or wipe out any stain from the character of any man or combination of men, or from any institution that belongs to or has passed into history.

The morality taught should be of the very highest and purest character, shaped to meet the views of no sect or denomination, nor fashioned to square with the consciences of any particular sect. The State educates the children not for

the children's sake, but for its own, and hence that morality should be inculcated which, while it accords with the revealed will of heaven, will make them good citizens, good republicans, and will best promote the interests of the institutions under which they live and for which they are to be responsible hereafter. We have heretofore legislated in some measure to please at least one sect. We have permitted what any other nation in the world that recognizes the Christian religion would never have allowed. We have suffered the Bible to be banished from many of our State schools, have shut out from the children of those schools the very book which all denominations of Christians make the foundation of their faith, and, strange as it may seem, out of tenderness towards the consciences of a Christian sect.

Of all the people of this country, one denomination alone objects to the reading of the Bible in the schools, and to please that sect we have excluded it; they then denounce our schools as Godless. What course shall we pursue ? Shall we deliver the schools into their hands, allow them to direct the education of the State, contrary to the wishes and the consciences of all the others ? Shall bigotry triumph ? No! What course then shall we pursue ? There is but one true course, and that should never have been deviated from. Let the education of the children of this Christian State be carried forward without regard to the clamors of bigoted sectarianism or infidelity. Return the Bible to every school, and let our children from it alone, without note or comment, become acquainted with their relations and obligations to the

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