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When our great mother's hand essayed

To whip and make us yield; Our stubborn sires quick foot-prints made

For camp and battle-field !
The lawyer quit his client then,

The parson, wig and gown,
And hosts of panting husbandmen

Left ploughshares in the ground !

Banners of snowy mist were hung

Over one Autumn morn, When a matron and two maidens young

Went reaping harvest corn! The maidens were of gentle blood,

Lofty that matron's brow : “Thou wear'st no weeds of widowhood

Where rests thy husband now ?”

"Rests !"--and she haughtily began :

“I joy to know that he Fights foremost in the battle's van,

For Home and Liberty !

And I have taken in my hand,

The sickle in his stead ;
For patriot women of the land


the winter's bread !"

“Thou elder maiden, thy fair brow

Rivals our mountain snows,
And on thy cheek scarce lingers now

The faintest tint of rose !
I met thee, ere the summer-tide,

A dreamer light and gay:
A manly form was at thy side,

Where doth the loiterer stay ?”

And proudly then that maid replied :

“My lover is not one To linger at a lady's side,

While glorious deeds are done! He stands where battle-thunder jars,

And plumes of warriors wave, Bearing the Eagle and the Stars,'

The ensign of the brave !"

And thou, my little maiden dear,

Thou hast not strength, I ween, To bind the heavy bundles here,

Or urge the sickle keen !

Call thy young brother from his play!

Why doth that tear-drop start?" She said—“He is a Volunteer,

And bears a manly heart!

“We taught him lessons of the strife,

And how to use a gun,
And told him that a hero's life

Was best in youth begun !
And then he took the powder-horn,

Which our dead grandsire gave, Shouldered his gun, and one bright morn

Went forth to join the brave !

“And are all gone-husband, and son

Lover, and brother—all !
Ye lofty-hearted, still toil on!

No evil can befall,
A country, struggling mightily,

To give young Freedom birth;
The unborn infant yet shall be

The Giant of the Earth !"




Washington, December 21, 1850. The undersigned, Secretary of State of the United States, had the honor to receive some time ago, the note of Mr. Hülsemann, Chargé d'Affaires of his Majesty, the Emperor of Austria, of the 30th September. Causes, not arising from any want of personal regard for Mr. Hülsemann, or of proper respect for his government, have delayed an answer until the present moment. Having submitted Mr. Hülsemann's letter to the President, the undersigned is now directed by him to return the following reply.

The objects of Mr. Hülsemann's note are, first, to protest, by order of his government, against the steps taken by the late President of the United States to ascertain the progress and probable result of the revolutionary movements in Hungary; and, secondly, to complain of some expressions in the instructions of the late Secretary of State to Mr. A. Dudley Mann, a confidential agent of the United States, as communicated by President Taylor to the Senate on the 28th of March last.

The principal ground of protest is founded on the idea, or in the allegation, that the Government of the United States, by the mission of Mr. Mann, and his instructions, has inter

ferred in the domestic affairs of Austria in a manner unjust or disrespectful towards that power. The President's message was a communication made by him to the Senate, transmitting a correspondence between the Executive Government and a confidential agent of its own.

This would seem to be itself a domestic transaction, a mere instance of intercourse between the President and the Senate, in the manner which is usual and indispensable in communications between the different branches of the government. It was not addressed either to Austria or Hungary ; nor was it any public manifesto, to which any foreign State was called upon to reply. It was an account of its transactions communicated by the Executive Government to the Senate, at the request of that body; made public, indeed, but made public only because such is the common and usual course of proceeding ; and it may be regarded as somewhat strange, therefore, that the Austrian Cabinet did not perceive that, by the instructions given to Mr. Hülsemann, it was itself interfering with the domestic concerns of a foreign State, the very thing which is the ground of its complaint against the United States.

This Department has, on former occasions, informed the ministers of foreign powers that a communication from the President to either house of Congress is regarded as a domestic communication, of which, ordinarily, no foreign State has cognizance; and, in more recent instances, the great inconvenience of making such communications subjects of diplomatic correspondence and discussion has been fully shown. If it had been the pleasure of his majesty, the Emperor of

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