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pursuit ; to a man, filled with scorn at not immediately perceived, either by the anonymous abuse not only of his friends or enemies, he unquestionably friend, but his friend's countrymen, to laid the foundation of the Reformation whose industry Europe owes so much; in this country. Of this the enemies and to a gentleman, filled with disgust to that great measure were afterwards at, and contempt for, the vulgar tone so conscious, that they did him the assumed by assailants, whose incog- honour to disinter his mortal remains, nito alone secured them from a differ- and burn them for the alleged heresy ent and severer mode of castigation. of his life. To all those, who in the spirit of fair The plan of a monument for Wiclif and honourable criticism deal with originated five years since at Lut. my remarks, or my editions of books, terworth in Leicestershire, where it I am accustomed to listen with such lay dormant for some time; but where respect as their views deserve; and to about 3001. have since been raised toall, in whatever school brought up, wards its execution. Among other who seriously put their shoulder to distinguished patrons of this measure, the wheel with me, I hold out the I find the names of the Right Reright hand of fellowship; but against verend the Lords Bishops of Lincoln, all quackery, and all quacks, I hold the Dublin, Salisbury, and Lichfield and old motto-" War to the knife!” Coventry. The memorial of Wiclif Yours, &c. John KEMBLE. now contemplated is a monumental

statue of him in the Church ; but it has MR. URBAN,

Gloster Terrace, been suggested, that some more public

Hoxton, May 20. memorial of him might be adopted : IT will be gratifying to your readers and a writer in the Leamington Chronto be informed that there is a proba- icle has suggested a statue in or on the bility of something like justice, although new Town Hall about to be erected late justice, being done to the memory at Lutterworth. of John Wiclir; of whom Southey* Will you, Mr. Urban, permit an old has truly said, that'" It is a reproach correspondent to offer another sugto this country, that no statue has gestion, and to propose the erection been erected to his honour;' and of a strong airy building in some conanother writert of some celebrity has venient and central part of the town ; observed, “ Such men are the true which may be used as a town SCHOOL, heroes, to whom mankind ought to the comprehensive principle of raise statues and trophies, rather than being open to receive the children of to conquerors, who often waste the persons of all religious denominations. lives of their fellow-creatures to gra- This I venture to submit would be an tify their own ambition.”

appropriate memorial of a man, who Wiclif was a man of rare talents, did so much to extend the knowledge distinguished learning, persevering in- of divine truth, and make it accessible dustry, and great fortitude, and did to all, by liberating it from the thral. more in the cause of the Reformation dom of Popish proscription. in this country than any other indi. Another appropriate memorial of vidual, because he may be truly said Wiclif I would also venture to suggest to have originated it. The service for the consideration of your literary which he rendered to that cause has and antiquarian readers. It is a comthis peculiar feature of merit, that he plete and uniform edition of his stood alone, and was the first who works; many of which have not yet started in that race of danger and of seen the light, but remain locked up true glory, in which others could but in public or private libraries. There follow him. His shrewdness, patience, are among them, no doubt, articles and firmness, were equally conspicuous which would now be regarded as in his exposure of the unjust usurpa. trifles, and interesting only to the antions, the errors, and the iniquitous tiquary and philologist; but there are practices of the Church of Rome; and, others which would in all probability although the effects of his labours were be found highly interesting to the the

ological student, and to the historian; * Book of the Church, vol. i. p. 347.

and I have no doubt that if some per+ Wakefield's Family Tour.

son of adequate talent, and literary


the title-page,

eminence, would undertake this work, man of London, hath cured and the public would cheerfully remunerate healed many forlorne and deadlye his toils by a liberal subscription. diseases." ** The thirde booke" be

As Mr. Baber has given a valuable gins on folio 48, b. and consists of descriptive catalogue of Wiclif's “prety conceates of Cookery, as baked works, in the introduction to his Life meats, gellies, conserves, sugar-plates, of Wiclif, a reference to that cata- and others." “ The fourthe booke," logue will satisfy your readers, that on folio 60, is headed, “ Here folwere they brought from their obscurity loweth a booke which was founde in and placed before the public, they the Parson's study of Warlingham, would find a place in every large written in the Roman hande, and it library in Europe, and thus prove wanteth both the beginning and endthe most public, as well as the most inge.” “ The fifthe booke" contains imperishable monument of our great Certayne medicines which were Reformer.

taken out of the vicar of WarlingThos. FISHER. ham's booke, beinge, as he sayde,

taught him by the fayries ;” and as MR. URBAN, Hartburn, June 9.

specimens of the whole, I have, Mr. ABOUT twenty years since, I Urban, made the following extracts, procured several curious MSS. from supposing that many of your readers, a mass of papers which had be

unacquainted with the practice of melonged to Mr. William Pickering,

dicine in the sixteenth and seventeenth an apparitor of the Consistory Court,

centuries, may find amusement, in at Durham; and among these was perusing and contrasting them with a neatly written folio book, with

the science that guides the medical " EDWARD POTTER.

practitioners of the present day. ijs. iiijd. HERE BEGINNETH A Booke 1. To staunche bloude. of Phisicke and Chirurgery, with divers other things necessary to be

There were three Maryes went over the

floude; knowne, collected out of sundry olde

The one bid stande, the other ftente written bookes, and broughte into one bloude : order. The several things herein con- Then bespake Mary that Jesus Christ tayned may bee seene in the bookes bore, and tables following. Written in the Defende gods forbod thou shouldeste year of our Lorde God, 1610.” The bleede anye more. work commences with a list of the

The three Marys here' named were " thirty-three evil days” of the year, probably the Virgin Mary, the Egyptian and a general calender; and on folio 2 Mary, and Mary Magdalene. Whether has “ A catalogue of all my books, this is to be spoken as an exorcism, or and the prices they cost me, taken worn as a charm, is not mentioned. The by me, Edward Potter, ye 30 of custom of wearing charms was probably November 1594.” This catalogue is adopted by the Christians from the phyin a different hand and ink to the rest

lacterics of the Jews, which were little of the book. Then follows seven fo

cubical boxes, or as the word means, lios, under the running title of “A

conservatories, of a cubical form, sewed Prognostication,” which is a curious

upon long fillets, at given distances, each

made of parchment, and containing a medley of rules about the weather, roll with portions of the law written upon and astronomical calculations. • The

it. They were worn chiefly on the left first booke” begins on folio 11, a. and arm, or wrist, and wound round and has this title—“ A coppye of all

round it. suche Medicines wherewt the noble I formerly knew a Dutch Jew, who Countisse of Oxenford most chari. left his lodgings, and staying from them a tably, in her owne person, did manye

more than usual time, his hostess sent for great and notable Cures upon her

another Jew, his friend, who knowing that poore Neighbours.” " The second

he had been dispirited on account of the

embarrassed state of his circumstances, booke,” beginning on folio 19, is entituled,

immediately began to dread, that in his "Here beginneth a true copye despondency, he had destroyed himself, of such Medicines wherew Mris. and was

soon confirmed in the conJohan Ounsteade, daughter unto the jecture, from finding that he had left worshipfull Mr. John Olliffe, Alder- his philactery behind him--a thing a Jew

never does. His body was found a few that growe towards the north, if it be days after in the river Wear. The phi. possible; if not, then take them as lactery and his Bible I purchased, and found the former all made of parchment,

you can get them, although they be as I have described. I loved the man

not verye ripe ; dry them in the shafor his most amiable, charitable dis

dowe, and keepe them in a boxe of position, as well as from his critical wood, as you doe presious things; if knowledge in the Hebrew language ; but any bee infected with the pestilence, I will not mention his name, lest some

take of the sayde berries, and beate one, consulting a disciple of the magi. them to powder in a fayre morter, and cians of Egypt, take upon him to call

then give the sicke of the sayde powupon his name, and disturb the repose of der in a glasse of white wine, so much his soul.

as will lye on a groate or more; then 3. To take awaye frekels. — Take rub him in his bed, and make him the bloude of an hare, anoynte them sweate well; this done, change his with it, and it will doe them awaye.

sheets, shirte, and other coverings of Either hares are scarce in the High. his bed, if it may bee; if not, let him lands of Scotland, or this remedy is un

at the leaste change his shirte and known there, or the Gaelic beauties find

sheets. Some have taken of the sayd freckles killing, for certainly they seem powder overnighte, and have founde to take little pains to remove them. The themselves in the morninge very well, fairies delighted in the crimson drops i'th' so that they rose up, and clothed bottom of a cowslip ; and of the fairy themselves, and walked about the queen we are told that

house, and finally were throughe The cowslip tall her pensioners be; cured. In their gold coats spots you see;

To these wonder-working properties of Those be rubies, fairy favours ;

ivy-berries, we may add some of the In those freckles live their savours.

plant, from “ Bartholome,” a FranThe Highland shepherd sees as many ciscan friar, of the family of the Earls captivating charms in the freckles of

of Suffolk, who set forth his book “De “ the lonely sun-beams” of his love, as Proprietatibus Rerum," in 1360 ; and he the queen of the fairy troop, that built says that it “ is full wonderfull in knowhe magic hill of Tomnaheurich in a ledge and assaieng of wine; for it is cernight, saw in the sun-spots of her fa- tain yt if wine meddled with water be in vourite flower, before the unballowed a vessel of ivie, ye wine fleeteth over ye plough tore up the meadows of her pride brink, and the water abideth.” And on the northern border of the Ness. there is a manner-ivie, and deaw falleth

4. For a man or a woman that hath on the leaves thereof, and waxeth gleylost theire speeche. — Take worme

mie, & turneth to glewe;' concerning woode, and stampe it, and temper it which, Batman, in his additions to the

text of our author, says, “ the gum of with water, and strayne it, and with a spoone doe of it into theire mouthes. ivy killeth lice and nits, and being laid

to it, taketh away hair. It is unwholeHow many men would like to be in a

some to sleepe under the iuie, or in an condition to try the efficacy of this re- inie-bush. It maketh the head light and medy, with the hope that it might prove dizzie.” Malkin, in his South Wales, unsuccessful! Lay an ointment on a

says that the stem of the ivy, on the speechless woman's tongue! Who dares north side of the castle of St. Anthan's, to stand the torrent of eloquence it would is five feet in girth, and in some years most certainly produce ?

yields large quantities of gum ; so that 6. A verye sure and perfect re- it may be certainly had of size sufficient medye to cure a man, &c. of the pes

to make vessels for assaying wine, and its tilence; and some there hath bene

gum, if of any use, obtained. Its ber

ries have long held some repute as sudo. that have bene cured in a nighte; the

rifics ; and I have seen it somewhere said same remedye is allso good for God's that the powder of them was actually markes, boyles, carbuncles, blotches, given with great success in vinegar, or &c. and such like, as St. Anthonye's white wine, in the great plague in Lonfire, &c.—Take the seed or berryes of don; though it may be doubted whether ivye that groweth on trees or walls, the healing virtue was not more in the and not of that which is founde lowe vehicle than in the powder of the ivyby the grounde: you must gather the berries. Bartholomew's account of ivysayde berryes very ripe, and of those vessels being used for assaying wine, is

from Pliny, who says if the wine be will fall out of it selfe. Allso, if you mixed with'water, the wine sokes through washe your mouth and teethe once a the wood, but the water remains.

month with wine wherein the roote 8. To make a pretious water that

of this hearbe hath bene sodden, you Doctor Stevens did greate cures with,

shall never have payne in your teethe. and kepte it secret tyll a little before There can be no doubt but the caustic his death, then taughte it to the Arch- quality of the juice of almost every spebishop of Canterburye.—Take a gal- cies of spurge, especially of Euphorbia lon of white Gascoigne wine, ginger, peplus, applied to the human teeth, will gallingall, cynamon, nutmegs, graynes,

corrode them rapidly. From its likeness cloves, annis seeds, fennell seedes,

to cream, and its severely acrid nature,

the Irish call the plant that produces it, carraway seedes, of every of them like

the “devil's churn." In England, from much, viz. a dram of each; then take

its being used to destroy warts, it is called sage, red mintes, red roses, time,

wart-wort. Turner, the father of English pellitory of the wall, rosemarye, botany, uses the name under peplis, and wilde time, and gromell, lavender speaks of the burning taste of the sea(the flowers if you can get them), of wart-wort which he saw growing in an every of them an handfull; then beate island near Venice. Gerard also, who the spices small, and the hearbes built his Herbal on foundations laid by allso; then put them all in ve wine, Turner, tells of the horribly acrid quaand let it stand therein twelve houres,

lity of sea-spurge, which he experienced stirringe it divers times; then still it

in company with Turner's ancient friend,

Master Rich, in a walk along the seain a lymbecke; and the first water

coast, near Lee, in Essex. being greene, put it by itselfe, for it is the best; the second water being

15. For him that hath naturally a white, is good, but not so good as the red face.-Take foure ownces of the first; put that by itselfe; it is good kyrnells of peaches, and three ownces for all manner of diseases, to drinke of gorde seedes, and make thereof an it fastinge, and at nighte laste, at oyle, wherewith you shall anoynte his every time a spoonefull; it is a pre

face morninge and eveninge; this will sious and noble water, for a spoone- founde true by experience.

kill and destroye all redness. A thinge full is a preservative.

This recipe, if it was intended for the This, no doubt, was a precious cordial benefit of the fair sex, as well as of the for the days it was in use. But we ques. gentlemen, might be found to furnish a tion whether water made of wine and

very acceptable cosmetic for the toilettes spices, however skilfully combined, or of the blooming beauties of the country, slowly or coldly drawn, was half so ex- who long to exchange the rosy hues of hilarating as ratafia or golden cordial, or Hebe for the wan enchantments that eau-de-Cologne, or Geneva's famous water lighten in the smiles of loveliness in of juniper. We have never get disco- fashionable life. We doubt its efficacy in vered the recipe for making the water of removing the roseate hues that the liquor the gods, or seen a diagram of the “ lym- of cogniac suffuses over the face, much becke'' in which it was distilled; but we less in dimming the splendour of the are certain that the Moors did no good to crops of jewels that brandy produces on the beverage of Western Europe, when certain promontories, and, as their name they brought with them into Spain the implies, “ shine in the dark, like a lighted Egyptian art of distillation. Henry Earl coal." of Cumberland, who was borne in 1517, and died in 1564, was, according to the the blossomes of beanes, and distill

19. To make the face fayre.—Take Pembroke Memoirs, “much addicted to alchemy and chemistry, and a great dis

them, and wash the face in that water, tiller of waters." Pindar was very right and it will be fair. when he said “ Water is the best."

• The blossoms of beans !' Who that is 13. To make an akeing tooth fall

enamoured of the fields and nature, has

not inhaled their delicious Persian perout.—Take wheate meale, and mixe therewith the milke of the hearbe blackness of the beauty-spot on their co

fume; and has not been struck with the called spurge, and make thereof past rollæ? We certainly recommend a place or doughe, with which ye shall fill

on the toilette of the fair for this delicious the hollowe of the tooth, and let it be

water, as the perfumer, on distillation, there a certayne time, and the tooth will really find that it retains the fragrance Gent. MAG. VOL. IV.


of the flower; which we, however, do not 30. A good drinke for them that suspect of yielding an essential oil, and are bewitched or forespoken.—Take consequently are not sanguine in our hopes rosemary three braunches, two leaves of of seeing the water of bean-flowers rival- comfrye, halfe a handfull of succorye, ing the ottar of roses.

half a handfullof tyme, three braunches 21. To take away wartes.- When of hearbegrace, a quarte of running you kill a pigge, take the hot bloude, water, and seeth it tyll it be half cons and washe the wartes, and let it drye sumed, and then strayne it. And then on them; then presentlye after wash take one nutmegge, and one race of them, and they shall be whole. ginger, one pennyworth of mace, and

two pennyworth of suger, and put Whoever practised this receipt with

them into the water, and drinke thereof success, mixed the pig's blood with some

first and laste a quantity at a time, matter, which he kept a secret; for, though we never tried the experiment,

warme; and eate five almondes everye we are sure that blood, as it flows warm time after you have drunke of the and unadulterated from an animal, can

water. have no manner of effect in removing

Fasting, they say, makes men acquaintwarts, or any other schirrhus tumour ; ed with the unseen world; and no necrobut warm blood is a convenient vehicle mancer can have communication with the for a quack to use in working medical spirit of the dead, or do his unearthly miracles.

works of witchery, without both he and 22. To remedye baldnes of the

the persons who employ him have spent

a long time in fasting. We cannot tell heade.—Take a quantitye of Suthern

how the wizzards do, but many believe woode, and put it upon kindled coales

that no man will see ghost or spirit, or to burne; and being made into powder, think himself bewitched or forespoken, mix it with the oyle of radishes and who is in health to eat and drink as he anoynte the balde place, and you shall ought; and as the stomachic here recom. see great experiences.

mended may have the effect of producing

a healthy digestion and sound sleep, it is What is here meant by experiences?' possible that it may be good for persons Changes ? A new growth of hair, or a na- who think themselves possessed and bound tural wig? Johnson is not quite right in the spells of witchery. The accounts when he says that whey is one of the we hear of the command that the magimeanings of whig. He should have said cians of Egypt have over the spirits of sour whey; for till within the last forty the dead, and the communion that the years we remember a very agreeable sum- fasting seers of Thebes enjoy with good mer beverage called whey-whig, being spirits, will, we hope, be soon given to the used by the people of Westmoreland, and world through the press. We will, howmade of whey with savoury herbs, such ever, briefly tell some few particulars, as mint, balm, and time, steeped in it, which we have heard respecting a magitill it became slightly sour, and impreg- cian at Cairo, and he and many others in nated with the essential oil of the herbs. that ancient country are now well known Of milk and whey they also said that it to many travellers both from England was gone, wented, whigged, or changed and from France. He came to any place when it had turned sour. The word wig, he was sent for, and performed his feats as applied to an artificial covering of hair, in a private room, or in the open air, as has also that application, from a wig being he might be requested. He had no maa substitute or change for natural hair. chinery or apparatus of any kind with And wig and wigh, in composition in the him, except a fire and incense. His first names of towns, means new or changed, request was that you would bring him a and in some instances, as in its applica- boy of twelve or thirteen years old-any tion to the Godmundingaham of Bede, that you chose ; and he poured upon the Wighton means the idol's town, because palm of the boy's hand a blotch of comidols were substitutes. If ointment of mon black writing ink. He then mutthe oil of radishes, and the ashes of tered certain prayers, and threw perfumes southern, should be found still to possess into the fire ; and said to the boy " Call the virtue of covering bald heads with a the seven flags,” which being done, he crop of natural hair, how many elderly asked, “ Now how many do you see?" gentlemen, dear Mr. Urban, will be con- Perhaps “None," was the answer. Look gratulating themselves with its delightful again. Oh, I see one, two, three, four." * experiences,' after you kindly commu- " What is their colour?" “ Red, blue, nicate to them this charming prescription! &c.” “Now I see one, two, three more.";

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