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No more the mounting larks, while Daphne sings, Shall list’ning in mid air suspend their wings; . No more the birds shall imitate her lays, Or hushed with wonder, hearken from the sprays: No more the streams their murmur shall forbear, A sweeter music than their own to hear, But tell the reeds, and tell the vocal shore, Fair Daphne's dead, and music is no more!
Her fate is whispered by the gentle breeze, And told in sighs to all the trembling trees; The trembling trees, in ev'ry plain and wood, Her fate remurmur to the silver flood; The silver flood, so lately calm, appears Swelled with new passion, and o’erflows with tears; The winds and trees and floods her death deplore, Daphne, our grief! our glory now no more!
But see!where Daphne wond'ring mounts on high' Above the clouds, above the starry sky! Eternal beauties grace the shining scene, Fields ever fresh, and groves for ever green! There while you rest in amaranthine bow'rs, Or from those meads select unfading flow'rs. Behold us kindly, who your name implore, Daphne, our goddess, and our grief no more!
1 Virg. Ecl. V.:
"miratur limen Olympi Sub pedibusquc videt nubes et sidera Daphnis.”—Pope. Virg. Ecl. I. :
"illins aram Sæpe tener nostris ab ovilibus imbuet agnus.”- Pope. 3 Virg. Ecl. X. : “solet esse gravis cantantibus umbra ; Juniperi gravis umbra.”—Pope
Sharp Boreas blows, and nature feels decay,
AN ESSAY ON CRITICISM.
WRITTEN IN THE YEAR 1709. PUBLISHED 1711.
. She wodoction that it is as great a fault to judge as to write ill, and annat dangerous one to the public, v. 1. That a true taste is as rare to be fond as a true genius, v. 9 to 18. That most men are born with some tase, but spoilt by false education, v. 19 to 25. The multitude of critics and causes of them, v. 26 to 45. That we are to study our own taste, and know the limits of it, v. 46 to 67. Nature the best guide of indgment. v. 68 to 87. Improved by art and rules, which are but methodised me, v. 88. Rules derived from the practice of the an. cient poets. , 28 to 110. That therefore the ancients are necessary to be studied by an inics, particularly Homer and Virgil, v. 120 to 138. of Licenses and the use of them by the ancients, v. 140 to 180. Rever. ence due to the al cents and praise of them, v. 181, &c.
PART II. Causes hindering a true judgment. (1). Pride, v. 208. (2). Imper. fect learning, v. 215. 3). Judging by parts and not by the whole, v. 233 to 288. Critice in sit, language, versification only, v. 288, 305, 339, &c. (4). Being too hard to please or too apt to admire, v. 384. (5) Partiality-too much lo re to a sect-to the ancients or moderns, v. 324. (6). Prejudice or preven, ion, v. 408. (7). Singularity, v. 424. (8). Inconstancy, v. 430. (9). Party, v. 452, &c. (10). Envy, v. 466. Against envy and in praise of gloriature, v. 508, &c. When severity is chiefly to be used by critics, v. i 76.
PART III. Rules for the conduct of manners in a critic. (1), Cardour. v. 563. Modests, v. 566. Good bree iiy, v. 572. Sincerity and freedom of ad. vice, v. 578. (2). When ona's counsel is to be restrained, v. 584. Char. acter of an incorrigible poet, vita. And of an impertinent critic, v. 610, &c. Character of a good crtic, v. 629. The history of criticism and characters of the best crisici, Aristotle, v. 645. Horace, v. 653. Dionysius, v, 665. Petronius, v. 667. Quintilion, v, 670. Longinus, v. 675. Of the decay of Criticism and 14 revival; Erasmus, v. 693. Vida. v. 705. Boileau, v. 714. Lord Roscommon, &c. v. 725. Conclusion.
1 These four last lines allude to tho meveral subjects of the four pag. torals, and to the several scenes of them, particularised before in each."-Pope,
'Tis hard to say, if greater want of skill
Yet if we look more closely we shall find
right. But as the slightest sketch, if justly traced, Is by ill-colouring but the more disgraced, So by false learning is good sense defaced: Some are bewildered in the maze of schools, And some made coxcombs, nature meant but fools. In search of wit these lose their common sense, And then turn critics in their own defence : Each burns alike, who can, or cannot write, Or with a rival's, or an eunuch's spite, All fools have still an itching to deride, And fain would be upon the laughing side. If Mævius scribble in Apollo's spite, There are, who judge still worse than he can write.
Some have at first for wits, then poets past, Turned critics next, and proved plain fools at last. Some neither can for wits nor critics pass, As heavy mules are neither horse nor ass. Those half-learned witlings, num'rous in our isle, As half-formed insects on the banks of Nile:
Plus sine doctrina prudentia, quam sine prudentia valet doctrina Quin,-Pope.
Unfinished things, one knows not what to call,
But you who seek to give and merit fame,
Nature to all things fixed the limits fit,
First follow nature and your judgment frame
The winged courser, like a generous horse,
Those rules of old discovered, not devised,
Hear how learned Greece her useful rules indites,
1 Nec enim artibus editis factum est nt argumenta inveniremus, sed dicta sunt omnia antequam præciperentur; mox ea scriptores observata et collecta ediderunt. Quin. - Pope.
3 The author after this verse originally inserted the following, which he has, however, omitted in all the editions ;