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Adam Smith agriculture amount Arkwright became capital capitalist centres chapter CHARLES BEARD child labour classes clothing combination compete competition cotton Democracy disease economic eighteenth century electric employed employers energy England English estimated factory system forces French Revolution Government hand workers horse-power human hundred ignorant important improved increased individual industrial organisation Industrial Revolution inventors iron labour Lancashire land legislation machinery machines Manchester manufacture markets means mechanical inventions mediaeval ment methods mill owners modern moral nation natural necessary operation output Parliament persons political political economists population power loom problem production profit railway rapidly raw materials reform regulation restrictions Robert Owen sanitary secure Sidney Webb social society spinning steam steam-engine struggle supply textile things tion to-day towns trade Trade Unionism transportation turn utilisation vast wages waste water frame wealth weaver weaving
Page 28 - As I had never before turned my thoughts to anything mechanical, either in theory or practice, nor had ever seen a loom at work, or knew anything of its construction, you will readily suppose that my first loom was a most rude piece of machinery.
Page 17 - ... to travel this terrible country, to avoid it as they would the devil ; for a thousand to one but they break their necks or their limbs by overthrows or breakings down. They will here meet with ruts, which I actually measured, four feet deep, and floating with mud only from a wet summer ; what, therefore, must it be after a winter?
Page 68 - It appears that the children, and others, who work in the large cotton factories, are peculiarly disposed to be affected by the contagion of fever, and that when the affection is received it is rapidly 'propagated, not only amongst those who are crowded together in the same apartments, but in the families and neighbourhoods to which they belong.
Page 27 - One of the company observed that as soon as Arkwright's patent expired, so many mills would be erected, and so much cotton spun, that hands would never be found to weave it.
Page 12 - House standing out of a speaking distance from another; .... We could see at every house a Tenter, and on almost every Tenter a piece of Cloth or Kersie or Shalloon.
Page 27 - Some little time afterwards a particular circumstance recalling this conversation to my mind, it struck me that, as in plain weaving, according to the conception I then had of the business, there could...
Page 69 - The untimely labour of the night, and the protracted labour of the day, with respect to children, not only tends to diminish future expectations as to the general sum of life and industry, by impairing the strength and destroying the vital stamina of the rising generation, but it too often gives encouragement to idleness, extravagance and profligacy in the parents, who, contrary to the order of nature, subsist by the oppression of their offspring.
Page xvii - ... not only of their own political organization, but, through that, also of the main instruments of wealth production; the gradual substitution of organized cooperation for the anarchy of the competitive struggle; and the consequent recovery, in the only possible way, of what John Stuart Mill calls "the enormous share which the possessors of the instruments of industry are able to take from the produce.
Page 75 - This House is not a representative of the people of Great Britain. It is the representative of nominal boroughs, of ruined and exterminated towns, of noble families, of wealthy individuals, of foreign potentates.