« PreviousContinue »
Those who are oppressed by want of employment, and this is the heritage of the rich, retire to the gardens, of which I have presented a sketch, and, evermore seated, delight themselves with breathing a cool and balsamic air, or in listening to wretched music. If they do not choose to go out of town, they repair to one of the coffee-houses, of which we should form a very erroneous idea, in judging of them by our own. It is a mere tobacco-smoking rendezvous, totally destitute of decoration, and in which nothing absolutely is to be found, except coffee and a live coal to light the pipes. Mats are spread for the company, and these places of resort are frequented by the men of all nations who reside in Egypt. There is nothing that deserves the name of conversation: a few words only drop occasionally. The Turk is cold and taciturn; he looks down on every other nation with disdain. The African is less disposed to silence, but likes to follow the example of the Turk, and those who are not Mussulmans, take no pains to shun the appearance of a servile sub, jection to the taste of their tyrants. With the pipe in one hand, a cup of coffee in the other, they slowly wash down every four or five whiffs of tobacco, with a gulp of coffee. Dancing girls, buffoons, extempore declaimers, come to tender their services, and to carn a bit of money. There is scarcely one of those haunts but what attracts to it some story-teller by profession, who is never tired with talking, nor his auditors of listening to him, The narrations of those indefatigable orators are, for the most part, very insipid and tiresome, The Arabian writers, however, from whom their stories are bor rowed, sometimes furnish them with some that are excellent,'
In the remaining part of this first volume, the reader will find much curious matter relative to the vices of the male sex in Egypt, and the sufferings, the seclusion, the amours, and the cosmetics, of the females. For this detail, which is in parts disgusting and indelicate, though conveyed in language as decent as could be employed; for an account of Aboukir, (celebrated by the splendid victory of NEI.SON,) and the ruins of Canope; and for various particulars in natural history; we must refer to the work.
[To be continued in the Review for October.]
ART. XX. L'Abeille Française, i. e. The French Bec. 320. Paris. 1799. London, imported by De Boffe. sewed.
THIS is a collection of short moral tracts and narrations, formed for the purpose of general education: such a plan excludes the pretension of novelty; and we have only to remark that the selection appears to be judicious, and that the precepts and examples are conveyed in a pleasing and correct style. Subjoined is an interesting account of a public meeting the Lyceum of the French Youth; in which we observe,
among the classes of pupils, that the deaf and dumb children (Les Sourds-Muets) recited by signs a poetical piece; and the blind children, instructed in labours suited to their condition, assisted at this exhibition. The mind, sickened and disgusted with the daily recitals of carnage and destruction, reposes with momentary tranquillity on details like these: but how little interest do they excite with the greater part of the world, compared with the charms of an Extraordinary Gazette !
The name of the compiler is EDMUND CORDIer.
ART. XXI. Restes d'Architecture Egyptienne, &c. i. e. Remains of Egyptian Architecture. By JoHN GODFREY GROHMANN, Professor of Philosophy. 4to. pp. 4. and 10 Plates. Leipsic. 1799. N consequence of late events, which have made Egypt a more frequent topic of conversation, we are presented with this collection of plates, relative to the architecture of that antient people. It consists of ten, which are neatly engraved. Among them, we have specimens of different modes of building and embellishment, from the obelisk charged with hieroglyphics, to the modern Egyptian dwelling house. The style of these edifices sets all Grecian beauty and propriety at defiance, and is much too void of proportion and grace to be imitated by the more polished nations of Europe, who have applied the classic models with success. These engravings, therefore, are merely curious; and we must observe that they would have worn a better appearance of verisimilitude, if the places where these specimens exist, or the accounts of Egypt from which they were taken, had been duly pointed out.
ART. XXII. Briefe, &c. i. e. Letters of a Physician, written at - Paris, and with the French Armies, between May 1796, and November 1797: designed for Physicians and Statesmen. By G. WARDENBURG. Numbers I and II. Small 8vo. PP. 592. 1798, 1799.
THESE two numbers contain twenty-three Letters re
specting the character of the French, and its influence on surgery and medicine ;-general objects of French surgery and medicine;-the history of Brunonianism in Paris ;-the constituted authorities, and administrative powers of the Republic; the history of medical instruction before, during, and since the revolution; the present Ecole de Santé ;--and the Salpetriere, before, during, and since the revolution.
Many of the observations are highly curious and charac teristic; and they shew that the author has well availed himself of his opportunities. The state of medicine and surgery, in
the capital and in the armies, is strikingly pourtrayed. Among other things, the seeming contradiction between the versatiity of the French character, and the blind adherence of the medical student to the doctrines of his professor, is ably illus trated and explained.
From among other anecdotes, we select the following:
The French (says the author) very properly learn their anatomy from the human subject; not, as the Germans often do, from plates. An excellent custom, too, has been introduced, for every one to demonstrate the muscles and nerves which they prepare; hence each instructs the other. This serves always as an occasion for the exercise of eloquence, and the talent is crowned with much applause-Mark, it is said, how he describes his muscle! As soon as a student has finished the preparation, ah! he exclaims, what a beautiful muscle! At this signal, the rest flock round him, and he now begins the demonstration. If any student disregards the summons, and remains by his own subject, he is called away;-Why don't you come to see this great pectoral?-Come and hear the demonstration-It is T- who is going to give it.-During the exhibition, tokens of applause are commonly manifested; and, at the end, a general acclamation (if the orator has acquitted himself ably) breaks out;-ab, quelle description! il décrit sou muscle comme Cicéron
Of the grossly barbarous and mechanical ideas, and absurd. practice, of the French in one important department of surgery, the following will serve as a sufficient indication:
To every swelling, they attach the idea of hardness, with which that of the necessity of softening naturally associates itself. In a fracture of the fore-arm, attended with violent contusion, extravasation, and swelling, I once saw one of Desault's most reputable scholars apply a poultice so hot as to raise a blister, which appeared next day under the dressing. The patient complained terribly of the burning, when the poultice was laid on :-"Tranquillise toi, mon camerade, (said the surgeon,) il faut que ça soit chaud; il faut que ça's'amollit."
The author, however, foretells a vast alteration for the better in medical surgery and medicine, from the Ecole de Santé, which he describes at length.
ART. XXIII. Voyage Pittoresque de la Syrie, &c. i. e. A Picturesque Tour through Syria, Palestine, Phoenicia, and the Lower Egypt, &c. Folio. Paris. 1799.
WE announced this splendid work inourlast Appendix, p. 567.
and since then Mr. Taylor, bookseller, in Holborn, has received five additional numbers of it. No letter-press accompanies these numbers, but each contains six plates, as before; and they continue to be very beautifully engraved, and to represent interesting and picturesque objects.
IND E X
To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this Volume.
N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.
ABBOT, Mr. some account of that ingenious Botanist, and of his Flora Bedfordiensis, 68.
Abilgaard, Prof. his testimony to the
efficacy of the Perkinian tractors, 562. Agriculture, observations on, by an Experienced Farmer,' 373. Air pump. See Little. Alexandria described, 580.
Allman, Mr. on the application of a Converging series to the construction of logarithms, 22.
Ammoniac, M. Fourcroy's memoir on the phenomena produced by the precipitation of mercury by ammoniac from the sulphuric acid, 514. Anderson, Mr. his observations relative to the yellow fever of the West Indies, 454.
Arabian Tales, a complete translation of, recommended, 475•
Babington, Dr. his account of a wound, by a bayonet, through the heart of a man, who lived nine hours after the accident, 167.
Two cases of Rabies Canina in which opium had no success, 169. Bang, Prof. his evidence respecting the efficacy of the practice of Perkinism, 561.
Bark. See Willow.
Barlow, Mr. case of the Cæsarean operation performed with safety to the woman, 169.
Baume, M. h's hydrometer, 308. Besujolin, M. his publication of the travels of two French gentlemen, 533. Account of the court of Dresden, ib. Of Berlin, 534. Of Hamburgh. 535. Of the king of Denmark and his family, ib. Sweden, 536. Of the late king Gustavus, 538. Of Russia, 540. Of the grandees of Russia, and their great luxury and state, 543. Character of the soldiery, 545. Astonishing instance of the force of discipline on the minds of the Russian troops, 546.
Beet-root, value of, in the production of sugar, 555
Berlin, described, 534. Unpleasant to foot-passengers, 535.
Bernis, Cardinal, his character of Cardinal Braschi, 564. :
Blair, Dr. on achromatic telescopes, 305. Blech, Prof. his testimony concerning the
efficacy of the Perkinian tractors, 561. Bramab, Mr. description of a new press operating by water, 307.
Brydone, Mr. accused of misrepresenta
Bugey, a French province, remarks on,
Cæsarean operation, inquiry into the true
mode of academical examination for
Cape of Good Hope, uncommon disease
frequent among the cattle there, 130.
Cheston, Dr. singular case of lithotomy,
Cisalpine republic, extent and population
Coke, Sir Edward, brief history of, 175.
Colett, Captain, undertakes a voyage to
the South Atlantic, round Cape Horn,
Comets, perturbation of the elliptical mod
Cooke, Mr. his three schemes for convey-
instances of obstruction of the
Conte, Dr. his history of England dis
tinguished by the good sense and mo-
D'Alembert, M. writes the anecdotes of
His refusal of
Perwin, Dr. bis Zoonomia attacked and
Diamond, curious chemical experiments
Diderot, M, his letter to D'Alembert,
giving an account of the sale of his
ous branches of poetry, 282. His ode