« PreviousContinue »
by force and virtue of the fame, all regal power, dignity, honour,
II. For the avoiding and clear extinguishment of which said
III. Be it declared and enacted by the authority of this present The royal parliament, That the law of this realm is, and ever hath been power of this and ought to be understood, that the kingly or regal office of
f realm, and
kungy, or regas Once of all the digni. this realm, and all dignities, prerogative royal, power, pre- ties of the eminences, privileges, authorities and jurisdictions thereunto fame, shall be annexed, united or belonging, being invested either in male or as well in a
Queen as in a female, are and be, and ought to be, as fully, wholly, absolute- King ly and entirely deemed, adjudged, accepted, invested and taken in the one as in the other; (2) so that what or whenfoever ftatute or law doth limit and appoint, that the King of this realm may or shall have, execute or do any thing as King, or doth give any profit or commodity to the King, or doth limit or appoint any pains or punishment for the correction of offenders or transgressors against the regality and dignity of the King or of the crown; the same the Queen (being supream governess, possessor and inheretrix to the imperial crown of this realm, as our said sovereign lady, the Queen most justly presently is) may by the same authority and power likewise have, exercise, execute, punish, correct, and do, to all intents, constructions and purposes, without doubt ambiguity, scruple or question ; any custom, use or fcruple, or any other thing whatsoever to be made to the contrary notwithstanding.
&c. belonging to the same, in such only estate, and in such large man. ner in all degrees, after the solemnization of the said marriage, as The now hath and enjoyeth the same, without any right, claim or de.
mand to be given, come or grow unto the said prince, as tenant by the This branch is curtsey of this realm, or by any other means. All gifts, grants, letters Rep. 1 & 2 ,
patents, leases and other writings, which during the said marriage. Ph, & M. C. I. Thall pass and be made of benefices, offices, lands, revenues and fruits,
shall be intituled and made in the names of the said Prince and the
rick of Durham was diffolved, and all the lands and possessions thereof
the office and authority of the great master of the King's house, and
between Shaftsbury and Shirburn, shall from time to time, during ten
CA P. VI. The inhabitants of the city of Gloucester and Bristol, within several li. berties, and of the hundreds of Barton next Bristol, Grombal, Alh, Barkley, Whitstone, Thornbury and Henbury in the county of Gloucester, for their several limits and hundreds, Thall be charged with the reparation of the way between Bristol and Gloucester,
towns. W H ERE the city of Worcester, and diver's other cities, Making of
V boroughs and towns corporate within this realm of England, cloth used of long time have been upholden, repaired and only maintained by 5 & 6 Ed. 6: making of broad cloths called long clothes, Mort clothes and coloured
in cities, bo,
Teu roughs, cor. . cloths, and the citizens, freemen and inhabitants of the same cities, porate towns towns and boroughs corporate, have thereby been greatly enriched, and or marketthe poor people and handicraftsmen of the fame and the counties ad- towns, may
3:17 be continued, joining daily set a work, as weavers, walkers, fullers, fulling mill- &c. men, peer-men and dyers, forcers of wools, casters of wools and sorters The inconveof wools, Spinners, carders and spullers of yarn, and have had their niencies en. inly living thereby, till now of late, in the fifth year of the reign of fuing the our late fovereign lord King Edward the Sixth, that an estatute was
7. Itatute of
. 6. made, That no man Mould occupy cloth-making ne put any broad cloth c. 8. or clothes to weaving or making, except he hath been apprentice to cloth-making by the space of seven years, or else have occupied and praétised cloth-making by the space of seven years or more, under pain of forfeiture of great penalties in the fame' estatute limited; (2) by reason whereof divers and many good clothiers, dwelling in the said cities and towns corporate, which had occupied and made cloth by the Space of five or fix years, and some which have married clothiers wives, which had occupied cloth-making by the space of twenty years before, by reason of the same estatute have been enforced to leave off and clearly discontinue their cloth-making, to their great impoverishment, and to the utter undoing of a great number of poor people and handicraftsmen, which daily had their living by the said clothiers; (3) and forasmuch as the perfect and principal ground of cloth-making is the true forting of wools, and the experience thereof confifteth only in women, as clothiers wives, and their women fervants, and not in apprentices, they be thereby very like utterly to be undone for ever, unless Speedy remedy be therein provided :
II. In consideration whereof be it enacted, established and or- Cert dained by the Queen's most excellent majesty, with the assent sons not reof the lords spiritual and temporal, and the commons, in this strained of present parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same making of
broad clothes, parliament, That every person or persons inhabiting in any of the said cities, boroughs or towns corporate, or in market-towns, ing the stat. of within the realm of England, where cloth-making at any time 5 & 6 Ed. 6. before the making of the said act hath been used, shall or may Ç. 6.
Extended to from henceforth lawfully make all manner of broad-clothes aforesaid, and put them to weaving, walking, fulling, dying ants of North and sheering, without any impediment, so that the same clothes Wales, &c. by be substantially made, bearing lawful length, breadth and weight, 4 & 5 Ph. & according to the statute for good and true cloth-making made M. Co sobo 3€ in the fifth year of the reign of our faid late sovereign lord King Edward the fixth; any article or clause in the said former estaÇ3
tute, or any other estatute for cloth-making, made to the confrary in any wise notwithstanding. .
CAP. VIII. An act touching the buying and currying of leather. Curriers as W H ERE at the parliament holden at Westminster upon proe well as other W rogation the xv. day of April in the sixth year of the reign of artificers may buy leather. our late fovereign lord King Edward the Sixth, it was amongst other A rehearsal thiugs enacted, That no person or persons of what eftate, degree or of a branch of condition foever he or they be, hould buy or engrofs, or cause to be
of 5 bought or engrossed, any kind of tanned leather to sell the same again, & 6 Ed. 6. Co 15.
saving only sadlers, girdlers, cordwainers and certain other artificers as by the same act more plainly may appear : (2) Sithence the making whereof, forasmuch as many poor artificers, as moemakers and coblers, who afore that might buy from time to time their stuff of the currier ready provided and wrought sufficiently, and to buy the same at a price reasonable, and now being very poor men, and not able to buy two or three hides or backs of leather at one time, nor to pay ready money for
the same, are enforced to give up their occupations in great number, to The inconve, their utter impoverishment and undoing ; (3) and forasmuch also as niencies of the sithence the making of the said estatute all kind of Auft" made of leafame branch. "ther is more fenderly and deceitfully wrought and made than ever it
was, and nevertheless as dear, or dearer ; whereby it may appear that the said former act was procured for the fingular commodity of a few rich fooemakers and other artificers that are now common regrators and ingrollers of leather, who without respect of perfect workmanship, either of the common-wealth, which is well perceived both in men's purses, and also in their shoes: (4) The experience is well proved, they having the only trade of buying of leather stuff and tallow in their hands, and notwithstanding do deliver to the currier so little stuff and tallow, whereby the leather cannot be sufficiently wrought : (5) and forasmuch as the curriers are by divers laws bound to the sufficient workmanship and currying of leather upon divers pains where they may
buy no leather, nor the shoemaker will not allow them suficiently to do Curriers, shoe- II. Be it therefore enacted, That from henceforth it shall be makers, &c. lawful as well for the currier, shoemaker, girdler, sadler, budgetmay buy lea maker, and all otherartificers occupying the craftor mystery of leather, but not to convey be- ther-buying, lawfully to buy all kinds of tanned leather in fairs and yond sea. markets within all places of this realm accustomed to be sold, it
being lawfully tanned and dressed, (2) so that the said curriers, shoemakers and girdlers, nor any person for them, or for their use, shall buy any kind of tanned leather to sell again to any merchant or other stranger, to'be conveyed over the sea, ne shall fend or convey any leather beyond the sea, upon the forfeiting of all such leather so bought, the one half of the fame to be
to the Queen's highness, and the other half to him that pre
i senteth the fame: (3) and further, the aforesaid act from henceA repeal of the aforesaid forth to be repealed, made void and of none effect, concerning branch of 5 & the curriers, shoemakers, sadlers, budget-makers, girdlers, and 6 Ed. 6. c. 55. all other artificers occupying the mystery of leather-buying, curried and dressed.
III. And be it further enacted, That from henceforth no per. The curriers fon or persons (occupying the feat or mystery of currying of of London and
the suburbs tanned leather) within the city of London, or the suburbs of the th fame, shall occupy about the currying of the same leather any use their own other stuff or tallow brought unto him by any other person or stuff. persons, but such as shall be his own, upon pain of forfeiture of all such leather so curried, contrary to the true meaning thereof.
IV. And furthermore, That no currier shall curry any hides How the lea. for any Moemaker, to make shoes or boots of, from the feast of ther shall be St. James the apostle unto the xxv. day of March, but fuch as ordered that
the curriers shall be sufficiently dipped twice in the pan, for the true and just Thall dress: workmanship thereof, upon pain of forfeiture of all such leather as shall be wrought to the contrary, the one half of the same to the Queen's highness, and the other moiety to him that thall find and present the same; all the same penalties to be recovered in form aforesaid, by him or them that will sue for the same, by action of debt, bill, plaint or information, in any court of record, wherein no esfoin, protection, or wager of law shall be admitted or allowed for the defendant.
V. Provided always, and be it enacted by the authority afore- Within w said, That when and as often as any shoemaker or his deputy time leather doth bring any leather sufficiently tanned to any currier to be shall be cure curried, delivering sufficient liquor for well dressing of the same, ried. the same shall be by every such currier well and sufficiently curried, and inade ready for the shoemaker, within the space of five days in summer, that is to say, from the first day of March to the last day of September, and also in like manner within the space of ten days in winter, that is to say, from the first day of October unto the last day of February, (2) upon pain to forfeit to the party gricved, for every hide not curried and dressed in manner and form aforesaid, the sum of ten shillings.
VI. Provided further, That this proviso shall not extend to bind any currier to dress any leather, which he doing his best is not able to dress within every of the times aforesaid, but shall extend to all such leather as he conveniently may dress after the common rate of dressing. 1 El... 8. 5 Él. c. 8. 1 Jac. I, 6. 22.
CAP. IX. The Queen during her life shall have authority, by writing to be sealed with the great leal of England, to make and prescribe to all those churches cathedral and collegiate, that were erected and established by King Henry the Eighth, and to the deans, prebendaries and ministers of the same, and to their successors, such statutes and orders for the good governance of every of them, and of the lands and possessions of every of the same churches, as shall seem good to her ; and to altes change, augment or diminish the same as occasion shall serve; 'and to ordain and establish statutes, ordinances and foundations for the government of fuch grammar-schools as were erected by King H. 8. or by King Ed. 6. and of the ministers and scholars of the same; and to alter and transpose other statutes and ordinances there heretofore made. See 6 Annæ, c. 23,