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Afghans Agra Akbar army arrived artillery attack Aurangzib Baber battle Benares Bengal Brahmans British Burmese Cabul Calcutta camp capital cavalry chief civil Clive Colonel command commenced Company conqueror conquest court Dara death Deckan defeated Delhi dominions Dupleix emperor empire enemy English European fell fled force formed French gave Ghizni gods governor governor-general guns Guzerat Hastings Hindostan Hindu honour horse Humayun Hyder India Indus infantry inhabitants intrenchments Jaffier Jehangir Jumna Khan king Lahore Lord Lord Cornwallis Lord William Bentinck Madras Mahmud Mahometan Mahrattas Malwa marched ment military Mogul Mohammed Morad Mussulmans Mysore nabob native nearly Nur Jehan officers Oude Patna peshwa plunder possession prince prisoners provinces raja Rajputs reign religion retreat river sent sepoys Seringapatam Shah Jehan Shuja Sikhs Siva soldiers soon Suja Dowlah Sultan taken temples territory throne tion Tippu took treaty troops victory village Vishnu Wellesley whole worship
Page 151 - No mob attacked by regular soldiers was ever more completely routed. The little band of Frenchmen, who alone ventured to confront the English, were swept down the stream of fugitives. In an hour the forces of Surajah Dowlah were dispersed, never to reassemble. Only five hundred of the vanquished were slain. But their camp, their guns, their baggage, innumerable waggons, innumerable cattle, remained in the power of the conquerors.
Page 150 - The battle commenced with a cannonade, in which the artillery of the Nabob did scarcely any execution, while the few field-pieces of the English produced great effect. Several of the most distinguished officers in Surajah Dowlah's service fell. Disorder began to spread through his ranks. His own terror increased every moment. One of the conspirators urged on. him the expediency of retreating. The insidious advice, agreeing as it did with what his own terrors suggested, was readily received. He ordered...
Page 143 - The day broke. The Nabob had slept off his debauch, and permitted the door to be opened. But it was some time before the soldiers could make a lane for the survivors, by piling up on each side the heaps of corpses on which the burning climate had already begun to do its loathsome work. When at length a passage was made, twenty-three ghastly figures, such as their own mothers would not have known, staggered one by one out of the charnel-house. A pit was instantly dug. The dead bodies, a hundred and...
Page 149 - ... it was no light thing to engage an army twenty times as numerous as his own. Before him lay a river over which it was easy to advance, but over which, if things went ill, not one of his little band would ever return. On this occasion, for the first and for the last time, his dauntless spirit, during a few hours, shrank from the fearful responsibility of making a decision. He called a council of war. The majority pronounced against fighting ; and Clive declared his concurrence with the majority....
Page 142 - But the answer was that nothing could be done without the Nabob's orders, that the Nabob was asleep, and that he would be angry if anybody woke him.
Page 285 - Council is of opinion that the great object of the British Government ought to be the promotion of European literature and science among the natives of India, and that all the funds appropriated for the purpose of education would be best employed on English education alone.
Page 133 - The sepoys came to Clive, not to complain of their scanty fare, but to propose that all the grain should be given to the Europeans, who required more nourishment than the natives of Asia. The thin gruel, they said, which was strained away from the rice, would suffice for themselves. History contains no more touching instance of military fidelity, or of the influence of a commanding mind.
Page 142 - When they were ordered to enter the cell, they imagined that the soldiers were joking; and, being in high spirits on account of the promise of the Nabob to spare their lives, they laughed and jested at the absurdity of the notion. They soon discovered their mistake. They expostulated; they entreated ; but in vain. The guards threatened to cut down all who hesitated. The captives were driven into the cell at the point of the sword, and the door was instantly shut and locked upon them.
Page 143 - Nabob was asleep, and that he would be angry if anybody woke him. Then the prisoners went mad with despair. They trampled each other down, fought for the places at the windows, fought for the pittance of water with which the cruel mercy of the murderers mocked their agonies, raved, prayed, blasphemed, implored the guards to fire among them.