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HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE
ACCOUNT OF

BRITISH INDIA,

FROM

THE MOST REMOTE PERIOD TO THE PRESENT TIME:

INCLUDING

A NARRATIVE OF THE EARLY PORTUGUESE AND ENGLISH VOYAGES, THE
REVOLUTIONS IN THE MOGUL EMPIRE, AND THE ORIGIN, PROGRESS, AND
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE BRITISH POWER; WITH ILLUSTRATIONS OF
THE ZOOLOGY, BOTANY, CLIMATE, GEOLOGY, AND MINERALOGY. ALSO
MEDICAL OBSERVATIONS,—AN ACCOUNT OF THE HINDOO ASTRONOMY
—THE TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEYS.—AND THE NAVHiATION OF THE
INDIAN SEAS.

BY

HUGH MURRAY, ESQ., F.R.S.E.
JAMES WILSON, ESQ., F.R.S.E. AND M.W.S.
R. K. GREVILLE, LL.D.
PROFESSOR JAMESON.

WHITELAW AINSLIE, M.D., M.R.A.S.,
Late of the Medical Staff of Southern India.
WILLIAM RHIND, ESQ., M.R.C.S.
PROFESSOR WALLACE.

AND CAPTAIN CLARENCE DALRYMPLE,
Hon. Eait India Company'! Service.

IN THREE VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

WITH A MAP AND ENGRAVINGS.

NEW-YORK:
PKINTED AND PUBLISHED BY J. * J. HARPER,

MO. 82 CLIFF-STREET,

AND SOLD BY THE PRINCIPAL BOOKSELLERS THROUGHOUT
THE UNITED STATES.

CONTENTS

CHAPTER L

BRITISH CONQUEST OF BENGAL.

Difficulties of the early Settlements—Reign of Aliverdi Khan—Suc-

ceeded by Surajah Dowlah—His Jealousy of the English—Captures

Cosaimbuzar—Advances upon Calcutta—Plans of Defence—Proceed-

ings of the Enemy—Garrison deserted by the Ships and the Governor

—Surrender—Confinement in the Black Hole—Dreadful Sufferings—

Conduct of the Nabob—Armament from Madras under Clive and Wat-

son—Their Landing and first Encounter with the Enemy—Calcutta

surrenders—Surajah Dowlah attempts to retake it—Treaty—Capture

of Chandernagore—Plan of dethroning the Nabob—Intrigues—Trea-

chery of Meer Jaffier—Advance of Clive—Battle of Plassey—Eleva-

tion of Meer Jaffier— Capture and Death of Surajah Dowlah—Invasion

toy the Shazad a—Defeat of the Mogul and the Nabob of Oude—Bad

Conduct of the new Nabob—Succeeded by Meer Cossim—His Dis-

putes with the Company—Rupture—Patna taken and retaken—Victory

gained by Major Adams—Massacre of English Prisoners—MeerCos-

sim's Flight into Oude—Repeated Defeats of Sujah Dowlah—The

Mogul joins the English—Death of Meer Jaffier—Clive returns to In-

.dia—Restores Sujah Dowlah—Obtains for the Company the De-

.wannee of Bengal, Bahar, and Orissa Page 13

CHAPTER n.

WAR WITH MYSORE

Formation of the Kingdom of Mysore—Influence of the Ministers Dcoraj

and Nunjeraj—Hyder—His Parentage—His early Destitution—Begins

to distinguish himself—Mode in which he forms a Body of Adherents

—Commands at Dindigul—His power augmented—Violence of Nun-

jeraj, who is reduced to Distress—Hyder relieves and then supplants

him—His own Danger—Extricates himself, and becomes complete

Master of Mysore—Conquest of Bednore—Invasion by the Mahrattas

—Conquest of Calicut—The English join a Confederacy against him

—The Mahrattas make Peace—Nizam joins Hyder against the Eng-

lish—They invade the Cam atic—Threaten Madras—Battle of Trino-

malee—Nizam suits the Alliance—Invasion of Mysore—Successes of

Hyder—He overruns the Carnatic— Again threatens Madras—Con-
clusion of Peace—Another great Inroad of the Mahrattas—Hyder con-

cludes a Treaty with them, and makes further Conquests—His Resent-

ment against the English—Weak conduct of the Madras Government
—Hyder invades and desolates the Carnatic—Fate of Colonel Baillie's
Detachment—Sir Eyre Coote sent from Calcutta—He gains several

Advantages—Loss of Colonel Brathwaite's Detachment—Negotiations

—Operations on the Western Coast—Death of Hyder—Tippoo suc-
ceeds—Dissensions in the Madras Government—Death of Sir Eyre

Coote—Peace between England and France—Bednore surrenders to

General Mathews—Retaken by the Sultan—Siege of Mangalore—Peace
with Tippoo 40

CHAPTER m.

CONQUEST OP MYSORE.

Power of Tippoo—His Persecution of the Christians, and of the People

of Coorg—Confederacy against him—His Successes—Conclusion of
Peace—Cruel Treatment of the Natives in Calicut—Attack on Tra-

vancore—Repulse—Final Success—Arrival and Views of Marquis

Cornwallis—He resolves to make War upon Tippoo—Treaty with the
Nizam—General Medows opens the Campaign—Reduction of Dindi-

guland Palgaut—Successful Manauvres of Tippoo—He lays waste
the Carnatic—Cornwallis assumes the Command—Advances upon

Bangalore—Reduces that Fortress—Nizam's Contingent—Advance
upon Seringapatam—Engagement, Distress, and Retreat of the Eng-
lish—General Abercromby's Advance and Retreat—Junction with the

Mahrattas—Reduction of several Hill-forts—Second March on Sering-

apatam—Defeat of Tippoo—Overtures from him—Terms accepted—
The young Princes received as Hostages—Difficulties—Final Conclu-
sion—General Results of the War—Pacific Policy of Sir John Shore

—Arrival of Marquis Wellesley—His System—Tippoo's Negotiation

.with the French—British Influence established at the Court of the

Nizam—Negotiations with the Sultan—Army advances against him—
He attacks the Troops from Bombay—British march on Seringapatam
—Action at Mallavilly—Despondence of Tippoo—Siege commenced—

Its Operations—Tippoo attempts to negotiate—His Alarm—Storming

of Seringapatam—Death of the Sultan—His Character—Anecdotes—
Disposal of the Kingdom of Mysore 76

CHAPTER IV.

MAHRATTA WAR, AND CONQUEST Of CENTRAL HIND08TAN.

Great Power of the Mahrattas—Shao succeeds as Rajah—Able Adminis-

tration of Ballajee Wishwanath— Bajee Rao succeeds—Rise of Hol-
kar and Sindia—Great Power of the Peishwa—Reduction of the Pi-

rate Angria—Madoo Rao becomes Peishwa—His able Government—
Ragoba—He is expelled by the Ministers—Forms an Alliance with
the Government of Bombay— Keating's Expedition—Proceedings at

Bombay disallowed—Treaty—War renewed—March against Foonah
—Shameful Capitulation—Campaign of General Goddard—Exploits

of Popham and Camac—Mahrattas allied with Britain—Increased
Power of Mahadajee Sindia—His Death—Death of Madoo Rao—

Various Intrigues—Jealousies of Britain—Dissensions of Sindia and

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