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260 Here-inne to lenge 7 for-ever and play, Ther mys nee mornyng & com never
260 Herein to dwell for ever and play, Where moan or mourning none shall
XXIII "Bot, jueler gente, if thou schal lose Thy joy for a gemme that the wacz lef,10 Me thynk the put 11 in a mad porpose, And busyez the aboute a raysoun bref ; 12 For that thou lestez 13 wacz bot a rose, That flowred and fayled as kynde 14 hit gef; Now thurgh kynde 14 of the kyste 15 that hyt con 16 close,
271 To a perle of prys hit is put in pref; 17
And thou hacz called thy wyrde 18 a thef,
Thou callest a thief thy destiny,
Thy colour passez the flour-de-lys,
LXIII “O spotless pearl, in pearls so pure, That the priceless pearl," quoth I, dost bear, Who formed for thee thy beauty's lure, Or wrought thee the weeds that thou dost wear? Nature was never so cunning, sure; Pygmalion to paint thee would never dare; Aristotle, for all his literature,
751 Could never recount thy virtues rare;
Than the fleur de lys thou art more fair,
beautiful 2 lifted her face 3 eyes 4 she said 5 distorted 6 set ? remain & where lack nor mourning jewel-box 10 was dear to thee 11 I regard thee as put 12 small affair 13 didst lose 14 nature 15 chest 1e did 17 put in proof = turned 18 fate 19 that has
760 When I wente fro yor worlde wete; 5 He calde me to hys bonerte: 6 ‘Cum hyder to me, my lemman ? swete, For mote ne spot is non in the.'
He yef 8 me myght and also bewte;
Beauty and strength he gave to me,
LXXXI “Motelez 12 may, so meke and mylde," Then sayde I to that lufly flor,13
962 "Bryng me to that bygly bylde, 14 And let me se thy blysful bor.” 15 That schene 16 sayde, that 17 God wyl
Ut-wyth 21 to se that clene cloystor,
971 Bot thou wer clene with-outen mote.”
LXXXI "Spotless maid, so mild and meek," Then said I to that flower bright,
962 “Me to thy palace bring, and eke Of thy blissful bower give me sight.” Sweetly — God shield her! — did she speak: “That tower may enter no earthly wight; But of the Lamb did I favour seek That thou from afar shouldst see its light;
From without that cloister see aright
might, Unless thou wert clean, without a spot."
XCVI The Lombe delyt non lyste to wene; Thagh he were hurt and wounde hade, In his sembelaunt 24 wacz never sene; So wern his glentez 25 gloryous glade. I loked among his meyny schene,26 How thay wyth lyf wern laste and lade, Then sagh I ther my lyttel quene, That I wende 2% had standen by me in sclade. 29
Lorde ! much of mirthe wacz that ho 30
XCVI The Lamb lacked no delight, I ween; I141 Hurt though he was, by wounds betrayed, In his semblance this was no whit seen; So did his glorious looks persuade. I looked among his comrades clean, How brimming life upon them he laid. Then saw I there my little queen, That I thought stood near me in the glade.
Lord ! much of mirth was that she
made, Among her sisters all so white ! That vision moved me to think to wade,
For love-longing in great delight. 1152 tained 21 from without 22 within 23 wished to doubt
appearance 25 looks 26 beautiful company supplied and laden 28 thought 29 valley 30 she companions 32 white 33 caused
1 amend 2 said she 3 chose * mate 5 wet goodness 7 sweetheart 8 gave also 10 garment dais 12 spotless
flower great building 16 beautiful one 17 whom 18 tower 19 for thee 20 ob
XCVII Delyt me drof in yghel and ere; My manez ? mynde to maddyng malte.3 Quen I segh my frely, I wolde be there, By-yonde the water thagh ho 6 were walte.? I thoght that no-thyng myght me dere, To fech me bur and take me halte; o And to start in the strem schulde non me
stere, 10 To swymme the remnaunt, thagh I ther
swalte; 11 Bot of that munt 12 I wacz bi-talt ;13 1161 When I schulde start in the strem
astraye, Out of that caste 14 I wacz by-calt; 15 Hit wacz not at my pryncez paye. 16
Ther as my perle to grounde strayd;
XCVII Delight me drove in eye and ear; My earthly mind was maddened nigh. When I saw my darling, I would be near, Beyond the water that she stood by: “Nothing," methought, "can harm me here, Deal me a blow and low make lie; To wade the stream have I no fear, Or to swim the deeps, though I should die."
XCVIII It pleased him not I should pass quite, O'er marvellous meres, so mad arrayed; Though in my rush I had strength and might, Yet hastily therein I was stayed; For as I strove to the bank aright, My haste me of my dream betrayed; 1170 Then waked I in that arbor bright, My head upon that mound was laid
Where my own pearl to ground had
strayed. I roused me, with many a fear a-thrill, And sighing to myself I said: “Now all be at that Prince's will."
JOHN GOWER (1325 ?-1408)
FROM CONFESSIO AMANTIS Bk. V
Jason, which sih 4 his fader old,
1 eye 2 man's 3 melted 4 saw 5 gracious one 6 she 7 kept & injure 9 to fetch me an assault and take me lame 19 prevent 11 perished 12 purpose 13 shaken 14 intention 15 recalled 16 pleasure 17 pleased
Jason, who saw his father old,
18 should fling 19 waters onset strong 22 quickly
moved 25 fair 26 roused fear 23 sighing 29 knew 30 father's 31 again 52 promised but 34 novelty 35 part
Thus it befell upon a nyht Whan ther was noght bot sterreliht, Sche was vanyssht riht as hir liste, 2 That no wyht bot hirself it wiste, And that was ate 3 mydnyht tyde. The world was stille on every side; With open 4 hed and fot al bare, Hir her tosprad, sche gan to fare; Upon hir clothes gertsche was; Al specheles and on the gras Sche glod & forth as an addre doth Non otherwise sche ne goth Til sche cam to the freisshe flod, And there a while sche withstod.' 3970 Thries sche torned hire aboute, And thries ek sche gan doun loute 10 And in the flod sche wette hir her, And thries on the water ther Sche gaspeth with a drecchinge 11 onde,12 And tho 13 sche tok hir speche on honde. Ferst sche began to clepe 14 and calle Upward unto
the sterres alle, To Wynd, to Air, to See, to Lond Sche preide, and ek hield up hir hond To Echates 15 and gan to crie, Which is godesse of sorcerie. Sche seide, "Helpeth at this nede, And as ye maden me to spede,16 Whan Jason cam the Flees 17 to seche, So help me nou, I you beseche." With that sche loketh and was war, Doun fro the sky ther cam a char,19 The which dragouns aboute drowe. And tho 13 sche gan hir hed doun bowe, And up sche styh,20 and faire and wel 3991 Sche drof forth bothe char and whel Above in thair 21 among the skyes.22 The lond of Crete and tho parties 23 Sche soughte, and faste gan hire hye,24 And there upon the hulles 25 hyhe Of Othrin and Olimpe also, And ek of othre hulles mo, Sche fond and gadreth herbes suote. 26 Sche pulleth up som be the rote, 4000 And manye with a knyf sche scherth,27 And alle into hir char sche berth.28
Thus it befell upon a night,
Thus whan sche hath the hulles sought, The flodes 29 ther forgat 30 sche nought, Eridian and Amphrisos,
1 starlight ? as it pleased her 3 at the 4 uncovered 5 her hair unbound girded ? Gower often gives and a strange position in the sentence; we should place it before al. 8 glided stood still
10 bow 11 troubling 12 breath 13 then 14 cry Hecate 16 succeed 17 fleece 18 aware 19 chariot 20 rose 21 the air 22 clouds 23 those parts 24 hasten 25 hills 26 sweet 27 cuts 28 bears, carries 29 rivers 30 forgot
Peneie and ek Spercheidos.
In daies and in nyhtes nyne, With gret travaile and with gret pyne, 4020 Sche was pourveid of every piece, And torneth homward into Grece. Before the gates of Eson Hir char sche let awai to gon, And tok out ferst that was therinne; For tho sche thoghte to beginne Suche thing as semeth impossible, And made hirselven invisible, As sche that was with air enclosed And mihte of noman be desclosed. 4030 Sche tok up turves of the lond Withoute helpe of mannes hond, Al heled 5 with the grene gras, Of which an alter mad ther was Unto Echates, the goddesse Of art magique and the maistresse, And eft & an other to Juvente, As sche which dede hir hole entente.? Tho tok sche fieldwode and verveyne Of herbes ben noght betre tueine; 8 4040 Of which anon withoute let These alters ben aboute set. Tuo sondri puttes ! faste by Sche made, and with that hastely A wether which was blak sche slouh,10 And out ther-of the blod sche drouh 11 And dede 12 into the pettes ' tuo; Warm melk sche putte also therto With hony meynd ; 13 and in such wise Sche gan to make hir sacrifice.
4050 And cride and preide forth withal To Pluto, the god infernal, And to the queene Proserpine. And so sche soghte out al the line Of hem that longen to that craft, Behinde was no name laft,14
Peneie and eke Spercheidos.
Nine days and nights had passed before,
4030 She took up turfs from off the land, Without the help of human hand, All covered with the growing grass, Of which an altar made she has To Hecate, who was the goddess Of magic art and the mistress, And still another to Juvente, As one fulfilling her intent. Then took she wormwood and vervain Of herbs there be no better twain; 4040 With which anon, without delay, She set these altars in array. Two sundry pits quite near thereby She made, and with that hastily, A wether which was black she slew, And out thereof the blood she drew, And cast in the pits without ado; And warm milk added she thereto With honey mixed; and in such wise Began to make her sacrifice.
4050 And cried and prayed aloud also To Pluto, god of all below, And to the queen's self, Proserpine. And so she sought out all the line Of those that to that craft belong Forgot she none of all the throng
10 slew 11 drew 12 put 13 mixed 14 left
1 took 2 chose 3 for the purpose 4 groves 5 covered 6 again ? entire purpose 8 twain, two 'pits