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monnes thinges, ne eihte, ne clothes; ne nout men's things, either property or clothes; and ne undervo2 ye the chirche vestimenz, ne do not receive the church vestments or the thene 3 caliz,4 bute-yif á strencthe 6 hit makie, chalice, unless compulsion or great fear cause other 8 muchel eie ; . vor of swüche 10 witunge 11 you to do so; for of such custody has come is ikumen 12 muchel üvel 13 ofte-sithen.14 great evil oftentimes.
FROM KING HORN (c. 1250)
Alle beon he 15 blithe That to my song lythe ! 16 A sang ihc schal you singe Of Murry the kinge. King he was bi weste 17 So longe so hit laste. Godhild het 18 his quen; Fairer ne mihte non ben.19 He hadde a sone that hét 18 Horn; Fairer ne mihte non beo born, Ne no rein upon birine,20 Ne sunne upon
Hit was upon a someres day,
Joy to none be wanting
It was upon a summer's day,
might none be 20
nor any rain rain upon 21 shine 22 After this line other MSS. insert two other lines. 23 kingdom 24 like 25 companions 26 led 27 fellows 28 two 29 was named 30 as 31 in his sport 32 wont
With Sarazins kene.1
The pains 19 come to londe
Of alle wymmanne
Horn was in paynes honde
Of Saracens full bold.
60 So many might easily Put to death these three.
The pagans came to land And seized it in their hand. The people they did kill And churches spoil at will. There none alive might go, Kinsman no more than foe,
68 But who his faith forsook And that of pagan took.
Of all earthly women Saddest was Godhild then.
72 For Murry wept she sore And for Horn yet more. She went out of the hall,
77 Leaving her maidens all. Under a rock of stone There lived she all alone.
80 To serve God was she glad, Though the pagans it forbade; And there she served Christ too, And naught the pagans knew. Ever she prayed for Horn Child That Jesus Christ be to him mild.
Horn was in pagans' hand With his fellows of the land.
88 Beauty great had he, As Christ would have it be. The pagans wished to slay him Or else alive to flay him.
1 bold ? they sought 3 pagan 4 heard 6 believe ? thyself 8 thou shalt not hence then 11 they 12 did 13 smote 14 felled 15 against so many wicked 16 many 17 easily 18 death 19 pagans 20 took 21 did kill 22 there might not live 23 foreigner
24 kinsman 25 unless they forsook their faith theirs she wept
29 See note on I. 16. 30 she 31 pagans' 32 prohibition 33 knew 34 prayed companions
36 fairness slay 38 fay alive
Gef his fairnesse nere,
Thanne spak on Admirald,
Had he not been so fair,
An admiral then foretold,
The children hi brohte to stronde,
They brought the boys to the shore, Wringinde here honde,19
Wringing their hands full sore. Into schupes borde
On shipboard they thrust them, At the furste worde.
No longer would they trust them. Ofte hadde Horn beo wo,20
Oft had Horn suffered woe, Ac 21 nevere wurs than him was tho.22 122 But never worse than he then did know. 122 The se bigan to flowe
The sea began a-flowing
I 28 The se that schup so faste drof,
The sea so fast the ship did drive, The children dradde ther of;
No hope the boys had to survive. Hi wenden to-wisse 23
They thought without a doubt Of here lif to misse,
Their lives would soon go out, 132 Al the day and al the niht
All the day and all the night Til hit sprang dai liht,
Till there sprang daylight, Til Horn say 24 on the stronde
Till Horn saw on the strand Men gon in the londe.
Men walking in the land. "Feren,” 11 quath he, “yinge,
"Comrades,” said he, "true, Ihc 25 telle you tithinge.
Good news I tell to you. Ihc here fogeles 26 singe
I hear the birds a-singing And that gras him springe. 140 And the grass a-springing.
140 Blithe beo we on lyve,
Let us be glad once more, Ure schup is on ryve.
Our ship has come to shore." Of schup hi gunne funde 28
From the ship they went to land And setten fout 29 to grunde.30 144 And set foot upon the strand. 144 Bi the se side
By the water side 1 if it were not for his beauty ? slain 3 bold
wringing their hands 20 been sad brave 5 very evident 6 of good height 'greater 21 but 22 then See note on I. 16. 23 they expected & seven 'mayst 10 alive companions 12 slay certainly 24 saw 25 I 26 birds 27 shore 28 did go 13 go to ship 14 go bottoni drown
29 foot 30 ground
Hi1 leten that schup ride.
They let the ship ride.
ground; And say that he shall feel The blow my hand shall deal.”
Aylbrus wende hire fro;
Horn in herte leide
Aylbrus went from her to the hall,
396 Horn, to me be true, And ne'er shalt thou it rue.”
Horn in heart has laid All he to him said.
400 In he went forthright To Rymenhild the bright. He knelt there at her feet, And sweetly did her greet.
404 Of his lovely sight The bower grew all bright. He spoke with courteous speech Him needed no man teach: “Sit thou in weal aright, Rymenhild the bright, With handmaidens twice three That ever sit with thee!
41 2 The steward of our king A message did me bring : To bower should I seek To hear what thou wouldst speak. Speak and tell to me Thy will, whatso it be.”
1 they ? drown : pagan enemy 5 I sound 7 he experience I went 10 then 11 pour 12 courteous 13 bower 14
remain, be very 17 repent
18 went 19 he kneeled 20
Rymenhild up gan stonde
Rymenhild up did stand And tok him by the honde.
And took him by the hand. Heo sette him on pelle,
On couch she set him fine, Of wyn to drinke his fulle.?
To drink his fill of wine; Heo makede him faire chere
She gave him welcome true And tok him abute the swere.3
And arms about him threw; Ofte heo him custe,
Full oft she did him kiss, So wel so hire luste.5
Her joy was most in this.
426 “Horn,” heo sede, “withute strif, 437 “Horn,” she said, “without all strife, 437 Thu schalt have me to thi wif.
Thou shalt have me as thy wife. Horn, have of me rewthe,
Horn, have of me ruth And pligt 'me thi trewthé."
And plight to me thy truth." 440 Horn tho him bithogte
Horn in his heart did seek What he speke migte.
What words he then might speak. “Crist," quath he, “the wisse, $
"May Christ,” said he, “now guide thee ! And yive the hevene blisse 444 And heaven's bliss betide thee
444 Of thine husebonde,
Of thy husband free, Wher he beo in londe !
Where'er in land he be! Ihc am ibore to lowe
But I am born too low Such wimman to knowe.
Such a woman's love to know. Ihc am icome of thralle,
I come of thralls, God wot; And fundling bifalle.10
A foundling's was my lot. Ne feolle 11 hit the of cunde 12
Befits thee not by kind To spuse 13 beo me bunde. 14 452 Thyself to me to bind.
452 Hit nere no fair wedding
It were no fit wedding
Betwixt a thrall and a king."
Rymenhild was grieved thereby
And sore began to sigh. Armes heo gan buge ;
Her arms slipped strengthless down, Adun he 17 feol iswoge.18
And there she fell a-swown.
Horn such woe could nowise brook And tok hire on his armes two.
And in his arms the maiden took. 460 He gan hire for to kesse,
And then he did her kiss, Wel ofte mid ywisse. 19
Full oft and oft, i-wis. "Lemman,” 20 he sede, "dere,
“Sweetheart,” said he, "dear, Thin herte nu thu stere. 21
464 Thy heart now must thou steer. 464 Help me to knigte,
Help me become a knight, Bi al thine migte,
Truly, with all thy might, To my lord the king,
To my lord, the king, That he me yive dubbing.
That he me grant dubbing. Thanne is mi thralhod
Then shall my thrallhood Iwent 22 in to knigthod,
Be changed to knighthood, And i schal wexe more,
And I grow greater still, And do, lemman, thi lore." 23 472 And do, sweetheart, thy will.” 472 Rymenhild, that swete thing,
Rymenhild, that sweetest thing, Wakede of hire swowning 24
Wakened then from her swooning. “Horn,” quath heo, “wel sone
“Horn," quoth she, "full soon That schal beon idone;
That shall all be done; Thu schal beo dubbed knigt
Thou shalt be dubbed a knight Are 25 come seve nigt.
Within this sevennight. Have her this cuppe,
This cup do thou now bear 1 skin, rug ? fill 3 neck 4 kissed 5 pleased 6 pity 17 she 18 a-swoon 19 very often indeed sweetplight s direct 'give 10 chanced 11 it would not heart 21 direct, control 22 turned 23 teaching suit 12 nature 13 spouse 14 bound 15 sigh 16 did bow 24 swooning 25 ere