From Gutenberg to the Internet: A Sourcebook on the History of Information Technology, Volume 2

Front Cover
Jeremy M. Norman
Norman Publishing, 2005 - Computers - 899 pages
From Gutenberg to the Internet presents 63 original readings from the history of computing, networking, and telecommunications arranged thematically by chapters. Most of the readings record basic discoveries from the 1830s through the 1960s that laid the foundation of the world of digital information in which we live. These readings, some of which are illustrated, trace historic steps from the early nineteenth century development of telegraph systems---the first data networks---through the development of the earliest general-purpose programmable computers and the earliest software, to the foundation in 1969 of ARPANET, the first national computer network that eventually became the Internet. The readings will allow you to review early developments and ideas in the history of information technology that eventually led to the convergence of computing, data networking, and telecommunications in the Internet. The editor has written a lengthy illustrated historical introduction concerning the impact of the Internet on book culture. It compares and contrasts the transition from manuscript to print initiated by Gutenberg's invention of printing by moveable type in the 15th century with the transition that began in the mid-19th century from a print-centric world to the present world in which printing co-exists with various electronic media that converged to form the Internet. He also provided a comprehensive and wide-ranging annotated timeline covering selected developments in the history of information technology from the year 100 up to 2004, and supplied introductory notes to each reading. Some introductory notes contain supplementary illustrations.
 

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Contents

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE INTRODUCTION AND THE INTRODUCTORY NOTES
5
A medieval scribe at his writing desk
20
Engraving of a printing shop c 1580 after Jan van der Straet
28
From Gutenberg to the Internet Timeline An Annotated Chronology
61
Mr G P Bidder PastPresident From Minutes of the Proceedings
107
Handbill announcing G P Bidders appearances at Oxford
108
A Handbook of the Napier Tercentenary
115
on the Application of Machinery to the Purpose of Calculating
125
Remarks on the Realization of Large Memory Capacity Excerpt from Interim
389
John Wiley Sons London Chapman Hall 1949 pp 109 126
397
From Manchester University Manchester University Computer Inaugural Conference
417
The commercial version of the IBM 702 system
424
and Computer Patent no 3120606 filed June 26 1947
439
From Electronics 38 1965
451
File no 467 Civ 138 Honeywell Inc v Sperry Rand Corporation and Illinois
457
Operation for the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator Cambridge
481

Charles Babbage in 1833
126
Construction of the English Life Table No 3 From English
133
23855
141
to Browns Tables of the Moon From Monthly Notices of the Royal
151
Scientific Computing Service 1938
163
George Routledge
173
by Signals by the Application of ElectroMagnetism Specification forming
181
110
193
27397
201
Nineteenthcentury poster showing advances in communication
202
Cover of the first issue of the first television magazine
217
1114
221
Origins of the General Purpose Programmable ComputerBabbages Analytical Engine
227
The first published computer programs from the original French version
231
Obituary portrait of Babbage
281
A Handbook of the Napier Tercentenary
295
Numbers with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem Proc Lond Math
301
Suggested Computing Machine September 21 1940 Memorandum
309
in Nervous Activity Extract from A Logical Calculus of the Ideas Immanent
319
Logical Design and Production of the First Electronic Digital Computers
325
J Robert Oppenheimer and John von Neumann in front of the IAS computer
328
Description of the ENIAC and Comments on Electronic Digital Computing
337
Discussion of the Logical Design of an Electronic Computing Instrument Extract
375
John von Neumann Julian Bigelow James Pomerene and Herman Goldstine
376
The Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator also known as the Harvard Mark I
482
FlowDiagramming From Planning and Coding Problems for an Electronic
493
Code C1 April 24 1947 Instructional Code C1 for Statistical Machine
515
The first sales brochure ever published for an electronic digital computer
516
Electronic Computing Machines From The Preparation of Programs for
529
Richard Rimbach Associates
543
Office
555
Digital Electronic Calculating Machine From Manchester University Manchester
575
A New Tool for Management A report submitted
581
411
613
11328
625
System Introduction From Sketchpad a ManMachine Graphical Communication
641
25675
681
Claude Shannon in 1952
697
for the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence
709
Laboratory Mechanisation of Thought Processes Proceedings of a Symposium
719
Living Prototypesthe Key to New Technology 131415 September 1960
731
14760
789
for a Ph D thesis submitted to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
813
Message Delay in Communication Nets with Storage Ph D diss MIT December
831
Stochastic Message Flow and Delay New York
845
Press release dated July 3 1969
869
For Further Reading
891
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