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2), that he was led into the " green pastures," the verdure whereof was grateful to the eye, and by the "still waters," whose soft and gentle murmurs were music to the ear.


he was not driven through these, but made to lie down in the midst of these delights, as Israel, when they encamped at Elim, where there were "twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm-trees" (Ex. xv. 27).

Gospel ordinances-in which we deal much in our way to heaven-are very agreeable to all the children of God, as these green pastures and still waters; they call the Sabbath a delight, and prayer a delight, and the Word of God a delight. These are "their pleasant things" (Isa. Ixiv. 11). There "is a river" of comfort in gospel ordinances, "the streams whereof make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the Most High" (Ps. xlvi. 4); and along the banks of this river their road lies.

Those that turn aside from the ways of God's commandments are upbraided with the folly of it, as leaving a pleasant road for an unpleasant one. Will a man, a traveller, be such a fool as to "leave my fields, which are smooth and even, for a rock that is rugged and dangerous, or for the snowy mountains of Lebanon?" (Jer. xviii. 14, marg.) "Shall the running waters be forsaken for the strange cold waters ?" Thus are men enemies to themselves, and the foolishness of man perverteth his way.

9. It adds to the pleasure of a journey to have it fair overhead. Wet and stormy weather takes off very much of the pleasure of a journey; but it is pleasant travelling when the sky is clear, and the air calm and serene. And this is the happiness of them that walk in wisdom's ways, that all is clear between them and heaven. There are no clouds of guilt to interpose between them and the Sun of righteousness, and to intercept His refreshing beams; no storms of wrath gathering, that threaten them,

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Our reconciliation to God, and acceptance with Him, makes every thing pleasant. How can we be melancholy, if Heaven smile upon us? "Being justified by faith, we have peace with God" (Rom. v. 1, 2), and peace from God, peace made for us, and peace spoken to us; and then we rejoice in tribulation. Those travellers cannot but rejoice all the day, who "walk in the light of God's countenance" (Ps. lxxxix. 15).

10. It adds likewise to the pleasure of a journey to be furnished with all needful accommodations for travelling. They that walk in the way of God have wherewithal to bear their charges, and it is promised them that they shall "want no good thing" (Ps. xxxiv. 10). If they have not an abundance of the wealth of this world, which perhaps will but overlead a traveller, and be an incumbrance rather than any furtherance, yet they have good bills; having access by prayer to the throne of grace, wherever they are, and a promise that they shall receive what they ask; access by faith to the covenant of grace, which they may draw upon, and draw from an inexhaustible treasury. "Jehovah-jireh, The Lord will provide."

Christ, our Melchizedek, "brings forth bread and wine," as Gen. xiv. 18, for the refreshment of the poor travellers, that they may not "faint by the way." When Elijah had a long journey to go, he was victualled accordingly (1 Kings xix. 8). God will give "grace sufficient" to His people for all their exercises (2 Cor. xii. 9). "Strength according to the day." "Verily they shall be fed." And, since travellers must have baiting-places and resting-places, Christ has provided "rest at noon" (Cant. i. 7), in the heat of the day, for those that are His; and rest at night too: "Return to thy rest, O my soul."

11. It adds something to the pleasure of a journey to sing in the way. This takes off something of the fatigue of travelling, exhilarates the spirits. Pilgrims used it; and God has put a song, 66 a new song, in the mouths" of his people

(Ps. xl. 3), even praises to their God, and comfort to themselves. He hath given us cause to be cheerful, and leave to be cheerful, and hearts to be cheerful, and has made it our duty to rejoice in the Lord always.

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It is promised to those who are brought to praise God by hearing the words of His mouth, that they shall "sing in the ways of the Lord" (Ps. cxxxviii. 5), and good reason, "for great is the glory of the Lord." How pleasantly did the released captives return to their own country, when they came with singing unto Zion!" (Isa. li. 11). And much more Jehoshaphat's victorious army, when they came to Jerusalem, “with psalteries and harps to the house of the Lord; for the Lord had made them to rejoice over their enemies” (2 Chron. xx. 28). With this the travellers may revive one another, "O come, let us sing unto the Lord!"

12. It helps to make a journey pleasant to have a good prospect. The travellers in wisdom's ways may look about them with pleasure, so as no travellers ever could, for they can call all before them their own, even "the world, and life, and death, and things present, and things to come;" in this state, "all is yours," if you be Christ's (1 Cor. iii. 22). The whole creation is not only at peace with them, but at their service.

They can look before them with pleasure; not with anxiety and uncertainty, but a humble assurance; not with terror, but joy. It is pleasant in a journey to have a prospect of the journey's end; to see that the way we are in leads directly to it, and to see that it cannot be far off; every step we take is so much nearer it, nay, and we are within a few steps of it. We have a prospect of being shortly with Christ in paradise; yet a little while, and we shall be at home, we shall be at rest; and, whatever difficulties we may meet with in our way, when we come to heaven all will be well, eternally well.

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"I bare you on eagles' wings;"-a high expression of the wonderful tenderness God had shewed for them. It is explained, Deut. xxxiii. 11, 12. It notes great speed: God not only came upon the wing for their deliverance-when the set time was come, He “rode on a cherub, and did fly”—but He hastened them out, as it were, upon the wing. Also, that He did it with great ease-with the strength, as well as with the swiftness of an eagle. They that faint not, nor are weary, are said to "mount up with wings as eagles" (Isa. xl. 31). Especially it notes God's particular care of them, and affection to them. Even Egypt, that iron furnace, was the nest in which these young ones were hatched, where they were first formed as the embryo of a nation; when, by the increase of their numbers, they grew to some maturity, they were carried out of that nest. Other birds carry their young in their talons, but the eagle (they say) upon her wings; so that even those artists which shoot flying, cannot hurt the young ones but they must first shoot through the old one. Thus in the Red Sea, the pillar of cloud and fire, the token of God's presence, interposed itself between the Israelites and their pursuerslines of defence which could not be forced, a wall which could not be penetrated. Yet this was not all: their way so paved, so guarded, was glorious; but their end much more so: "I brought you unto myself." They were brought not only into a state of liberty and honour, but into covenant and communion with God. This was the glory of their deliverance; as it is of ours by Christ, that He died, "the just for the unjust," that He might bring us to God. This God aims at in all the gracious methods of His providence and grace; to bring us

*This, and the following, are our only extracts from the "Exposition." We hope that it is already in the hands of most of our readers.

back to Himself, from whom we have revolted; and to bring us home to Himself, in whom alone we can be happy. He appeals to themselves, and their own observation and experience, for the truth of what is here insisted on: "Ye have seen what I did;" so that they could not disbelieve God, unless they would first disbelieve their own eyes. They saw how all that was done was purely "the Lord's doing." It was not they that reached towards God, but it was He that brought them to Himself. Some have well observed, that the Old Testament Church is said to be "borne upon eagles' wings;" noting the power of that dispensation, which was carried on with "an high hand and an outstretched arm:" but the New Testament Church is said to be gathered by the Lord Jesus, as a hen gathers her chickens under her wings" (Matt. xxiii. 37); noting the grace and compassion of that dispensation, and the admirable condescension and humiliation of the Redeemer.


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The angel puts a perpetual mark of honour upon him, by changing his name. "Thou art a brave fellow (saith the angel), commend me to thee for a man of resolution: what is thy name?" "Jacob," saith he; "A supplanter," so Jacob signifies. "Well (saith the angel), be thou never so called any more. From henceforth thou shalt be celebrated, not for craft and artful management, but true valour. Thou shalt be called Israel ('a Prince with God'), a name greater than those of the great men of the earth." He is a prince indeed that is a prince with God; and those are truly honourable that are mighty in prayer,-Israels, Israelites indeed. Jacob is here knighted in the field, as it were, and has a title of honour given him by Him that is the Fountain of honour, which will remain, to his praise, to the end of time.

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