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This is an important historical and geographical document, and ought to be read by him, who wishes to understand the whole reasons of the war, that terminated by the peace of 1763. The boundaries of the French and English colonies in North America, as described by charter, conquest, treaties, and maps, were often perplexed and sometimes inconsistent. Both nations had plausible arguments in their favour, and nationality of spirit added the olistinacy of prejudice to the real appearance of equity in their long and satiguing diplomatick discussions. Which party was right is not difficult for an Englishman or a Frenchman to say ; and the philosophick inquirer may well be excused from deciding an old question of colonial boundaries, when he observes that now dynasties are annihilated, and empires overturned by French despotick power, without the courtesy of negociation or the formality of resistance. “ Gov. Hamilton's Gov. Shirley.” This letter inclosed the next communication, entitled “Major Washington's letter to Governour Hamilton,” In which Major W. relates the progress of his detachment towards the Ohio in the war of 1754, and incloses two other documents, entitled “A Summon, by order of Contrecocur, captain of one of the companies of the detachment of the French marine, commander in chief of his most christian majesty’s troops now on the Beautiful river—to the commander of those of the king of Great-Britain, at the mouth of the river Monongahela,” To which Mr. Ward was obliged to submit ; And “Speech from the Half King to
the Governours of Virginia and Pennsylvania, referred to in Major Washington's letter.” By which the Half King offers assistance. “A list of the Presidents of the colony of Rhode-Island and Providence plantations, under the first charter; and of the Governours, under the second charter, collected from the publick records.” “Letter from his Excellency Gov. Jay, corresponding member of the Historical Society, to its corresponding secretary.” This letter corrects two mistakes in the report of the committee of the board of correspondents
of the Scots society for propaga
ting christian knowledge, &c. published in the Hist. Col. for 1798. “A letter from the treasurer of the Massachusetts Historical Society to the president, on the propriety and expediency of an appropriate national name, designatory of the citizens of the United States, as a distinct people from the other inhabitants of the two vast American peninsulas.” This memoir is written with ingenuity, and in an easy style. Mr. Tudor is forcible in his reasons against the retention of America, as a geographical term to designate the United States, and proposes Columbia, as a suitable name. “Letter from his late Excellency Jonathan Trumbull, Esq. to Baron J. D. Vander Capellan, seigneur du Pol, membre des nobles de la province d’Overysul, &c.” Gov. Trumbull, after briefly touching on the early settlement of Massachusetts and Connecticut, relates the history of the American war till 1779–80, and the then state of the country. We extract a very important para
“The petition of the Earl of Stirling, William Phillips Lee, and Mary Trumbull, praying to be put in possession of some lands, called the county of Canada, granted to William Earl of Stirling, in 1635, by the council for the affairs of N. England. 1760.” “Letter from Jasper Mauduit, Esq. to the Speaker of the house of representatives of the province of Massachusetts-Bay, relative to a reimbursement from parliament for the expense of supporting the French neutrals from Nova Scotia.” “Letter from Jasper Mauduit, Esq. to the Speaker of the house of representatives of the province of Massachusetts-Bay, relative to the duty laid by parliament on foreign molasses.” “Letter from Jasper Mauduit, Esq. to the Speaker of the house of representatives of the province of Massachusetts-Bay, relative to the duty on foreign molasses, the keeping up ten thousand troops in America, &c.” The titles explain the subjects
of the foregoing papers. The hisVol. III. No. 6. 2R
torian will consult them, and the careless reader will consult the historian. “Letter from Thomas Mayhew to Gov. Prince,” Upon the politicks of the Indians of the Elizabeth islands and the Vineyard in 1671. “James Walker’s letter to Gov. Prince.” A few particulars about king Philip. “ Daniel Gookin’s letter to Gov. Prince.” “ Letter from Gov. Prince to Daniel Gookin.” “Instructions from the church at Natick to William and Anthony.” They were appointed mediators between the Missogkonnog Indians and the goverument of Plymouth in 1671.” “Copy of a letter from Governour Prince to Roger Williams.” This is an answer to a complaint of Roger Williams about liberty of religious worship, which he feared the colonies of Massachusetts,Connecticut, and Plymouth intended to take from him by conquering his colony at Providence. “James Quanapaug's information.” Quanapaug was sent from Natick in 1675 to reconnoitre hostile Indians, king Philip, Narragansetts, &c. He saw much,and told it well. “Letter from Governour Stuyvesant, of N. York, to the Governour and Council of Massachusetts.” Gov. S. complains of the irregular proceedings of some English colonial officers in New-York and the unjustifiable outrages of a large company of men on Long Island, and wishes for peaceable accommodation. Boston has long been celebrated for courtesy and kind attention to strangers, and we are proud to mention, that in 1663 Gov. S. thus writes :
* Deposition of Hugh Cole, at Plymouth Court, A. D. 1670,” About king Philip. “A Description and History of Salem, by Rev. William Bentley.” The history of Salem contains a great variety of facts. Whether all the statements are correct, we are not able to decide ; nor can we point out what is true, and what is false. Dr. Bentley has investigated with diligence the state of population, diseases, religious worship, &c. His opinions and inferences may be open to doubt, but we are not disposed to withhold praise from curiosity of inquiry and accumulation of results. The character given of Roger Williams is different from that to be drawn from the statements of former historians, and although Dr. Bentley may have correctly estimated that singular man, still, as he knew there were doubts respecting the true character of the Patriarch of Providence, he ought to have cited authorities in support of his opinions. He would have made the work more luminous, had he divided it into chapters with appropriate heads ; for now we cannot with facility find any particular fact, required to be known. The author mentions at the close, that the history is to be continued, but in the succeeding volumes of the Historical Collections the continuation does not appear. We hope
from laziness, but succeeding bards
newct presumed to take the same
liberty. With the exception of these trivial faults, which, howcver, it was incumbent on us as
reviewers to point out, we can recommend this poem to every class of readers. It has simplicity cnough to be intelligible to the illiterate, and sufficient sentiment and poetry to gratify the learned. As the style of the poet is equable, without any occasional flights above its uniform tenor, we have no choice in selection, and shall therefore quote the first forty lines of the poem, as a specimen of the writer's manner.
How still the morning of the hallowed day !
"the o: lies glittering in the dewy wreath
"live o note comes mellower from the aic s
And swecter from the sky the gladsome lark
Stops, and looks back, and stops, and looks on man,
Her deadliest foe. The toil-worn horse, set free,
But chiefly Man the day of rest enjoys.
col And summer's heat, by neighbouring hedge or
tree; But on this day, embosom’d in his home, He shares the frugal meal with those he loves; With those he loves he shares the heart-felt joy of giving thanks to God, not thanks of form, A word and a grimace, but rev'rently, With cover'd face and upward earnest cyc.
What we have said of the Sabbath is equally applicable to the short poems that follow it, entitled Sabbath Walks. A body of notes is subjoined to the whole, chiefly relating to the persecutions formerly experienced by the Scotch presbyterians. As their fanaticks, however, suffered no more than they, or their ancestors under John Knox, had inflicted, whatever sympathy they may excite in Scotland, they cannot expect to inspire much interest here. The character of Bonaparte, drawn with no inconsiderable ability, though in a style, perhaps a little too turgid, will be much more gratifying to the American reader.