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when it was decided to publish his Retaliation, and Johnson at the same time undertook to write an epitaph for our lamented friend, to whom we proposed to erect a a monument by subscription in Westminster-Abbey. This epitaph Johnson executed ; but in the criticism, that was attempted against it, and in the Round-Robin signed at Mr. Beauclerc's house I had no part. I had no acquaintance with that gentleman, and was never in his house in my life. Thus died Oliver Goldsmith in his chambers in the Temple at a period of life, when his genius was yet in its vigour, and fortune seemed disposed to smile upon him. I have heard Dr. Johnson relate with infinite humour the circumstance of his rescuing him from a ridiculous dilemma by the purchase-money of his Vicar of Wakefield, which he sold on his behalf to Dodsley, and, as I think, for the sum of ten pounds only. He had run up a debt with his landlady for board and lodging of some few pounds, and was at his wit’s-end how to wipe off the score and keep a roof over his head, except by closing with a very staggering proposal on her part, and taking his creditor to wife, whose charms were very far
from alluring, whilst her demands were extremely urgent. In this crisis of his fate he was found by Johnson in the act of meditating on the melancholy alternative before him. He shewed Johnson his manuscript of The Vicar of Wakefield, but seemed to be without any plan, or even hope, of raising money upon the disposal of it; when Johnson cast his eye upon it, he discovered something that gave him hope, and immediately took it to Dodsley, who paid down the price above-mentioned in ready-money, and added an eventual condition upon its future sale. Johnson described the precautions he took in concealing the amount of the sum he had in hand, which he prudently administered to him by a guinea at a time. In the event he paid off the landlady's score, and redeemed the person of his friend from her embraces. Goldsmith had the joy of finding his ingenious work succeed beyond his hopes, and from that time began to place a confidence in the resources of his talents, which thenceforward enabled him to keep his station in society, and cultivate the friendship of many eminent persons, who, whilst they smiled at his eccentricities, esteemed him for his genius and good qualities.
AN account of the literature of this State might be comprized in a-single page, and if the length of the account was regarded only in the proportion it bears to its interest, that page would be deemed tedious. There are only ten presses in the state, viz. two in Ra
Extrad of a letter from a gentleman at Raleigh, N.C. to the Editors of the Anthology, Feb. 14.
leigh, two in Newbern, and one in each of the towns of Edenton, Halifax, Wilmington, Fayetteville, Salisbury, and Warrenton. From each of these presses issues a weekly paper, except the one in Salisbury, which is employed in printing handbills and pamphlets. The papers are compilations, and the few books published are law books and the doggrel hymns of religious enthusiasts, and now and then a trash novel, which is commonly exchanged for other trash at the Literary Fair. I will give as complete a list as I am able of all the original works ever published in this State, with a brief character annexed. 1. Haywood's Reports of Cases, decided in the Superiour Courts of this State. A valuable book, published by Hodge & Boylan, 1800. N. B. A second volume is now in the press of Wm. Boylan. 2. A Journey to Lake Drummond, by Lemuel Sawyer. The events are without interest ; the remarks puerile, and the language the most superlative bombast. Published eight or ten years ago. 3. Matilda Berkley, a novel. About upon a level with the Massachusetts novel of the Coquette, or Eliza Wharton. Published by J. Gales in 1804. 4. Taylor's Reports of Cases, adjudged in the Supreme Court of North Carolina. Of a moderate reputation. Marlin & Ogden. 1802. 5. History of the Ketukick Baptist Association, by Burkit and Read. Boylan. 1894. 6. A Masonick Ritual, published under the direction of the G. Lodge of North Carolina. The best of the kind. Sims. 1806. 7. Davies's Calvary. An excellent system. Hodge, 1798. Cameron's Law Reports are in the press of J. Gales, of which there are favourable expectations. These are the only publications, which I recollect, that have assumed the dignity of a volume. Of political and religious pamphlets we have quantum sufficit. The Rev. Joseph Caldwell, president of the University of N. Carolina, is the
first scientifick and literary character in the State. He is now employed in writing a book on Mathematicks, intended as a schoolbook. Two sermons and an eulogium on Gen. Washington by him, which have been published separately in pamphlets, are handsome specimens of his abilities. I know of no other pamphlets that merit the respect of being named.
There is in this state one university and several academies, but none of them are supported by permanent funds. The university was sounded about fourteen years ago, and received from the state a donation of all balances then due the state from revenue officers, all confiscated and escheat property, and a loan of $20,000. To a “ huge mishapen pile,” which is placed on a high rocky eminence twenty-eight miles to the westward of this, has been given the name of the College, and a donation from Gen. Thomas Person built a neat chapel. After considerable difficulties were experienced on account of incompetent teachers and insurrections among the students, the institution, under the direction of Mr. Caldwell, two professors, and two tutors, acquired regularity & consistency in its exercises, when our enlightened legislature discovered that education was inconsistent with republicanism ; that it created an aristocracy of the learned, who would trample upon the rights and liberties of the ignorant, and that an equality of intellect was necessary to preserve the equality of rights. Influenced by these wise and patriotick considerations, the legislature gave to themselves again, what they had before given to the University. The institution now languishes ; Mr. Caldwell's anti-republican love of literature, and not the emoluments of his is expressed not inelegantly in the conclusion of the two following passages : “Why you have considered this matter very deeply,” said Dr. Lyster, “but I must not have you give way to these serious reflections. Thought, after all, has a cruel spite against happiness. I would have you therefore keep as much as yoti conveniently can out of its company. Run about, and divert yourself; ’tis all you have for it. The true art of happiness, in this most whimsical world, seems to be nothing more than this : let those who have leisure find employment, and those who have business find leisure.” !ecilia. “We should have known ourselves to have been in the neighbourhood of some place larger than usual [Cologne] from the sight of two or three carriages on the road, nearly the first we had seen in Germany. There is, besides, some shew of labour in the adjoining villages; but the sallow countenances and miserable air of the people prove, that it is a labour not beneficial to them. The houses are only the desolated homes of these villagers, for there is not one of them that can be supposed to belong to any prosperous inhabitant of the neighbouring city, or to afford that coveted stillness, in which the active find an occasional reward, and the idle perpetual misery.” Mrs.Ratcliffe's Journey through Germany. "O ration, waxoi. “ALL is little and low and mean among us,” said Lord Bolingbroke, speaking of the state of England when he wrote. I will repeat his language, and apply it to my own country. All, which is most prominent and apparent among
us....all, which would first present itself to the view of a stranger, is little and low and mean. “Nos hic in republica infirma, misera, commutabilique versamur.” It is the temper of democracy to crush every thing elegant, and to batter down every thing noble. In all countries where it prevails, there is an ostracism, whether visible or not, at constant war with talents and learning and virtue, with all qualities which may excite envy or claim superiority. In its worst state, it is the dominion of brute force and idiot violence. For my part, I have no wish to take any share in such a miserable sovereignty. I am willing to submit to those, on whom nature and education have conferred the right to rule.
.Alas, floor human nature / is the most composing exclamation in the world. It diffuses among the species those feelings, which, if concentrated on an individual, would be anger or disgust, but which thus become little more than pity. When we meet with any thing harsh or unpleasant, it removes our consideration from the offence to the cause which produced it, and whether this be pride, or vanity, or ignorance, or ill-nature, we shall remember, that there are many men proud, and vain, and ignorant and ill-natured, and that it is hardly worth while to be exceedingly angry with one of these, because chance has unfortunately cast him in our way.
Cum Venus Ascanium super alta Cythera tulisset ;
when Venus bore with fond delight