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ment in Kentucky, but Lexington, in consequence of some advantages of situation, is the larger and more populous town. It supplies the shipping with rigging, and has several tan-yards, where leather is prepared with the bark of the black oak. Industry and ingenuity go hand in hand to add to the prosperity of the town and neighbourhood. Nitre, which is found in the neighbouring caverns, supplies the material for the manufacture of powder, and two mills have been erected. A pottery also, as in some other villages, is established. Various circumstances relative to the commerce of this part of America are added, but the balance of trade with Europe is apparently unfavorable to it. The attempt to plant vineyards in Kentucky has succeeded very imperfectly. On the southern limits of Kentucky the “barrens” commence. These are open grounds, dry, and sometimes sterile, where little is met with but partridges ; and where one woman told the author that she had not seen a single person for eighteen months. In some of these meadows, however, the grass is high, and marks of fertility appear. Trees of different kinds, and flowering shrubs, are also scattered around. In this district, our author thinks that the vineyards should have been planted, and he supposes that springs are at no great distance from the surface. The “barrens” are surrounded with a wood about three miles broad, which terminates in an impenetrable or, at least, unpenetrated forest. A general description of Kentucky follows, for the greater part of which we must refer to the work. This state is about 400 miles in length,and 200 in breadth; Vol. III. No. 7. 3A
and has been securely settled only since 1783. About ten years af. terwards it was admitted into the union as an independent state. Ginseng first appears in Kentucky, though more common in a more southern climate. Our author suspects that from twenty-five to thirty thousand weight is annually exported, and more care is now taken to prepare it in the state best adapted to the China market. The bisons have deserted this part of the country, and migrated to the right side of the Mississippi. Deers, bears, wolves, red and grey foxes, wildcats,racoons, opossums,
and some squirrels, are the principal animals that remain. Turkeys, in a wild state, are still numerous. The cultivated production of Kentucky are tobacco, hemp, European grain, chiefly wheat, and Indian corn. The last yields from forty to seventy-five bushels per acre. Eighty-five thousand five hundred and seventy barrels of flour went, from the 1st of January, 1802, to the 30th of June following, from Louisville to low Louisiana : more than two-thirds of which was from Kentucky. A barrel contains the flour of five bushels of wheat corn,about ninetysix pounds. The culture of tobacco has been greatly extended. Hemp also is an increasing article of commerce. In 1802 more than 42,000 pounds of raw hemp, and about 24,000 cwt. converted into cables, were exported. Flax is cultivated by many families. Rearing and taming horses is a business now eagerly and advantageously followed, and horned cattle are bred in great abundance. These, driven to the back settlements of Pennsylvania and Virginia, supply the markets on the coast. Few sheep are fed or fattened ; but the hogs are very numerous ;
yet even in the woods they are not completely wild. Salt provisions is another important article of commerce ; and in the first six months of 1802, 72,000 barrels of dried pork, and 2,485 of salt, were exported. Poultry are rarely bred, from the injury they might do to the crops of Indian corn. Of the religious sects, the methodists and anabaptists are most uumerous. Education, even in these sequestered regions, is carefully attended to. Nashville is the old town in Tenesse, but has no manufactory or publick establishment. Every thing is very dear, as the boats are obliged to go above Pittsburgh, on the Ohio, before they meet with the river Cumberland, on which Nashville is built. The author still approaches Carolina, in his progress to Knoxville ; and in his journey passes the mountains of Cumberland, to which the name of the Wilderness is assigned. These mountains divide east and west Tenessee, which thus seperated, may probably become distinct states. One of the branches of the Cumberland is styled “Roaring River,” from its numerous cascades. The right bank of this River rises from 80 to 100 feet in some places, and we Hiention it particularly, since it rests upon a bed of chistus, the first instance of this rock recorded in the author’s observations. In the caverns in the neighbourood, probably calcareous, extensive aluminous masses of considerable
purity are discovered. M. Michaux now arrives within about 700 miles from Baltimore and Philadelphia, and about 400 miles from Richmond. We shall, therefore, conclude our account of his journey, with a few remarks on Tenessee in general. This state is situated to the south of Kentucky, between Ohio and the Alleghany mountains. It is nearly square, its length exceeding its breadth only by about sixty miles in 300, its shortest diameter ; and was admitted into the union as an independent state in 1796. It formerly was a part of North Carolina. Its river, Tenessee, with the Holston, has a navigable course for near 800 miles, interspersed, during the summer, with shoals. It is not closely inhabited ; and its chief productions are cotton and iron : the soil is fat and clayey. We have already offered our reasons or our apologies for the length to which our article has extended ; and have reprehended, though perhaps without sufficient severity, the gross errors of the translator and printer. Another translation, with a map, would prove a valuable acquisition to the geographer, the scientifick enquirer, and the commercial speculatist; for though, as we have said, we do not implicitly trust all the representations, the great features of nature are carefully, and, we believe, accurately copied. J. R.
OF NEw PUBLIcATIox's IN THE UNITED STATEs For JULY, 1806.
letter to a friend. Cambridge.
future punishment, shown to be made up of contradictions. 2. Dr. Chauncy's, Mr. Winchester's, Petitpierre's, and Med. Dr. Young's scheme, which supposes a limited punishment hereafter, shown to be made up of contradictions. 3. Everlasting, forever, forever and ever, naturally and originally mean duration without end. 4. The , sufficiency of the atonement, for the salvation of all, consistent with the final destruction of a part of mankind. Also, the second death explained. Interspersed with direct arguments in proof of the endless misery of the damned ; and answers to the popular objection of the present day, against the doctrines of grace. By Josiah Spaulding, A. M. pastor of a church in Buckland. Northampton, (Mass.) Andrew Wright. 1805. Sermons on the religious education of Children ; preached at Northampton, Eng. By P. Doddridge, D. D. A. new edition, revised and corrected. Cambridge, W. Hilliard. A Present for your Neighbour ; or, the right knowledge of God and ourselves, opened in a plain, practical, and experimental manner. Cambridge, W. Hilliard. A Discourse concerning meekness, By Rev. Matthew Henry. First American edition. Cambridge, W. Hilliard. A short and easy method with Deists, wherein the certainty of the Christian religion is demonstrated by infallible proof from four rules, in a W. Hilliard. An Oration, delivered before the trustees, preceptors, and students of Leices
ter Academy, on the 4th of July, 1806,