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toms of their ancestors. They live in tents, and still make use of bows and arrows, which they employ with such dexterity and precision, that when they went out with the Russians of the ambassador's suite they killed six times as much game as the latter, though provided with excellent fowling-pieces.” He likewise writes that he has discovered a little portable pharmaceutick collection of Thibet, from which the science of medicine is likely to derive advantage. It consists of sixty different articles, very elegantly wrapped in pao Among these are some remedies
own in Europe ; but with a much greater number the botanists attached to the embassy were unacquainted. The latter consist of small fruits, nuts, and some chemical preparations. M. Rehmann has procured a translation of the list of them, which was written in the language of Tangut. He proposes to bring with him some of these collections of medicines, which are much in use among the Bucharians.
Colonel Skiöldebrand, whose Picturesque Tour in Lapland is well known, is at present engaged on a History of all the publick festivals held in Sweden, which will be a splendid work with engravings. He is said to have received an advance of 12,000 rix-dol. lars towards this work, of which great expectations are entertained.
The fifth part of Icones Plantarum Japonicarum, by Thunberg, has made its appearance ; but it is likely to be the last the learned professor will publish, unless some foreign, bookseller will undertake to give his admirable collections to the world.
STATEMENT OF DISEASES, &c. from Sept. 20 to Oct. 20, 1806.
THE atmosphere has been clear during great part of the past month, and the weather cool. Winds from the north-west and north-east.
The attention of physicians has been principally called to the autumnal fever; yet this disease has not been so common, and far less fatal than in most years. It is right to have it stated ; though we are not desirous of making any general inferences from it at present; that the depletion !. the sanguiserous system is rarely, if ever, resorted to by our physicians; and we suspect that as few die of fever here, in the same number of cases, as in any city of
this country. The mercurial practice is employed with ardour by some, and with doubt by others ; perhaps this is to be explained by the fact,that it is now and then brilliantly successful, in other cases inefficient, in a few hurtful. This powerful medicine would be more frequently useful, if the principles for its application were understood. The occasional, though cautious, use of catharticks, in a way very similar to that recommended by the judicious Dr. Hamilton, is very well established. ‘Cold water is gradually removing the obstacles opposed to it by the prejudices of the vulgar, and will probably become a common and useful remedy in fevers. The cholera of infants has been more fatal in this, than the last month ; but the number of cases not greater. The cow-pock practice increases. Interments in Boston from August 29 to Sept. 26, from the Sextons returns. Mal. Fem. Ch. Accident 2 Apoplexy 1. Colic, bilious Consumption 12 1 Dropsy 2 Drowned Fever, nervous -, putrid , slow bilious 1
Hooping cough 1.
Is 1728 the members of Trinity College renewed their attacks upon their master. A charge of violating statutes, wasting the college revenues, &c. &c., was exhibited to the Bishop of Ely, in sixty-five articles. These contained a recapitulation of their former grievances, and a considerable addition to the number of their imaginary evils. This catalogue, accompanied by a petition, was presented to the bishops, although the most eminent lawyers, in the year 1712, had given their opinion that the crown possessed the general visitatorial power, as well as over the master in particular.
While the establishing of the visitor was in debate, and Bentley's enemies in his college were busily employed in accumulating charges of violation of statutes, &c. &c. his quarrel with the university was finally determined in his favour. Those enemies who had contributed to his degradation now found all their efforts vain, and their machinations defeated, while the publick, in general, were confirmed in their opinion of the
Vol. III. No. 11. 3Y
illegality and violence of the measures, which the university had pursued. With respect to these proceedings a cause was long in agitation at the court of King's Bench", where the propriety of the vice-chancellor's conduct was disputed. The ministry did not wish to exert their authority any farther on the occasion ; but the court reversed the decree of the university, and a mandamus was sent to Cambridge, oh the 7th of February, 1728, to order that Mr. Bentley should be restored to all the degrees and honours of which he had been deprived. In the first divinity act, after Dr. Bentley was restored to his degrees, he moderated himself as professor in the publick schools. Dr. John Addenbroke, afterwards Dean of Litchfield, appeared as respondent for the degree of Bachelor of Divinity, who had taken a very active part against Bentley in the senate-house, when his de
* For a list of the pamphlets publish
led during the conclusion of these dis
putes, we must refer to the ingenious Mr. Gough's British Topog. Vol. I,
gradation was the subject of debate. His first question was . I. Galei argumenta non valent contra paedobashtismum 2 The professor objected to the terms of it, because it confined the question to Gale's arguments, and cried out, “ Quid nobis cum homuncione GaTeo 2°. It was observed, afterwards, that the last determination which Bentley had made in the schools before his degradation was on this subject, and that he had said that Gale's arguments need only be considered, as they contained all that could be alleged against infant baptism. The second question was, “ Miracula a Christo edita firobant ejus divinam missionem * To the Latinity of this he objected, and said that he had heard of edere librum, edere signum flofulo : sed quis unquam audiwit, edere miracula 2 Miracula facta sunt non edita. Bentley was undoubtedly right, for we read in Plinyt, “ Ludibria sibi, obis miracula, fecit natura ; but, edere miracula we do not remember. With respect to the dispute of the members of Trinity College, as the Bishop of Ely declined to act, the society, engaged in the cause, and presented a petition to his majesty under the common seal in August, 1728. This was referred to a committee of the privy-council, as well as that of the bishop, who petitioned to be heard concerning his right, on the 2d of November. A printed state of the case of Trinity College was delivered to the privy-counsellors previous to the day # appointed for a hearing, in which it was stated, that the college, as they wished an immediate examination into their asfairs, intreated that his majesty would assume to himself the pow
t VII. 2. Vol. II. p. 95. Ed. Brotier. 4. March 13, 1728.
er of visitor. On March the 15ts: the cause came on before the lords, and was referred to the court of King's-Bench, and in May, 1729, after a long trial, the
judges unanimously determined,
that the bishop had a right to exercise a power as visitor, over the master of Trinity College. In June the petitioners exhibited their articles before his lordship ; but a suspicion arose, that he wished to be accounted general visitor, the master and fellows procured a further hearing in November. The bishop lost his cause ; and in 1731 he moved for a writ of errour, in order to bring it, by appeal, into the house of lords. The crown at last put an end to these disputes, by complying with the petition of the college, and taking the master and the college into its own jurisdiction and visitation. Soon after the restoration of his degrees, Dr. Bentley wrote an anonymous letter to Chishull, with some critical remarks on an inscription to Jupiter Urius, which he had inserted in his Antiquitates ...Asiatica, and had restored in several passages which Spon and Wheler had published very negligently. Chishull, who was an acute scholar, and a man of solid learning, admitted part of Bentley's corrections, and part he rejected, concluding his letter thus : « Ultimum (sc. Distichon) nunc lubens verto magis ad mentem hujus Herculis musarum. Sic enim ear fiede thsum metior, froque accesto habeo, quod qui clava configere slotuit, suadela maluit.” The Hercules of the Muses, indeed, he proved himself by his criticism on this epigram. About two years after these letters had passed between the learned Chishuil and our British Aristarchus, the marble itself, from which he verses had been copied, was brought into England, and placed in Dr. Mead's collection. On examination, it appeared that the inscription was originally cut in the very same letters which Bentley had conjectured. This remarkable instance of critical sagacity has been recorded and celebrated, by the learned Dr. Taylor, in the preface to his admirable Hittle treatise De inofi debitore in fiartis dissecando, in which he has given a facsimile of inscription on the marble; and among other short pieces of criticisms, which are subjoined to this work, he has preserved the original letters of Bentley and Chishull. Our great critick's disputes with his college and the university were now finally settled : and his real merits, aided by justice and truth, crushed the efforts of saction and malevolence. Those who had envied his erudition and talents, now saw all their schemes defeated. Dr. Bentley, whose dego'adation they had so strenuously laboured to accomplish, now rose superiour to their little arts,and the publick in general began to view the proceedings of his enemies in their proper light. His duty as royal librarian was rendered agreeable, not only by the nature of his favourite pursuits, but also by the attention which was shewn him by Queen Caroline, who was his constant patroness, and was justly entitled to the elegant compliment which he paid her in his publick speech on creating the Doctor in Divinity. Her Majesty was particularly fond of engaging him in literary disputes with Dr. Ciarke, Wir suftra nostrum fraconium longissime fositus. To these amicalle contests, Bentley for some time submitted, but as they generally terminated with
out either party's deriving much information from them, he declined them, and pleaded his health as an excuse. The instigations of Queen Caroline, as she wished him to publish an English classick, induced Dr. Bentley to undertake his edition of Milton, which appeared in quarto in the year 1732, with two busts of the poet, at different pe. riods of his life, engraved by Vertue. In his preface, he tells us that the mistakes in pointing, orthography, and distinction of capital letters are here carefully corrected. The elision of vowels, and the accent are particularly marked. The verses which have been Joisted into the book, by the former editor, are pointed out as spurious, and several lines corrected or interposed by the editor himself, in order to give that appearance of system and consistency, which Milton himself would have done, if he had been able himself to have revised and corrected tha whole poem. Such is the account which Bentley gives of his own edition. He then very happily compares Paradise Lost, in its former state, with the defardations of printer and editor, and debased by the malignity, of his enemies, to the condition of the beautiful, though poor and illdressed virgin, in Terence's Phor27110 : ------------- Ut, ni v1s Bon 1
In ipsa inesset forma, haec forman extinguerent.
He then endeavours to account for the silence of the criticks with regard to the faults which he had pointed out, and thus concludes : “Who durst oppose the universal vogue 2 and risque his own character, while he laboured to exalt Milton's I wonder rather, that it is done even now, Had these very notes been written forty years ago, it would then have been prudence to have suppressed them, for fear of injuring one's rising fortune. But now, when seventy years jamdudum memorem manuerwnt, and spoke loudly in my ears,
Mitte leves spes et certamina divitiarum;
I made the notes extem/ore, and
put them to the press as soon as made; without any apprehension of growing leaner by censures, or plumper by commendations.”
- We shall not pretend to enter into a minute examination of Bentley's notes and corrections of this noble poem. That he has improved several passages is certain, and that he has made many trifling remarks, and many unjustifiable and indeed unnecessary alterations cannot be denied. The text, however, he has not violated, but has given all his alterations in the margin. . His plan seems strange and unwarrantable. Above three hundred of Milton’s verses are inclosed in hooks, as spurious, and above seventy either wholly written or altered by the editor himself, are proposed to supply their places. These, he hopes, will not be found disagreeing from the Miltonian character. Besides these innovations in above three hundred lines, he of. fers a change of two or more words, and in above six hundred more, one word only is altered. Such was his rage for emendation.
The sacred top of Horeb, for seeret, is an improvement; but when he wishes to read ardent gems, in the third book, for orient gems ; and in the fourth, radiant pearl, for orient pearl, we cannot but exclaim Souis novus hic hospes 2
But in Book V. v. 177, when he proposes ye four other wandering
stars, instead of yes, c-fires, because the sun, moon, and Venue had been already named in the Morning Hymn, we are indeed surprised. Did not Bentley know that the sun is not one of the planets, and that the earth is, and was certainly intended by Milton to complete the number five ; as in the eighth book he says, “ The filanet earth ** The change of darkness visible into transficuous gloom is idle and unwarrantable, though transficuous be of the Miltonian character. The passages of this admirable poem which our critick rejects are usually those, which contain similies or descriptions. Why these ornamental parts of the work, though sometimes defective,are to be deemed interpolations, would require no common portion of sagacity to determine. To us these appear beauties. To confess the truth, Bentley, with all his critical acumen, was ill calculated for a corrector of Milton's verses. He is too daring, and does not appear to possess any extraordinary portion of foetical taste, which was highly requisite. “The poet’s eye, in a fine frenzy rolling,” seems not to have fallen to his lot ; and even in his grammatical strictures he is sometimes mistaken, as the Bishop of London has observed. Let not this edition, however, be deprived of its deserts. Many of his remarks are acute, and several of his emendations are certainly improvements. Among these may be reckoned “Ichorous humor issuing flow’d,” which he defends by the well-known line of Homer. Ixof, olorrif r otti aaxagozi erotz,
and in Book IV. v. 944,
...“With songs to hymn his throne And practise discipline to cringe not fight,”