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Compiled by Rev. Hosea Ballou, of Barnard. Randolph, Ver. S. Wright. The Improvement of the mind. Containing a variety of remarks, and rules for the attaining and communication of useful kuowledge in religion, in the sciences, and in common life. By I. Watts, D. D. The book to contain 384 pages 12ino. on fine paper and small type. Price to subscribers $1 per vol. bound. Bennington, Ver. A. Haswell. Now ready for the press, and will be published immediately after the next session of the general assembly of Virso Volume 2d of the Revised Code; y a gentleman of the bar. Large 8vo. Price $5 to subscribers. Richmond, Vir. Samuel Pleasants, jun.
A complete system of ‘Geography, ancient and modern, in 6 volumes 8vo. By James Playfair, D. D. Principal of the United College of St. Andrew's i Historiographer to his loyal Highness the Prince of Wales ; F. R. S. F. A. S. Edinburgh , and author of “A System of Chronology.” Philadelphia, J. Watts.
The Lay of the Last Minstrel, a poem, by Walter Scott, Esq. 12mo. Boston, Etheridge & Bliss.
Collins, Perkins, & Co. of New-York propose to put immediately to press, a new and valuable work, entitled, French Hononysms, or a collection of words, similar in sound, but different in meaning or spelling. By John Martin, professor of languages in New-York.
AM ER1 ca.
A number of persons, residing in the western part of the state of New-York, of whom several are represented as learned and opulent foreigners, naturalized here, have formed themselves into a church, or religious association, upon principles which exclude polemick questions and sectarian peculiarities. They disclaim human formularies of faith, as tests of christian communion, referring their members to the scriptures as the only rule of belief and practice ; and they appear to think the liberty of religious inquiry and profession, unrestrained by the fear of temporal inconvenience, compatible with the interests of truth and virtue. Under the auspices of this description of persons, a society for promoting christian knowledge and practice is instituted, who have endeavoured to call the attention of the enlightened and serious publick to the objects of their association by the following publication.
At a meeting on September 20, 1806, of the Society for promoting the knowledge of the Sacred Scriptures and the practice of the Gospel Doctrine, Resolved to make the following publication :
The members of the Society for promoting the know!e 'ge of the Sacred Scriptures and the practice of the Gospel Doctrine, informed by extracts, lately published from the minutes of the General Synod of the Reformed Dotch Churches in this state, of the laudable endeavours of that High Reverend Body, to promote the interest of the Redeemer's Kingdom, think it becoming their character and christian profession, to co
operate with these endeavours, according to their ability, and in view of the situation allotted them by. Divine Providence. The limited circumstances of the people of these western parts do not enable them at present, to afford pecuniary aid to their more wealthy brethren in the mercan. tile cities, for the particular purpose specified in the printed extracts of the General Synod. On the contrary, from the known generosity and affluence of our brethren, we might hope for pecuniary assistance from them, were they duly apprised of the various and increasing enemies of our Lord by whom we are surrounded. Notwithstanding the eminent blessings of a spiritual mature enjoyed at the hand of a merciful providence, our situation is rendered truly disagreeable by a grow. ing fanaticism and enthusiasm which degrade the pure and excellent faith of our divine Master, and by a demoralizing infidelity, which, while it successfully triumphs against the absurd invontions of men, sacrilegiously attached to the religion of Jesus of Nazareth, proudly boasts of victory over christianity herself. Having deliberated on the radical causes of the prevailing evil and candidly dicussed the subject among oursolves, we are apprehensive that a shameful ignorance, on the one hand, and a disposition for licentiousness on the other, combine to give it birth, and that its only remedy lies in the diffusion of religious knowledge, and in a unore exemplary deportment among the professed friends of the christian cause. Aware, however, of the difficulty of comprising in a single view the various causes, direct and remote, which contribute to the sad phenomenon: at the same time sensible, that the true causes must be apparent before our exertions to remove it can be directed in such a manner as to ish a well grounded hope of success, the Society propose to their enlightened christian brethren the £ollowing questions ; upon which the answers are expected before the first day of December, 1807, in a fair legible hand, copied by another, with a Symbodum, as usual, the author's name written in a separate sealed paper, superscribed with the symbolum of his disaertation, and forwarded with the dissertation, free of postage, to the Rev. John Sherman, Secretary of the Society. I. What are the principal causes of the increasing fanaticism, enthusiasm, and infidelity within the limits of the Middle and Eastern States ? II. What are the most potent remeAdies for these moral diseases 2 III. In what manner may these remedies be the most successfully applied ? The crowned dissertation upon these questions shall be published, and the author shall receive a premium of FIFTY do LLARs. The second shall be noticed with an accesset. Members of the Society, who write upon the subject, shall sign their dissertations with their proper names, without being candidates for the prize. The Society also propose the following questions for 1808. “What degree of knowledge in Oriental and Greek literafire, jewish antiquities, and Ecclesiastical Aistory, is requisite to qualify a minister of the gospel to silence the cavils, and successfully to refute the objections of ancient and modern infidels, against the jewish and christian revelations 3" The Society for promoting knowledge, £5.e. appeal to the hearts of their christian brethren of all denominations, to co-operate with them in the important cause. Each member of the society pays two dollars at his admission, and one dollar annually, so long as he continues to be a member. Donations in money for the general purposes of the society, or in useful books and tracts, particularly Bibles, to be distributed among the poorer classes, will be thankfully received. . The money to be transmitted to Col. A. G. M. ppa, treasurer, and the books
man, minister of the Reformed Christian Church, both residing in Trenton, county of Oneida, and state of N. York. A statement of the concerns of the society shall annually be made at their general meeting. Signed by order of the Society, JOHN SHERMAN, sec'ry.
The Reformed Christian Church, in association with the members of the United Protestant Religious Society in the town of Tremton, Oneida county, and state of New-York, informed of the laudable exertions of the “General Synod of the Reformed Dutch Church” to establish a “Professorate,” for the purpose of obtaining a more learned ministry, and thus to promote a correct and general knowledge of the sacred scriptures, have (though unable to contribute to this laudable undertaking of the General Synod) unanimously resolved, in view of their own situation, to co-operate so far in the general object of diffusing christian knowledge, as to make a collection twelve times a year, (viz. nine times at Oldenbarneveld, and three times at Holland's Patent, beginning with the first Sunday in October) for the following religious purposes : Resolved 1st. That one half of the money collected, shall be entrusted to the Rev. John Sherman, our minister, for the purchase of books and tracts, written to promote the knowledge of the christian doctrine, who shall circulate them among the members of the church and society, and supply with bibles those of them whose low circumstances may require this aid. Resolved 2d. That the other half of the money collected shall be placed in the hands of the Treasurer of The Society for promoting the knowledge of the Sacred Scriptures, to be disposed of by said society in aid of the benevolent purposes of their institution. Resolved 3d. That the Rev. John Sherman shall be qualified to open a correspondence with, and to receive applications from any churches or re-Jigious societies, for the purpose of uniting and co-operating upon a more extensive scale in promoting the christian cause ; provided he do not obligate the church or society in any manner whatsoever, without their previous consent or approbation. Resolved 4th. That, as the Religious Protestant United Society, and The Pe: formed Christian Church, are constituted by persons of different denominations, the members of the church, in order that the publick may be acquainted with their religious standing, deem it becoming to publish the articles of their union. Articles of union of the members of the - Reformed Christian Church. I. We acknowledge the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament to contain a revelation of God's will to mankind, and that they are in matters of religion, the only standard of doctrines and rules of practice. II. We acknowledge that no other confession or test of christian fellowship and standing in the visible church of God ought to be established than that which Christ and his apostles made necessary, or on which they received believers in the gospel—Mat. xvi. 15, 16, and 17. Acts viii. 36 and 37. 1 John iv. 15, and 1 John v. 1. III. Liberty of conscience shall be preserved inviolate. Every member shall be maintained in his right of free inquiry into the doctrines of scripture; in publishing what he believes the scriptures contain, and in practising according to his understanding of his duty. This liberty shall not be abridged, as to his understanding and practice respecting the ceremonies, ordinances, or positive institutions of christianity. IV. The government and discipline shall be according to the direction of our Lord in Mat. xvii. 15, 16, and 17. The executive authority of the church shall be vested in the minister, the elders and deacons ; but if any one suppose that by the church there mentioned, is intended the brotherhood generally, he shall have the liberty of refersing his cause for adjudication to the body at large. - V. The officers of the church, elders and deacons, shall be chosen by ballot, and hold their office during the pleasure of the church, or choose to decline serving any longer. VI. The . of admission to the church shall be, that any person wishing to become a member, shall make known his desire to the consistory, the minister, elders, and deacons, who shall, if the applicant be a person of good moral character, refer his case for decision to the church at large. VII. The Lord's Supper shall be celebrated four times a year, twice at Oldenbarneveld, and twice in Holland's Patent, on such particular Lord's days as shall be found convenient.
VIII. The name by which this church is designated shall be, The Reformed Christian Church. By order of the meeting, JOHN SHERMAN, Moderator. We are informed that Mr. John Watts, of Philadelphia, is about to put to press a new and valuable work entitled the “Stranger in England.” It is said to contain a more satisfactory and particular account of Great Britain, than any work which has hitherto appeared. In it the character and manners of the English, Irish, and Scotch are depicted in a style which marks the hand of a master and the judgment of a connoissieur. Rich with anecdote and critical remark, it presents not only a veritable picture of the present state of that country, in its moral and political relations, of which so little is at present known, notwithstanding our constant intercourse with it, but also exhibits a novel and highly interesting scene to the view of the traveller and the scholar. To this country such a work is invaluable, and we announce it with a full confidence that it will prove in no small degree gratifying to every class of readers.-U. S. Gaz. Letters of Lord Lyttleton.—The subscribers intend to commit to press, in a few weeks, the first American edition of the “Letters of Lord Lyttleton the Younger.” Conditions will soon be published, and subscription papers presented to the lovers of fine writing. W R1 GHT, Goo DENow, & Co. Troy, N. Y. Oct. 1806.
The publick will we gratified to hear that a small volume of poems, written by Charlotte Richardson, with whose interesting life we have been acquainted through the medium of several pe. riodical publications, has lately come to. hand, and will be reprinted by Kimber, Conrad, & Co. of Philadelphia, in the course of a few weeks.
Fine Arts.-Mr.D. Edwin of Philadel. phia has cngraved and is now publishing, a very accurate and elegant View of the Blood Vessels of the Human Body, executed under the direction and with the assistance of Dr. Wistar. The coecution of this engraving reflects great credit upon the skill, talents, and accuracy of Mr. Edwin, and will be found extremely useful to the students in physick and surgery, as well as to others who may wish to acquire a
knowledge of the anatomy of the human body, particularly in regard to the blood vessels. GREAT-BRITAIN.
The following arrangement has been made at the Royal Institution for twelve eourses of lectures, to be delivered the ensuing season, by the undermentioned gentlemen. 1. On Chemistry, by H. IXavy, F.R.S.–2. On Natural Philosophy, by William Allen, esq. F. L.S.—3. On English Literature, by Rev. T. F. Dibdin.—4. On Moral Philosophy, by Rev. Sidney Smith, A.M.–5. On Dramatick Poetry, by Rev. William Crowe, i..L.B. Publick Orator of the University of Oxford–6. On Zoology, by Geo. Shaw, M. D. F. L. S. Librarian to the British Museum.–7. On Belics Lettres, by Rev. John Hewlett, B. D.—8. On Musick, by W. Crotch, M. D. Professor of Musick in the University of Oxford–9. On the History of Commerce, by Rev. Edward Forster.—10. On Drawing in Water Colours, W. M. craig, esq.-11. On Botany, J.E. Smith, M.D. F.R.S. and President of the Linnean Society.—12. On Perspective, by Mr. Wood.
It is not without sincere satisfaction that the admirers of Gessner's Muse; and the amateurs of the arts will learn that his family has engaged Charles William Kolbe, an eminent German engraver, to give to the publick, at a moderate price a series of the best landscapes executed by Gessner. That artist has obtained permission of his patroness, the princess of Dessau, to devote some years to this purpose at Zurich itself, amidst the family and the friends of the amiable poet. The first number of this work has recently made its appearance. It contains four prints in large folio, representing two of the best pieces in water colours in the collection of Gessner's widow, and two drawings in the cabinet of the [..." of Dessau. The two first are
nown by the titles of the Fishermen and the Fountain in the Wood. The subjects of the two others are pastoral scenes taken from the Idyls: Daphnis, and Phillis, and Chloe. "I'he execution proves that the honourable task of introducing these performances to the notice of the publick could not be confided to abler hands. M. Kolbe, decply impressed with the spirit and the manner of his model, has rendered his conceptions with equal feeling and accuracy.
An important fact with regard ts the theory of electricity, has recently been discovered by M. Bienvenu. By varying his experiments he has found, in contradiction to the received opinion, that glass and rosin produce the same kind of electricity, and that the difierence depends upon the rubbers. With a cat's skin he electrizes an electrophorus of rosin, which manifests negative electricity : an electrophorus made of a piece of glass, and rubbed with a cat's skin, manifests exactly the same kind of electricity as that of rosin. This experiment proves that if the conductor of an electrical machine constantly gives positive electricity, the reason lies in the morocco cushions, which pos. sess the property of developing the electricity of glass, which, received on the conductor, communicates to it a positive electricity. To prove this, he substitutes cushions of cat's skin in their stead ; the glass is then negatively electrized, and the conductor furnishing it with the electricity it has lost, manifests a negative electricity.
STATEMENT OF DISEASEs, toe. from Oct. 20 to Nov. 20, 1806. The temperature of the atmosphere has been pretty cquable during the past month. The weather generally fair, yet varied, with moderate rains, and some snow. The most prevalent winds have been the north-west, next to that the south-west, and then the north-east. The cases of disease have been much diminished in number this month. The most common complaint continues to be Jover ; accompanied with local inflammation more rarely than before. A few cases of cholera have occurred ; of cynanche maligna ; of rheumatism, and of pneumonic islammation.
THE scanty portion of happiness, and the abundant diffusion of misery over the world, has been a constant source of lamentation in all ages, and in all states of society; but that the degrees of each depend more upon ourselves, than we are willing to believe, is perhaps as well founded in truth, as it may appear to be paradoxical : to complain of fortune, and reproach each other, are privileges we seem to cling to as tenaciously, as to existence ; to estimate them above the price of happiness itself; and think, that peace and contentment would be purchased dearly by making them a sacrifice. In proportion as the progress of science and extension of literature have tended to ameliorate the condition of life,and refinement of taste to polish the manners; mankind have been ingenious to counterbalance these blessings by fictitious sorrows and artificial evils ; by listlessness and languor, by peevisiness and spleen, by arrogance and conceit, which reason is not suffered to repress, and by insatiable vanity, which, generally being as coarse in taste, as voracious
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in appetite, can find some kind of gratification in every place. But perhaps there is nothing, which so much disturbs the tranquillity of social life, as that mocking, gibing spirit, which the Poet of Nature has justly condemned ; which, though the possessors flatter themselves to be the effect of superiour quickness and penetration, has ever been considered by the wise, as characteristick of a light and superficial mind. In highly cultivated society superiour talents are necessary to attain eminence, and even they will not always ensure success ; but though the spirit of honourable ambition is felt by few, the desire of notice and distinction is common to all ; hence the labours of egotism to display itself, and the exertions of vanity to extort admiration ; hence peevish invective is indulged in the hope of being dreaded as well-directed satire, forward impertinence attempts to impose itself for an easiness of address, and flippant pertness sets up for a wit to rail at the ignorance and dulness of mankind. This gibing spirit, so frequently men