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cess. The Life of Lord Viscount Nelson, executed by a man of talents and information, would doubtless be a work of no inconsiderable value. The history of the age, in which he lived, will be as much the subject of admiration with posterity, as perhaps any period, which can be contemplated in the retrospect of time. He will be recordcd amongst the chief opposers of the torrent, which threatened to deluge the continent of Europe and the world, and that infatuated ambition, which, regardless of every tie, sacrifices to its gratification the dearest pledges of national honour and national tranquillity,

... ...... “hated through the coast Of Palestine, in Gath, and Ascalon, And Accaron, and Gaza's frontierbounds.”

The task of biography is laborious and difficult ; for, as it is the

most entertaining kind of history,

in which truth may be embellished with the painting of romance; so it is the most arduous successfully to perform. Biography should be written with the pen of the poet in the hand of the historian. But at present as little ceremony is used in this species of composition, as that in filling up the blank parts of a mittimus. The writer seizes on the most important actions of the subject, taken from the nearest source ; he rivets them together with observations critical and eafilanatory ; and, in a week, produces a chain of three hundred folio links –It would be an excellent amendment, if the High Court of Criticism could issue a pe LIBRo 1Nspic1 ENDo, previous to the author's delivery at the press. - - The prosperity of biéliothick commerce is oftentimes fatal to the best interests of literature. The

chief agents in this lucrative profession watch the demise of a great man with all the vigilance of his undertakers ; and generally advertise memoirs, sketches, and annals of his life on the day, in which his funeral ceremony is to be performed.

ART. 67.

The comflete Justice of the Peace ; containing extracts from Burn's Justice, and other justiciary froductions. The whole altered and made conformable to the laws and manners of administering justice, farticularly in the state of WeavIHanfishire, and generally in the other of the United States ; comfirising the firactice, authority, and duty of justices of the fieace, with forms and firecedents relating thereto. By a gentleman of the firofession. Printed and published according to act of congress. C. Peirce, Portsmouth, and S. Bragg, jun. Dover, N. H. 8vo. $2,50. Mov. 1806.

This work is printed on very good paper, with a clear type, and appears in the common law binding. It seems to have been originally intended by the compiler as an abridgement of Burn's Justice ; but the sessions, for which that work was more particularly calculated, being abolished, made every thing in Burn, excepting the forms, of little use. It contains, however, the greater part of that author's treatise on arbitrament. In the arrangement of the matter the compiler has generally followed Dalton, and the substance of the forms, as far as they were applicable, is from Burn.

Little can be said of a compilation of this nature from works already es;ablished in their reputa

tion, but on the shape and manner in which they are again made to appear. Of this we have already spoken, and can only add, that it is a convenient book of reference, particularly to gentlemen of the ofession in the state of NewHampshire, to whom it is dedicated, and for whose use it has been unore particularly compiled.

ART. 68.

...An Inquiry into the firesent state of the foreign relations of the Union, as affected by the late measures of administration. S. F. Bradford, Philadelphia ; Brisban & Brannan, New York; Wm. Andrews, Boston. Th. 184, 8vo.

This is a pamphlet of 180 pa. ges. Its bulk would have deterred us from reading it, if it had not been our duty to perform the task, in order to give our readers some information of its contents. Many have not the leisure, and few will have the desire, to read a great book. A political writer should consider how little our “enlightened” countrymen read, except newspapers, and that consideration should induce him, when he composes a pamphlet, to study brevity. Besides a dedication to the American people, and an introduction, which might both have been expunged by the author without any essential injury to his book, the first forty pages contain a great many general observations, which we venture to think could have been, and ought to have been, greatly condensed. They exhibit,

no doubt, many important views

of our political situation, but we could wish they had been omitted or abridged, because a good pamphlet is the better for being short.

The declamatory style in which the writer has, we confess, too much indulged himself, leads to exces. sive prolixity. He expatiates on the danger to the United States from the ambition and overgrown power of France. He insists on the fixedness of the commercial character of the nation, on the importance of commerce, and on the value of peace; and confutes some of the absurd opinions of factious men, in respect to our separating ourselves from the European republick of nations,and renouncing commerce. He gives reasons, very much at length, to shew, that we have every thing to fear from France,' and we could wish that every American, who has any share of sense and patriotism, would give attention to his reasons. Our danger from France is no doubt great, even while Great Britain resists her arms : But our citizens are not less sunk in apathy, than, according to this writer, the administration is in cowardice. If he, had discussed this part of his subject with rather more temperance

of manner, we think he would have

made more converts. He is full of his subject, and sees the publick dangers, as they approach, with the eyes of a statesman, and the zeal of a true republican. But as politicks is every body's amusement and nobody's business, few readers, we are afraid, will volunteer it to get the heart-ache by too close and long contemplation of the insidious ambition of Bonaparte, and the unpreparing, perhaps unforcseen, pusillanimity of our ad: ministration. We repeat it,therefore, we could. wish the style of this pamphlet had been more simple, and the matter of it condensed into forty or fifty pages. For it contains so many

good things, which our citizens ought to know and consider, and the writer appears to possess so much information and sound political judgment, it is to be regretted that there is any thing to obstruct its circulation. The democrats have not been sparing of electioneering pamphlets, which are not only below all criticism, but they have not lived long enough to meet it. This pamphlet has, we confess, many faults, but it has many excellences, and, in our opinion, it is one of its excellences that it is eomposed in a spirit of boldness, and with a vigour of conception to denote the sincerity and zeal of the author. He speaks with the confidence of truth ; and if the friends of administration could be persuaded to think the sense and reason of our citizens of any essential importance to their popularity, which was built and still stands upon their ignorance and prejudices, it might be hoped there would be an answer to this performance. They are, however, too discreet to subject Mr. Jefferson's merits to so perilous a test. It is a very rare thing to hear of an able discussion of any political subject in our country, though it is very common in England. It is because in England they have a greater number of sensible readers, or that party has not reduced the men of sense to the condition of insignificance and impotence, that Mr. Jefferson has accomplished in America. If Mr. Madison feels any parental fondness for his doctrine concerning neutral rights, he will find an adversary worthy of his pen, in the author of this publication. The extreme folly of the non-importation law is also exhibited in a manaer to confound its advocates.

Our transactions with France and Spain occupy about eighty pages, and we could wish that every opposer of the friends and measures of Washington and Adams would spend two or three winter evenings in reading these observations. If he could finish the reading without feeling any flushes of indignation, he must want the spirit of this ardent writer, and almost the spirit of a man.... On the whole, therefore, we earnestly recommend this publication to our readers.

We give the following extracts from the pamphlet, as specimens of the author's style :

• In what respect are we, then, different from the subjugated states of Holland, Switzerland, and the other nations which are dependent upon Frauce? We are fleeced to the fulf amount of our ability to pay—The United States have no fleets to add to the navy of France, and therefore they are not sub{..." of maritime requisition as Holand is—France does not want soldiers, for she supplies herself in Europe, and in part from Switzerland; and here, again, we are more privileged than the descendants of William Tell–But money she ever craves, and, to use a proverb of her own, “I’appetit vient en mangeant”—The United States are called upon, with the threats of France suspended over their heads, for millions of dollars : and when we ask, with a rueful aspect, what she is to give us for our purse, she answers, in the true style of a highway robber, give it, or I blow you through - we do give it, and then preach about the clemency of those, who might have killed us, and yet spared our existence

Posterity will ask, who were the men, that thus betrayed their country's interests and glory They must have been creatures, who never pretended to the name of American patriots; they could never have aspired to the characters of defenders of their country, and guardians of her greatness.’ P. 146.

“In fact, what are we ever to fight for, if we are resolved not to defend ourselves : or when are we to take a hostile attitude, unless at the hour when tyranny and injustice are in array against us? Do we get our money for French masters ? do the freemen of the United States plough every sea, from Greenland to Cape Horn, and round to Kamtschatka, and home again do they visit every climate, and gather the precious wares of the globe, all for Napoleon's splendour And do the American artisans and farmers pay an addition of price for the articles which they consume, because of an extra duty of two and a half per cent, laid on certain imorted articles, all for the pockets of renchmen What sort of independence is this, which looks so like slavery : Is this the spirit of seventy-six In seventy-six we would not pay a shilling of tax upon tea, because they, who asked it, asked it unjustly ; and, now, we give two millions of dollars more, than the tea tax would have come to in a dozen years, to buy a peace from tyrants, who will never be at peace with independence.’ P 155.

• The prayers of the good are ever ascending to heaven, that war may be averted from their country; but, when its horrours can no longer be deferred, the prayers of the good are for success to the arms of a righteous cause. So will it ever, I hope, be with us. They, who are privileged to approach and converse with omnipotence, will never fail, in their greatest duty, to pray for the happiness of this free land, and for its preservation against foreign and domestick enemies ; and, surely, he is no American, who would seek to embroil us with any nation, or say that, war was necessary, when peace is our certain bappiness.” P.175.

ART. 69.

.M Sermon, delivered July 24, 1806, at the ordination of the Rev. Josefih Richardson, M. M. to the fiastoral care of the church and congregation of the first flarish in JHingham, by the Rev. William Æentley, M. M. fiastor of the second church in Salem.

WE notice this sermon, because having read it through for that purpose, we do not choose to have

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If the reader can discover sense in this passage, it must be ascribed rather to his own sagacity, than to the author's manner of using the English language.

The following was the next passage, which stoptus on our wearisome progress ; it being somewhere toward the bottom of the third page.

“A father Gay may leave a good name, though a witness of the interruptions of life. And a Dr. Price may have indulged a friend, who could aim to rob age of its divine consolations.”

We confess that we are able to form no conjecture of the purport of the first sentence, which we have quoted. Of Dr. Gay, however, who, as a clergyman, was the predecessor of the present Professor Ware, we have heard nothing but good, and are sufficiently displeased to see his name introduced with such indecent familiarity, into such a sermon.

We will now bring forward an extract, somewhat longer than any we have yet offered :

*But though a good name maybe the reward of integrity, yet it is to be gained by a good life. It seldom accounpanies a man in all parts of his life. The disposition of light and shade in the picture, serve to finish it. He, who seeks no other recommendation, than p. opinion may bring with it, may seen, in the worst temptation, to abandon all just claim to virtue. A christian minister should not fall into such an errour. It is true, his doctrine is drawn from simple records, but he is not the only man who has examined them. Truth is pure, but the discipline of every christian association has not been drawn from truth itself. Like a father, he may prefer some ancient example....Like a friend, provide for a more pure state of society....As a christian, he may aspire after more generous affection.”

Surely no one will denyus praise, when, as drudges in the cause of Vol. III. No. 12. 4L

literature, we have toiled through fifteen pages like this. We have not, however, the heart (like Dogberry) to bestow any more such tediousness upon our readers. If we were to judge, from this production, we should conclude, that its author had not an whole idea in his mind. He certainly shines as a distinguished luminary among those stars, that Addison somewhere speaks of, which ray out darkness. Menenius (in Shakespeare) says of Coriolanus, that he is “ill schooled In boulted language ; meal and bran together He throws without distinction.” There is nothing worth notice in the other performances delivered upon the occasion.

ART. 69.

The Christian Monitor, a religious fieriodical work. By a society for fromoting Christian knowledge, fliety, and charity. Mo. III. containing eight sermons on the means of religion. Boston, Munroe & Francis. 12mo, boards, fish. 192.

A REL1stous periodical work, well conducted, is always in place. The subject, being of universal and constant importance, should be presented in every form that promises to be useful. Small tracts and fugitive pieces are among the obvious means of maintaining and extending the principles and practice of religion. They are adapted to that numerous class of persons, who want leisure, capacity, or inclination to consult volumineus and systematick works. Publications of this popular cast are peculiarly suited to the condition of a people,among whom the readers are many and the students few ; and among whom, consequently, the reception and useful

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