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titude to virtue. Nothing can be more perfectly and beautifully adapted to its object, than most of Dr. Franklin's compositions of this sort. The tone of familiarity, of good-will, and homely jocularity ; the plain and pointed illustrations; the short sentences, made up of short words; and the strong sense, clear information, and obvious conviction of the author himself, make most of his moral exhortations perfect models of popular eloquence; and afford the finest specimens of a style which has been but too little cultivated in a country, which numbers perhaps more than one hundred thousand readers among its tradesmen and artificers. In writings which possess such solid and unusual merit, it is of no great consequence that the fastidious eye of a critick can discover many blemishes. There is a good deal of vulgarity in the practical writings of Dr. Franklin; and more vulgarity than was any way necessary for the object he had in view. There is something childish, too, in some of his attempts at pleasantry : his story of the Whistle, and his Parisian letter, announcing the discovery that the sun gives light as soon as he rises, are instances of this. The soliloquy of an Ephemeris, however, is much better ; and both it, and the Dialogue with the Gout, are executed with the lightnessandspirit of genuine French compositions. The Speech in the Divan of Algiers, composed as a parody on those of the defenders of the slave-trade, and the scriptural parable against persecution, are inimitable; they have all the point and facility of the fine pleasantries of Swift and Arbuthnot, with something more of directness and apparent sincerity. The style of his letters, in general, is excellent. They are chiefly remarkable; for great simplicity of
language, admirable good sense and ingenuity, and an amiable and inoffensive cheerfulness, that is never overclouded or eclipsed. Among the most valuable of the writings that are published for the first time, in the last edition, are four letters from Dr. Franklin to Mr. Whatley, written within a few years of his death, and expressive of all that unbroken gaiety, philanthropy, and activity, which distinguish the compositions of his earlier years. His account of his own life, down to the year 1730, has been in the hands of the publick since 1790. It is written with great simplicity and liveliness, though it contains too many trifling details and anecdotes of obscure individuals. It affords a striking example of the irresistible force with which talents and industry bear upwards in society, as well as an impressive illustration of the substantial wisdom and good policy of invariable integrity and candour. We should think it a very useful reading for all young persons of unsteady princi
ple, who have their fortunes to
make or to mend in the world. Upon the whole, we look upon the life and writings of Dr. Franklin as affording a striking illustration of the incalculable value of a sound and well directed understanding, and of the comparative uselessness of learning and laborious accomplishments. Without the slightest pretensions to the character of a scholar or a man of science, he has extended the bounds of human knowledge on a variety of subjects, which scholars and men of science had previously investigated without success ; and has only been found deficient in those studies which the learned have generally turned from in disdain. We would not be understood to say anything in disparagement of scholarship
OF NEw PUBLICATIons IN THE UNITED STATEs For Drce MBER.
Sunt bona, sunt quedam mediocria, sunt mala plura—Manir.
American Annals; or a chronological history of America, from its discovery in 1492, to 1806. In 2 volumes. By Abiel Holmes, D.D. A.A.S. S.H.S. minister of the first church in Cambridge. —Suum quaeque in annum referre. Tacit. annal. Vol. II., comprising a period of one hundred and fourteen years. 8vo. pp. 540, Price $4. Cambridge, Wm. Hilliard. The Philadelphia Medical Museum, for June and July, 1806. Vol. II. No. II. Total, No. X. Conducted by John Redman Coxe, M.D. of Philadelphia. 8vo. Price 50 cts. Philadelphia, for -Thomas Dobson. Bartram, printer. The Philadelphia Medical and Physical Journal, Part II, Vol. II, collected and arranged by Benjamin Smith Barton, M. D. Professor of Materia Medica, Natural History, and Botany, in the University of Pennsylvania. 8vo. S1, boards. Philadelphia, Conrad & Co. A Report of the Trial of Andrew Wright, on an indictment for libels against Governour Strong, before the Hon. Theophilus Parsons, chief justice of the supreme judicial court of Massachusetts, at Northampton, September term, 1806. 8vo. 25 cents. Northampton, Wright. Politicks Sermonized ; exhibited in Ashfield, on July 4, 1806. By Elder John Leland. 12 cts. Northampton. No. I. of The Monthly Register, Magazine, and Review of the United States, for December. Being a continuation of the Monthly Register and Review, newly arranged. This work will be convicted as before, by S. C. Carpenter, in connection with another gentleman of first rate acquirements in every department of literature... Price $6 per ann. 8vo. pp. 64. New-York. A view of the Blood Vessels of the Human B. dy, from entraving a lately
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STATEMENT OF DISEASEs, &c. from Nov. 20 to Dec. 20, 1806.
TH E atmospherick temperature, during the past month, has been milder. than common. Although the range of the thormometer has been between 17° and 32°, during two or three days, yet, excepting these, it has been geo-erally between 32 ind 42°. Rains, alternated with fogs and fugitive shows, have given this month the aspect of April, rather than that of December. At this season
the westerly winds gain a decided ascendency over those from the east. In our observations we have noted the wind nine times from easterly points, and twenty-five, westerly. The mildness of the weather is to be attributed to the prevalence of the west and south-west winds. The sum of disease is not considerable. Simple fever has been disappearing. In its place we see rheumatism, severe catarrh, inflammation of the fauces and of the lungs. The latter complaint has been hitherto almost confined to children. A more formidable disease has also appeared, the Scarlatina. Of this, we have seen the varieties ef, 1st, scarlatina simplex ; 2d, ulcerated scarlet throat; 3d, scarlatina anginosa; and also an exanthema, differing from scarlatina simplex, in wanting the consecutive desquamation of the cuticle. Whether this last belong to the genus scarlatina, cannot at present be determined.—As this disease frequently ravages the whole country, and has lately been epidemick in different parts of it, probably it will prevail here. For which reason, it is proper to excite the attention of physicians and of the publick to that mode of practice, which has been recently adopted in England, and recommended to the world by high authorities. This practice consists in the application of cold or tepid water to the whole surface of the body. The application must not be made with a partial, nor sparing hand ; it must be made thoroughly and universally. Dr. CuRRY relates, that, after making satisfactory experiments of its efficacy, he determined to employ it on his own children, should they be attacked by the disease. At this time the scarlet fever had appeared in the vicinity and proved fatal to several children. Soon after, it seized two of his boys, one five, the other three years of age. I shut myself up with these boys, says he and with plenty of pump water and a pocket thermometer, prepared, not without anxiety, to combat this formidable disease. As soon as the sensation of heat was steady in my eldest boy, I stripped him naked, and poured four gallons of water over him, of the temperature of 64°. The usual good effects immediately appeared, but at the end of two hours he was as hot as ever. The remedy was again applied, and repeated as the return of heat indicated. By the
time the eldest was ready for his third affusion, the youngest was ready for his first. In thirty-two hours, the first had the affusion fourteen times; eighttimes cold, twice cool, and four times tepid. Twelve afusions sufficed in the case of the youngest, of which seven were cold. The fever was in both completely subdued. The celebrated Dr. GREGoRY of Edinburgh, and many other learned physicians, give their full sanction to this practice. Whether there exist any circumstances in the character of the disease in this country, which is repugnant to this remedy, is to be decided by experience. The experiment ought to be made, if it is believed that former methods of treatment are inefficacious." At the time the disease first appeared in this country, it was the fashion te evacuate the patient so thoroughly, as to leave but little vitality for the disease to consume. At another period, bark and wine were poured down, in all stages of the complaint; to extinguish the fire, they heaped on fuel. No wonder that the writers of that day relate, that, after the patients had been bled, puked, purged, sweated, blistered, and glystered, the unfortunates died. They tell us, that the successful method was at last discovered by DR. Douglass of Boston. This consisted in keeping the patient in bed, in a moderate warmth; giving gentle diaphoretics, yet not so as to produce sweating, and a great plenty of sage-tea. In other words, Dr. Doug Lass gave nature a fair chance. —There is no doubt, that in some cases an emetic may be beneficial, at the commencement of the complaint, by giving such a shock to the system, as to break the thread of disease. Purgatives may certainly be employed, yet with great caution, in every stage of the disorder ; and only so far, as to produce evacuations of foccal matter, and diseased secretions. The treatment will of. ten require varying in different years, according to the peculiar character of the disease, which ought therefore to be attentively studied. * During the cold season it may be proper to
employ tepid water, at least in the first experimcfits.