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. Friendshift of women.
Women are more constant in friendship than men, for these reasons: the temperament of women is more cold, and therefore less likely to change or fly off from an object, to which they are once attached. The same coolness of constitution renders them more subject to timidity; and so they adhere to objects of affection, because they are fearful of losing what they value.
Scaliger. Scaliger used to say, that he could not comprehend the causes of three things; the interval of an ague, the motion of the sea, and the nature of his own memory. Medici. The family of the Medici, most probably, took their rise from some ancestor, who was an eminent fishysician, as they still bear in their arms the device of five pills."
Etymology of Decrestitude.
The comparison of human life to the burning and going out of a lamp was familiar with Latin authors, as we know by the terms “senes decrefiti.” A lamp, just about to expire, was said decrefare, to cease to crackle. Hence metaphorically, persons on the verge of the grave were called decrepit Inen.
It is an observation of Seneca, that we should mix company and retirement, in order to make them both pleasant by change. The wish always to be alone shows the temper of a wild, ferocious animal, carries with it the dismal darkness of the tomb. The effect of such a disposition of mind is
well described by an ancient phrass “ cor suum edens,” eating his own heart. Absolute singleness is the character of the Deity only ; but man is too feeble and dependent to subsist by himself.
Swift was invited by a rich miser with a large party to dine ; being requested by the host to return thanks at the removal of the cloth, uttered the following grace : Thanks for this miracle !-this is no less, ‘Than to eat manna in the wilderness. where raging hunger reign'd we've found relief, And secn that wondrous thing a piece of beef.
Here chimneys smoke, that never smok'd before, And we’ve all ate, where we shall eat no more.
Aristippus was very fond of magnificent entertainments, and loved a court life. Dionysius asked him, in a sarcastick manner, the reason, why philosophers were seen often at the gates of princes, but princes never at the doors of philosophers ? “For the same reason,” replied the philosopher, “ that physicians are found at the doors of sick men, but sick men never at the doors of physicians.” Sonnet on a Sonnet, by Lofiez de Vega.
Capricious—a sonnet needs must have ;
I ne'er was put to't before—a sonnet !
Why fourteen verses must be spent upon it,
"Tis good however thave conquer'd the first stave.
Yet shall I ne'er find rhymes enough by half,
Thus far with good success I think I’ve scribbled,
Thanks to the Muse, my work begins to shorten
See thirteen lines got through, dribblet by dribblet;
*Tis done, count how you will, I warr'nt there's fourteen.
...THERE was not, on that day, a speck to stain
TRUE STORY OF AN APPARITION. By Gay.
scEPticks (whose strength of argument makes out,
That wisdom's decp inquiries end in doubt)
And can we doubt that horrid ghosts ascend,
where Arden's forest spreads its limits wide, whose branching paths the doubtful road divides A traveller took his solitary way, when low beneath the hills was sunk the day. And now the skies with gathering darkness lour, The branches rustle with the threatened shower i with sudden blasts the forest murmurs loud, Indented lightnings cleave the sable cloud, Thunder on thunder breaks, the tempest roars, And heaven discharges all its watery stores. The wandering traveller shelter sacks in vain, And shrinks and shivers with the beating rain : On his steed's neck the slackened bridle lay, who chose with cautious step th’ uncertain way 1 And now he checks the rein, and halts to hear If any noise foretold a village near. At length from far a stream of light he sees Extend its level ray beneath the trees; Thither he speeds, and, as he nearer came, Joyful he knew the lamp's domestick flame That trembled thro’ the window ; cross the way Darts forth the barking cur, and stands at bay.
It was an ancient lonely house, that stood Upon the borders of the spacious wood ; Here towers and antique battlemcnts arise, And there in heaps the mouldered ruin lies. Some lord this mansion held in days of yore, To chace the wolf, and pierce the foaming boar; How changed, alas, from what it once had been 1 "Tis now degraded to a publick inn.
Straight he dismounts, repeats his loud commands:
swift at the gate the ready landlord stands;
The maid, who listen’d to this whole debate, with pity learnt the weary strazger's fate. Be brave, she cried, you still may be our guest; Our haunted room was ever held the best : If then your valour can the fright sustain Of rattling curtains, and the clinking chain ; If your courageous tongue have power to talk,
- when round yourbed the honid ghost shaliwalk;
If you dare ask it, why it leaves its tomb ;
Then, muttering hasty prayers, he mann'd his
Here ceas'd the ghost. The stranger springs from bed,
And boldly follows where the phantom led : ‘The half-worn stony stairs they now descend, where passages obscure their arches bend. Silent they walk; and now through groves they
ass Now toh wet meads their steps imprint the
grass. At length amidst a spacious field they came : There stops the spectre, and ascends in flaine, Amaz'd he stood, no bush or bricr was found, ‘To teach his morning search to find the ground. What could he do the night was hideous dark, Fear shook his joints, and nature dropt the mark: with that he starting wak'd, and rais'd his head, But found the golden mark was left in bed.
What is the statesman's vast ambitious scheme, But a short vision and a golden dream 2 Powcr; wealth, and title, clevate his hope; He wakes: but, for a garter, finds a ropc.
I SHALL root ask Jean Jacques Rousseau, to
Misses : the tale that I relate
Choose not alone a proper mate,
* It was one of the whimsical speculations of this philosopher, that all fables which ascribe reason and speech to animals should be withheld from children, as being only vehicles of deception. But what child was cver deceived by them, or can be, against the evidence of ho senses?
THE BOSTON REVIEW,
For FEBRUARY, 1806.
librum tuum legi & quarn diligentissime potui annotavi, quae commutanda, quae eximenda, ar
bitrarer. , Nam ego dicere verum assuevi. maximc laudari merentur.-Pliny.
Ncque ulli Paticntius reprehenduntur, quam qui
Memoirs of the American Academy
of Arts and Sciences. Vol. I.
1785. 4to. fift. 568.
P. Some select astronomical observations made at Chelsea, latitude 42° 25', and 26" in time east of the university at Cambridge. By the Rev. Phillifts Payson, F.A..A.
The astronomical observations, here selected, are those of several emersions of Jupiter's first, second, and third satellites in 1779 ; three solar eclipses, namely, in June, 1778, October, 1780, and April, k?82 ; two lunar eclipses, namely, in May, 1779, and November, 1780 ; and the transit of Mercury in November, 1782.
VI. Observation of the transit of Mercury over the sun, JWow. 12, 1782, at Iñswich. By the Rev. Manasseh Cutler, F.A..A.
The going of the clock was carefully examined, and the times of all the contacts, except the first external, were determined.
VII. A memoir, containing observations of a solar eclipse, October, 27, 1780, made at Beverly : .Also of a lunar eelińse, March 29, 1782 ; of a solar eclifise, Ashril 12, and of the transit of Mercury over the sun’s disc, Wovember 12, the same year, made at the firesident’s house in Cambridge. By the Rev. Josefin Willard, firesident of the untversity.
Beside his own observations the author of this memoir furnishes
us with those of some other gentlemen, who accompanied him in attending to these phenomena. And having corresponding observations of the first of the said eclipses at Beverly, Chelsea, Penobscott-Bay,and Providence in the state of Rhode-Island, he subjoins their differences of longitude,which he had deduced, and consequently their longitudes from Cambridge, that of Chelsea relatively to Cambridge being known. Hence it appears, that the longitude of Beverly eastward from Cambridge is 1’ 11” in time ; that of PenobscottBay 9' 15"; and that of Providence 1' 7" westward. From the times of the contacts of Mercury at the said transit, president Willard, using Mayer's solar tables, and De La Lande's tables of Mercury, calculates the angle of Mercury's apparent way with the ecliptick, the time of the ecliptick conjunction, the errour of the tables in the latitude of Mercury at that time, which appears to be 5".98 in defect. He also deduces the place of Mercury's ascending node, and calculates it from the tables ; whence it appears, that the latter differs from the former 1' 34" in excess, VIII. Observations of a solar eclipse, October 27, 1780, made at St. John's Island, by Messrs. Clarke and Wright. In a letter from Mr. Josefih Peters to Caleb Gannett, .M., M. Rec. Sec, Mmer. Acad. These observations were made at a place called Charlotte-town, which, according to Mr. Wright's determination, is situated in 46° 13 of north latitude, and 62° 50' of west longitude from Greenwich. In this account it is stated on the authority of a gentleman, belonging to Yarmouth-Jebouge-Harbour, on the western coast of Nova-Scotia, that this eclipse, which excited great attention in this part of the country, was total there for a moment.
IX. Observations of a solar ecliffse, October 27, 1780, made at the university in Cambridge. Communicated by Caleb Gannett, A. M.
The observers of this eclipse at Cambridge were the Rev. Professor Wigglesworth, Mr. Gannett, and the Rev. John Mellen. They did not perceive the beginning of the eclipse, but noted very particularly the disappearance and reappearance of various spots, which were then visible on the sun, and the end of the eclipse. And these may be compared with other corresponding observations; some attention having been paid to the passage of the moon’s limbs over solar spots by most of the astronomers, who observed the eclipse. The quantity of the eclipse they estimated at 11+ digits.
M. An observation of a solar eclińse, October 27, 1780, at Providence. By Josefth Browne, Esq.
The beginning of the eclipse was not seen, but the times, when the moon's limb first touched certain solar spots, were ascertained, and that of the end was noted by three observers. By measure with a micrometer Mr. Brown determined the quantity of the eclipse to be about 11.3% digits.
XI. Observatians of the solar eclipse of the 27th of October, 1780, made at Wewfort, Rhode-Island, by Alons. de Granchain, Translated
jrom the French, and communicat. ed by the Rev. President Willard. By these observations times are determined, when limbs of the sun and moon, and the sun's horns passed over the vertical and horizontal wires of a telescope, and when the eclipse ended, at a station on Goat-Island in 41° 30' 30" of northern latitude. M. de Granchain also observed the lunar eclipse of the 11th of November, 1780, at the same place. And the memoir contains his observed times of the beginning, immersion, and emersion of certain spots, and the end.
XII. An account of the obser, vations made in Providence, in the state of Rhode-Island, of the eclifise of the sun, which haffened the 23d day of Msiril, 1781. By Benjamin West, Esq. F.A..A.
The quantity of the eclipse and the time of its end were determined. And Mr. West calculated the moon's diameter from the magni. tude of the eclipse and the length of the chord, joining the cusps at the time of greatest obscuration.
XIII. Account of the transit of Mercury, observed at Cambridge, ..Wovember 12, 1782. By James Winthroft, Esq., F.A.M.
Observations of this transit by Judge Winthrop are contained in Professor Williams' account of those, which were made by himself and others. But, in the memoir before us, the author gives a more particular relation, with some additional facts and remarks.
XIV. Observations of an eclipse of the moon, March 29, 1782, and of an eclifise of the sun, on the 12th of Ahril, following, at If.swich, lat. 429 38' 30". By the Rev. Manasseh Cutler, F.A.M.
Relative to the lunar eclipse,