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Psalm III. 333

IV. . - - -

V. . - - - • - 334
VI. . - - - - 335
VII. . - - • • ' . 336
- - - - 337
X®. • . - - 338
LXXXI. . • • - - 339
LXXXII. . - - . - 340
LXXXIII; - - - - 341
LXXXIV. - - - - 342
LXXXV. - - - - 343
LXXXVI. - - 344
LXXXVII, - 345
LXXXVIII. - - . - 346
CXIV. - - - - - 347
CXXXVI. . . - - - 348

Testimonia le auctore . - - 350

Elegia I. • - • . 353

II. III. . - - - - 355

IV. . - - - - - 357

V. . - 359

VI. . . . . . . 362

VII. - - - - - 364

In proditionem bombardicam 366

In eandem . - • * • - -
In eandem . - - • - -

• In eandem . - - - 367

Im inventorem bombardae . - -

Ad Leonoram Romae canentem -

Aά eamdem . - - - - - -

Ad eandem . - - - - - 368

Apologus de rustico et hero -


In obitum procancellarii Medici 368

In quintum Novembris - - 369

In obitum praesulis Eliensis. 374

Naturam non pati senium . . . 375

Ad patrem . 377

Page Psalm CXIV. (graece) . . . . . 379 Philosophus ad Regem quendam (graece) . . 380 In effigiei ejus sculptorem (graece) . - - Ad Salsillum poetam Rom. . . . . . Mansus . . . . . . . . 381 Epitaphium Damonis . . . . O . 383 Ad Joan. Rousium . . . . . . * : 388 Ad Christinam, Suecor. Reginam . . . 390


Sonnet I, II. - - o s - - - 391 Canzone - - w

Sonnet III. IV. V. - - s - - - 392

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The first Book proposes, first in brief, the whole subject, Man's disobedience, aid the loss thereupon of Paradise, wherein he was placed ; then touches, the prime cause of his fall, the serpent, or rather Satan in the serpent: who, revolting from God, and drawing to his side many legions of angels, was, by the command of God, driven out of heaven, with all his crew, into the great o: Which action passed over, the

oem hastens into the midst of things, presenting Satan, with

is angels, now falling into hell, described here, not in the center (for heaven and earth may be ;"|..." as yet not made, certainly not yet accursed), but in a place of utter darkness, fitliest called "Chaos : here Satan, with his #o lying on the burning lake, thunderstruck and astonished, after a certain space recovers, as from confusion, calls up him who neart in order and dignity lay by him : they confer of their miserable fall; Satan awakens all his legions, who lay till then in the same manner confounded. They rise; their numbers; arra of battle; their chief leaders named, according to the idols known afterwards in Canaan and the countries adjoining. To these Satan directs, his speech, comforts them with hope yet of regaining heaven, but tells them lastly of a new .#. and a new , kind of creature to be created, according to an ancient prophecy, or report, in heaven; for, that angels were long be: fore this visible creation, was , the opinion of many ancient fathers. To find out the truth of this prophecy, and #a: to determine thereon, he refers to a full council. What his associates thence, attempt. Pandemonium;, the place of Satan, rises, suddenly built out of the deep : the infernal peers theré sit in council.

Of man's first disobedience, and the fruit
Of that forbidden tree, whose mortal taste
Brought death into the world, and all our woe,
With loss of Eden, till one greater Man
Restore us, and regain the blissful seat, - 5
Sing, heav'nly muse, that on the secret top
Of Oreb, or of Sinai, didst inspire
That shepherd who first taught the chosen seed,
In the beginning how the heav'ns and earth
Rose out of chaos : or, if Sion hill 10
Delight thee more, and Siloa's brook that slow'd
Fast by the oracle of God; I thence
Invoke thy aid to my advent’rous song,
That with no middle flight intends to soar
Above th’ Aonian mount, while it pursues 15
Things unattempted yet in prose or rhime.
And chiefly Thou, O Spirit, that dost poor

Before all temples th' upright heart and pure, Instruct me, for Thou know'st; Thou from the first Wast present, and, with mighty wings outspread, 20 Dove-like sat'st brooding on the vast abyss, And mad'st it pregnant: what in me is dark, Illumine; what is low, raise and support; That to the highth of this great argument I may assert eternal Providence, 25 And justify the ways of God to men. Say first, for heav'n hides nothing from thy view, Nor the deep tract of hell; say first, what cause Mov’d our grand parents. in that happy state, Favour'd of heav'n so highly, to fall off ... From their Creator, and transgress his will For one restraint, lords of the world besides? Who first seduc’d them to that foul revolt? Th’ infernal Serpent; he it was, whose guile, Stirr'd up with envy and revenge, deceiv'd 35 The mother of mankind, what time his pride Had cast him out from heav'n, with all his host Of rebel angels; by whose aid, aspiring To set himself in glory above his peers, He trusted to have equall'd the Most High, 40 If he oppos'd; and, with ambitious aim Against the throne and monarchy of God, Rais'd impious war in heav'n, and battle proud, With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power Hurl’d headlong flaming from th' ethereal sky, 45 With hideous ruin and combustion, down To bottomless perdition; there to dwell In adamantine chains and penal fire, Who durst defy th’ Omnipotent to arms. Nine times the space that measures day and night 50 To mortal men, he with his horrid crew Lay vanquish'd, rolling in the fiery gulf, Confounded, though immortal: but his doom Reserv'd him to more wrath; for now the thought Both of lost happiness and lasting pain 55 Torments him : round he throws his baleful eyes, That witness'd huge affliction and dismay, Mix'd with obdurate pride and stedfast hate: At once, as far as angels ken, he views The dismal situation waste and wild; 60 A dungeon horrible on all sides round, As one great furnace flam'd; yet from those flames No light, but rather darkness visible Serv'd only to discover sights of woe, Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace 65 And rest can never dwell; hope never comes That comes to all: but torture without end Still urges, and a fiery deluge, fed With ever-burning sulphur unconsum'd : Such place eternal Justice had prepar’d 70 For those rebellious; here their prison ordain'd In utter darkness, and their portion sct

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As far remov’d from God and light of heav'n,
As from the center thrice to th’ utmost pole.

O, how unlike the place from whence they fell! -75 . "

There the companions of his fall, o'erwhelm'd
With floods and whirlwinds of tempestuous fire,
He soon discerns; and weltring by his side
One next himself in pow'r, and next in crime,
Long after known in Palestine, and nam'd 80
Beélzebub. To whom th’ arch-enemy, -
And thence in heav'n call'd Satan, with bold words
Breaking the horrid silence, thus began:
‘If thou beest he, but 0, how fall'n! how chang'd
From him, who, in the happy realms of light, 85
Cloth'd with transcendent brightness, didst outshine
Myriads though bright! If he whom mutual league,
United thoughts and counsels, equal hope
And hazard in the glorious enterprise,
Join'd with me once, now misery hath join'd 90
In equal ruin! Into what pit thou seest
From what highth fall'n, so much the stronger prov'd
He with his thunder: and till then who knew
The force of those dire arms ? Yet not for those,
Nor what the potent Victor in his rage 95
Can else inflict, do I repent or change,
Though chang'd in outward lustre, that fix’d mind,
And high disdain from sense of injur'd merit,
That with the Mightiest rais'd me to contend,
And to the fierce contention brought along 100
Innumerable force of spirits arm’d,
That durst dislike his reign, and, me preferring,
His utmost pow'r with adverse pow'r oppos'd
In dubious battle on the plains of heaven,
And shook his throne. What though the field be lost?
All is not lost; th’ unconquerable will,
And study of revenge, immortal hate,
And courage never to submit or yield,
And what is else not to be overcome;
That glory never shall his wrath or might 110
Extort from me. To bow and sue for grace
With suppliant knee, and deify his power,
Who from the terror of this arm so late
Doubted his empire; that were low indeed,
That were an ignominy, and shame beneath 115
This downfall: since by fate the strength of gods
And this empyreal substance cannot fail;
Since through experience of this great event
In arms not worse, in foresight much advanc'd,
We may with more successful hope resolve 120
To wage by force or guile eternal war,
Irreconcileable to our grand foe,
Who now triumphs, and, in th’ excess of joy
Sole reigning, holds the tyranny of heaven.”
So spake th' apostate angel, though in pain, 125
Waunting aloud, but rack'd with deep despair;
And him thus answer'd soon his bold compeer:

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