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A newspaper was published at Annapolis, in this colony, as early as 1728. Three.papers only had been printed before the revolutionary war, and two of them were published when it commenced.
The Maryland Gazette. I cannot determine the exact time when this paper was first introduced to the public; but the best information I can obtain dates its origin from 1727. I have ascertained that it was published in June, 1728, by the following record of the vestry of the parish church in Annapolis, dated in Jure, 1728, directing “the register of the vestry to apply to the printer to have an advertisement inserted in the Maryland Gazette ;” and, by a subsequent record of an account"rendered by the Printer for publishing an advertisement in the Gazette, and printing hand-bills.” These and other facts indicate that it was established the previous year; and I have reason to believe that it was published irregularly until 1736. I have seen extracts from it dated in August, 1729.
It was printed by William Parks.
The Maryland Gazette. This was the second newspaper published in the colony. The first had been discontinued about nine years, when the second of the same title came before the public in April, 1745, printed by Jonas Green. It was published weekly, on Thursday, on paper of foolscap size, folio, but it was enlarged, some years after, to a crown sheet. The typographical features of this Gazette were equal to those of any paper then printed on the continent. It has been regularly and uniformly published from 1745, to the present time (1810), with the exception of a short suspension in 1765, on account of the stamp act; and there is only one paper printed in the United States which is of prior date.
After it had been published several years, the imprint was as follows: “Annapolis: Printed by Jonas Green, at his Printing:Office in Charles-Street; where all persons may be supplied with this Gazette, at 12/6. a year; and Advertisements of a moderate Length are inserted for 58. the First Week, and 1s. each Time after: And long ones in Proportion.”
When the publication of this Gazette was suspended on account of the stamp act in 1765, its printer occasionally issued a paper called The Apparition of the Maryland Gazette, which is not Dead but Sleepeth. At one corner of the sheet of The Apparition was, as a substitute for a stamp, the figure of a death's head, about which the words following were thus arranged :
The publication of The Maryland Gazette was resumed January 30th, 1766, and it was printed until 1767; completing a period of twenty-two years by Green, the first publisher. From April 1767 to December of that
it was issued from the press by his widow, Anne Catharine Green; and from January 1768 to August 1770, by Anne Catharine Green and William her son. William died in 1770; and Anne Catharine published it until her death, in March, 1775. It was then continued by her sons, Frederic and Samuel Green.
The Maryland Journal; and Baltimore Advertiser.
Containing the fresheft Advices both Foreign and Domestick.
“ Omne tulit punctum, qui mifcuit utile dulci,
Lectorem dele&tando, pariterque monendo." Hor. This was the third newspaper published in Maryland, and first appeared in August, 1773. It was handsomely printed on a demy sheet, and had a cut of the arms of the colony, or those of lord Baltimore, in the title. At first it was published on Saturdays, afterward on Thursdays. Imprint, “ Baltimore: Printed by William Goddard, at the Printing-Office in Market-street, opposite the CoffeeHouse, where Subscriptions, at Ten Shillings per Annum, Advertisements and Letters of Intelligence, are gratefully received for this paper; and where all Manner of Printing Work is performed with Care, Fidelity and Expedition. Blanks and Hand-Bills in particular are done on the shortest Notice in a neat and correct Manner.”
Both Frederic and Samuel Green paid the debt of nature not long after the first edition of this work was published.
The St. Mary's Gazette announced in 1848, that it was printed on the press used in printing this Maryland Gazette, which had been in constant use for more than a hundred years, and upon which the first edition of the Laws of Maryland was printed. — M.
From 1775, to 1784, Mary Katharine Goddard, in the absence of her brother, published the Journal in her own name. In the year 1784, William Goddard resumed the publication.
During several years Goddard was in habits of intimacy and friendship with the celebrated but eccentric general, Charles Lee, who, in one stage of the American war, was the second in command of the American army; and, it is supposed, contemplated the removal of General Washington from the chief command, with an expectation of occupying his place. Lee having failed in the execution of his orders at the battle of Monmouth, in 1778, was disgraced, and spent the remainder of his days in retirement, chiefly on his large estate in Berkeley county, Va., said to have contained 2752 acres of valuable land. He died at Philadelphia, October 2, 1782; and in his last will and testament, as a token of his esteem, left Goddard, as has been mentioned, a valuable real estate in Virginia.
Lee's papers were deposited in the hands of Goddard with a view to the publication of them; and, in June 1785, a proposal for printing them by subscription, in three volumes octavo, at the price of one guinea, was issued in the Maryland Journal. The papers consisted, first, of letters to Lee from persons of distinction, both in Europe and America; secondly, letters from the general to his friends in Europe previous to the war, likewise to the principal characters in America, civil and military, during his command in the American army; and thirdly, essays on various subjects, political and military; to which it was proposed to prefix memoirs of his life. In the prospectus,
Major General Charles Lee was the son of Colonel John Lee, and a native of Wales. He was allied to several of the most poble, ancient and respectable families in England; and could trace his genealogy from the Norman conquest. As he possessed a military spirit, he entered the army early in life; but the profession of arms did not damp his ardor in the pur
the publishers observed, “That the greatest task they met with in collecting and arranging these posthumous papers, arose from their desire of not giving offence to such charac
suits of literature. He possessed a competent knowledge of Greek and Latin; and, in his travels, formed an acquaintance with the Italian, Spanish, German and French languages. He served against the French in America, anno 1756; and, when General Abercrombie was defeated at the French lines of Ticonderoga in July, 1758, Lee was severely wounded at the head of his grenadiers. He served with great reputation under General Burgoyne in Portugal; and was a volunteer against the Turks in the Russian army, commanded by General Romanzow, where he had some "hair breath 'scapes." He was made a major general in the army of the king of Poland; after which he returned to England, but meeting with disappointments, he retired with some disgust to America, where he became an enthusiast in the cause of liberty. In the contest which ensued between England and her colonies, he took up arms in favor of the latter ; by which proceeding he risked his very considerable estate in England, which however escaped confiscation; yet he was deprived of its profits, and was thereby subjected to many difficulties and mortifying privations. He lost also his rank of a major general in the British army, with a very fair chance of becoming a lieutenant general, and, perhaps, of being made & peer of the realm. He was eminently useful in forming and disciplining the American armies, and rendered essential service on many other important occasions. He adventured his life far," in "
many & well fought field;" and did much toward infusing a martial spirit into the American troops. If General Washington was considered as the Fabius, he was called the Marcellus, of the American army; and as he exchanged a life of opulence, wealth and ease, for the toils, dangers and privations of war, we cannot doubt that the affections of his soul were honestly and nobly engaged in the cause of freedom, distinctly and independently of all the principles and motives of ambition.
The principal part of the estate which he possessed at the time of his death, he bequeathed to his sister Miss Sidney Lee, who was a lady of exquisite accomplishments, and treated the Americans who were captured, and imprisoned by the British in England, with great humanity. She remitted four thousand five hundred pounds sterling to America, in order to discharge her brother's debts, lest his legatees in this country should be deprived.of what his friendship and gratitude induced him to bequeath to them. (For other particulars see Memoirs of General Loe; Allen's American Biography ; Historical Collections, &c.)
Goddard did not publish the work he had projected; as a person whom he had engaged as an associate in the publication, and who was entrusted with the manuscripts, betrayed his trust; for instead of preparing them for the press, he sent them to England, where they were printed and sold for his sole benefit, and formed the imperfect work, which is entitled Memoirs of the Life of the late Charles Lee.