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Alonso, king of Naples.

Miranda, daughter to Prospero.
Sebastian, his brother.
Prospero, the rightful duke of Milan.

Ariel, an airy spirit.
Antonio, his brother, the usurping duke of Milan. Iris,
Ferdinand, son to the king of Naples.

Gonzalo, an honest old counsellor of Naples. Juno,

spirits. Adrian,


Caliban, a savage and deformed slave.

Other spirits attending on Prospero.
Trinculó, a jester.
Stephano, a drunken

Scene, the sea, with a ship; afterwards an uninMaster of a ship, Boatswain, and Mariners.

habited island.


, } lords.



|fate, to his hanging! make the rope of his destiny

our cable, for our own doth little advantage! If he SCENE I.-On a ship at sea. A storm, with be not born to be hanged, our case is uniserable. thunder and lightning. Enter a Ship-master

[Exeunt. and a Boatswain.

Re-enter Boatswain.

Boals. Down with the top-mast; yare; lower, lower ; bring her to try with main course. [.1 cry

within.] A plague upon this howling! they are Boats. Here, master : what cheer?

louder than the weather, or our office.Mast. Good: speak to the mariners: fall to't varely,' or we run ourselves aground : bestir, Re-enter Sebastian, Antonio, and Gonzalo bestir.


Yet again ? what do you here? Shall we give o'er, Enter Mariners.

and drown? Have you a mind to sink?

Seb. A pox of your throat! you bawling, blasBouts. Heigh, my hearts ; cheerly, cheerly, my phemous, uncharitable dog! hearts; yare, yare: take in the top-sail: tend to Boals. Work you, then. the master's' whistle.-Blow, till thou burst thy Ant. Hang, cur, hang! you whoreson, insolent wind, if room enough!

noise-maker, we are less afraid to be drowned than

thou art. Enter Alonso, Sebastian, Antonio, Ferdinand, Gon. I'll warrant him from drowning; though Gonzalo, and others.

the ship were no stronger than a nut-shell, and as

leaky as an unstaunchedwench. Alon. Good boatswain, have a care. Where's

Boats. Lay her a-hold, a-hold; set her two the master ? Play the men.

courses; ofi" to sea again, lay her off, Boats. I pray now, keep below. Ant. Where is the master, boastwain ?

Enter Mariners, wet. Boats. Do you not hear him? You mar our labour! keep your cabins : you do assist the storm. Mar. All lost! to prayers, to prayers ! all lost! Gon. Nay, good, be patient.

(Exeunt. Boats. When the sea is. Hence! What care Boals. What, must our mouths be cold ? these roarers for the name of king? To cabin : Gon. The king and prince at prayers ! let us silence: trouble us not.

assist them, Gon. Good; yet remember whom thou hast For our case is as theirs. aboard.

Seb. I am out of patience. Boats. None that I more love than myself. You Ant. We are merely+ cheated of our lives by are a counsellor; if you can command these ele

drunkards.ments to silence, and work the peace of the present, This wide-chapped rascal; Would, thou might'st we will not hand a rope more; use your authority. lie drowning, If you cannot, give thanks you have lived so long, The washing of ten tides ! and make yourself ready in your cabin for the mis- Gon.

He'll be hanged yet ; chance of the hour, if it so hap.-Cheerly, good Though every drop of water swear against it, hearts.--Out of our way, I say.

(Exit. And gape at wid'st to glut him. Gon. I have great comfort from this fellow: me- (.A confused noise within.) Mercy on us! We thinks he hath no drowning mark upon him; his split, we split! Farewell, my wife and children! complexion is perfect gallows. Stand fast, good Farewell, brother !-We split, we split, we split.(1) Readily (2) Present instant.

(3) Incontinent. (4) Abeolutely,


Ant. Let's all sink with the king. (Exit. In the dark backward and abysm of time? Seb, Let's take leave of him.

(Exit. If thou remember'st aught, ere thou cam'st here, Gon. Now would I give a thousand furlongs of How thou cam'st here, thou may'st. sea for an acre of barren ground; long heath, brown Mira.

But that I do not. furze, any thing: the wills above be done! but I Pro. Twelve years since, would fain die a dry death.

[Exit. Miranda, twelve years since, thy father was

The duke of Milan, and a prince of power. SCENE II.-The island : before the cell of Pros- Mira. Sir, are not you my father.

pero. Enter Prospero and Miranda. Pro. Thy mother was a piece of virtue, and Mir. If by your art, my dearest father, you have Was duke of Milan; and his only heir

She said “ihou wast my daughter; and thy father Put the wild waters in this roar, allay them:

A princess;-10 worse issued. The sky, it seems, would pour down stinking pitch, Mira,

0, the heavens! But that the sea, mounting to the welkin's cheek, What foul play had we, that we came from thence ? Dashes the fire out. O, I have suffer'd

Or blessed was't we did ? With those that I saw suffer! a brave vessel,


Both, both, my girl : Who had no doubt some noble creatures in her,

By foul play, as thou say'st, were we heav'd thence;
Dash'd all to pieces. O, the cry did knock
Against my very heart! Poor souls! they perish'd.

But blessedly holp hither.

O, my heart bleeds llad I been any god of power, I would

To think o' the teen' that I have turn'd you to, Have sunk the sea within the earth, or e'er? Which is from my remembrance! Please you further. It should the good ship so have swallow'd, and Pro. My brother, and thy uncle, call’d Antonio,The freighting souls within her.

I pray thce, mark me,—that a brother should Pro.

Be collected ;

Be so perfidious !-he whom, next thyself,
No more amazement: tell your piteous heart, Of all the world I lov'd, and to him put
There's no harm done.
O, wo the day!

The manage of my state; as, at that time,

Through all the signiories it was the first, Pro.

No harm. And Prospero the prime duke; being so reputed I have done nothing but in care of thee, for thee, my dear one! thee, my daughter!) who Without a parallel ; those being all my study,

In dignity, and, for the liberal arts, Art ignorant of what thou art, nought knowing The government I cast upon my brother, Of whence I am; nor that I am more better And to my state grew stranger, being transported, Than Prospero, master of a full poor cell,

And wrapt in secret studies. Thy false uncleAnd thy no greater father.

Dost thou attend me?

More to know

Sir, most heedfully.
Did never meddle with my thoughts.

Pro. Being once perfected how to grant suits, Pro.

'Tis time

How to deny them; whom to advance, and whóm I should inform thee further. Lend thy hand, To trash for over-topping ; new created And pluck my magic garment from me.-So; The creatures that were mine; I say or chang'd (Lays down his mantle.

them, Lie there my art.-Wipe thou thine eyes; have or else new form'd them: having both the key comfort.

Of officer and office, set all hearts The direful spectacle of the wreck, which touch'd To what tune pleas'd his ear; that now he was The very virtue of compassion in thee,

The ivy, which had my princely trunk, I have with such provision in mine art

And suck'd my verdure out on't. Thou attend'st So safely order'd, that there is no soul

not: No, not so much perdition as a hair,

I pray thee, mark me. Betid to any creature in the vessel


O good sir, I do. Mi hica ou heard'st cry, which thou saw'st sink.

Pro. I thus neglecting worldly ends, all dedicate Sit down ;

To closeness, and the bettering of my mind For thou must now know further.

With that, which, but by being so retir'd, Mira,

You have often

O'er-priz'd all popular rate, in my false brother, Begun to tell me what I am ; but stopp'd Awak'd an evil nature: and my trust, And left me to a bootless inquisition ;

Like a good parent, did beget of him Concluding, Stay, not yet.

A falsehood, in its contrary as great Pro.

The hour's now come; As my trust was; which had, indeed, no limit, The very minute bids thee ope thine ear; A confidence sanse bound. He being thus lorded, Obey, and be attentive. Canst thou remember

Not only with what my revenue yielded,. A time before we came unto this cell ?

But what my power might else exact-like one, I do not think thou canst ; for then thou wast not Who having, unto truth, by telling of it, Out2 three years old.

Made such a sinner of his memory,

Certainly, sir, I can. To credit his own lie,-he did believe
Pro. By what? by any other house, or person? He was the duke; out of the substitution,
Of any thing the image tell me, that

And executing the outward face of royalty,
Hath kept with thy remembrance.

With all prerogative :-Hence his ambition Mira.

'Tis far off; Growing, --Dost hear ? And rather like a dream than an assurance

Mira. Your tale, sir, would cure deafness. That my remembrance warrants : had I not Pro. To have no screen between this part he Four or five women once, that tended me?

play'd, Pro. Thou hadst, and more, Miranda: but how And him he play'd it for, he needs will be is it,

Absolute Milan: me, poor man!-my library That this lives in thy mind? What seest thou else (1) Before. (2) Quite. (3) Ahrsg. (4) Sorrow.

(5) Cut away.

(6) Without,


Was dukedom large enough; of temporal royalties (From my own library, with volumes that
He thinks me now incapable: confederates I prize above my dukedom.
(So dry' he was for sway) with the king of Naples, Mira.

"Would I might To give him annual tribute, do him homage; But ever see that man! Subject his coronet to his crown, and bend


Now I arise :The dukedom, yet unbow'd (alas, poor Milan!) Sit still, and hear the last of our sea-sorrow. To most ignoble stooping.

Here in this island we arriv'd; and here Mira,

O the heavens! Have I, thy school-master, made thee more profil Pro, Mark his condition, and the event; then Than other princes can, that have more time tell me,

For vainer hours, and tutors not so careful. If this might be a brother.

Mira. Heavens thank you for't! And now, I Mira.

I should sin

pray you, sir, To think but nobly of my grandmother:

(For still it is beating in my mind,) your reason Good wombs have born bad sons.

For raising this sea-storin?
Now the condition.


Know thus far forth. This king of Naples, being an enemy

By accident most strange, bountiful furtune, To me inveterate, hearkens my brother's suit; Now my dear lady, hath mine enemies Which was, that he in lieu of the premises, Brought to this shore: and by my prescience of homage, and I know not how much tribute, - I find my zenith doth depend upon Should presently extirpate me and mine A most auspicious star; whose influence Out of the dukedom; and conser fair Milan, If now I court not, but omit, my fortunes With all the honours, on my brother: whereon, Willever after droop.-Here cease more questions; A treacherous army levied, one midnight Thou art inclin'd to sleep; 'tis a good dulness, Fated to the purpose, did Antonio open And give it way;-I know thou canst not choose. The gates of Milan; and, i' the dead of darkness,

(Miranda sleeps The ministers for the purpose hurried thence Come away, servant, come: I am ready now; Me, and thy crying self.

Approach, my Ariel; come. Mira.

Alack, for pity!
I, not rememb'ring how I cried out then,

Enter Ariel.
Will cry it o'er again; it is a hint,
That wrings mine eyes.

Ari. All hail, great master! grave sir, hail! 1 Pro.

Hear a little further, And then I'll bring thee to the present business

To answer thy best pleasure; be't to fly,
Which now's upon us; without the which, this story on the curl'd clouds ; to thy strong bidding, task

To swim, to dive into the fire, to ride
Were most impertinent.

Wherefore did they not Ariel, and all his quality.
That hour destroy us?


Hast thou, spirit, Pro. Well demanded, wench;

Perform'd to points the tempest that I bade thee?

Ari. To every article. My tale provokes that question. Dear, they durst

I boarded the king's ship; now on the beak, (So dear the love my people bore me) nor set

Now in the waist, the deck, in every cabin, A mark so bloody on the business; but

I fam'd amazement: soinetimes, I'd divide, With colours fairer painted their foul ends.

And burn in many places; on the top-mast, In few, they hurried us aboard a bark;

The yards, and bowsprit, would I fame distinctly; Bore us some leagues to sea ; where they prepar'a Then meet, and join: Jove's lightnings, the preA rotten carcase of a boat, not rigg'd,

O’ the dreadful thunder-claps, more momentary, Nor tackle, sail, nor mast; the very rats Instinctively had quit it: there they hoist us,

And sight-outrunning were not: the fire, and cracks

of sulphurous roaring, the most mighty Neptune To cry to the sea that roar'd to us; to sigh To the winds, whose pity, sighing back again,

Seem'd to besiege, and make his bold waves tremble; Did us but loving wrong.

Yea, his dread trident shake. Mira.

My brave spirit! Alack! what trouble

Was I then to you!

Who was so firm, so constant, that this coil?
O! a cherubim

Would not insect his reason ?'
Thou wast, that did preserve me? Thou didst smile, but felt a fever of the mad, and play'd


Not a soul Infused with a fortitude from hearen, When I have deck'd* the sea with drops full salt; Plung’d in the foaming brine, and quit the vessel,

Some tricks of desperation: all, but mariners, Under my burden groan'd; which rais'd in me An undergoing stomach, to bear up

Then all a-fire with me: the king's son, Ferdinand, Against what should ensue.

With hair upstaring (then like reeds, not hair,) Mira.

How came we ashore ?

Was the first man that leap'd; cried, Hell is empty, Pro. By Providence divine.

And all the devils are here.

Pro. Some food we had, and some fresh water, that

Why, that's my spirit ! A noble Neapolitan, Gonzalo,

But was not this nigh shore ?

Ari. Out of his charity (who being then appointed

Close by, my master. Master of this design,) did give us, with

Pro. But are they, Ariel, safe?

Not a hair perishd;
Rich garments, linens, stuffs, and necessaries,
Which since have steaded much; so, of his gentle. But fresher than before : and, as thou bad'st me,

On their sustaining garments not a blemish, ness, Knowing I lov'd my books, he furnish'd me,

In troops I have dispers’d them 'bout the isle:

The king's son have I landed by himself; (1) Thirsty. (2) Consideration. (3) Suggestion. (4) Sprinkled. (5) Stubborn resolution. (6) The minutest article. (7) Busile, tumult.





Whom I left cooling of the air with sighs, To act her earthly and abhorr'd commands,
In an odd angle of the isle, and sitting,

Refusing her grand hests, she did confine thee, His arms in this sad knot.

By help of her more potent ministers, Pro.

of the king's ship, And in her most unmitigable rage, The mariners, say, how thou hast dispos’d, |Into a cloven pine; within which rift And all the rest of the fleet?

Imprison'd, thou didst painfully remain Iri.

Safely in harbour A dozen years; within which space she dicd, Is the king's ship; in the deep nook, where once And left thee there; where thou didst vent thy Thou call'dst me up at midnight to fetch dew

groans, Froin the still-vesd Bermoothes,' there she's hid: As fast as mill-wheels strike: then was this island The mariners all under hatches stowed;

(Save for the son that she did litter here, Whom, with a charm join’d to their suffer'd la- A freckled whelp, hag-born,) not honoured with bour,

A human shape. I have left asleep: and for the rest o' the fleet, Yri.

Yes; Caliban, her son. Which I dispers’d, they all have met again; Pro. Dull thing, I say so; he', thai Caliban, And are upon the Mediterranean flote, 2

Whom now I keep in service. Thou best know'st Bound sadly home für Naples ;

What torment I did find thee in: thy groans Supposing that they saw the king's ship wreck'd, Did make wolves howl, and penetrate the breasts And his great person perish.

Ofever angry bears: it was a torment Pro.

Ariel, thy charge To lay upon the damn'd, which Svcorax Exactly is perform’d; but there's more work: Could not again undo; it was mine art, What is the time o' the day?

When I arriv'd, and heard thee, that made gape Ari.

Past the mid season. The pine, and let thee out, Pro. At least two glasses: the time 'twixt six Ari,

I thank thce, master. and now,

Pro. If thou more murmur'st, I will rend an oak, Must by us both be spent most preciously, And peg thee in his knotty entrails, till Ari. Is there more toil? Since thou dost give Thou hast howl'd away twelve winters. me pains,


Pardon, master:
Let me remember thee what thou hast promis’d, I will be correspondent to command,
Which is not yet perform'd me.

And do my spiriting gently.
How now? moody? Pro.

Do so; and after two days What is't thou canst demand?

I will discharge thee.

My liberty.

That's my noble master! Pro. Before the time be out? no more. What shall I do? say what: what shall I do? Ari.


thee Pro. Go make thyself like a nymph o' the sea ; Remember, I have done thee worthy service; Be subject to no sight but mine; invisible Told thee no lies, made no mistakings, servd To every eye-ball else. Go, take this shape, Without or grudge or grumblings: thou didst pro- And hither come in't: hence, with diligence. mise

(Eril Ariel. To bate me a full year.

Awake, dear heart, awake! thou hast slept well; Pro. Dost thou forget

Awake! From what a torment I did free thee?

Mira. The strangencss of your story put Ari.

No. Heaviness in me. Pro. Thou dost; and think'st


Shake it of'; come on ; It much, to tread the ooze of the salt deep; We'll visit Caliban, my slave, who never To run upon the sharp wind of the north; Yields us kind answer. To do me business in the veins o' the earth,


'Tis a villain, sir, When it is bakd with frost.

I do not love to look on.
I do not, sir.

But, as 'tis, Pro. Thou liest, malignant thing! Hast thou We cannot miss him: he does make our fire, forgot

Fetch in our wood; and serves in offices
The foul witch Sycorax, who, with age, and envy, That profit us. What, ho! slave! Caliban!
Was grown into a hoop? hast thou forgot her? Thou earth, thou! speak.
Ari. No, sir.

Cal. (Irithin.) There's wood enough within. Pro.

Thou hast: where was she born? Pro. Come forth, I say; there's other business speak; tell me.

for thee; Hri. Sir, in Argier.3

Come forth, thou tortoise! when? Pro.

0, was she so? I must, Once in a month, recount what thou hast heen,

Re-enter Ariel, like a water-nymph.
Which thou forget'st. This damn'd witch, Sxcorax, Fine a sparition! My quaint Ariel,
For mischiefs manifold, and sorceries terrible
To enter human hearing, from Argier,

Hark in thine ear.
Thou know'st, was banished; for one thing she


My lord, it shall be done. (Eril. did,

Pro. Thou poisonous slave, got by the devil They would not take her life. Is not this true ?

himself Ari. Ay, sir.

Upon thy wicked dam, come forth! Pro. This blue-ey'd hag was hither brought with child,

Enter Caliban. And here was left by the sailors. Thou, my slave, Cal. As wicked dew as e'er my mother brush'd As thou report'st thyself, wast then her servant:

With raven's feather from imwholesome sen, And, for thou wast a spirit too delicate.

Drop on you both! a south-west blow on ye, (1) Bernrudas. (2) Wave. (3) Algiers. (4) Commands. (5) Do without

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