Assembly Line Design: The Balancing of Mixed-Model Hybrid Assembly Lines with Genetic Algorithms

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Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 21, 2006 - Technology & Engineering - 160 pages
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Efficient assembly line design is a problem of considerable industrial importance. Unfortunately, like many other design processes, it can be time-consuming and repetitive. In addition to this, assembly line design is often complex owing to the number of multiple components involved: line efficiency, cost, reliability and space for example. The main objective is to integrate the design with operations issues, thereby minimising its costs.

Since it is impossible to replace a designer’s intelligence, experience and creativity, it is important to provide him with a set of assistance tools in order to meet the conflicting objectives involved. Assembly Line Design presents three techniques based on the Grouping Genetic Algorithm (a powerful and broadly applicable optimisation and stochastic search technique) which can be used to aid efficient assembly line design:

• ‘equal piles for assembly lines’, a new algorithm introduced to deal with assembly line balancing (balancing stations’ loads);

• a new method based on a multiple objective grouping genetic algorithm (MO-GGA) aiming to deal with resource planning (selection of equipment to carry out assembly tasks);

‘• balance for operation’ (BFO), introduced to deal with the changes during the operation phase of assembly lines.

Assembly Line Design will be of interest to technical personnel working in design, planning and production departments in industry as well as managers in industry who want to learn more about concurrent engineering. This book will also be of value to researchers and postgraduate students in mechanical, manufacturing or micro-engineering.

 

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Contents

Designing Assembly Lines
3
History and Formulation
13
Evolutionary Combinatorial Optimisation
31
Multiple Objective Grouping Genetic Algorithm
39
6
59
Evolving to Integrate Logical and Physical Layout
105
Concurrent Approach to Design Assembly Lines
121
A Realworld Example Optimised by the OptiLine Software137
137
Conclusions and Future Work
145
Index
159
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About the author (2006)

Rekiek Brahim received a license in Physics from the Univetsité Abdel Malek Essaadi, Tetouan and the D.E.S in production and robotics at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (U.L.B.), Brussels in 1994 and 1996, respectively. He received his Ph.D. degree in Artificial Intelligence in 2000 from the Université Libre de Bruxelles. Much of his work was carried out in collaboration with industrial companies. From 2001 to 2002, he worked as a member of the Sales Marketing Service at Fabricom Airports Systems, Brussels, Belgium. Since 2002, he has been working as a member of the Projects Management team. He has been an analyst and project manager responsible for the development of the baggage handling systems of many airports. His interests include software architecture, systems design, concurrent engineering, and artificial intelligence.

Alain Delchambre obtained his Master and Phd degrees in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Brussels (ULB) in 1983 and 1990 respectively. After three years in industry, he joined a research centre for the Belgian Metalworking Industry (CRIF/WTCM). Since 1994, he has been a Professor at the Faculty of Applied Sciences in ULB and is head of the CADCAM department. He has published three books and more than 80 papers in the areas of concurrent engineering, computer aided design and genetic algorithms.