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haps a minute after the Speaker fled, House without a permanent reorganizathe reorganization was perfected, and a tion of this House.” roll call of the House was in progress. The foregoing preamble and resolution

The manner in which the ninety-six were thereupon signed by the ninety-six members, whose high duty it was to re- opposition members and spread on the store constitutional government in Illi- Journal of the House. The Speaker nois, performed their unexpected task left pro tem. was also instructed to read it to nothing to be desired. Their action on the Speaker in the presence of the House that memorable day and in the remain- on his return to the chair. This was ing days of the session will forever re- done by Mr. Allen with great solemnity main conspicuous among the landmarks that afternoon. Whereupon the House on the difficult road to really represen- took a recess, during which the Speaker tative government. There are men in conferred with Mr. Lorimer, Mr. Hinour public life who are not the creatures man, the Governor, Mr. Lindley, and a of the corporations, men who care for few others. Upon his reappearance he something higher than spoils.

presented the following written stateThe House now proceeded to recall ment to the House :the Lindley Bill from its third read “I have been approached at different ing. When each amendment had been times by parties who intimated to me reconsidered and laid on the table, the that I could make money by allowing a Senate bill was substituted, and the roll call on what is known as the Mueller Lindley Bill became in fact, if not in Bill or permitting its passage. I do not name, Senate Bill No. 40. Meanwhile know whether the parties making the the leaders of the majority, in conference statements were authorized to make them in an adjoining committee room, pre- or not, but the statements having been pared the following preamble and reso- made to me, and some of them recently, lution :

fully convinced me that there was some“Whereas, The Speaker of this House thing wrong with this effort on the part has by revolutionary and unconstitutional of outside parties to push this bill. For methods denied a hearing in this House this reason, I denied the roll call, and on a roll call constitutionally demanded have stood firm on this proposition up to upon measures of grave import, prepared the very limit. A majority of the House by those not members of this House, and having signified their desire to have a has attempted by the same inethods to roll call on this proposition, I wash my force the same beyond the point where hands of the entire matter, and will perthey can be amended or calmly con- mit a roll call to be had.” sidered upon their merits,

Thereupon Mr. Rinaker, the able Therefore, be it resolved, That, un- leader of the majority, promptly moved til the House records shall show a re- the appointment by the Speaker himself consideration of the action of this House of a committee of five members to inon House Bill No. 864 [Lindley Bill] vestigate his charges. Upon Mr. Rinaand all amendments thereto, and shall ker's suggestion it was determined that show the adoption of this resolution, and no action should be taken on traction or the House shall be assured of the con- any other important legislation pending tinuous observance during the remainder the investigation of the charges made by of this session of the constitutional right the Speaker reflecting on the House, and of a roll call on all questions and the that the time of adjournment, already due consideration of the business of this agreed upon, should be postponed as long House, no further votes be cast upon any as might be necessary for a thorough pending bill by the members of this investigation of the charges, and for the

consideration thereafter of the pending titled · Boodle,' published in the Chicago street railway measures.

Inter-Ocean on April 21, 1903, and reThe next morning the press contained cited in the resolution introduced by Rea statement from Governor Yates, in presentative Schlagenhauf; and that the which he said :

charges therein contained, and as speci“ As to Speaker Miller's action in fied further in the testimony of Mr. Hinopposing a roll call on the Mueller Bill, man, were wholly without truth or foun... I am glad to have the opportunity dation as to any member or officer of to say that I believe bim to be a brave this House, so far as we have been able and honest man, pursuing the only course to discover. Your committee feels it due such a man can pursue under the circum to it to say, in view of the publication by stances. ...I repeat, that I believe Mr. Hinman of his statement read before that in opposing what he believed to be it, that it regarded the 'rumors’ so frecorruption, his action is honest and brave, quently referred to by him, and the jocuand entitles him to the thanks of every lar remarks attributed to members and good citizen of Illinois.”

others, as utterly unworthy of notice, and The following morning Representative the charges reflecting upon citizens of Schlagenhauf of the majority called the Chicago, employed or selected to repreattention of the House to a recent edi sent it, who, in the opinion of your comtorial published by Mr. Hinman in the mittee, deservedly stand high in the esChicago Inter-Ocean, which was in part timation of its best citizens, as wholly as follows: “And the boodle is ready. outside the purposes of this investigation. And it is in use. And some members It also, in the light of the evidence before already have been bought. And others it, upon the specific charges made by him, are negotiating for it. . . . Can money placed no credence upon any of his buy the Forty-Third General Assembly charges of improper conduct or motives of the State of Illinois ?” Thereupon upon their part in connection with the the House voted to call Mr. Hinman subject of this investigation.” before its bar to give such information The report of the committee was adoptas he might have in support of his ed by a unanimous vote of the House on charges. Afterwards the House referred roll call. Messrs. Lorimer and Hinman, this matter to the investigating commit at the close of Mr. Hinman's testimony tee. The Speaker in appointing the before the committee, had left Springcommittee passed over Mr. Rinaker, field, not to return during the session. placing on it members a majority of Upon the adoption of the report of the whom it was feared could be depended committee, the House by unanimous vote opon to make a whitewashing report. directed its Municipal Committee to reThereupon Representative Darrow of port Senate Bill No. 40. Mr. Lindley Chicago, after a hasty consultation, at once complied, and the bill was promptmoved to amend by adding six names of ly passed, with certain amendments proleading members, including Mr. Rinaker. posed and accepted by the representaThis motion was carried on roll call. tives of the city, by both houses. It went

This committee on April 30 made to the Governor the day before final its report, finding in part as follows:- adjournment. He promptly called on

"1. That the evidence produced be- the Attorney-General for an opinion as to fore us does not establish any real at- its constitutionality, meanwhile requesttempt to corruptly influence the action of ing both houses of the General Assembly the Speaker of this House.

not to adjourn until he had had time “ 2. That there was no reasonable or fully to consider its terms. The Atsubstantial ground for the editorial en torney-General on the last night of the

session

gave his opinion to the effect that ment by newspapers' - by ridiculing the constitutional objections to the mea and abusing the executive. sure were not well founded. The friends "I approve the bill in spite of this of the bill in both houses, believing that clamor, because the real question is, shall to comply with the Governor's request the city councils of cities, and the people would lead to a veto, and that if the thereof, be permitted to do a right thing, whole responsibility was thrown on him and not, has the right thing been brought he would approve it, adjourned sine about in the wrong way? die.

“I believe that this bill should be veThe Governor took the full ten days toed, were the General Assembly in sesallowed by the Constitution to determine sion, and that then either this bill should whether to veto or sign the bill. After be amended, or a new bill passed withtwo public hearings, and after receiving out the faults of this bill.” much advice, both public and private, he Thus after six years of strenuous confinally on the last day approved it with Alict between public and private interests, extreme reluctance. How difficult it was Senate Bill No. 40 became a law of the for him to do so appears from the memo State of Illinois. This struggle, if it be randum explaining his action, which he as significant as it seems to the writer, filed with the Secretary of State. In means that the employment of private that remarkable document, he said : capital in the conduct of the public busi- .

"I would veto this bill, were it not ness has led us to the brink of gov. that I have great confidence in the City ernment by corporations. If the public Council of 1903, and great confidence in service corporation is permanently to the people. . .

participate in the public administration, “ It has been urged against this bill by it must submit to public control. Some the one man in Illinois who was so cour basis other than that of vested right must ageous as to argue for its veto after it be sought for the security of private was passed . . . that this bill was passed capital employed in the public business. under the whip and spur

of a few news That, however, is another story. papers in the city of Chicago. This is It is sufficient here to add that pretrue. Worse than that, it was passed by sent conditions are intolerable. By means default in the Senate and by riot in the of the Act of 1903 the people of Chicago House. Intimidation of every possible have sought to create conditions that will kind has been resorted to, and within the make the interests of the city and of the ten days during which the Governor has companies much more nearly identical, the right, under the wise and wholesome and lead to greatly improved relations, and hitherto unquestioned veto power of with adequate public control. Conservathe Constitution, to consider and examine tive men hope that this attempt will suca bill, these same newspapers have en ceed. If other solution of the problem deavored to complete their usurpation of be not found, and that speedily, public governmental functions their “govern- ownership is inevitable and desirable.

Edwin Burritt Smith.

BOOKS NEW AND OLD.

STOPS OF VARIOUS QUILLS.

I.

Young persons still dream dreams of

startling the world by some outburst of The present commentator wishes to metrical frenzy which shall write their offer for consideration several books of names upon the skies. Few persons of verse which seem to him to merit more any age are ready to devote themselves, than ordinary attention. It is always in for better or worse, to “the homely teresting to examine a first book of verse slighted shepherd's trade.” Few of us by a writer who has won a reputation in are worthy to be so slighted; we do not prose. Who knows but it may bring us deserve the tribute of contempt which the into a new and more intimate relation vulgar world is ready to pay to those who with an old acquaintance ? Who knows brazenly pursue the best. No American - and human nature faces this possibili- writer of verse is now moved by a more ty with almost equal complaisance — but sincere poetic impulse than Miss Peathe verse may bring into clear outline cer- body. Among her lesser qualities is a tain suspected limitations, and so settle cleverness which might easily have been the question once for all. In taking up employed to win popular success in some the first collection of Josephine Daskam's of the forms of literature now most sure poems," one is struck anew with the re of a wide, and casual, audience. It has markable flexibility of her talent. She not been cultivated to that end, and the touches with no little adroitness the stops writer's reward is to have produced, in a of various quills ; she satisfies the ear period during which good versifying has with metres and the taste with images. become the rule, not a little true poetry. Once or twice she stirs the imagination. As“ a book of songs and spells ” The In short, she writes excellent verse, most Singing Leaves a differs in some evident of which seems the product of an inspi- respects from Miss Peabody's former ration from without. She has written, books of verse ; but its essential qualities one surmises, from some motive other are the same. This is to say that they than the desire for self-expression; per are the reverse of commonplace. Her haps from a private wish to prove her poetry has a delicate savor of its own, self possessed of something more than a mystical sweetness, a purity of ways the worldly cleverness upon which her untrodden and apart, yet not remote from popularity is founded. As a result, her the common field of this our strife. I verse, skillful and interesting as it is, am almost sorry to have used the word lacks personal distinction; it is not her “mystical,” lest some brethren of robust "right-hand mode of expression;" it is sense, who connect the word with a vague not, perhaps, in the very strictest sense, condition of inspired foolishness, should poetry.

mistake my meaning. It means nothing This is high ground, but one is excused of the sort to me. However simple the for taking it by the quality of several diction, one cannot always be sure, on other new books of verse which seem to first reading, of the distinct "meaning possess both spontaneity and distinction. of some of Miss Peabody's songs. Very

1 Poems. By JOSEPHINE DASKAM. New Spells. By JOSEPHINE PRESTON PEABODY. York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 1903.

Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin & The Singing Leaves. A Book of Songs and Co. 1903.

likely there might be difficulty in para

The latest book of verses by Mr. phrasing them; perhaps one might find Yeats does not show an increase of conit hard to reduce them to logical form. trol over his instrument. One has adMiss Daskam's verses are characterized mired the childlike quality of his genius by the same alert common sense which while deploring its occasional lapses into is the mark of her prose work. Miss childishness. · A poet must for proof of Peabody's poems are the product of a greatness show independence even of his sense uncommon and subtle, a divining own fancies. Mr. Yeats is often spiritsense; and whatever appearance of ob- ualistic rather than spiritual, vaguely suscurity there may be in its expression is perstitious rather than mystical. How due to the diviner's method of suggesting much of his work is the product of creatruth by adumbration rather than by de- tive imagination, how much of indulged finition. This seems a clumsy way of whimsy, remains to be determined. In explaining what is, after all, a sufficiently form the present volume is deliberately simple thing. One does not need to have

queer. The printer has been encouraged the difference between this Road-Song to use red ink in certain passages which and a mathematical proposition set forth do not seem especially to cry for rubricawith diagrams :

tion. A preface is let fall unexpectedly At home the waters in the grass

in the middle of the book. Here and Went singing happy words;

there the sign for “and” is substituted But here, they flicker through my hands for the word. Is there something symAs silent as the birds.

bolic in the usage ? Several of the poems “I see a Rose. But once they grew

seem to mean nothing, and one or two All thronging, thronging, wild, are not recognizably metrical, as, for inAnd white, and red, before I came

stance, the lines called The Arrow:To be a human child."

“I thought of your beauty and this arrow Perhaps it is in her “spells ” that the

Made out of a wild thought is in my marrow. poet's sense of intangible relations is most There 's no man may look upon her, no man, clearly expressed. We may quote only

As when newly grown to be a woman, one, a Charm : to be Said in the Sun :

Blossom pale, she pulled down the pale blossom

At the moth hour and hid it in her bosom. I reach my arms up to the sky,

This beauty 's kinder, yet for a reason And golden vine on vine

I could weep that the old is out of season." Of sunlight, showered wild and high,

This is rather too much for the oldAround my brows I twine.

fashioned ear, which is used to expect “I wreathe, I wind it everywhere,

that a poem shall be written in some The burning radiancy

kind of verse and shall make some kind Of brightness that no eye may dare,

of sense.

It is an extreme instance of To be the strength of me.

Mr. Yeats's irresponsible manner. There “Come, redness of the crystalline,

are many passages of pure poetry in the Come green, come hither blue

book : And violet - all alive within,

“We sat grown quiet at the name of love. For I have need of you.

We saw the last embers of daylight die,

And in the trembling blue-green of the sky “ Come honey-hue and flush of gold,

A moon, worn as if it had been a shell And through the pallor run,

Washed by time's waters as they rose and fell With pulse on pulse of manifold

About the stars and broke in days and years." New largess of the Sun !

With such lines for evidence, one must “O steep the silence till it sing !

continue to hope that time will prove O glories from the height, Come down, where I am garlanding

1 In the Seven Woods. By W. B. YEATS. With light, a child of light!"

New York : The Macmillan Co. i903.

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