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“ 'Tain't only that,

they ’re like a At five o'clock the house was in orbird in a cage.

You look here! men- der and Nancy had started on her folks think they ’re dull sometimes, set- homeward way, a dollar in her pocket, tled down in a pint measure with one and, despite sume ruthless indifference woman. Lordymighty! the women's on her part, a basket of food in her dull, too, on’y they don't let on. Pious hand. Cynthia dismissed her with an little devils! they go round washin' unwitting solemnity. dishes an’ moppin' up under the sto', "Good-by, Nancy," said she. and half on 'em wants to be trampin' “You've been a real help to me. I like me, an' t'other half dunno what don't know how I should have got they want. Keep out on 't, I say! keep through it if it had n't been for you.” out on 't!"

“It's clean as a ribbin,” Nancy Nancy lifted her voice in a tuneful called back cheerfully. “But land! stave, the words satirically fit, but Cyn- cleanin' up's nothin'. Trouble is to thia was not listening. The notes fell keep it so. Well, I'll be pokin' upon her like a patter of unregarded along." rain, as she creased her gingerbread Cynthia stood and watched her welland beat her mind back from futile knit figure swinging on between the wonderment over her own plight when willows that marked the road. Then Andrew should be here alone.

she turned back to her clean house for “The house has got to be jes’ so, à last look and the renewed certainty pursued Nancy. “The woman 's got of its perfect state. She walked delito be jes' so. They can come home all cately about the kitchen, lest a grain of over gurry, but she's got to have on a dust should be tracked upon the speckclean apron an' her hair slicked up to less floor. The food not yet cooled from the nines. They can set all the even- the oven was in the pantry. All through in' huskin' together an' hootin' over the lower rooms there was the fragrance old stories, an' come stumblin' in when of cake and bread. It was a house set they git ready, an' find doughnuts an' in order, and finding it perfect, she made pie set out complete. What's fair for herself sweet and clean, and changed one's fair for another, I say."

her working dress for a crisper calico. “No, it ain't!” cried Cynthia, sud- In the doing, she thought solemnly how denly awakened. She stood straight and she had once helped bathe a child that slender in the middle of her kitchen. had died at the poorhouse, and prepare Defensive fires burned hotly in her it for burial. This body of hers was eyes. “Nancy, I ain't goin' to have also being prepared, and though she had such talk in here. I can't stand it. no words to say so, it seemed to her You think of him gettin' all over dust the body of her love. And all the time an' dirt workin' like a dog. You think the sea kept calling her, with its assurof it, Nancy! It's his house. It's ances of manifold and solemn refuge. no more 'n right he should have it the Presently she was ready to go. She way he wants it. I should like to know had made the clothing she had slipped if he ain't goin' to have anything the off into a little bundle, to leave none way he wants it? ” Her voice choked but fresh things behind her, and now she in passionate championship of the man took it in her hand and stepped out at whose pride was hurt.

the front door. That she closed, but But Nancy only gave a derisive the windows were still open. chuckle. “Law!” said she. “You better that storms should invade the need n't worry,

I guess they 'll look house than that he should find it inhosout for themselves. I never see a man pitably shut. Day and night could be yet but had time enough for that." trusted with their welcome to him.

It was


But turning from the door, she smelled “What is it, dear? what is it, dear?” her garden, and its autumn bitterness of he kept saying, and she answered him breath awoke in her a final pang of with her tremulous breath upon his homesickness. She laid down her bun- cheek. Presently they went up the path dle and hurried round to the well, to together, and in at the closed door. draw bucket after bucket of water and "By George, don't it smell good!” said drench the roots she had kept tended Andrew. His voice, in nervous jovialsince the spring. It was a separate good- ity, was shaking, like his hands. “Le' by to every one. Here were the deli- me git a light, honey. I've got to cate firstlings whose day had long been look at you. Got to make sure you 're over, and the hollyhocks that had made here! the summer gay.

Dahlias and asters The blaze from the shining lamp were the ones to keep this later watch, struck full on her, and Andrew caught but she sprinkled them impartially, his breath. Cynthia looked like the whether they were to bloom again or angel of herself. Her tired face, overwither till the winter's spell. The moon laid by joy, was like that of a child was rising behind the wooded hill, and awakened from sleep to unexpected welthere was suddenly a prophetic touch of

She seemed an adoring handfrost in the air. She stood for a moment maid, incredulous of the beauty of her listening to the stillness, recognizing task. Andrew felt the wistfulness of life as if it all came flooding in on her her air, the presence of things unknown at once, only to retreat like a giant to him. He went over to her and drew wave and wash some farther shore.

her nearer. Her brain apprehended what her tongue “You knew I'd come,” he said. could never say.

She understood the “You knew I could n't stan' it after meaning of service and harmonious liv- I'd been ugly to you.

Look at this ing. It was no more dull to her now house! You fixed all up, an' made it than daily sunrise. She looked at An- neat as wax. I started just as they set drew's house, builded by another Gale down to supper, an' put for home. I've over a hundred years ago. It meant been scairt ʼmost to death all the aftermore than a shelter. It was the roof

I dunno what I thought would of love, the nest of springing hopes. happen to you, but I had to come.” Yet being a child at heart, she could “I've cleaned the house,” said Cynnot stay after he had found her for one thia, like a child. “I got old Nancy.” day unworthy, and she was too young

“Yes, dear, yes,

he soothed her. to know how storms may pass.

“You knew I'd come. You knew I The man came heavily along the dark- would n't stay away a night after I ened road and reached the gate as she broke your heart. You tell about your did. She saw him and dropped her bun- weavin', dear. I want to hear it now.” dle in the shade of the lilac at the fence. “My weavin'?” repeated Cynthia Andrew did not speak. He threw open vaguely. The words roused her a litthe gate, stepped in, and put his arms tle from her happy dream, and for one about her. He held her to him as we luminous instant she felt the signifihold what is almost lost us through our cance of all the threads that make the own lax grasp; but when he spoke to web of life. She laughed. “’T was her, she did not hear, and when he loosed only Bachelor's Fancy,” she said. “I his clasp to look at her, she sank down learned it, that 's all. There 's lots o’ and would have fallen.

things I'd ruther do. You go in the "Cynthy, for God's sake!” he cried, pantry, dear, an’ look.” and his voice recalled her. Then she Andrew left her with a kiss that was gained her feet, her feet, he helping her. like meeting, not good-by.

But as


he took the lamp from the table, Cyn- back and, as she ran, tossed her little thia slipped out at the front door. bundle into the closet under the stairs.

“Where you goin'?” he called. The hues of youth were on her face.

“Only out to the lilac,” she answered Her eyes were wet and glad. throbbingly. "I dropped somethin' "I'm terrible hungry, too, she there.”

told him. “Come! there's sugar ginWhile he lingered for her, she came gerbread.”

Alice Brown.



this most resourceful foe that Jesuitism

ever had was the death year of St. A THOUGHTFUL historian tells us that, Francis Xavier, the noblest of Jesuit between the fourteenth century and the apostles. nineteenth, Italy produced three great It


also interest those who study men. As the first of these, he names the more evident evolution of cause and Machiavelli, who, he says, “ taught the effect in human affairs to note that, like world to understand political despotism most strong men, he had a strong mother; and to hate it; as the second, he names that while his father was a poor shopSarpi, who “taught the world after keeper who did little and died young, what manner the Holy Spirit guides the his mother was wise and serene. Councils of the Church ;” and as the From his earliest boyhood, he showed third, Galileo, who “taught the world striking gifts and characteristics. He what dogmatic theology is worth when never forgot a face once seen, could take it can be tested by science.”

in the main contents of a page at a I purpose now to present the second glance, spoke little, rarely ate meat, and, of these. As a man, he was by far the until his last years, never drank wine. greatest of the three and, in various re Brought up, after the death of his spects, the most interesting; for he not father, first by his uncle, a priest, and only threw a bright light into the most then by Capella, a Servite monk, in important general council of the Church something better than the usual priestly and revealed to Christendom the methods fashion, he became known, while yet in which there prevailed, — in a book which his boyhood, as a theological prodigy. remains one of the half-dozen classic his. Disputations in his youth, especially one tories of the world, — but he fought the at Mantua, where, after the manner of most bitter fight for humanity against the time, he successfully defended sevthe papacy ever known in

Latin na-

eral hundred theses against all comers, tion, and won a victory by which the attracted wide attention, so that the whole world has profited ever since. Bishop gave him a professorship, and Moreover, he was one of the two fore the Duke, who, like some other crowned most Italian statesmen since the Middle heads of those days, - notably Henry Ages, the other being Cavour.

• VIII. and James I., liked to dabble He was born at Venice in 1552, and in theology, made him a court theologian. it may concern those who care to note But the duties of this position were the subtle interweaving of the warp and uncongenial : a flippant duke, fond of woof of history that the birth year of putting questions which the wisest theo


logian could not answer, and laying out ishment should not be vengeance, but work which the young scholar evidently reformation. In these days and in this thought futile, apparently wearied bim. country, where one of the most serious of He returned to the convent of the Ser- evils is undue lenity to crime, this opinvites at Venice, and became, after a few ion may be imputed to him as a fault; years' novitiate, a friar, changing, at the but in those days, when torture was the same time, his name; so that, having been main method in procedure and in penalbaptized Peter, he now became Paul. ty, his declaration was honorable both to

His career soon seemed to reveal an his head and heart. other and underlying cause of his re With all his devotion to books, he turn: he evidently felt the same impulse found time to study men. Even at which stirred his contemporaries, Lord school, he had seemed to discern those Bacon and Galileo; for he began devot who would win control. They discerned ing himself to the whole range of scien- something in him also; so that close retific and philosophical studies, especial- lations were formed between him and ly to mathematics, physics, astronomy, such leaders as Contarini and Morosini, anatomy, and physiology. In these he with whom he afterwards stood side by became known as an authority, and be- side in great emergencies. fore long was recognized as such through Important missions were entrusted to out Europe. It is claimed, and it is not him. Five times he visited Rome to improbable, that he anticipated Harvey in adjust perplexing differences between discovering the circulation of the blood, the papal power and various interests and that he was the forerunner of noted at Venice. He was rapidly advanced discoveries in magnetism. Unfortunate through most of the higher offices in his ly the loss of the great mass of his papers order, and in these he gave a series of by the fire which destroyed his convent decisions which won the respect of all in 1769 forbids any full estimate of his entitled to form an opinion. work; but it is certain that among those Naturally he was thought of for high who sought his opinion and advice were place in the Church, and was twice presuch great discoverers as Acquapendente, sented for a bishopric; but each time he Galileo, Torricelli, and Gilbert of Col. was rejected at Rome, - partly from chester, and that every one of these re family claims of less worthy candidates, ferred to him as an equal, and indeed as partly from suspicions regarding his a master. It seems also established that orthodoxy. It was objected that he did it was he who first discovered the valves not find the whole doctrine of the Trinity of the veins, that he made known the in the first verse of Genesis, that he cormost beautiful function of the iris, — its responded with eminent heretics of Engcontractility, - and that various surmises land and Germany, that he was not of his regarding heat, light, and sound averse to reforms, that, in short, he was have since been developed into scientific not inclined to wallow in the slime from truths. It is altogether likely that, had which had crawled forth such huge inhe not been drawn from scientific pur- carnations of evil as John XXIII., Jusuits by his duties as a statesman, he lius II., Sixtus IV., and Alexander VI. would have ranked among the greater

His orthodox detractors have been investigators and discoverers, not only wont to represent him as seeking venof Italy, but of the world.

geance for his non-promotion ; but his He also studied political and social after career showed amply that personal problems, and he arrived at one conclu- grievances had little effect upon him. It sion which, though now trite, was then is indeed not unlikely that when he saw novel, — the opinion that the aim of pun- bishoprics for which he knew himself

well fitted given as sops to poor crea

Sometimes it strengthened its authority tures utterly unfit in morals or intellect, by real services to humanity, and somehe may have had doubts regarding the times by such monstrous frauds as the part taken by the Almighty in selecting Forged Decretals. Sometimes, as under them; but he was reticent, and kept on Popes like Gregory VII. and Innocent with his work. In his cell at Santa Fosca, III., it laid claim to the mastership of the he quietly and steadily devoted himself to world, and sometimes, as with the mahis cherished studies ; but he continued jority of the pontiffs during the two cento study more than books or inanimate turies before the Reformation, it became nature. He was neither a bookworm nor mainly the appanage of a party or faction a pedant. On his various missions he or family. met and discoursed with churchmen and Throughout all this history, there apstatesmen concerned in the greatest trans- peared in the Church two great currents actions of his time, notably at Mantua of efficient thought. On one side had with Oliva, secretary of one of the great been developed a theocratic theory, giving est ecclesiastics at the Council of Trent; the papacy a power supreme in temporal at Milan with Cardinal Borromeo, by far as well as in spiritual matters throughthe noblest of all who sat in that assem out the world. Leaders in this during the blage during its eighteen years; in Rome Middle Ages were St. Thomas Aquinas and elsewhere with Arnauld Ferrier, and the Dominicans; leaders in Sarpi's who had been French Ambassador at the days were the Jesuits, represented espeCouncil, Cardinal Severina, head of the cially in the treatises of Bellarmine at Inquisition, Castagna, afterward Pope Rome and in the speeches of Laynez at Urban VII., and Cardinal Bellarmine, the Council of Trent.1 afterward Sarpi's strongest and noblest But another theory, hostile to the desopponent.

potism of the Church over the State, had Nor was this all. He was not content been developed through the Middle Ages with books or conversations ; steadily he and the Renaissance ; it had been went on collecting, collating, and testing strengthened mainly by the utterances original documents bearing upon the of such men as Dante, Ægidio Colonna, great events of his time. The result of John of Paris, Ockham, Marsilio of all this the world was to see later. Padua, and Laurentius Valla. Sarpi

He had arrived at middle life and won ranged himself with the latter of these wide recognition as a scholar, scientific forces. Though deeply religious, he reinvestigator, and jurist, when there came cognized the God-given right of earthly the supreme moment of a struggle which governments to discharge their duties had involved Europe for centuries, - & independent of church control. struggle interesting not only the Italy Among the many centres of this strugand Europe of those days, but universal gle was Venice. She was splendidly rehumanity for all time.

ligious as religion was then underDuring the period following the fall of stood. She was made so by her whole the Roman Empire of the West there environment. From the beginning she had been evolved the temporal power of had been a seafaring power, and seafarthe Roman Bishop. It had many vicis- ing men, from their constant wrestle with situdes. Sometimes, as in the days of St. dangers ill understood, are prone to seek Leo and St. Gregory, it based its claims and find supernatural forces. Nor was upon noble assertions of right and justice, this all. Later, when she had become and sometimes, as in the hands of pon

1 This has been admirably shown by N. R. F. tiffs like Innocent VIII. and Paul V., it

Brown in his Taylorian Lecture, pages 229-234, sought to force its way by fanaticism. in volume for 1889-99.

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