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in libraries when they wrote these books. Even his unquestioned domesticity Hence, instead of Man Thinking, we may not be so comprehensive a virtue. have the bookworm. Hence, the book- To support some one besides himself in learned class, who value books as such. decency and honor is not all that a ... Hence, the restorers of readings, man should strive to do, though it is the emendators, the bibliomaniacs of much. He should also feel the obliall degrees.”

gation to bring gayety into the lives of The narrowness and inertia of the those whom he loves. It is possible quiet man are frequently moral as well for some men by sheer earning power as mental.

He is firm on the point of to provide their families with opporcertain things which he will not do, tunities for travel and amusement and but his virtue is too likely to be of adventure. But the earning power of this negative quality; and while his the majority is limited in these matnoisy and active brother is blundering ters; and all the more is it necessary about, learning what life is, perhaps then for the man to bring variety and heaping up sins and offenses, yet also a cheerful activity and liveliness into building himself in his heedless, casual his house. The fact that the routine way monuments of good, Mere Thinker, of the day has been dull does not exwith eyes upon the ground, treads the cuse him for being glum and silent at barren path of the dull precisian. Since his evening meal. And too much of he is quiet, he receives credit for vir the quietness in the world is but the tues if he does not exhibit boldly their habit of a listless and brooding selfishantithetic vices. Loyalty and steadfastness and a good domestic nature

It would be wanton to make these exare the excellent qualities most often posures and not offer a remedy. Here attributed to him. Yet as to the first is a suggestion for the quiet man: of these, can any one doubt the truth “Learn to make a noise." of Stevenson's words: “A man may It is not enough that he should celehave sat in a room for hours and not brate the Fourth of July each year

in opened his teeth, and yet come out of the customary manner,

though he that room a disloyal friend or a vile may find even that barbarous observcalumniator ”? The quiet friend may ance beneficial. Taking an active part be as faithful as the vociferous, but in the romps and play of children is a there should be no presumption in his resource that if open to him he should favor, for his very habit of life is in- embrace. Probably he has so schooled sidious, and tends to breed the germs himself to inexpressiveness that he canof doubt if not disloyalty. The look not at once emerge out of the seconder-on is usually the man dissatisfied ary place into which he is relegated at with idleness and critical of the activ- social gatherings; but three or four ity of others.

Because it might draw times a year he should, at whatever upon him comparison to his disadvan cost of courage, insist upon being heard. tage, he does not utter freely his carp- The advice to make a noise need not ing criticism of the active; but he be taken literally, - though such inbears in mind how much better he terpretation would lead few quiet men himself would do this or that if it into serious error. It may serve the were not for some forbidding circum- purpose if the man develops a strong stance. And this habit of comparing outdoor enthusiasm, or a keen spirit of himself with others, which is one of rivalry in games, for either of these the common recreations of the quiet will introduce into his existence that man, sometimes, no doubt, begets the element of life that he most needs. If envy which makes it easy to betray. he can acquire some undignified accomNo. 560.

53

VOL. XCIII.

plishment, — if he can learn to sing a way

when he heard a great hubbub becoon song,” or to play upon the mouth hind him; and looking round he saw organ, or to dance a clog, or to recite men running, with cries of “Stop him! “Casey at the Bat,” - he will have Stop him!” and in front of them a man made an advance in the art of living speeding along on a bicycle. My friend such as none but a constitutionally shy stepped out into the street and opposed and quiet person can understand. Per a threatening front; still the fleeing haps, with the best will in the world, rider came on. And then, just as he he can attain to none of these things; was about to whiz by, my friend hurled he may then find a means of grace in his bicycle into the rider's path; the the occasional revels and merry-makings two machines went down with a crash, that are not denied even the most quiet. and the hero flung himself valiantly upon Failing all else, and being quite out of the groaning wretch, who lay crumpled conceit with himself, let him go tramp- amid the wreckage. “I've got him!” ing in search of adventure, — in the cried the hero to the breathless, gathercity by-streets at night, or through the ing throng. “Got him!” they ancountryside. But there, again, does the swered, with here and there a sneering quiet man become aware of his misfor- accent of profanity. “We yelled at tune; adventure evades him; and while you to stop the fellow in the wagon." his assertive, unappreciative brother, on "Yes, the fellow I was chasing," added going down town in the morning, may the unfortunate captive. And, indeed, have a romantic encounter with a run it appeared that the driver was the away automobile occupied by a beauti- miscreant, having knocked down a woful lady, or with a tiger strayed from man and made off; and the bicyclist a circus, he may roam the world and had merely been one of a humane and meet with no runaway automobile, no inquisitive mob. tiger, and, alas and alack! no beauti Now, my agitating question has ful lady. Even so, let him persevere; been, Should I, too, thus boldly, perpreparing himself for adventure, he emptorily, and efficiently have hurled may almost attain the habit of mind my bicycle? For the life of me I of the adventurous.

cannot tell. So many reasons why I But never, I fear, will he fully at- might have done so occur to me, and tain it. There will always be the hor then again so

many considerations rid, harassing doubt - never shared by which might have stayed my hand. A the truly adventurous as to whether fleeing criminal one's public duty he would, indeed, bear himself heroic and yet on such uncertain grounds ally. To illustrate the point, I must - to wreck him so utterly, to damage make a confession; I am a quiet man. him perhaps so irreparably! All I am Although I have often prepared myself sure of is that I should have opposed in mind, I have not yet set out upon a threatening front. my quest of adventure. But no longer And this, I imagine, is the chief ago than yesterday, one of my direct, affliction, the shame of many a quiet unquestioning friends plunged into it; man, — the dread of finding in some and ever since I have been miserably important moment that the reflective torn with inquiry as to whether in his habit has produced paralysis. Even if place I should have been so prompt. he breaks through the net of qualifying Riding on his bicycle along a village considerations and acts efficiently, he street, he was aware that a wagon over has the humiliated feeling that he has took and passed him at unusual speed, made a great mental to-do over a matbut he thought nothing of this. He had ter that some one else would have gone dismounted, and was entering a gate- about without debate. Moreover, he

shrinks from using his faculties in un ever I have discovered an air of the conventional ways; again I must serve imperturbable in a man, I have also as corpus vile for purposes of illustra discovered an offensive self-complation. A man who had been my guest cency, and I am unable to do justice overnight decided the next morning, to this particular flower of the species. which happened to be Sunday, that he Perhaps the most worthy office that desired a cab. From the back win the quiet man performs is that of the dow of my lodgings, which are on the comforter, or at least the sympathetic fourth floor of the house, he descried confidant of grief. He who is stricken a livery stable, and opening the win in spirit, and must utter his sorrow, dow he shouted lustily in the Sabbath turns less readily to the exuberant than stillness the name of the proprietor. to the silent friend, whose speech is Now, although we have in our rear a apter with eyes than with lips. It livery stable, our neighborhood is prim matters not very much if such a man and even fastidious; the houses in our has the weaknesses that must so often block are occupied by families with be imputed; let him be but a true highly conventional notions of propri. friend and a quiet one, and the sore in ety. In some dismay I pulled my heart will take some comfort in him. guest's coat tails, whispering that I If he has not the weaknesses, but is would send out for a cab; withdraw stanch and strong, a walk with him in ing his head for a moment, he replied, the open air, whether in the biting winds “This is quicker, and then again of March or over the sunlit fields of thrusting it forth, continued to bawl. May, or a talk with him before the winAt last a stable boy answered him; he ter fire, may put vigor, as well as the gave his order, specifying the number first sense of peace, into the soul. of the house with painful distinctness; As such a friend is a resource in after which he turned to me and com time of sadness, so, on happier occaplimented me on the convenience of sions, he need never be a kill-joy. my situation and the needlessness of No merriment was ever stifled because a jingling telephone. In my scheme one of those bidden to share it could of life, a cab is the last of all extrava contribute nothing but appreciation. gances; yet even if it were not, or if That quality the quiet man must have. I had found myself in the direst need It is the noisy or the active one who, of one, I am sure it would never have even while giving life to happy gatheroccurred to me to employ this simple, ings, is most dangerous. Some blurtprimitive method of securing it. Quiet- ed truth, some reckless jest, some too ness tends to unfit one for the use of searching inquiry, or too downright, rudimentary instruments.

blunt debate, may strike dead the gay It is time, after these frank confes- laughter, and transform cheerful, opensions, to rehearse some merits of the hearted contentment into a suffering quiet man, and particularly to dwell

desire to escape.

Quiet men may upon the admirable qualities of some rarely be charged with breaches of quiet men. It is hardly necessary to tact, careless and inconsiderate speech, summon up here the kindly and per the little slights that gall the sensitive, haps not more than three-quarters fal the little failures to be diplomatic lacious banality about the constant need where diplomacy were honest as well of good listeners. We must persuade as kind. Quiet men are not the busyourselves of some less negative excuse bodies; quiet men were not, I am confor our existence. I dismiss from con vinced, the comforters of Job. sideration also the splendid quiet hero And the best of them are deserving of romance, the Imperturbable; when of nearly the best that we can say.

Not quite the best; one can hardly be- ing to themselves the trials and perlieve that the great Elizabethans, for in- plexities that they encounter, patiently stance, were quiet men. But out of our overcoming and accomplishing. They own acquaintance let us pick the few may not win so many or so varied exwho, without an impressive show of en- periences and gifts from life as the ergy and activity, perform in the most reckless and ranging adventurer; theirs truly workmanlike way work that they is not often the genius that builds the seem willing to let pass unnoticed. They greatest and most enduring monuments; do not spend a great portion of their yet nearly all that has the charm of fine lives in efforts to attract attention to and perfect workmanship, nearly all that their achievements, to their skill; they is subtly and beautifully conceived and do not despise popular appreciation, but exquisitely wrought, in manufactures, they find the courting of it unimpor- in machinery, in painting and music and tant and unworthy; therefore they move literature, bears testimony to the serene upon the performance of their tasks, vision, the unremitting toil of the quiet unfretful if they are neglected, keep

Arthur Stanwood Pier.

man.

INDIANAPOLIS: A CITY OF HOMES.

The Hoosier is not so deeply wounded how things are on the Way-bosh, by the assumption in Eastern quarters pronunciation which, by the way, is never that he is a wild man of the woods, as heard at home. Still another grievance by the amiable condescension of acquain- that has embittered the lives of Indiantances at the seaboard, who tell him, when apolitans is the annoying mispronunciahe mildly remonstrates, that his abnormal tion of the name of the town by benighted sensitiveness is provincial. This is, in- outsiders. Rural Hoosiers, in fact, offend deed, the hardest lot, to be called a mud the ears of their city cousins with Indisill and then rebuked for talking back! anopolis ; but it is left usually for the There are, however, several special insults Yankee visitor to say Injunapolis, with a to which the citizen of Indianapolis is sub stress on Injun which points rather unjected, and these he resents with all the necessarily to the day of the war-whoop strength of his being. First among them and scalp dance. is the proneness of many to confuse Indianapolis - like Jerusalem, “a city Indianapolis and Minneapolis. To the at unity with itself," where the tribes ascitizen of the Hoosier capital Minneapo- semble, and where the seat of judgment lis seems

remote place, that can be is established is in every sense the capireached only by passing through Chicago. tal of all the Hoosiers. With the excepStill another source of intense annoyance tion of Boston and Providence, it is the is the persistent fallacy that Indianapolis largest state capital in the country; and is situated on the Wabash River. There no other American city without water seems to be something funny about the communication is as large. It is disname of this pleasant stream, which a tinguished primarily by the essentially large percentage of the people of Indian- American character of its people. The apolis have never seen, unless from the car total foreign-born population of Indianwindow. East of Pittsburg the wanderer apolis at the last census was only 17,000 ; from Hoosier land expects to be asked whereas Hartford, which is only half the

size of Indianapolis, returned 23,000, of the first cabin was killed by them. Rochester, with 7000 fewer people, re There were no roads, and White River, turned 40,000; and Worcester, in a on whose eastern shore the town was total of 118,000, reported 37,000 as built, was navigable only by the smallest foreign-born. A considerable body of craft. Mrs. Beecher, in From Dawn to Germans and German-Americans bave Daylight, described the region as it apcontributed much to the making of the peared in the forties : “ It is a level stretch city ; but the town has been passed over of land as far as the eye can reach, lookby the Swedes, Poles, and Bohemians that ing as if one good, thorough rain would are to be reckoned with in many Amer- transform it into an impassable morass. ican cities. There are, however, 5000 How the inhabitants contrive to get about negro voters in the city. Indianapolis in rainy weather, I can't imagine, unless is marked again by the stability of its they use stilts. The city itself has been population. A large percentage of the redeemed from this slough, and presents householders own their homes; and a quite a thriving appearance, being very substantial body of labor is thus assured prettily laid out, with a number of fine to the community.

buildings.” Dr. Eggleston, writing in Indiana was admitted as a state in his novel Roxy of the same period, lays 1816, and the General Assembly, sitting stress on the saffron hue of the commuat Corydon in 1821, designated Indian- nity, the yellow mud seeming to cover apolis, then a settlement of straggling all things animate and inanimate. cabins, as the state capital. The name But the founders possessed faith, courof the new town was not adopted without age, and hardihood. Too great stress can. a struggle, Tecumseh, Suwarro, and Con- not be laid on their work. They sacricord being proposed and supported, while ficed personal ambition for the good of the name finally chosen was opposed for the community. Their patriotism even reasons not wholly academic. It is of was touched with the zeal of their relirecord that the first mention of the name gion. For many years before the civil Indianapolis in the legislature caused war a parade of the Sunday-school chilgreat merriment. The town was laid out dren of the city was the chief feature of in broad streets, which were quickly every Fourth of July celebration. The adorned with shade trees that are an founders appreciated their opportunity, abiding testimony to the foresight of the and labored from the first in the interest founders. Alexander Ralston, one of of morality and enlightenment. The the engineers employed in the first sur young capital was a converging point for a vey, had served in a similar capacity at slender stream of population that bore in Washington, and the diagonal avenues, from New England, and a broader curthe generous breadth of the streets, and rent that swept westward from the Middle the circular plaza at the monument are and Southeastern states. There was no suggestive of the national capital. The sectional feeling in those days. Many urban landscape lacks variety: the town of the prominent settlers from Kentucky is perfectly flat, and in old times the mud were Whigs, but a newcomer's church was intolerable, but the trees are a con affiliation was of far more importance tinuing glory.

than his political belief. Indianapolis Central Indiana was not, in 1820, when was charged in later years with a lack of the first cabin was built, a region of un- public spirit, but with reference only to alloyed delight. The land was rich, but commercial matters. There has never it was covered with heavy woods, and been a time when a hearing could not much of it was under water. Indians be had for any undertaking of philanstill roamed the forests, and the builder thropy or public education.

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