Page images
PDF
EPUB
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

“ For us the winds do blow,
The earth doth rest, heaven move, and fountains flow;

Nothing we see but means our good :

As our delight, or as our treasure.
The whole is either our cupboard of good
Or cabinet of pleasure.”

GEORGE HERBERT.

" Where there is a conscience void of offence, there is the sanctifying Spirit of the Lord.”

HORSLEY's T. W., č. 431.

“God fails not to sow blessings on the long furrows which the ploughers plough on the back of the Church."

JEREMY TAYLOR, Holy Living, iv. 125. “Sire !”—they are Beza's words to the king of Navarre,—"he concluded, in memorable words, It belongs in truth to the Church of God, in the name of which I address you, to suffer blows, not to strike them. But at the same time, let it be your pleasure to remember that the Church is an anvil which hath worn out many a hammer !"

“ Plus à me frapper on s'amuse
Tant plus de marteaux on y use."

SMEDLEY, Reformed Religion in France, i. 226.

“ He that least
Regards this restless world, shall in this world find rest.”

QUARLES' Emblems.

[ocr errors]

“ Pain in the steps of pleasure treads ever here below !"

Das NEBELUNGEN LIED. St. 2458.

Broadwater, Offington, Cissbury, Chankbury,

Findon.

In walking across the fields, from Tarring to Broadwater, the attention is presently called to the change of ground. Tarring itself is a rich deep loam. Broadwater, on the other hand, is overspread with what one might call a waste of flints. So thick are they on the surface, that a stranger would suppose the ground unproductive. This, however, is not the case. The crops are good, especially the wheat crops, and they very rarely fail. It is far from being what Persius calls “ Exossatus ager"," either without the bones of mother earth, or worn out by over cropping.

The distance from Tarring to Broadwater is scarcely more than a long mile; from church to church it may be a little

The proximity of the churches one to another in this part of the county of Sussex speaks well for those gone before, whether Saxons or Normans. In all probability the latter improved and enlarged such edifices as they found it politic or necessary to leave standing. Certainly it was not here, as in the New Forest ; and the invaders rather built up, than pulled down, on what Drayton calls,

“ These sea bordering shores of ours, that point at France ?." It is in his “Second Song that this remarkable chorographical or geographical poet speaks of the sacrilegious destruction of churches in the New Forest ; and the passage is

more.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

worth transcribing. Few are aware how much curious information is contained in the “Poly-Olbion :"

“ Down from Sarum plains
Clear Avon coming in, her sister Stour doth call,
And at New Forest's foot into the sea doth fall,
Which every day bewail that deed so full of dread,
Whereby she (now so proud) became first forested :
She now, who for her site ev'n boundless seem'd to lie,
Her being that received by William's tyranny,
Providing laws to keep those beasts here planted then,
Whose lawless will from hence before had driven men ;
That where the hearth was warm’d with winter's feasting fires,
The melancholy hare is form’d in breaks and briars :
The aged ranpick trunk, where plowmen cast their seed,
And churches overwhelm'd with nettles, fern, and weed,
By conquering William first cut off from every trade,
That here the Norman still might enter to invade ;
That on this vacant place, and unfrequented shore,

New forces still might land, to aid those here before."
We were speaking of Drayton-his“ Nymphidia,” his“

PolyOlbion,” and his fantastic coat of arms, “ Pegasus rampant in a shield azure, guttes d'eau from Helicon, with the cap of Mercury for crest, amid sunbeams proper"—when we reached the churchyard of Broadwater, and we could not but remark how thickly the "holy suburbs" were peopled. A walk around it told a melancholy tale. Dust touched dust from counties the most distant; and many who had been sent to a watering-place for change, and for the benefit of the sea air, had found that there was no abiding, and had undergone that awful change which awaits us all ;-for The living know that they shall dies. The thoughtless Polemon who should visit the many watering-places of this land, and the resting-places of the dead there, might return a wiser and a better man! Happy they who, when they look upon the graves of the children of the people, lay to heart thoughts on death and judgment ! I like that expression of Bishop Hall's : “ Those that die in the faith of Christ, though with the mixture of many corruptions in doctrine or practice, God forbid but their bones should rest in peace. !" On either side of the entrance-wicket to the churchyard we observed a yew-tree, , planted, it would seem, within a year or two. 66 Whether the planting of yew in churchyards,” says Sir Thomas Browne, in his “ Hydriotaphia,” or “Urn Burial,” “ hold not its original from ancient funeral rites, or as an emblem of the resurrection, from its perpetual verdure, may admit conjecture.” There were who thought that the yew was planted there, in order that each yeoman might cut his bow wherewith to defend the sepulchres of his fathers, and to hinder the enemy from trampling on sacred dust. Be it as it may, the yew-trees in some of the churchyards are of time-honoured antiquity. The boy and the grey-headed sire scarce a difference in their age, though haply, in thoughtful mood, they may repeat that ancient stave:

יל

3 Eccles. ix, 5.

" Then said the auld man

To the auld tree,
Sair changed is I

Since I first kenn'd thee!"

see

The church of Broadwater is well worth visiting. It consists of a nave, north and south aisles, central tower, two transepts, and a beautiful chancel. Rickman enumerated it amongst those churches which have an admixture of decorated portions, with the early English, sometimes merely one or two windows, sometimes with a little perpendicular work.” The central tower, the two transepts, and the chancel are early English, of the age, it is said, of John or Henry III. That style, however, prevailed through the next reign of Edward I., as the decorated English did through that of Edward II. and Edward III. The date of the nave and the aisles may belong to the latter period. I am not aware that there is any thing to be found fault with in the following description from Cartwright: “ The arch under the tower next the chancel is of the richest style of early Norman, the moulding of which is continued on the fossit under the curve. The capitals of the pillars which support the arch are surmounted with branches of palm, an ornament introduced by the Crusaders,

4 See Sermon on Gen. xxiii. 19, 20. Works, vol. iii. p. 103. Ed. folio, 1662. The passage from Sir T. Browne is in c. iv. Works, vol. iii. p. 483.

and peculiarly appropriate to a Christian church. Instead of the stone stalls, frequent on the south side of our chancels, is a stone bench, over which is a Norman arch, a very rare, if not an unique instance. The roof is groined. A cheveron moulding goes round the chancel. The original windows, of which there are traces on the outside, were lancet-shaped, but they have been replaced by others of the next period, admitting more light. The chancel is divided from the church by a screen with doors, and contains stalls, as at Tarring, for the priests. The arch under the tower next the nave has been altered to the pointed style, though still retaining its Norman ornaments.”

The transepts are at present shut out from the church,—the south one being converted into a vestry-room, the north one into a school, adjoining which, in the recess, is the baptistry, with a very well-proportioned font, said to be one of Archbishop Laud's, but I know not on what authority. Within the nave may yet be traced the supports of the old rood-loft, and a small door is still discernible in the mortar above the reading desk which communicated, probably, with the rood-loft, by means of the circular staircase in the south-west angle of the tower. A very intelligible plate of a rood-loft is given in the “ Glossary of Architecture," from the church of Charlton on Otmoor, in Oxfordshire. It shows clearly how it projected within side the nave. In many

old churches the oaken screen is a remnant of the roodloft, -as, for example, at Tarring,—but this was hardly the case at Broadwater, where the tower divides the nave from the chancel. The length of the chancel is remarkable, as was that of the old church at Goring. Within the rails is a piscina in very good preservation. Many of the tiles show that they were once encaustic, but time and men's footsteps have worn off the device. On the north side is an ornamental tomb, or monument, to the memory of Thomas Lord la Warre, who died at Offington in 1526. By his testament he“ bequeathed his body to be buried in the tombe of freestone within the chancel of the parish church of Broadwater; appointing that his executors should bury him according to his honour, and give two pence apiece in alms to every poor man or woman who would come and receive it at the same church of Broadwater.” Another monument to his at the east end of the south aisle. He likewise died at Offington

son, is

« PreviousContinue »