Islamic and Caste Knowledge Practices Among Haalpulaaren in Senegal: Between Mosque and Termite Mound
This book examines in historical perspective the hitherto little-studied relationship between Islam and caste among the Haalpulaaren of Senegal. The Islamic uprising of the 1770s, which established a class of Islamic clerics in positions of authority in the Senegal river valley, had long-term consequences for the social relations between clerics and caste groups. The book examines how at different historical junctures attempts were made to negotiate the equalitarian claims of a universalist faith with the expression of social differentiation lying at the heart of caste inequality. While the existing literature focuses on those who established Islam within the region, this present work provides insights into how marginalised artisans, poets and musicians understood themselves and how they responded to a faith which had become the cornerstone of social prestige and status. It analyses the knowledge practices of clerics and of specialised craft groups, arguing that they are crucial for our understanding of social and cultural distinction. This involves a synthesis of historical sources and ethnography, and provides an innovative approach to the study of religious identity and specialist practitioners.
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Al-Hajj Umar Allah Arabic argued associated authority bileejo Brenner bush caste Chapter circumcision claim conceptions of Islam context craft craftsmen and musicians cultural Deniyarjke developed Dilley distinction divination dominant Dyula esoteric example exclusive freeborn Fulbe Fuuta Toro Gaden gandal Haalpulaar Haalpulaar'en hierarchy historical idea ideological incantations Islamic clerics Islamist jinn Kamara knowledge and power knowledge-power Kyburz language Leatherworkers linked lore and knowledge maabube magic marabouts men-of-skill Monteil mosque Murid Muslim Muslim community mystical Nyas occupations oral organisation origins particular patronym person political possess potency praise-singers Pulaar Qadiriyya Qur'anic reference relations relationship religion religious ritual river Robinson role Schmitz Senegal Senegal river Senegalese sense Shaykh slaves Smiths social categories social groups specialists specific spirits status Sufi Sufism suggest Taal's Takrur talismans Tengella term termite mound Tijani Tijaniyya toorobe clerics tradition Umar Taal valley verses village Weavers West Africa witch witch-hunter Wolof Woodcarvers word