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tire Plaut., Lucr., Sall., pass. part. Cic., Liv., Verg., &c.; dispertire, impertire usually); pasci, of animals (sometimes pascěre; frequently pascens; depasci pass. Cic. once); păti; pătrocināri; pěcālāri; percontāri; pěrégrināri; pěrīclitāri (pass. part. Cic. once); philosophāri (philosophatum pass. impers. Plaut. once); pigněrāri, take in pledge; pigrāri (pigraris 2 fut. perf.? Lucr.); piscāri; -plecti (amplectěre, complectère rare; pass. part. rare); pollicēri (pass. part. Ov.); pollicitārī; populāri (populare Verg., pass. Liv., pass. part. often); potīri (potīre, to put in possession, Plaut. once); prædāri; præmiāri (rare); præsägiri (once Plaut.; præsagire is usual); præstölāri; prævāriсāri; prěcāri; prðcāri (rare); præliāri; proficisci; proæmiāri; pūnīri (Cic.; usually punire); quadrůplāri; quěri; rādīcāri; rătiocināri; récordāri; réfrāgāri; rěliquāri; rēri; rīmāri; ringi; rixări; ructāri (Varr., Hor.; usually ructare); rusticāri; săcrificāri (Varr.; sacrificare usually); sciscitāri; scītāri; scortāri; scrūtāri (part. pass. Sen.; perscrutare Plaut.); scurrāri; sectāri (rarely pass.; Insectare Plaut.); sěqui (pass. Com. once; obsěcūtum pass. impers. Plaut.); sermocināri; solāri; sortiri (sortire Enn., Plaut., pass. part. Cic., Prop.); spătjäri; spěcălāri; stăbülāri (stabulare Verg., Stat.); stipulāri; stomachāri; svāviāri (or saviari); subsidiari; suffrāgāri (suffragare old); suppětiari; suspicāri (pass. once Plaut.); testificāri (part. pass. Cic., Ov.); testāri (testatus, and compounds often passive, Cic., Ov., Quint.); trīcāri (once extrīcari Plaut.; usually extricare, intricare); tristāri; trūtināri; tuburcināri; tuēri (pass. Varr.; tutus pass. almost always; tuổre rare and old); tatāri (pass.; Plaut., Cic. rarely); túmultuāri (pass. impers. Ter., Cæs., Liv.; tumultuare Plaut.); ulcisci (pass. Sall

. once; pass. part. Liv.); ūrināri; üti (the active utěre in Cat. &c.); vădāri (part. pass. Plaut. once); vågāri (vagare old); vāticinārı; vēlificări (velificare Prop., Plin. once; part. pass. Juv.); vēlitāri (Plaut.); věněrāri (venerare Plaut.; part. pass. Verg., Hor.); vēnāri; věrēcundari; věrēri; vergi (Lucr., Lucan); vermicůlāri; vermināri (also verminare); versāri; vesci; vilicāri (old villicare Cic. once); vītůlāri.

The following are used as past participles in the same sense as 735 the active inflexions.

adultus; cēnātus; coălitus (Tac.); concrētus; conspirātus (Cæs., Suet.); conflagrātus (Corn.); deflagratus (Cic.); eventum (subst.); iuxus; invělěrātus; jūrātus (conjuratus); nupta; occāsus (post, ante, ad, occasum solem Plaut.); Õsus (Sen., exõsus, perosus often generally); plăcitus; potus (also pass.); præteritus (of time and the like); pransus (Cic., Liv., Hor.); qviētus (reqvietus Liv., Sen., &c.); svētus (and comp.); tăcitus.

CHAPTER XXX.

LIST OF VERBS, WITH THEIR PERFECTS, SUPINES,

&c.

I.

2.

The following list contains all verbs of the Latin language, with 736 certain exceptions, which are

All verbs with a- or 1- stems, which have their pres. infinitive in -āre, -ire (-āri, -iri), perf. in -āvi, -ivi (-ātus, -ītus, sum), and supine in -ātum, -ītum. (Lists of both, tolerably complete as regards I- stems, will be found in Book III.)

All verbs with e- stems, which have perfect in -ui, but no supine. (They are generally intransitive, and are named in Ch. ***)

XXtt 3. Most inchoatives, which either have no perfect or supine, or one of the same form as the simple verb. (They are all named either in Ch. xx. or Book III.)

4. Verbs compounded with prepositions. But such are named as differ from the form of the simple verb in perfect or supine, or which agree with it in having a reduplication in the perfect.

5. A few verbs, with e- or 1- stems, which have no perfect or supine, are given in an appended list at the end of the chapter.

The supine is not much used, but is here mentioned wherever it or a perfect participle is known, as this is similarly formed.

N.B. Where the English translation as given here, whether 737 with or without a preposition, allows of the immediate addition of an object, the verb is transitive (though it may perhaps also be intransitive), e.g. arcesso, send for; lædo, burt, are transitive. Where it requires the addition of an English preposition, the verb is intransitive, e. g. nóceo, be hurtful.

Perfect.

738

&c.

aio, say

Present.

Supine.

Pres. Stem.

Infinitive. accerso. See arcesso. acuo, sharpen ăcui

ăcutum ăcuěre acuågo, do, drive ēgt

actum ågère ågădigo, ădēgi, adactum, adigěre. So the other compounds, Except: cogo (cóēgi, coactum, cogère), dēgo, which has no perf.

or supine, pròdigo which has perf. only, and circumăgo, perăgo, which retain a in pres., sătăgo is really two words: perf. egi satis.

ajThe following forms only are preserved, pres. ajo, ass, aït, ajunt.

Imp. ajêbam, &c. complete. In Plaut, and Ter. albam. Pres.

subj. ajas, ajat. The part. aiens is used only as adj. algeo, be cold alsi

algēre alg-ěThe participle in compar. neut. alsius occurs in Cicero?. dlo, nourish

ălui

altum ălère alälitum is found in post-Augustan writers. ămicio, clothe

ămictum amicire ămic-iamicui and amixi are both said to have been used for perf. Fronto

has inf. amicisse. ango, throttle, vex

angěre angåpiscor, fasten to one

aptum åpisci åp-1self, get More usual in compound adipiscor, adeptus sum, adipisch See

also copio. arceo, inclose, keep off arcui

farctus adj.

arcēre arc-ě

Tartus arctus, artus, only used as adj. confined, narrow: exerceo, exercise, exercui, exercitum, exercēre.

So also coerceo. arcesso, fetch, send arcessīvi arcessītum arcessère Sarcessfor

larcess-IAnother form is accerso. In pass. inf. arcessiri sometimes

occurs. ardeo, be on fire arsi

ardēre ard-o-
Fut. part. arsūrus.
arguo, charge (with argui argūtum arguère argų-

crime &c.)
? A positive alsis (not alsus) would suit also alsia (Lucr. V. 1015).

ausum

La cāsum

cæsum

argūtus, rare, except as adj. sharp. fut. part. arguiturus (once in Sall.).

Pres.
Present.

Perfect.

Supine. Infinitive. Stem. audeo, dare

audēre aud-ěausus sum is used for perf., I have dared. ausus also (rarely),

passive part. (Verg. Tac.). åve, imperat. hail (in Quintilian's time have) also avēto, plur. ăvēte:

inf. åvēre. åveo, long no perf. or sup.

å vēre äv-eaugeo, increase(trans.) ausd auctum augēre aug-ě

endow bātuo, beat, fence bātui

bătuěre bātū(with a weapon) blbo, drink bibi

blběre bibcădo, fall cěcidi

(căděre cădoccido, occidi, occāsum, occidère. The other compounds,

except rēcido and (rarely) incido, have no supine. cædo, fell, cut, slay cěcidi

cæděre cædoccido, occīdi, occīsum, occidère. So all the compounds. căleo, be hot

călui (călitūrus) călêre călcalvor, play tricks (also as passive)

calvi calyOnly in early writers for later calumnior. -cando, light, only in compounds.

cand. e. g. accendo, accendi, accensum, accenděre. căno, sing, play cěcini (cantus cănere căn(on a harp &c.).

subst.) concino, concinți, concentum, conciněre. So occino (also once

occecini), incino and præcino. No perf. found of other compounds.

cắpengcăpesso, undertake căpessīvi că pessītum căpessére

capess-1căpio, take

cēpi

captum căpěre cap-iconcipio, concēpi, conceptum, concipěre. So the other com

pounds, except antecapio, antecepi, anteceptum, antecăpěre. căreo, be in want cărui (căritürus) cărēre căr-o cāro, card (wool), very rare.

cārère cārcarpo, crop, pluck carpsi carptum carpěre carpdecerpo, decerpsi, decerptum, decerpěre. So the other compounds.

cessum

Pres.
Present.

Perfect.

Supine. Infinitive. Stem. căveo, be ware, becāvi

cautum căvēre căv-ěware of cavitum is written twice in a seventh century (U.C.) inscription.

2 cēdo, give way, yield cessi

cēděre cēdup cedo, give, said to be old imperative and per. sing. The plural

cette (for cědite) only in early scenic poets.
-cello, strike? only in compounds: celsus adj. high cell-

percello (strike down), percůli, perculsus, percellěre.
excello (distinguish myself) has (in Gellius) a perf. excellui. (f

antecello and præcello no perf. or sup. are found. excelsus,

præcelsus, lofty, are used as adj. censeo, count, recom- censui censum censēre cens-ě

mend cerno, sift, distin- crēvi

(crētum cerněre

scěrguis.5, decide, see

certus, adj. sure crēThe meaning see is confined to pres., imp., and fut. tenses. decerno, decrēvi, decrētum, decernere. So the other compounds.

citum

Sciēre cīvi

sci-ě

7-cire (ciThe -1 stem is rare in the simple verb: the -e stem rare in the

compounds. accio makes (once) accītus; excio, excitus and

excītus; concio, concitus, and (once) concītus; percio, percitus. cingo, gird

cinsi

cinctum cingěre cingclango (rare) clang

clangěre clangclaudo, shut

clausi clausum clauděre claudconclüdo, conclūsi, conclūsum, concludere. So the other com

pounds. clěpo (old), steal clepsi cleptum clěpěre clěpclueo, be spoken of

-clútum cluēre clu-eIn Seneca (unce) cluo. -clutus only in compound inclutus. colo, till, pay atten- cõlui cultum colère coltion to So the compounds excolo, excolui, excultum, excolère, but

accolo, incólo have no supine. occŭlo, hide, occůlui, occultum, occůlere, is probably from a dif

ferent stem. copio, begin

copi

coeptum copěre cop

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-cio stir up

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