Page images
PDF
EPUB

879

880

[ocr errors]

-āt-ili (1) from verbs:

plic-āt-ilis (Plin.), that may be folded (plicā-re); vers-atllis, revolving, versatile (versā-re); võl-at-ulis, winged

(võlā-re). (2) from nouns:

ănqv-ātilis, living in water (aqva-); ferr-ātills (Plaut.), of slaves often fettered, living in iron (ferro-); Aůvi-ātilis, belonging

a river (Aůvio-); piscatum hamatilem et saxatilem (Plaut. Rud. 299), fishing with hooks and on rocks (hāmo-, saxo); umbr-atilis, in the shade (umbra-). -āli 1. Adjectives:

ådīti-alis, on entering office (aditu-); æqv-ālis, level (æqvo-); ambarv-ālis (Fest.), that goes round the fields (amb, arva); ănimalis, having life ánima-), ann-alis, for a year, relating to a year (anno-); arv-alis, only of the college called Fratres arvales (arvo-); augúr-alis, of augurs (augůr-); austr-ālis, southern (austro-); bipėd-alis, two feet long (bis, pėd-); brūm-alis, of mid-winter (brūma-); căpit-alis, of the head, deadly (căpăt-); centumvir-alis; of the court of the Hundred men (centum, viro-); comiti-alis, of the assembly (comitio-); conjectūr-alis, conjectural (conjectūra-); conjúg-alis (Col., Tac.), of marriage (conjŭg-); conviv-alis, of a dinner party (conviva-); corpor-alis (Sen., Dig.), of the body (corpos-); crin-alis (Verg., Ov.), of the hair (crīni-); Dialis of the day-god, i.e. Jupiter (die-); dot-alis, belonging to a dowry (doti-); ēsúri-alis (Plaut.), of hunger (ēsúrle-); extempor-alis (Quint., &c.), extemporaneous (ex, tempöre); fāt-alis, of the fates, destined, fatal (fāto-); fēr-alis, of the dead; Flor-alis, of the Flower Goddess (Aõra-); flůvi-alls (Verg., Col.), of a river (aŭvio-); frugali- (only in comp. and sup.), thrifty (frūg-); fulgür-alis (Cic. once), of lightning (fulgúr-); furi-alis, of the furies, raging (fürla-); gěněr-alis, of a class, general (gěnů8-); gěni-alis, of the Genius, joyful, nuptial (gènio-); gěnit-alis, of birth or generation (gěnito-); grėg-alis, of the herd, common (grėg-); hiěm-alis, of winter (hiem-); histrion-alis (Tac.), of an actor, stagy (histrion-); hospit-alis, of a guest or host (hospět-); illīběr-alis, unworthy of a freeman (in, līběro-); infiti-alis, consisting of a denial (infitia-); lēg-alis (Quint.), of the law (lēg-); jūdi i-alis, of the courts of justice (jūdicio-); Júg-alis, of a yoke (júgo-); Jūridict-alis, relating to a question of rightful conduct (jus- dic-ěre; cf. Corn. I. 14); līběr-alis, of a freeman (līběro-), lībr-alis (Plin., Col.), of a pound (lībra-); lustr-alis, of purification (lustro-); månŭ-alis, for the hand (mănu-); mărītalis, of married persons (mărīto-); Marti-alls, of Mars (marti-); mātrõn-alis, matronly (matrona-); mör-alis (first formed by Cic.), of conduct (mõ8-); mort-alis, subject to death, human (morti-); mür

[ocr errors]

alis, of walls (mūro-); nāt-alis, of birth (nāto-); nātūr-alis, natural (nātūra-); nāv-alis, of ships (nāvi.); němor-alis, of groves (němos-); niv-alis, of snow (nivi-); nupti-alis, of a wedding (nuptia-); pāc-alis (Ov.), of peace (pāci-); părent-alis, of parents (părenti-); (Lucr.) pěnětr-alis, penetrating (pěnětrā-re) innermost (from an assumed pěnětrum?); plūr-alis (Quint.), plural. (plūsi-); plůvi-alis, rainy (plŭvia-); princip-alis, of the chief, chief (princěp-); provinci-alis, of a province (provincia-); påte-alis, of a well (púteo-); qvālis, of what kind (quo-); qvinqvenn-alis, happening every five years (quinqve, anno-); rătion-alis, having or belonging to reason (rătion-); rēg-alis, kingly (rēg-); sesqvịpěd-alis, a foot and a half in measure (sesquipėd-); soci-alis, of companions or allies (sócio-); spěci-alis (Sen., Quint.), special (spěcie-); tālis, such (to-, comp. tam, tum); tempor-alis, of time; also post-Aug. temporary (tempos-); theātr-alis, theatrical (theatro-); triumph-alis, triumphal (triumpho-); vectīg-alis, of taxes, tax-paying; vēn-alis, for sale (vēno-); virgin-alis, maidenly (virgon); vit-ulis, of life, long-lived (vīta-); võc-alis, voiceful (võc-) and others.

2. Substantives: many of these stems are also used as adjectives, some of which are given above:

(a) Masculine: ann-alis, a history (anno-); căn-alis, a conduit (comp. canna, a reed?); comiti-alis, an epileptic (comitio-); contůbern-alis, a comrade' (com, tăberna-); Cūri-alis, a man of the district (cūria-); fēti-alis, a priest ambassador; mājālis, a barrowhog; nāt-alis, a birthday; nāt-āles (pl.), lineage (nāto-); riv-alls, a rival, i.e. a person living on the same stream as another (rivo); sðdalis, a mate.

Proper names:

(6) Neuter (cf. § 424): ănimal, a breathing thing (anima-); augúr-ale, the augurial tent (augúr); Baccan-al, a place for rites of Bacchus (as if from Baccāno-, Baccho-); bident-al, a place consecrated, because struck by lightning (called from sheep sacrificed, bidenti-?); căpit-al, a capital crime (căpăt-); cervic-al, a bolster (cervix-); cúbit-al, an elbow-cushion (cubito-); dent-alia (pl.), plough-irons (denti-); fõc-ale, a neckcloth (fauci-); front-alia (pl.), frontlets (fronti-); gěnu-ālia (pl. Ov. once), garters (gěnu-); Lůperc-al, à place sacred to Pan (Luperco-); minūt-a), mincemeat (minūto-); pěnětr-ale, a sanctuary (see above, $ 880, 1); púte-al, à stone curb round a well (püteo-); qvadrant-al, a firkin (really så gall.; a measure containing a fourth, quadranti-, of some other measure); rām-alia (pl.), twigs (rāmo-); scût-ale (Liv. once), a leathern' thong (scũto-); spons-alia (pl.), a betrothal (sponso-); tor-al, a couch-valance (töro-); tribūn-al, a judgment-seat (tribüno-); vectīgal, a tax (cf. & 963).

[ocr errors]

So also many names of feasts; in the plural neuter (cf. $ 425). (The time of the year, when fixed, is here added as well as the name of the god or goddess, which however appears sometimes to be an invention of the Roman etymologers. See Mommsen, Corp. Inscr. Rom. i. pp. 375—410.)

Agonalia, Jan. 9, Mar. 17, Dec. II (of sacrifice ? ágěre; comp. àywv?) Angeronalia, Dec. 21 (Angerona); Baccanalia (Bákyos); Carmentalia, Jan. 11 and 15 (Carmentis); Cerialia, Apr. 19 (Cěres); Compitalia, feast of the Cross Roads (compito-); Consualia, Aug. 21, and Dec. 15 (Consus, stem conso-); Pēralta (but Pěralia, Ov.) .All Saints' Day, Feb. 21. (fer-re, to bring offering's); Floralia, Apr. 21 (Flora); Fontinalia (Fontanalia), Feast of Water Springs (fonti-); Fornacalia, Oven day (Fornax); Furrinalia, Jul. 25 (Furrina); Larentalia (Larentinalia), Dec. 23 (Acca Larentia); Liberalia, Mar. 17 (Līber); Lupercalia, Feb. 15 (Lüpercus); Matralia, Jan. II (Mater Matuta, Mother dawn?); Meditrinalia, Oct. 11 (Varr. L. L. 6. 21); Neptūnalia, Jul. 23 (Neptūnus); Opalia, Dec. 29 (Ops); Paganalia, Village festivals (pāgānor); Parentalia, Feb. 13—21, sacred to the dead (parentāre, to sacrifice); Portunalīa, Aug. 17 (Portunus); Quirinalia, Feb. 17 (Quirinus); Robigalia, Apr. 25, Mildew day (Rõbugo); Saturnalia, Dec. 17-19 (Saturnus); Terminalia, Feb. 23, Boundary day (Terminus); Vestalla, Jun. 9 (Vesta); Vinalia, Apr. 23, Aug. 19, Wine day; Volcanalia, Aug. 23 Volcānus); Volturnalia, Aug. 27 (Volturnus). -ūli

cůru-lis, of a chariot, hence sella curulis, an official chair 881 (curru-); ēd-ulis (usually in n. pl.), eatable (ed-ěre); pēd-ulis (Ulp.), for the feet (pėd-); tribu-lis (subst. m.),

a tribes-man (tribu-). -ēli crūd-ells, cruel (crūdo-, raw); fide-lis, faithful (fide-);

infidelis, unfaithful; patru-elis, of (i. e. descended from)

a father's brother (patruo-). ili 1. Adjectives: ăn-llis, of an old woman (ănu-); civilis, 882

of a citizen (cīvi-); ēr-ilis, of a master (éro- or hěro-); exīlis (contr. for exigilis), small; făbr-ilis, of a workman (făbro-); gent-ilis (adj., only post-Aug.), of a clan (genti-); host-ilis, of an enemy (hosti-); jůvěn-ilis (also jŭvěnālis, Verg., Suet.), youthful (súvěn-); puěr-ilis, of a boy (puěro-); scurr-ilis, buffoon-like (scurta-); sěn-ilis, of old people (sěn-); serv-Ilis, slavish (servo-); subtīlis (tor subtexilis), suitable for woof (cf. § 113), fine; vir-ilis, of a man (viro-).

2. Substantives: (a) masculine: Æd-llis, commissioner of Public Buildings (ædi-); Aprilis, the opening month (from the bursting of vegetation, åpěrīre); Qvint-ilis, the fifth month, i.e. July (quinto-); Sextilis, the sixth month, i.e. August (sexto-).

[ocr errors]

(6) Neuter: ancile, an oval shield (for ancīdile; am, cæděre); bov-ile or būbile, an ox-stall (bov-, 8 76); căpr-ile, a goat-stall (căpro-); cũb-ile, a bed (cůbāre); <qv-ile, a horse-stable (ěqvo-); fēn-ilia (pl.), haylofts (fēno-); hast-ile, a spear shaft, spear (hasta-); incīle, a cut, i.e. a ditch (for incīdile, incid-ěre); mant-ilia (pl., also mantēlia), napkins (mănu-?); mõn-ile, a necklace; öv-ile, a sheepfold (ovi-); Păr-ilia (pl.), feast of Pales (Pali- cf. $ 176, 7); sěd-ile, a seat (sėd-ēre, sēdi-); suovetaur-iiia (pl.), a swine-sheepand-bull sacrifice (su-, ovi-, tauro-).

[ocr errors]

Compound stem-endings: -lico, § 771; -ůlento, § 793; -ultu, § 800;;-lenti §, 807; -los), -īcủloso, § 814; -ilēno, -līno, SS 837, 841; -Llāgon, § 845; -ul!úlo, -ellŭlo, -illŭlo, -allo, -aullo, -ollo, -ullo, -ello, -110, SS 865–869; -lio, -ālio, -ēlio, -illio, $ 937—939, 949.

CHAPTER VIII.

LINGUAL NOUN STEMS (Continued).

iii. Stems ending in -ro.

-ro

Preceded by r. (Stems with other letters, whether radi- 833

cal or suffixal, preceding r will be found below.) (a) Masculine: barrus, an elephant; carrus, a waggon; cirrus, a curl; scurra, a buffoon.

(6) Feminine: ăcerra, an incense box; cerrus, the Turkey oak; gerræ (pl.), trifles (comp. yéppov, a wickerwork); marra, a weeding hook; parra, a barn owl?; săburra, sand as ballast (comp.sabulum?); serra, a saw; terra, the earth (torrēre); văcerra, a log; viverra, a ferret.

(c) Neuter: ferrum, iron; porrum, a leek (comp. rpácov). -å.ro hăra, a pigsty; hîlărus (cf. § 429), cheerful; samara, 884

elm seed; spărus, a hunting spear; suppărum, a linen under-garment, a topsail; and (perhaps with ă) varus, a pimple.

885

[ocr errors]

2.

: -to, éro, -bro. 337 -oro ancora, an anchor (comp. öyküpa); fòrus, a bole, a gang

way; forum, a market-place; iðra, thin wine; mora (also

rěmora, Plaut.), delay; torus, a couch, muscle of arm, &c. -ůry cămůrus (adj.), curved-in; sătůr (adj.), sated; sătúra, a

medley, hence, a satire; purpúra, purple (for Troppúpa). -ěro

1. Adjectives:
æger, sick; asper, rough; crèpěro- ($ 346), dark (comp.

Kvépas); fèrus, savage (cf. $ 99); infěr (so Cato, but usually in pl.), below (comp. infra); intèger, untouched, whole (in, tang-ěre); měrus, pure, unmixed; miser, wretched; niger, black; nūpěrum (acc. m., Plaut.), recent (cf. $ 540); piger, lazy (comp. piget); prð-pěrus, hasty; prospěrus, favourable (pro, spes-?); súper (so Cato, but usually in pl.), above (sup-er); těner, tender, soft (holdable? těn-ēre); văfer, sly.

Substantives: (a) Masculine: ăger, a field (comp. dypós); căper, a goat (comp. kápos, wild boar); ěrus, a master; gěner, a son-in-law (comp. yau-B-pós); númerus, a number (comp. véu-elv, to distribute); puer, a boy; úmerus (humerus), a shoulder (comp. -os).

(6) Feminine: jūniperus, a juniper tree.

că.mera, a vault (from kapápa?); capra, a she-goat; cảmera, a chest; édera (hěděra), ivy; era, a mistress; òpera, work, attention, a workman (òpi-); phăleræ, horse-trappings (from párapa); puera (rare and early), a girl; sěra, a bolt; tessera, a die, or square tablet (comp. réocapes, four); vespera, evening (comp. éotépa); vipera, a viper (for vivi-păra?).

(c) Neuter: flagrum, a whip; Jūgerum (cf. § 458), two-thirds of an acre; scalprum, a chisel (scalp-ěre); sěrum, whey (comp. ópós and § 190). -b-ěro-b-ro- $

1. Adjectives:
crēber, close (comp. cre-sc-ěre, .cělěbri-); gibber, humped
(gibbo-); glăber, smooth, hairless (comp. yaúdelv, to
peel); liber, free (comp. lib-et); růber, red; scăber,

rough, scurvy (comp. scăb-ies).

Substantives: (a) Masculine: cõlůber (also colubra, f.), a snake; făber, a smith; fiber, a beaver; Līber, a name of Bacchus; liber, the inner bark, a book (for fli-ber; comp. procós, bark? or comp. glåber, yhádelv); Mulciber, Vulcan.

a

886

2.

« PreviousContinue »