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Substantives: fe-bris (f.), a fever (for ferv-bris, ferv-ere); imber, a rain-shower (comp. oußp-os).


-c-ĕri) -c-ri


-t-ĕri) -t-ri

süber (n.), cork-tree; tūber (m.), a fruit tree; (n.) a hump (tümere, see § 455); über (adj.), fruitful (n.), a teat (comp. oveap); verbera (n. pl.), strokes.

Adjectives: acer, sharp (comp. acu-, ăcie-); ălăcer, alert; mědio-cris, middling, ordinary (medio-); võlucer, swift (völäre).

qvinqvātrus (f. pl., also qvinqvatria, n. pl., Suet.), a feast of Minerva celebrated on the 19th March, i.e. five days after the Ides (qvinqve); tõnitrus (m.), thunder (tōnĭtofrom tōnāre).


1. Adjectives: éques-ter, of horsemen (équët-); pălus- 903
ter, of the marshes (pălūd-); pědes-ter, of foot-men
(pědět-); sē-mes-tris, for six months (sex, mens-); sẻ-
quester (cf. § 430, and under -tro).

2. Substantives: linter or lunter (f.), a boat; venter (m.), the belly (comp. yaoτýp); uter (m.), a skin-bag (comp. utěrus?). Denter, a cognomen of the Livian clan (Liv. x. 1), probably belongs here.


i.e. ensi+teri? For the suffix -ensi see § 815, and for 904 -es-t-ri the weakening of ns to s § 168.

Adjectives (cf. § 430): campester, of the fields (campo-); silvestris, of the woods (silva-); terrestris, of the earth (terra-).

illustris, in bright light, sublustris, in faint light, are also probably for illucenstris, sublicenstris.





Substantives: accipiter, a hawk; frāter, a brother (comp. 905 Ppárnp, a clansman); māter, a mother (comp. μýτηp); păter, a father (comp. πáτηp).

i.e. -ĕr appended to suffix -ěn: It-Iner (n.), a journey (1–, ire); joc-iner (n.), a liver (comp. jěcor). See §§ 454, 455.

Appended to those stems only which contain 1 (other- 9c6 wise ali is appended, § 880).


Adjectives: al-āris (more frequently alarius), of the wing of an army (ala-); ancill-aris, of a maid-servant (ancilla-); angül-aris, having corners (angulo-); Apollin-aris, sacred to Apollo

(Apollon-); ǎquilōn-aris, northerly (aquflōn-); artĭcŭl-aris (Plin., Suet., also articularius, Cato), of the joints (articùlo); auxili-aris (also earlier auxiliarius), helping (auxilio-); balne-aris (Dig., earlier balnearius), of the baths (balneo-); călig-aris (Plin., also caligarius), of a soldier's boot (căliga-); căpül-aris, of a coffin (căpulo-); collici-aris (Cato), for gutters (colliqvia-); columell-aris (Varr., Plin.), of or like pillars (columella-); consul-aris, of a consul (consül-); cúbicül-aris (Cic., also later cubicularius, but cf. § 942. 2), of a bedchamber (cubiculo-); culle-aris (Cato), sacklike (culleo-); ěpůl-aris, of a banquet (ěpůla-); fabŭl-aris (Suet. once), fabulous (fabula-); fămili-aris, of a family, intimate (fămilia-); fămŭl-aris, of a servant (fămŭlo-); figül-aris, of a potter (figülo-); intercǎlaris (also intercalarius), intercalary (intercala-re); jocul-aris, laughable (joculo-); line-aris, of lines (līnea-); lun-aris, of the moon (lūna-); mănĭpůl-aris, of a company (mănĭpůlo-); maxill-aris (Cels., Plin.), of the jaws (maxilla-); milit-aris (also militarius Plaut. once), of soldiers (mīlēt-); mõl-aris, of a mill (mõla-); oll-āris (Mart., also ollarius Plin.), potted (olla-); palm-aris (also palmarius), of a palm's breadth, deserving the palm (palma-); pěcūli-aris, of one's own (pěcülio-); piācùl-aris, expiatory (piaculo-); pil-aris (Stat.), of balls (pila-); plant-aris (Stat.), of the foot (planta-); pollic-aris (Plin.), of a thumb (pollěc-); popůl-aris, of the people (populo-); prœli-aris, of a battle (prœlio-); puell-aris, of a girl (puella-); pupill-aris, of a ward (pupillo-); sălût-aris, healthful (sǎlüt-); sēcŭl-aris, of an age (sēculo-); singül-aris, sole, unique (singulo-); sōl-aris (Ov., Sen., &c.), of the sun (sōl-); spěcŭl-aris, of a mirror (spěcŭlo-); tal-aris, of the ankles (talo-); triclini-aris, of a dining-room (triclinio-); vall-aris, of a rampart (vallo-); vapül-aris (coined by Plaut. in imitation of militaris), of the floggees (vāpŭlā-re); vēlit-aris, of the light-armed (vēlět-); vulg-aris, of the mass, common (vulgo-).

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(a) Masculine: mol-aris, millstone, grinder (mõla-); pugill-ares (pl.), writing hand tablets (pågillo-).

(b) Neuter: alt-aria (pl.), a high altar (alto-?); alve-are (or alvearium), a beehive (alveo-, hollow); calc-ar, a spur (calci-); căpill-are (Mart.), pomatum (căpillo-); cochle-are, a spoon (cochlea-, snail shell); coll-are (Plaut., Varr.), a collar (collo-); exempl-ar, a pattern (exemplo-); lacun-ar, a panelled ceiling (lăcuna-); lăqve-ar, a ceiling (dome-like? as if drawn in; lăqveo-, a noose); lúc-ar, a tux on woods (luco-); lúpan-ar, a brothel (lupa-, with suffix -ano); păle-ar, a dewlap (pălea-, cock's wattles); plant-aria (pl.) slips of trees (planta-); pulvin-ar, a cushioned seat (pulvino-); spěcŭl-aria, window-panes (spěcŭlo-); tāl-aria (pl.), shoes fastened to ankles (talo-); torcul-ar, an oil-press (torqvēre).


1. Adjective: primōr- (no nom. s.), in the first rank

2. Substantives:

(a) Denoting quality; masculine ǎc-or, sourness (ǎcēre); ægror (Lucr.), sickness (ægro-); alg-or, cold (algere); ǎm-or, love (ămā-re); ang-or, choking, anguish (ang-ĕre); ard-or, glow (ardēre); căl-or, beat (călere); cald-or (Varr.), warmth (caldo-); cand-or, a brilliant white (candere); căn-or, tunefulness (căn-ère); clam-or, a shout (clāmā-re); clang-or, a clang (clang-ère); crem-or, broth; cru-or, gore; dec-or, grace (děcēre); dol-or, pain (dölēre); err-or, a straying, error (errã-re); fàv-or, favour (făvēre); ferv-or, boiling beat (ferv-ere); fet-or, a stench (fœtere); fråg-or, a crash (frangère); frěm-or, a roaring (frěm-ère); fulg-or, a glare (fulg-ere); für-or, rage (für-ĕre); horr-or, a shudder (horrere); langv-or, faintness (langvere); lent-or (Plin.), pliancy (lento-); lēv-or (Lucr., Plin.), smoothness (levi-); liqv-or, a fluid (liqvi); liv-or, leaden colour, envy (livere); luror (Lucr.), sallowness (comp. luridus); mær-or, grief (mærēre); marc-or (Cels., Sen. &c.), a drooping (marcēre); müc-or (post-Aug.), mould (mūcēre); nīd-or, a smell; nigr-or, blackness (nigro-); pæd-or, filth; pall-or, paleness (pallēre); păv-or, dread; plang-or, a beating the breast (plang-ĕre); půd-or, shame (půděre); put-or, rottenness (pūtēre); rig-or, stiffness (rigēre); rubor, redness (rūbēre); rüm-or, common talk; săp-or, flavour (săpĕ-re); son-or, a din (sõnāre); sop-or, drowsiness (comp. sōpi-re); splend-or, brightness (splendere); sqval-or, dirtiness (squalere); strid-or, a whistling or shrieking (strīdere); string-or (Lucr.), a shock (string-ĕre); stúp-or, amazement (stūpēre); sūd-or, sweat (suda-re); ten-or, course (těnēre); těp-or, warmth (těpēre); terr-or, fright (terrere); tim-or, fear (timēre); torp-or, numbness (torpēre); trem-or, a quaking (trěm-ěre); tum-or, a swelling (tümēre); väg-or (Lucr.), a squalling (vāgī-re); văp-or, steam (comp. văpidus, and § 121); vig-or, vigour (vigēre); amor, moisture (uūmēre).

(b) ǎdor (n.), corn; ŏlor (m.), a swan; söror (f.), a sister; uxor (f.), a wife (comp. júg-, jungère).


-8-ōr (

i.e. -ōr appended to the supine stem. All masculine.

(a) From supine stems of vowel verbs with long vowel preceding suffix: the verbs themselves are omitted as self-evident. A few are formed from substantives:

accus-at-or, an accuser; ædific-at-or, a builder, one fond of building; æstim-at-or, an appraiser; ǎgit-at-or, a driver; ale-at-or, a dicer (alea-); ăm-at-or, a lover; år-at-or, a husbandman; assect

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at-or, one of a man's suite; aud-it-or, a bearer, pupil; balne-at-or, a bathman (balnea-); bell-at-or, a warrior; caduce-at-or, an officer with a flag of truce (caduceo-); căl-at-or, a crier, servant; călumni-at-or, a legal trickster; capt-at-or, esp. a legacy hunter; cess-at-or, a loiterer; circul-at-or, a buckster, mountebank; cōmiss-at-or, a reveller; compĕt-it-or, a rival (compět-ĕre, cf. § 657); conqvis-it-or, a recruiting officer (conqvær-ère, cf. § 657); conviv-at-or, a host; cre-at-or, a creator; cunct-at-or, a loiterer; cup-it-or (Tac.), a desirer (cupě-re, cf. § 656); cūr-at-or, a keeper; declam-at-or, a rhetorician; de-lat-or, an informer (tlā-, tollère, cf. § 687); dict-at-or, a supreme commander; discept-at-or, a judge; dispens-at-or, a steward; dissign-at-or, a master of ceremonies, an undertaker; dōnat-or (Dig.), a donor; educ-at-or, a foster-father, bringer up; existim-at-or, a connoisseur; explōr-at-or, a spy; famigĕr-at-or, a talebearer (fama-, gĕr-ĕre); fēnĕr-at-or, a usurer; fin-it-or, a surveyor; glădi-at-or, a swordsman (glădio-); grass-at-or, a footpad; gŭbern-at-or, a pilot; hort-at-or, an inciter; Imĭt-at-or, an imitator; impĕr-at-or, a commander-in-chief; larg-īt-or, a giver, esp. of bribes; lā-tor, proposer of a law (cf. § 687); laud-at-or, a panegyrist; lībĕrat-or, a deliverer; lign-at-or, a woodcutter; loc-at-or, a lessor; mand-at-or, a giver of a charge; merc-at-or, a trader; mēt-at-or, a fixer of boundaries; modĕr-at-or, a manager; mõli-tor, a contriver; mun-it-or, an engineer; narr-at-or, a narrator; năt-at-or, a swimmer; něgōti-at-or, a dealer; nõmencl-at-or, one who addresses by name (nōměn-, călăre); obtrect-at-or, a disparager; ōr-at-or, a speaker, a spokesman; pābŭl-at-or, a forager; pět-it-or, a candidate, a plaintiff (pět-ĕre, cf. § 657); pisc-at-or, a fisherman; prædat-or, a pillager; prædi-at-or, a purchaser of mortgaged estates (prædium); prævaric-at-or, a collusive pleader; pugn-at-or, a fighter; quadrupl-at-or, a trickster; quæs-it-or, an inquisitor (quær-ère, cf. §657); recupĕr-at-ores (pl.), judges in questions of property between citizens and foreigners; rog-at-or, a proposer of a law, a pollingclerk; Sălin-at-or (usually as surname), a saltworker (sălina-); salt-at-or, a dancer; sálut-at-or, a visitor; sen-at-or, a senator (comp. senex); serv-at-or, a preserver; simül-at-or, a pretender; spect-at-or, a spectator; stipul-at-or, a bargainer; test-at-or (Suet., Dig.), the maker of a will; ven-at-or, a hunter; větĕr-at-or, an old practitioner (vetera-sc-ere); vi-at-or, a wayfarer (via-); urīn-at-or, a diver; and many others.

(b) With short vowel preceding suffix: mostly from supine


admoni-tor, an adviser (admonere); appäri-tor, an official servant (appārēre); cogni-tor, an attorney (cogno-sc-ĕre); composi-tor, an arranger (compōn-ere, cf. § 631); conci-tor, exciter (concire); condi-tor, a founder (condě-re); crédi-tor, a lender (credě-re); dător (Plaut.), a giver (dă-re); dēbi-tor, a debtor (dēbēre); diríbi-tor,

a distributor of voting tickets (diribēre); domi-tor, a tamer (domāre); exerci-tor, a trainer, a master, e.g. of a ship or shop (exercere); fundi-tor, a slinger (funda-); gění-tor, a begetter (gign-ĕre, cf. § 698); holitor (for hõlěritor), a kitchen-gardener (hölüs-); Jāni-tor, a doorkeeper (jānua-); insï-tor (Prop.), an ingrafter; institor, a factor (instare?); mõni-tor, an adviser (mõnēre); perdi-tor, a destroyer (perdě-re); portí-tor, a toll-taker (portu-, harbour; porta, a gate); prōdi-tor, a betrayer (prodě-re); să-tor, a sower (sě-rère); stă-tor, a stayer, epithet of Juppiter (sistère); vendi-tor, a seller (vendĕ-re); vinitor, a vine-dresser (vino-).

(c) From consonant stems, or contracted:

ac-tor, an actor, a plaintiff (ǎg-ère); adju-tor, a helper (adjŭvāre); al-tor, a nourisher (ăl-ĕre); assen-sor, one who agrees (assentire); asser-tor, a claimant, advocate (assĕr-ère); asses-sor, a judicial assistant (assidere); auc-tor, a founder, recommender, seller (augere); can-tor, a singer (căn-ère); cen-sor, a valuer, a critic (censere); circumscrip-tor, a cheater (circumscrib-ĕre); conjec-tor, an interpreter, esp. of dreams, &c. (conjicě-re); consul-tor, a counseller, a consulter (consul-ĕre); correc-tor, a corrector (corrig-ère); corrup-tor, a seducer; cul-tor, a cultivator, inhabitant (col-ĕre); cur-sor, a runner (currère); defec-tor (post-Aug.), a revolter (defice-re); defen-sor, a defender (defend-ĕre); dērī-sor, a mocker (dērīdēre); deser-tor, a deserter (dēsĕr-ĕre); dīvī-sor, a distributor (divid-ĕre); doc-tor, a teacher (docēre); duc-tor, a leader (duc-ère); emp-tor, a purchaser (ěm-ĕre); exstinc-tor, an extinguisher (exstingv-ĕre); fau-tor, a patron (făvēre); fic-tor, a maker, e. g. of images (fing-ère); fos-sor, a digger (födě-re); impul-sor, an inciter (impell-ĕre); interces-sor, a mediator, interposer (intercēd-ère); inven-tor, a discoverer (invěnīre); lec-tor, a reader (lĕg-ĕre); lic-tor, a magistrate's attendant (origin uncertain); lu-sor, à player (lūd-ĕre); men-sor, a measurer (mētīri); mes-sor, a reaper (mět-ère); pas-tor, a shepherd (pasc-ère); perfec-tor, an accomplisher (perficě-re); pictor, a painter (ping-ĕre); pis-tor, a miller, baker (pis-ĕre); pollinctor, an undertaker (polling-ĕre, to prepare a corpse for burial); posses-sor, a possessor (possidere); pō-tor, a drinker (comp. pō-tus); præcep-tor, a teacher (præcipě-re); præ-tor, a chief magistrate (præire); profes-sor, a public teacher (profitēri); quæs-tor, a judge of inquiry, a treasurer (quær-ère); rap-tor, a robber (răpě-re); recep-tor, a receiver, esp. of stolen property (rěcipě-re); rec-tor, a ruler (rég-ĕre); rédemp-tor, a contractor (rědím-ĕre); rěper-tor, a discoverer (rěpĕrīre); rup-tor, a breaker (rump-ĕre); scrip-tor, a writer (scrib-ere); sculp-tor, an engraver (sculp-ĕre); sec-tor, a cutter, a purchaser of confiscated goods (sēcāre); spon-sor, a surety (spondere); svā-sor, a recommender (svādĕre); sû-tor, a shoemaker (su-ĕre); tex-tor, a weaver (tex-ĕre); ton-sor, a barber (tondĕre);

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