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2.

902

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Substantives: fe-bris (f.), a fever (for ferv-bris, ferv-ere); imber, a rain-shower (comp. oußp-os). -b-ěr sūber (n.), cork-tree; tūber (m.), a fruit tree; (n.) a hump

(tūmēre, see $ 455); ūber (adj.), fruitfulz (n.), a teat

(comp. oùdap); verběra (n. pl.), strokes. -C-ěri?

Adjectives: ācer, sharp (comp. ăcu-, ăcie-); ălăcer, alert; -C-ri

mědio-cris, middling, ordinary (medio-); võlūcer, swift

(võlāre). -t-ru qvinqvātrus (f. pl., also qvinqvatria, n. pl., Suet.), a feast

of Minerva celebrated on the 19th March, i.e. five days after the Ides (qvinqve); tonitrus (m.), thunder (tönặto

from tonāre).
-t-ěri)
-t-ri /

1. Adjectives: èques-ter, of horsemen (ěquět-); pălus- 903
ter, of the marshes (pålūd-); pědes-ter, of foot-men
(vědět-); sē-mes-tris, for six months (sex, mens-); sě-

quester (cf. § 430, and under -tro).

Substantives: linter or lunter (f.), a boat; venter (m.), the belly (comp. yaotúp); üter (m.), a skin-bag (comp: ůtěrus ?). Denter, a cognomen of the Livian clan (Liv. X. I), probably belongs here. es-t-ěri -es-t-ri

} i.e. ensi + teri? For the suffix -ensi see $ 815, and for 904

the weakening of ns to s § 168. Adjectives (cf. § 430): campester, of the fields (campo-); silvestris, of the woods (silva-); terrestris, of the earth (terra-).

illustris, in bright light, sublustris, in faint light, are also probably for illucenstris, sublūcenstris. -t-ěr)

Substantives: accipiter, a hawk; frāter, a brother (comp. 903 -t-r

ppárnp, a clansman); māter, a mother (comp. rýrnp);

påter, a father (comp. Trárnp). -in-ěr i.e. -ěr appended to suffix -ěn: it-îner (n.), a journey (1-,

īre); jóc-iner (n.), a liver (comp. jěcor). See SS 454, 455. -āri Appended to those stems only which contain 1 (other- 9c6

wise ali is appended, $ 880).

1. Adjectives: āl-āris (more frequently ālārius), of the wing of an army (ala-); ancill-aris, of a maid-servant (ancilla-); angül-aris, having corners (angủlo-); Apollin-aris, sacred to Apollo

(Apollon-); ăqullon-aris, northerly (aquilon-); articŭl-aris (Plin., Suet., also articularius, Cato), of the joints (articŭlo:); auxili-aris (also earlier auxiliarius), helping (auxilio-); balne-aris (Dig., earlier balnearius), of the baths (balneo-); călig-aris (Plin., also callgarius), of a soldier's boot (căliga-); căpůl-aris, of a coffin (căpúlo-); collici-aris (Cato), for gutters (colliqvia-); colūmeli-aris (Varr., Plin.), of or like pillars (columella-); consúl-aris, of a consul (consůl-); cúbicül-aris (Cic., also later cubicularius, but cf. $ 942. 2), of a bedchamber (cubiculo-); culle-ar (Cato), sacklike (culleo-); èpůl-aris, of a banquet (épůla-); fābūl-aris (Suet. once), fabulous (fabula-); fămili-aris, of a family, intimate (fămilia-); fămůl-aris, of a servant (fămŭlo-); figül-aris, of a potter (figúlo-); intercălaris (also intercălarius), intercalary (intercălā-re);' jocủl-aris, laughable (Joculo-); line-aris, of lines (līnea-); lũn-aris, of the moon (lūna-); mănîpůl-aris, of a company (mănįpůlo-); maxlll-aris (Cels., Plin.), of the jaws (maxilla-); mīlit-aris (also militarius Plaut. once), of soldiers (mīlēt-); mol-aris, of a mill (mõla-); 011-āris (Mart., also ollārius Plin.), potted (olla-); palm-aris (also palmarius), of a palm's breadth, deserving the palm (palma-); pěcūli-aris, of one's own (pěcūlio-); piācůl-aris, expiatory (piācůlo-); pil-aris (Stat.), of balls (pila-); plant-aris (Stat.), of the foot (planta-); pollic-aris (Plin.), of a thumb (pollèc-); popůl-aris, of the people (populo-); prceli-aris, of a battle (proelio-); puell-aris, of a girl (puella-); pūpill-aris, of a ward (pūpillo-); sălūt-aris, healthful (sălūt-); sēcủl-aris, of an age (sēcủlo-); singul-aris, sole, unique (singŭlo-); sõl-aris (Ov., Sen., &c.), of the sun (sől-); spěcủl-aris, of a mirror (spěcủlo-); tal-aris, of the ankles (tālo-); triclini-aris, of a dining-room (triclinio-); vall-aris, of a rampart (vallo-); vāpůl-aris (coined by Plaut. in imitation of militaris), of the hoggees (vāpůlā-re); vēlīt-aris, of the light-armed (vēlět-); vulg-aris, of the mass, common (vulgo-).

Substantive (a) Masculine: mðl-aris, millstone, grinder (mõla-); pugill-ares (pl.), writing hand tablets (pugillo-).

(6) Neuter: alt-ária (pl.), a high altar (alto-?); alve-are (or alvearium), a beehive (alveo-, bollow); calc-ar, a spur (calci-); căpill-are (Mart.), pomatum (căpillo-); cochle-are, a spoon (cochlea-, snail shell); coll-are (Plaut., Varr.), a collar (collo-); exempl-ar, a pattern (exemplo-); lăcun-ar, a panelled ceiling (lăcūna-); lăqve-ar, a ceiling (dome-like? as if drawn in; lăqveo-, a noose); lúc-ar, a tux on woods (lūco-); lūpān-ar, a brothel (lūpa-, with suffix -ano); påle-ar, a dewlap (pălea-, cock's wattles); plant-aria (pl.) slips of trees (planta-); pulvin-ar, a cushioned seat (pulvino-); spécủl-arla, window-panes (spěcủlo-); tal-aria (pl.), shoes fastened to ankles (tālo-); torcůl-ar, an oil-press (torqvēre).

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907

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-Or 1. Adjective: primor- (no nom. s.), in the first rank

(primo-). 2. Substantives:

(a) Denoting quality; masculine ăc-or, sourness (ăcỡre); RETor (Lucr.), sickness (agro-); alg-or, cold (algēre); am-or, love (ămā-re); ang-or, choking, anguish (ang-ěre); ard-or, glow (ardēre); căl-or, beat (călēre); cald-or (Varr.), warmth (caldo-); cand-or, a brilliant white (candēre); căn-or, tunefulness (căn-ěre); clām-or, a shout (clāmā-re); clang-or, a clang (clang-ěre); crém-or, broth; cru-or, gore; děc-or, grace (děcēre); dðl-or, pain (dðlēre); err-or, a straying, error (errā-re); făv-or, favour (făvēre); ferv-or, boiling beat (ferv-ere); toet-or, á stench (fotēre); fråg-or, a crash (frangère); frěm-or, a roaring (frěm-ère); fulg-or, a glare (fulg-ere); für-or, rage (für-ěre); horr-or, a shudder (horrère); langv-or, faintness (langvēre); lent-or (Plin.), pliancy (lento-); lēv-or (Lucr., Plin.), smoothness (lēvi-); liqv-or, a fuid (līgvi); liv-or, leaden colour, envy (livere); lūror (Lucr.), sallowness (comp. lūridus); mær-or, grief (mærēre); marc-or (Cels., Sen. &c.), a drooping (marcēre); můc-or (post-Aug.), mould (mūcēre); nīd-or, a smell; nigt-or, blackness (nigro-); pæd-or, filth; pall-or, paleness (pallēre); påv-or, dread; plang-or, a beating the breast (plang-ěre); půd-or, shame (půdēre); pūt-or, rottenness (pūtēre); rig-or, stiffness (rigēre); ribor, redness (růbēre); rūm-or, common talk; săp-or, favour (săpě-re); sõn-or, a din (sönāre); sdp-or, drowsiness (comp. sõpi-re); splend-or, brightness (splendēre); sqvāl-or, dirtiness (squālēre); strīd-or, a whistling or shrieking (strīdere); string-or (Lucr.), a shock (string-ěre); stůp-or, amazement (stūpēre); sūd-or, sweat (stdā-re); těn-or, course (těnēre); těp-or, warmth (těpēre); terror, fright (terrēre); tim-or, fear (timēre); torp-or, numbness (torpēre); tröm-or, a quaking (trěm-ère); tům-or, a swelling (tůmēre); väg-or (Lucr.), a squalling (vägī-re); văp-or, steam (comp. văpidus, and § 121); vig-or, vigour (vigēre); Amor, moisture (ūmēre).

(6) ådor (n.), corn; ðlor (m.), a swan; sðror (f.), a sister; uxor (f.), a wife (comp. Jug-, jungěre). -t-or 1 -8-0r )

i.e. -or appended to the supine stem. All masculine. (a) From supine stems of vowel verbs with long vowel preceding suffix: the verbs themselves are omitted as self-evident. A few are formed from substantives:

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908

accus-at-or, an accuser; ædific-at-or, a builder, one fond of building; æstim-at-or, an appraiser; ăgit-at-or, a driver; ale-at-or, a dicer (alea-); am-at-or, a lover; år-at-or, a husbandman; assect

а

at-or, one of a man's suite; aud-it-or, a hearer, pupil; balne-āt-or, a bathman (balnea-); bell-at-or, a warrior; cadūce-at-or, an officer with a flag of truce (cadũceo-); căl-at-or, a crier, servant; călumni-at-or, a legal trickster; capt-at-or, esp. a legacy hunter; cess-at-or, a loiterer; circủl-at-or, a huckster, mountebank; comiss-at-or, a reveller; compět-it-or, a rival (compět-ěre, cf. $ 657); conqvis-it-or, a recruiting officer (conqvær-ěre, cf. $ 657); conviv-āt-or, a host; cre-āt-or, a creator; cunct-āt-or, a loiterer; củp-it-or (Tac.), a desirer (củpě-re, cf. § 656); cũr-at-or, a keeper; declām-at-or, arbetorician; dē-lat-or, an informer (tlā-, tollère, cf. $ 687); dict-at-or, a supreme commander; discept-at-or, a judge; dispens-at-or, a steward; dissign-at-or, a master of ceremonies, an undertaker; dõnat-or (Dig.), a donor; ēdůc-at-or, a foster-father, bringer up; existim-at-or, a connoisseur; explor-at-or, a spy; famigěr-at-or, a talebearer (fāma-, gěr-ěre); fēněr-at-or, a usurer; fin-it-or, a surveyor; glădi-at-or, a swordsman (glădio-); grass-at-or, a footpad; gůbern-at-or, a pilot; hort-at-or, an inciter; Imit-at-or, an imitator; impěr-at-or, a commander-in-chief; larg-īt-or, a giver, esp. of bribes; lā-tor, proposer of a law (cf. § 687); laud-at-or, a panegyrist; līběrat-or, a deliverer; lign-at-or, a woodcutter; 18c-at-or, a lessor; mand-at-or, a giver of a charge; merc-at-or, a trader; mēt-at-or, a fixer of boundaries; móděr-at-or, a manager; mõli-tor, a contriver; mūn-īt-or, an engineer; narr-at-or, a narrator; năt-at-or, a swimmer; něgoti-at-or, a dealer; nomencl-at-or, one who addresses by name (nõměn-, călāre); obtrect-at-or, a disparager; ör-at-or, a speaker, a spokesman; pābůl-at-or, a forager; pět-it-or, a candidate, a plaintiff (pět-ěre, cf. § 657); pisc-at-or, a fisherman; prædat-or, a pillager; prædi-at-or, a purchaser of mortgaged estates (prædium); prævāric-at-or, a collusive pleader; pugn-at-or, a fighter; quadrúpl-at-or, a trickster; quæs-īt-or, an inquisitor (quær-ěre, cf. $ 657); recủper-at-ores (pl.), judges in questions of property between citizens and foreigners; rög-at-or, a proposer of a law, a pollingclerk; Sălīn-āt-or (usually as surname), a saltworker (sălīna-); salt-at-or, a dancer; sálut-at-or, a visitor; sěn-at-or, a senator (comp. sēnex); serv-at-or, a preserver; simul-at-or, a pretender; spect-at-or, a spectator; stipůl-at-or, a bargainer; test-at-or (Suet., Dig.), the maker of a will; vēn-at-or, a hunter; větěr-at-or, an old practitioner (vetera-sc-ere); Vi-at-or, a wayfarer (via-); ūrin-at-or, a diver; and many others.

(6) With short vowel preceding suffix: mostly from supine stems:

admòni-tor, an adviser (admonere); appāri-tor, an official servant (appārēre); cogni-tor, an attorney (cogno-sc-ěre); composi-tor, an arranger (compon-ěre, cf. § 631); conci-tor, exciter (concīre);. condi-tor, a founder (condě-re); crédi-tor, a lender (cređě-re); dátor (Plaut.), a giver (dă-re); dēbi-tor, a debtor (dēbēre); diribi-tor,

a distributor of voting tickets (diribēre); domi-tor, a tamer (domāre); exerci-tor, a trainer, a master, e.g. of a ship or shop (exercēre); fundi-tor, a slinger (funda-); gěni-tor, a begetter (gign-ěre, cf. § 698); holitor (for hõlěritor), a kitchen-gardener (hðlús-); Jāni-tor, a doorkeeper (jānua-); insi-tor (Prop.), an ingrafter; institor, a factor (instāre?); moni-tor, an adviser (monēre); perdi-tor, a destroyer (perdě-re); porti-tor, a toll-taker (portu-, harbour; porta, a gate); prõdi-tor, á betrayer (prodě-re); să-tor, a sower (sě-rère); stă-tor, a stayer, epithet of Juppiter (sistère); vendi-tor, a seller (vende-re); vinitor, a vine-dresser (vino-).

(c) From consonant stems, or contracted:

ac-tor, an actor, a plaintif (ág-ére); adjū-tor, a helper (adjúvāre); al-tor, a nourisher (ål-ěre); assen-sor, one who agrees (assentīre); asser-tor, a claimant, advocate (asser-ěre); asses-sor, a judicial assistant (assidēre); auc-tor, a founder, recommender, seller (augēre); can-tor, a singer (căn-ěre); cen-sor, a valuer, a critic (censēre); circumscrip-tor, a cheater (circumscrīb-ěre); conjec-tor, an interpreter, esp. of dreams, &c. (conjicě-re); consul-tor, a counseller, a consulter (consúl-ěre); correc-tor, a corrector (corrig-ère); corrup-tor, a seducer; cul-tor, a cultivator, inhabitant (col-ěre); cur-sor, a runner (currère); defec-tor (post-Aug.), a revolter (deficě-re); defen-sor, a defender (defend-ěre); dērī-sor, a mocker (dērīdēre); deser-tor, a deserter (dēsēr-ěre); dīvi-sor, a distributor (divid-ěre); doc-tor, a teacher (docēre); duc-tor, a leader (důc-ěre); emp-tor, a purchaser (ěm-ère); exstinc-tor, an extinguisher (exstingv-ěre); fau-tor, a patron (făvēre); ac-tor, a maker, e.g. of images (ing-ěre); fos-sor, a digger (fðdě-re); impul-sor, an inciter (impell-ěre); interces-sor, a mediator, interposer (intercēd-ěre); inven-tor, a discoverer (invěnīre); lec-tor, a reader (lèg-ěre); lic-tor, a magistrate's attendant (origin uncertain); lů-sor, a player (lūd-ěre); men-sor, a measurer (mētīri); mes-sor, a reaper (mět-ěre); pas-tor, a shepherd (pasc-ěre); perfec-tor, an accomplisher (perficě-re); pictor, a painter (ping-ére); pis-tor, a miller, baker (pis-ère); pollinctor, an undertaker (polling-ěre, to prepare a corpse for burial); posses-sor, a possessor (possidēre); põ-tor, a drinker (comp. po-tus); præcep-tor, a teacher (præcipě-re); præ-tor, a chief magistrate (præīre); profes-sor, a public teacher (profitēri); quæs-tor, a judge of inquiry, a treasurer (quær-ěre); rap-tor, a robber (răpě-re); récep-tor, a receiver, esp. of stolen property (récipě-re); rec-tor, a ruler (rég-ěre); rédemp-tor, a contractor (rėdim-ère); reper-tor, a discoverer (rèpěrīre); rup-tor, a breaker (rump-ěre); scrip-tor, a writer (scrīb-ere); sculp-tor, an engraver (sculp-ěre); sec-tor, a cutter, a purchaser of confiscated goods (sécāre); spon-sor, a surety (spondēre); svā-sor, a recommender (svāděre); sū-tor, a shoemaker (su-ěre); tex-tor, a weaver (tex-ěre); ton-sor, a barber (tondēre);

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