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927

928

ögrèg-ius, select (e, grèg-); exim-ius, choice (exim-ere); fid-fus, of good faith, epithet of Jupiter (fide-); fullon-ius, of a fuller (fullõn-); industr-ius, active (indo, stru-ere); injūr-ius, wrong (in, 'Jūs-); lēnon-ius, of a pander (lēnon-); Mart-lus, of War (Marti-); měd-ius, middle (so dimidius, halved); nim-ius, excessive (nimis); nox-ius, hurtful (noxa-); pătr-ius, of a father (patr-); plŭv-ius, rainy (plu-ěre); rēg-ius, kingly (rēg-); saucius, wounded; sdc-ius (mostly subst.), fellow (sèqvi?); sõrör-ius, sisterly (sðrör-); sublicius, of piles (sublica-); Věněr-ius, of Venus (Věnůs-); uxor-ius, of a wife (uxor-).

(6) Names of Roman clans: see ş iii. infr. p. 363.
2. Substantives: masculine:
(a) Prænomina: see § iii. infr. p. 363.

(6) dupond-lus (sc. as), a two-pound coin (duo, pondo); filius, a son; fův-ius, a river (Alu-ěre); gěn-ius, native temper (gign-ere); glăd-lus, a sword; lūd-ius, a player (lūdo-); mod-ius, a bushel (modo-); răd-ius, a spoke; sălii, Jumpers, certain priests (sălī-re); sīmius (sīmia) an ape (sīmo-).

3. Substantives: feminine:
(a) From verbs or verbal nouns:

axungia (Plin.), wheel-grease (axi-, ung-ěre); corrigia, a shoe-tie (corrig-ěre); colliqviæ, gutters (com, līqvi, comp. liqvor-); dēlic-læ (pl.), delight (delicě-re, allure?); desid-ia, sloth (desidère); excůblæ (pl.), patrol (excůbā-re); exěqv-læ (pl.), funeral (exseqvi); exův-1 (pl.), spoils (exu-ěre); fænisicia (also neut.), haycutting (fæno-, sēcāre); für-iæ (pl.), rage (für-ěre); host-la, a victim (hostīre, to strike); incūr-la, carelessness (in, cura-); industr-ia, activity (indo, stru-ere); indův-ie (pl.), rare, robings (indu-ěre); iněd-ia, not eating (in, ěd-ěre); infit-iæ (pl.), non-confession (in, fătēri); insid-iæ (pl.), plot (insidēre); invid-ia, grudge (invidēre); nox-ia, guilt (noxa-); provinc-la, a department (provinc-ěre?); redův-la, misgrowth of nail (for red-ungv-la, Corss., but comp. exuviæ, induviæ); reliqv-iæ (pl.), remains (reliqvo-); succidia, a flitch (sub, cæd-ère ?); suppět-iæ (pl.), help (sub, pětěre); vindēm-ia, grapeplucking (vino-, dēm-ěre?); vindic-iæ (pl.), claim (vindicā-re).

With stems in -le (-iēs for ia-is?):

allův-les, overflow; collèvies, prolůvies, &c. (lăv-āre); congěries, a heap (congěr-ěre); effig-les, form (efing-ěre); ēsůr-ies, hunger (ẽsüri-re); rác-les, a face (face-re); mặc-les, leanners (măcỡre); pernic-les (cf. $ 340), destruction (perněcā-re); progěn-les, offspring (progign-ěre); răb-ies, raving (răb-ěre); rěqv-ies, rest (reqviescěre); scăb-les, scurf (scăb-ěre); sēr-les, a row (ser-ěre); spěc-les, a look (spěcě-re); tempér-ies, a mixture (tempěrā-re).

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(6) From nouns, chiefly from adjectives:

audāc-la, boldness (audāci-); àvia, a grandmother (åvo-); barbär-ia (barbaries), uncouthness (barbăro-); colon-la, a farmer-settlement (colono-); cop-ia, plenty (copi-); concord-la, harmony (concordi-); cûr-la, a body of men (co-viro-?); custod-la, protection (custód-); dīvit-iæ (pl.), riches (divět-); fallac-la, deceit (fallāci-); lămil-la, a body of slaves, a household (fămúlo-); fasc-ia, a bandage, ribbon (fasci-); feroc-ia, high-spiritedness (féroci-); host-ia, a victim (hostire, to strike); ignāv-la, cowardice (ignavo-); ignomin-ia, disgrace (in, gnoměn-? cf. $ 129); inert-ia, inactivity (inerti-); infām. ia, disgrace (infāmi-); infér-iæ (pl.), offerings to the nether Gods (infero-); injūr-ia, á wrong (in, jús-); inop-ia, scarcity (inop-); insan-la, madness (insāno-); lascīv-ia, playfulness (lascívo-); mátěr-ia (materies), mother-stuff, i.e. matter (māter-); měmör-la, memory (měmori-); mīlit-ia, service in war (mīlet-); misér-ia, wretchedness (miséro-); pervicac-ia, inflexibility (pervicaci-); sīm-ia, an ape (sīmo-, flat-nosed?); sõcord-ia, indolence (sõcordi-); sollert-la, adroitness (sollerti-); súperb-ia, haughtiness (súperbo-); vēment-la, vehemence (vēmenti-); věrecund-ia, bashfulness (verē-cundo-); vicin-ia, neighbourhood (vicino-); victor-ia, victory (victor-); vigilia, watching, watch (vigil-).

Also with stems in -ie:
ăc-ies, an edge (ăcu-); paupěr-ies, poverty, damage (pauper-).
(c) Of uncertain origin:

ascia, an axe; bestia, a beast; ciconia, a stork; fériæ (pl.), holydays (cf. $ 704.n); gavia, a seamew; nênia, a dirge; præstigiæ (pl.), jugglery; prosāpia, stock, race; stīria, an icicle; tībla, a flute; tilia, a lime-tree; věnia, indulgence; vicia, a vetch.

With stems in -ie:

cæsăries, hair of the head; căries, rottenness; inglůvies, the gullet (in, güla-?); sănies, corrupted blood (comp. sangvis).

4. Substantives: neuter:
(a) From verbs or verbal nouns:

běněfic-lum, a kindness (benefăcă-re); colloqv-lum, conversation (colloqv-i); commerc-ium, trade (commercā-ri); compendium, savings (com, pend-ére, to weigh with); cônůb-ium, marriage (com, nūb-ěre); contāg-lum, contagion (com, tang-ere); defův-ium (Plin.), falling of, e.g. of hair (de, flu-ěre); dēsīděr-lum, longing, regret (desiděrā-re); dílův-lum, à deluge (dilu-ěre); discid-ium, divorce (discindere); divort-ium, divorce (divort-ěre); effúg-ium, escape (effúgě-re); excidium, overthrow (exscind-ěre); fastid-lum, disgust (fastīdi-re); fagft-lum, a crying deed (lagitā-re); gaud-lum, joy (gaudēre for

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929

gav-Id-ēre; comp. Gaius, $ 945); imper-lum, command (impērā-re); implův-ium, a tank (implu-ěre); incend-lum, conflagration (incendère); ingěn-lum, disposition (ingign-ěre); init-ium, beginning (inire); Jurg-lum, a quarrel (jurgå-re); litig-lum, lawsuit (litigā-re); obcēqvlum, obedience (obsēqv-1); obsid-lum, a blockade (obsidēre); od-lum, hatred (Perf. odisse); offic-lum, duty (officě-re, to do towards, but the verb is usually in bad sense); opprobr-lum, reproach (opprobrare); præmium, a reward (a first choice? præ, ěm-ěre); præsid-ium, defence (præsidēre); prand-ium, lunch (prandēre); prolub-lum, inclination (pro, lůbēre); reměd-lum, a remedy (rėměd-ért); repot-la (pl.), the second day's feast (repot-are); repúd-ium, divorce (repentance? re, půdēre; or re, pèd-, comp. tripudium); stůd-ium, zeal (ståd-ère); suffrag-lum, anything broken off: hence a potsherd, used in voting, a vote (sub frang-ěre); suspend-lum, hanging (suspendère); suspir-ium, a sign (suspīrā-re); tæd-lum, weariness (tædēre); vestig-lum, a footstep, a trace (vestīgā-re); and others.

(6) From nouns: often from personal names:

adultěr-lum, adultery (adultèro-); apl-um, parsley (api-, bee); arbitr-lum, a decision (arbitro-); artific-ium, manufacture, art (artifèc-); auctp-lum, bird-catching (aucủp-); augúr-lum, an augury (augur-); auspic-lum, auspice (auspěc-); bienni-um, a period of two years (bienni-); collēg-ium, a board (collēga-); conjög-lum, wedlock (conjug-); consil-lum, advice (consúl-); conviv-lum, a dinner-party (conviva-); cuppēdia (pl.), delicacies (comp. cuppes); exfl-lum, exile (exúl-); gland-ium, a kernel in pork (glandi-); herēd-lum, a plot of two jugera, an inheritance (hērēd-); hospit-ium, hospitality (hospět-); indic-lum, information (inděc-); Jejūn-lum, fasting (jējūno-); jüdicium, a trial (jūděc-); mancip-ium, a conveyance of land (mancěp-, a purchaser); mangān-ium (Plin. once), trimming up of wares (mangon-); mägis-ter-ium, presidentship (magis-tero-); mendāci-um, a lie (mendāci-); ministër-lum, service (minis-tero-); occipit-ium, the backhead (occiput-); pall-ium, a cloak (palla-); particip-lum, a participle (particěp-); perjūr-lum, false-swearing (perjüro-); præcon-ium, a proclamation (præcon-); præd-ium, land (a thing given as security, præd-); pūle-ium, fleawort, penny royal (pül-ěc-); rēmig-ium, rowing, a crew (rēměg-); sacrilèg-ium, sacrilege (sacrilègo-); sən-ium, old age (sen-); somn-lum, a dream (somno-); svāvi-um, a kiss (svāvi-); supplic-lum (kneeling down), punishment (supplěc-).

(c) Compounds formed immediately from the simple parts. (See Chap. xi.)

adverb-lum, an adverb (ad, verbo-); æquinoct-lum, the period when night is equal to day (æqua-, nocti-); bipāl-lum, a double mattock (bls, pala-); contůbern-lum, companions (com, tăberna-); dilūd-lum, interval between plays (dis, lūdo-); dồmicil-lum, home (aðmo-, col-ěre); diverb-lum, dialogue (dis, verbo-); homicíd-lum,

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manslaughter (homon-, cæd-ěre); fordicidia (pl.), Feast of the slaughter of cow in-calf, April 15 (forda-, § 134, cæd-ěre); infortun-ium, a piece of ill-fortune (in, fortūna-); interlūn-lum, time of new moon (inter, luna-); internod-lum, space between knots (inter, nodo-); lectistern-lum, couch-covering, i.e. for a god's banquet (lecto-, sterněre; comp. sellisternia, pl.); naufrăg-lum, a shipwreck (nāv-, frang-ěre; comp. naufrăgus); parricid-ium, murder (patr-?, cæd-ěre); plēnilun-ium (Plin.), time of full moon (plēna-, lūna-); pomer-lum, space behind the walls (post, müro-); postlimin-lum, return home (post, līmen.); præcordia (pl.), the diaphragm (præ, cordi-); primordia (pl. in Lucr. also ordia prima), first elements (primo-, ordī-ri); prīvilēg-lum, an enactment against an individual (privo-, lēg-); proverb-ium, a proverb (that has become a word? pro, verbo-); puerper-ium, childbed (puero-, părère; comp. puerpěra); rēgifůg-ium, the flight of the kings (rēg-, füge-re); Septimontium, Sevenhills, as name of Rome and of a feast (septem, monti-); stillicidium, dripping (stilla-, cădere); stipend-ium, pay (stip-, pendère); subsell-ium, a stool, bench (sub, sella-); suburbium, the suburbs (sub, urbi-); supercil-ium, eyebrow (súper, cilio-, above eyelids); tripůd-lum, thrice stamping (tri-, pěd-); tůbilustrium, trumpet-purification on Mar. 23, May 23 (tůba-, lustrāre); vēnificlum ($ 28), poisoning (vēnēno-, făcě-re).

(d) Uncertain:

allium, garlic; ātrium, a hall (atro-, black, Mommsen); basium, a kiss; cilium, an eyelid, eyelash; cisium, a gig; convicium or convītium, abuse; corium, a hide; dolium, a jar; ēlògium, a pithy saying (for eleyelov, Curt.); fastīgium, a gable top; grěmium, the lap; lăbium, a lip; licium, a leash, thread; lilium, a lily; lollum, tares; milium, millet; minium, red lead; prětium, price; prodigium, a prodigy (comp, dig-itus, dELKVVELV); silicernium, a funeral feast; simpůvium, à sacrificial bowl; sīpărium, a curtain; sõlium, a seat; spölium, sport (cf. § 66)

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930

-C-10

J. Adjectives, chiefly formed from other derivatives: -Ic-10

ædīli-cius, of an adile (æd-ili-); compitāli-cius, of tije cross-road festival (compit-ali-); cæměnti-cius, of rubbish (cæmento-); gentili-cius, of the clansmen (gent-ili-); låtěr-icius, of brick (ištěr-); nātāli-cius, of a birthday (nātāli-); pastor-icius, of a shepherd (pas-tor-); patr-icius, of the fathers (patr-); Saturnāli-cius (Mart.), of the Saturnalia (Saturn-ali-); sðdāli-cius, of companions (sðdal.); tribüni-cius, of a tribune (trib-uno-); vēnāli-cius, of things for sale, e.g. of slaves (vēn-āl1-). (See also $ 926.)

See for proper names in § 946.

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2.

Substantives (see also 928): conventicium, assembly-money = ékkinolaotiKÓv (conventu-); läni-cium, wool (lāna-); mundicies ($ 357b, but comp. $ 932, P. 358), cleanliness; sõlā-cium, confort (sõl-āri); fīdūcia, confidence, a mortgage (fido-); un-cia, a unit of measure (üno-). Cf. $ 928. -ic-lo nov-icius, new (novo-). -t-ic-io (-s-ic-10)

From past participles (tīcio=-to-icio?). They denote 931
the quality derived from the past act. Few of these words
are used frequently; and of the quantity of the i (when

not marked here) there is no positive proof. advect-lcius (Sall.), imported; advent-icius, imputed (as if from advento-); ascript-icius (Cic.), of the class of ascripti, enrolled; collect-icius, collected together; conduct-icius, hired; commendāt-icius, commendatory; comment-icius, invented; congest-icius, piled up; convent-icius, of an assembly; e.g. as neut. sub. the fee for attending; dedit-icius, surrendered; demiss-īcius (Plaut. once), hanging down; ēdit-icius, nominated; ēmiss-icius (Plaut. once), acting as scouts; fact-icius (Plin.), artificial; ficti-cius (Plin.), fictitious; foss-icius, dug; insit-icius, ingrafted; miss-icius, discharged; multāt-icius, of fined persons; pigněraticius (Ulp. &c.), of a pledge or mortgage;

recept-icius, of things received; subdît-icius, suppositicious; supposit-icius, suppositicious; surrupt-īcius (Plaut.), stolen (surrupto-, i.e. sub, rapto-); trālāt-icius, transferred.

2.

-t-io 1. Adjectives : propi-tius, favourable (propě); ter-tius, 932

third (ter-); vătius, bent inward (comp. vārus). See proper names in $ 947.

Substantives: (a) masculine: nun-tlus, a messenger (novo-, vento-, as if participle of ven-īre).

(6) Feminine: (1) la appended to past participles and similar adjectives; all with long syllable preceding -t:

angus-tiæ, straits (ang u3-to-); argū-tiæ, fine touches (argu-čre); controver-sia, a dispute (controvert-ére); făcē-tiæ, jokes (făcē-to-); grā-tia, pleasingness, thanks (grā-to-); indūtiæ, a truce (orig. uncertain); inep-tiæ (pl.), trifles, nonsense (in, ăp-isci); Inscītia, awkwardness (in, scīre); minūtia (Sen.), smallness (minu-ěre); modes-tia, modesty (mðdes-to-); mõles-tia, troublesomeness (moles-to); nup-tie(pl.), marriage (nūběre). Also Ostia, town at mouth of Tiber (08-).

(2) From other adjectives: justi-tia, justice (justo-); lauti-tia, elegance (lauto-); măli-tia, mischievousness (mål)-); pri I-tiæ (pl.), first fruits (primo-); půdīci-tia, bashfulness (půdīco-); puěri-tia, "childhood (puěro-); sævi-tia, cruelty (sævo-).

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