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(3) Stems in -i-tie, usually with collateral stem in -I-tia (SS 340, 342):

ămāri-ties (Catull.), bitterness (ămāro-); àmīci-tia (e stem once Lucr.), friendship (ămīco-); ăvāri-tia (-e stem once Lucr.), greediness (ăvāro-); calvi-ties (post-Aug.), baldness (calvo-); cāni-ties (-a stem once Plin.), grayness (cāno-); dūri-ties (also -a stem), hardness (dūro-); lenti-tia (-e stem once post-Aug.), pliancy (lento-); molli-tia (also -e stem), softness (molli-); mundi-tia (-e stem once Catull.), cleanliness (mundo-); nēqvi-tia (also -e stem), roguishness (neqvamo); nigri-ties (Cels.; -a stem Plin.), blackness (nigro-); 10ti-tia (e stem Lucr.), acquaintance (noti-); pigri-tia (e stem Liv. once), laziness (pigro-); plāni-ties (also -a stem), a level (plāno-); pulli-ties (Varr., Col.), a brood (pullo-); segni-tia (also segni-ties), inactivity (segni-); spurci-tia (-e stém Lucr. once), smuttiness (spurco-); tristi-tia (-e stem Ter. once), sadness (tristi-); vasti-ties (Plaut.), desolation (vasto-).

(c) Neuter: (1) -10 appended to supine stems:

com-i-tium, place of assembly (comire); exercitium (post-Aug.), exercise (exercēre); ex-l-tium, destruction (ex-ire); in-I-tium, beginning (inire).

(2) From nouns, or of uncertain origin: calvi-tium, baldness (calvo-); équi-tium, a stud of horses (equo-); gurgustium, a hovel; os-tium, a door (08-); Otium, leisure ; Pålātium (in Martial Pālātium), a Roman bill, a palace; servi-tium, slavery (servo-); spătium, space; vitium, a fault (větāre ?). -en-t-io i.e. -10 or -a appended to stem (in -enti) of present par- 933

ticiples or adjectives of like form:

Feminine: afflu-entia, abundance (afflu-ěre); audi-entia, a bearing (aud-ire); běněvol-entia, goodwill (bene, velle); clēm-entia, mercifulness (clem-enti-); contin-entia, self-control (contin-ere); dilig-entia, accuracy (dilig-ěre); elegantia, neatness (eleganti-); freqventia, crowd (fréqventi-); excandesc-entia, firing up, i.e. irascibility (excande-sc-ěre); indig-entia, need, craving (indigēre); infantia, speechlessness, infancy (in, fãri); intellig-entia, intelligence (intelleg-ěre); neglig-entia, carelessness (neglig-ěre); pestil-entia, infection (pestil-enti-); pětůl-antia, forward conduct (pětůl-anti; comp. petul-cus); prūd-entia, forethought (prūd-entis, i.e. providenti-); săpi-entia, wisdom (săpě-re); sent-entia, an opinion (for sentientia? from sentīre); tēmül-entia, drunkenness (tēmůl-ento-); vīnol-entia, intoxication (vīnol-ento-); viol-entia, violence (viol-ento-); and So the names of towns; e.g. Placentia, Pollentia, Valentia, &c. others

Neuter: silentium, silence (silēre).

I.

2.

1.

935

-1-d-io Formed from stem of gerund: crèpundia (n. pl.), a

child's rattle (crèpāre); fācundia (f.), eloquence (facundo-,

cf. § 823); īrācundia (f.), wrathfulness (īrācundo-). -1-10 contici-nium, time of general silence, evening (contice-8C- 934

ère); Făv-onius, West Wind (făv-ére); lăcinia, a flap of a garment (comp. dakis, a rent); luscinia, a nightingale; pēcū-nia, money (stock of cattle? from pecu- with suffix -ino, see $ 747); scrinium, a writing-desk (scrīb-ěre?); sterqvili-nium, a dung heap (for stercoril-inium, from stercos-, the u being a diminutival suffix?).

See also proper names in § 948. -mn-io calu-mnia, a false charge (calv-ěre). -mon-io Substantives :

(a) feminine: acri-mónia, sharpness (acri-); ægri-mõnia, sorrow (@gro-); cæri-mônia, a sacred rite; casti-monia, chastity (casto-;) parsi-monia, thriftiness (from participle of parcère); quěry-monia, a complaint (quěr-l); sancti-mònia, sanctity (sancto-).

(6) Neuter: al-Imõnium (also alimonia, Plaut.), nourishment (al-ěre); mātr-imonium, marriage (mātr-); merci-mónium (Plaut., Īac.), wares (merci-); patr-Imõnium, hereditary estate (patr-); testumõnium (testimonium), evidence (testi-); văd-imonium, bail (văd-). -cin-io i.e. -10 suffixed to stem of verbs in -cină (cf. § 967).

lātrő-cin-lum, robbery (latro-cināri); lēno-cin-ium, pander's arts (lēnā-cināri); pătro-cin-lum, protection (patro-cināri); ràtiocin-ium, calculation (rătio-cināri); tiro-cin-ium, pupillage (tīron-; the verb is not in use); vāti-cin-ium, prophecy (vāti-cināri). -l-io i.e. -io suffixed to a diminutival suffix -lo.

(a) qvisqvi-liæ (pl.), refuse ($ 118. 4). (6) auxilium, aid (auxo-, for aucto-?; cf. evtávw); concilium, a council (concīre); pěcũ-lium, property of children or slaves (small stock of cattle, pecu-); proelium, a battle.

See also proper names in § 949. -al-io e.g. Baccanālia (gen. pl. Baccanaliorum, $ 425), &c. See 938

§ 880, p. 335. -ől-io Căpitolium, the Roman Capitol. -ēl-io contůmělia, insult (contumēre?); fid-elia, an earthen jar. -11-10) -Il-10 s

See proper names in § 949.

936

957

939

940

2.

2.

-r-io 1. Adjectives: proprius, one's own; várius, varied.

Substantives: cantěrius, a gelding (from kavońcos?); centúria, a division composed of a hundred men (centum, viro-? $ 94. 2); děcúria, a division composed of ten (děcem.); eqvirria or ecurria (pl.), horse-race day on Feb. 27, Mar. 14 (for eqvi-curt-ia from eqvo-, curr-ěre?) gloria, glory (cluěre? § 127); Lěmūria (pl.), Night of offerings to wrathful spirits, May 9, 11, 13 (Lěmůres); longurius, a long pole (longo-); luxúria (luxúries), luxury (luxu-); macěria (also early maceries), a wall; pēnūria, scarcity (comp. Teiva, hunger); promunturium, see § 943. 2; túgůrium, a but (tég-ére?); voltůrius, å vulture (comp. voitur, § 454). See also $ 928. -br-io 1. Adjectives: Ebrius, drunken; sobrius, sober (comp. 941

g@s, safe).

Substantives: Fimbria (proper name); fimbriæ (pl.), fringe (ibro-?); lūdi-brium, mockery, sport (1ūdo-); manu-brium, a handle (mănu-). -ār-io Very numerous, often with collateral stems in -āri ($ 906), 942

but without any tendency to change to -alio when an r precedes. Many of these words, named here as substantives, are also used, less noticeably, as adjectives, or in other genders, or other special meanings.

1. Adjectives:

advers-arius, opposed (adverso-); ær-arius, of bronze, of money (æs-); ågr-arius, of land (agro-); al-arius, of the wing (āla-); annivers-arius, annual (anno-, verso-); əqv-arius, of water (ăqva-); argent-arius, of silver, money (argento-); auxili-arius (also auxiliaris), auxiliary (auxilio-); calc-arius, of chalk (calci-); cald-arius, of warm baths (calda-); caus-ārius, in ill-health (causa-, an ailment, Cels., Sen., Plin.); cell-ārius, of the cellar (cella-); classi-arius, of the fleet (classi-); contr-arius, opposed (contra); extr-arius, outside, strange (extra); fiduci-arius, under à trust (fīducia-); frūment-arius, of corn (frūmento-); grėg-arius, of a herd (grėg-); honor-arius, of honour or of a public office (hðnor-); jūdici-arius, of the courts (jūdicio) lėgion-arius, of a legion (légion-); mănúfest-arius (Plaut.), caught in the act (manufesto-); mātěri-arius, of timber (mātěria-); mens-arius, of a bank (mensa-); mercenn-arius, for hire (from mercēd-, with a suffix -on); naumachi-arius (Plin., Suet.), for a sea fight (vavuaxia); něcess-arius, necessary (něcesse); nūm-arius, of money (nūmo-); öněr-arius, for burden (onůs-); opěr-arius, of labour (opěra-); pěcu-arius, of cattle (pěcu-); pisc-arius, of fish (pisci-); piscin-arius, of a fishpond (piscīna-); prěc-arius, on sufferance (prěc-); primarius, of the first (prīmo-); qvinusvicenarius, of twenty-five (qvino-, viceno-); qvinqvāgūn-arius, consisting of fifty (qvinqvāgēno-); sě

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2.

cund-arius, secondary (sécundo-); sēn-arius, containing six (sēno-); stipendi-arius, paying a (fixed) tribute (stīpendio-); súbit-arius, hasty (súbito-); subsidi-arius, in reserve (subsidio-); sumptu-arius, of expense (sumptu-); tăbell-arius, of the ballot, see also 2 (a) (tăbella-); tălarius, of dice (tālo-); těměr-arius, rash (těměre); tempor-arius, for a time (tempos.); testāment-arius, of a will (testāmento-); túmultu-arius, of a bustle, hurriedly done (tūmultu-); vesti-arius, of clothes (vesti-); vīn-arius, of wine (vīno-); unci-arius, of an ounce or twelfth part (uncia-); voluntarius, by free will (võlunti-, or for võlunta-tarius); volupt-arius, of pleasure (vỏluptāt-; for volupta-tarius); and others.

Substantives: (a) masculine: antiqv-arius (post-Aug.), an antiquarian (antīqvo-); cēt-arius, a fishmonger (cēto-); ciněr-arius, a haircurler (cinis-, ashes in which the irons were heated); comment-arius (sc. liber), a note-book (commento-); cúbicůl-arius (Cic., cf. $ 906), a valet (cubiculo-); dēnarlus (sc. nūmus), a ten-as-piece (dēno-); ēmiss-arius, a scout (emisso-); febru-arius (sc. mensis), the month of purifications (februo-); horre-arius, a granary-keeper (horreo-); jānu-arius (sc. mensis), the gate-month? (Janua-), or month of Janus-feast? (Jano-, Januo-); lībr-arius, a transcriber (libro-); lign-arius, a joiner (ligno-); marmor-arius, a marble mason (marmor-); not-arius, a shorthand writer (nota-); osti-arius, a doorkeeper (ostio-); prolētarius, a citizen of the lowest class; pull-arius, a chicken-keeper (pullo-); pult-arius (sc. calix), a cup, properly for pottage (pulti-); qvadrīg-arius, a driver of four-in-hand (qvadriga-); rēti-arius, a net-fighter (rēti-); ror-arius, a light-armed soldier; sext-arius, a pint, a sixth of a congius (sexto-); tăbăl-arius, a registrar (tăbăla-); tăbell-arius, a letter-carrier (tăbella-); tolut-arius (Sen.), a trotter (cf. tolutim, $ 534); tri-arius, a soldier of the third line (tri-); vicarius, a deputy (vici-); and others.

(6) Feminine: årēn-ariæ (pl.), sandpits (årēna-); argent-aria, a bank, a silver mine (argento-); calv-āria, a skull (calvo-, bald); ferr-arla (pl.), ironworks (ferro-); sulpůr-aria, a sulphur pit (sulpůr-).

So as names of plays (cf. Ritschl. Parerg. Plaut. p. 140); e.g. by Plautus: Asin-aria (sc. fabula), of an ass (äsino-); Aulůl-aria, of a pottle (aulŭla-); Cistell-aria, of a casket (cistella-); Frivol-aria, of cracked crockery? (frivolo-, cf. Fest. P. 90, Mull.); Mostell-aria, of a ghost (mostello-, from monstro-); Nervðl-aria, of a little thong (nervolo-); Vidůl-aria, of a portmanteau (vidůlo-). By Nævius, Coroll-aria, Túnicul-aria (túnicũla-); by Nonius, Gallīnaria, Tăbellaria, Tögularia; by Pomponius, Sarcủlaria.

(C) Neuter: ær-arium, the treasury (æs-); æstu-arium, a tidal bay (æstu-); armāment-arium, an arsenal (armāmento-); arm

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) } i.e. -10 appended to personal names in -tor (or -sor $908). 543

arium, a cupboard (arma); ăvi-arium, an aviary (ävi-); bell-aria (Varr.), pastry (belo-?); bo-arium (sc. forum), the cattle-market (bov-); cēr-arium, a fee for sealing (cēra-); cibaria (pl.), provisions (cibo-); columb-arium, a dovecot, a set of pigeon-holes (columba-); column-arium, a tax on pillars (columna-); congi-arium, a quartlargess (congius = 5976 pints); di-arium, daily allowance (die-); don-arium, a temple, an offering (dono-); emiss-arium, an outlet (emisso-); frīgid-arium, the cooling-place (frigida-, sc. aqua); fustuarium, a cudgelling (fusti-, cf. § 405); grān-aria (pl.), granaries (grāno-); kålend-arium, an account-book (kålenda-); mort-arium, a mortar (morti-?); põm-arium, an orchard (pomo-); pulment-aria (pl.), condiments, relish (pulmento-); săcr-arlum, a shrine (săcro-); săl-arium, salt-money, salary (săl-); sõl-arium, a sun-dial (sõl-); 8ðl-arium (Dig.), ground-rent (sólo-); süd-arium, a towel (suda-re, to sweat); tăbăl-arium, a registry (tăbăla-); virid-arium (or viridiarium), a shrubbery (viridi-); viv-arium, a preserve, e.g. a fishpond (vivo). -tor-io

Some appear to be formed immediately from the supine

stem, or past participle: 1. Adjectives:

accūsā-tor-ius, of an accuser; ălea-tor-ius, of a gamester; ămātor-ius, amatory; ambúlā-torius (Plin.), moveable; bella-tor-ius, of a warrior; cen-sor-ius, of a censor; circủla-tor-ius (Quint.), of a mountebank; damna-tor-lus, damnatory; dēclāma-tor-ius, declamatory; decrē-tor-ius (post-Aug.), decisive (decrēto-); defunc-torius (post-Aug.), slight, cursory; dictā-tor-lus, of a dictator; explorator-ius (Suet.), of a scout; gestā-tor-ius (Suet.), for carrying; glădiā-tor-ius, of a gladiator; impērā-tor-lus, of á general; lū-sor-lus (post-Aug.), for playing (lūsu-?); mes-sor-ius, of a reaper; měritorius, for hire (měrito-); núgá-tor-ius, trifling; objurgā-tor-ius, reproachful; örā-tor-ius, of an orator; pag-tor-lus (Ov.), of a shepherd; perfū-sor-lus (post-Aug.), superficial; piscā-tor-ius, of a fisherman; pis-tor-lus (Cels., Plin.), of a baker; põ-torius (Plin.), for drinking (põtu-); præcur-sor-lus (Plin. Ep.), as a forerunner; prædā-tor-ius, predatory; prædiā-tor-ius, of purchasers of estates sold by auction; profes-sor-ius (Tac.), of a professor; pugna-tor-ius (post-Aug.), of a combatant; quæs-tor-ius, of a quæstor; récůpěrātor-lus, of recovery-commissioners; saltā-tor-ius, of dancers; scriptor-lus, of writers; sănă-tor-lus, of a senator; spěcüla-tor-lus, of scouts; svā-sor-lus (post-Aug.), persuasive; sū-tor-lus, of a shoemaker; větěrā-tor-ius, of an old practitioner; and others.

2. Substantives: (a) feminine: Agitātoria (sc. fabula), name of a play by Nævius, of a driver (agitator-); vorsoria, a turn

(only in Plautus • cape vorsoriam '). àric-Tomaia, milory

victory.

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