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you please.

i. Correlative (pronominal) adjectives.
Demonstr.
Rel. and Interrog.
Indef. Rel.

Indef.
qui, which.

whosoever.

åliquis, some. quicunque

quis, any. alteruter, one or other of two.

quilibet,

any you please. åter, which of two. uterquisque, whichever of the

quivis

utervis, whichever (of two.

uterlibet two) you please. Sof which quality, as, qualiscunque, of what quālislibet, of any quality tālis, such.

lof what quality ? quality soever.

Jas great, quantuscunque, how great aliquantus, of some consi-
tantus, so great.

derable size.
· quantuslibet, of any size

quantusvis you please.

quantůluscunque, how aliquantúlum, a little tantůlus, so small. quantŭlus, as small. small soever.

(subst.).
tot (indecl.), so many.

quotcunque,
totidem indecl.), just so quot (indecl.)

sas many,
how many? quotquot indecl.)S soever.

how many aliquot (indecl.), some.
many.
totus (rare), such in nu-

I which, &c. (rare).
Qualiscunque and quantuscunque are also used as simply indefinite (non-relative) pronouns; aliquantus is
commonly only used in the neuter (aliquantum, aliquanto), and then as substantive or adverb.

quisquis, is, that,

quālis

quantus
I how great?

s what in numerical order?

quotus merical order.

soever.

ita,

} thus, so.

.

ůbi (where?

Quā by what way?

eā, by that way.

ii. Correlative (pronominal) Adverbs. tam, so. quam, how? as.

quamquam, however.

quamvis, however much quamcunque)

quamlibet

you please. toties, so often.

quoties Show often?

quotiescunque, however quotieslibet, however often las often. often.

you please.
sic
ut, how, as.
utcunque, however.

aliquoties, sometime.
iii. The following are the (chief pronominal) adverbs of place.
(Fuller lists will be found in Book 11. Chap. xv.):
Ö (=om, accus.?) de=Dev, gen. (or abl.)

bi or i, dat. or loc.

ā, abl. fem. swhither? Quo

(whence ?

undě
I whither.
I whence.
where.

by which way.
hüc, hither.
hinc, bence.
hic, bere,

hāc, by this way.
eo, thither.
indě, thence.

ibi, there.
isto, istūc, to your place. istim, istinc, from your istic, there (where you are). istāc, by your way.

place.
illo, Illūc, to that place. illim, illinc, from that place. illic, there (where he is). illāc, by that way (near him).
eodem, to the same place. indidem, from the same place. Ibīdem, in the same place. eādem, by the same way.
utroque, to both places. utrinque, from both sides. utrobique, in both places.

undique, from all sides. ůbīque, everywhere.
ăliquo, to some place or ålicunde, from some place ålicúbi, somewhere or other. åliquā, by some way.
other.

or other. quovis, to any place you unděvis, whence you ůbivis, quolibets please.

quāvīs, by any way you undělibet, please.

ůbilibets where you please.

quālibet) please. utrolibet, whithersoever

(of two places) you choose. quoquam, anywhither (in

usquam, anywhere (in neganegative, &c. sentences).

tive, &c. sentences).

}

ever.

Tabular Arrangement of Certain Pronouns (Continued). sīquo, if anywhither. sīcunde, if from any place. sīcăbi, if anywhere. siquā, if by any way. nequo, lest anywhither. nēcunde, lest from anywhere. nēcůbi, lest anywhere. nequā, lest by any way. alio, to another place. ăliunde, from another place. ållbi, elsewhere.

ållā, by another way. quocunque, l whithersounděcunque, whencesoever. úbicunque, wheresoever.

quācunque, by whatsoever quoquo

quāquā

way. nusquam, nowhere.

usquequaque, everywhere.
quonam, whither?

quanam, where?
adeo, so far.
quorsum (i. e. / whitherwards?
quòversum) } whitherwards.
$ iv. The following are the chief (pronominal) adverbs of time:

şhow long?

how often?
quamdiů
.

quotiés
las long as.

as often as.
quom, when.

aliquamdiù, for some length totiēs, so often. nunc, now.

of time.

aliquoties, several times.
quousque, till when?

Identidem, repeatedly.
adhuc, hitherto (i.e. up to nonnunquam,
antehāc, before this.

the time now present).

aliquando, sometimes (i.e. not unfrequently).
posthāc, after this.

quandoque
nondum, not yet.

interdum, sometimes (i.e. occasionally).
ållās, at another time.

sübinde, one after the other. intérim, meanwhile.

unquam, ever (after negatives, &c.). intěreā

usque, ever (of progressive continuance). quondam, formerly, or hereafter (olim is from olim ollus ( =lile) and so means at that time).

Quando { when?

tume, then.

}

APPENDIX G.

C.

P.

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ABBREVIATIONS. For abbreviations in Inscriptions see Hübner's Index to Corp. Inscr.

Rom. I. pp. 610—613 et passim, also supra App. B. For others, esp. legal abbreviations, see Keil's Grum. Lat. IV. p. 276 sqq;

and Lachmann's Gaius, p. 432 sqq. For abbreviations of money, see App. D. viii., of date, App. D. xv.

(1) First Names (Prænomina). A. Aulus.

Mam. Mamercus.
App Appius.

N. or Num. Numerius,
Gaius.

Publius.
Cn.
Gnæus.

Qvintus.
D.
Decimus.

S. or Sex. Sextus.
K.
Kæso.

Ser.

Servius.
L.
Lucius.

S. or Sp.

Spurius.
M.
Marcus.

T.

Titus.
W:
Manius.

Ti.

Tiberius. Women's names are expressed by inverted characters; as, 5 for Gaia.

(2) Titles of Persons, &c. Ces. or CENS. Censor or Cen- Proc. or Pro.) sores.

COS.
Cos1
Consul or Consules. Pro. PR. Proprætor.

PROQ.

Proqvæstor.
D.
Divus.

P. R.

PopulusRomanus.
Des.
Designatus. Q.

Qvæstor.
F.
Filius.

QUIR. Qvirites.
IMP.
Imperator. RESP.

Respublica.
LEG.
Legatus.

R. P. P. R. Q. Respublica Populi
L. or LIB.
Libertus, Liberta.

Romani Qviritium. Mag. Magister.

S.

Servus.
N.
Nepos.

S. P. Q. R. Senatus Populus-
P. C.
Patres Conscripti.

que Romanus. P. M.

Pontifex Maximus. S. P. P. Q. R. Senatus Populus PR. Prætor, or Præ

PRO.} Proconsul.

Plebesque Rotores.

mana.

1 Not until 3rd cent. p. Chr. was cons. used; in Diocletian's time began the custom of doubling the s (e.g. conss.) to denote the plural (Mommsen. Liv. Cod. Ver. p. 189).

TR. MIL.
TR. PL.
TR. Pot.

Tribunus militum. X. VIR. STL. Decemvir stliti-
Tribunus plebis. JUDIK

bus (i.e. litibus) Tribuniciā Potez

judicandis. tate.

XV. V. S. F. Qvindecimviri saDecemvir.

cris faciundis.

X. V.

The name of the tribe to which a person belonged is sometimes added to the name in an abbreviated form; thus, Pup. for Pupiniā; Qvi. or Qvir. for Qvirinā. See § 1113, and Cælius' letter in Cic. Epist. ad Fam. VIII. 8, § 5.

2

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D.

Data (est epistola).
S. D. Salutem dicit.
S. P. D. Salutem plurimam dicit.
S.

Salutem (dicit).
S. V. B. E. E. V. Si vales, bene est: ego valeo.
S.T. E. Q. V. B. E. E. Q. V. si tu exercitusque valstis bene

est: ego quoque valeo.
S. V. G. V. Si vales gaudeo. Valeo.

(6) In decrees of the Senate.

D. E. R. I. C. De ea re ita censuerunt.
I. N. Intercessit nemo. Scr. arf. Scribendo adfuerunt.
S. C. Senatus consultum. V. F. Verba fecit.

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