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NOVEMBER hath XXX Days.
08ave of All Saints, d. Tbe iv crowned, M. M.
Dedic. of our Saviour's Churcb, d. S. Tbeodorus, M, IO S. Andrew Avellin, C. sem. SS. Tryphon, $c, M.M. 11 S. Martin, B. & C. d. S. Mennas, M. 12
S. Martin, P. & M. sem, 13 S. Didacus, Conf. fem." 14 15 S. Gertrude, V. d. 16 17 S. Gregory Thaumat. B. & C. sem. 18 Dedic, of ss. Peter's & Paul's Churches, d. 19 S. Elizabeth, Q. of Hungary, Wid; d. S. Pontianus, M, 20 S. Edmund, K, & MD.
Presentation of B. V. Mary; D.
S. Cecily, V. & M, d. 23
S. Clement, P. & M. fem. S. Felicitas, M. 24 S. John of the Cross, Conf, sem. S. Chrysogonus, M, 25 S. Catharine, V. & M. d. 26 S. Felix Valois, Conf. d. S. Peter; B. & M, 27 28 29 Vigil, S. Saturninus, M. Falt. 30 S. ANDREW, Ap. D. 2 Cl.
DECEMBER hath XXXI Days.
2 S. Bibiana, V. &M. fem.
S. Francis Xavier, Conf. d.
S. Sabbas, Ab.
S. Ambrose, B. C. & Dr. d.
II S. Damafus, P. & Conf. fem,
13 S. Lucy, V. & M. d.
Oétave of the Concept. D.
19 D 20 Vigil. Fast. S. Thomas, Ap. D. 2 CI, B 3
DECEMBER hath XXXI Days.
S. Thomas of Canterbury, B, M. D. ; CI,
E 1 G A
First SUNDAY in LENT.
First SUNDAY in L EN T.
INSTRUCTION. INCE, according to the council of Trent, the whole
life of a Christian ought to be a continual pennance, we ought to embrace with fervour that, at least, which is prescribed during the time of Lent, by fasting with all the exactness the Church requires of such, as are not incapable thereof thro’ age, infirmity, or other lawful excuse. To animate ourselves the more to this, we ought often to call to mind the universal practice of our pious ancestors in the faith of Christ, (and which subfifted near twelve hundred years) of taking only one meal a day during the time of Lent, and that not till after Evening-song, which was always faid towards the evening.
We must carefully avoid seeking to please our taste in the choice and seasoning of such meats as are allowed in Lent; for to do that, according to the holy Fathers, would be only changing dainties, and not retrenching them: It would be nourishing sensuality instead of extinguishing it: And it may be said, that it would not be satisfying the obligation of Lent, as it would be no longer mortifying the body, or doing pennance.
This first fast regards only those, who have attained to a certain age of life, and who can go thorough with it, without prejudice of their health. But there is another fast, from which no one is exempt, and which admits of no dispensation. This confifts in avoiding, with a particular care, whatever may lead to fin. It is for this great and important end, that we must strive against our bad habits with fresh zeal: We mult mortify ourselves, and be temperate in every thing, by retrenching from our ordinary conversation, sleep, and most innocent diversions, that we may be able to spend more time in prayer, retirement, and the exercises of acts of charity.
Such are the intentions, such the desires of the Catholick Church. Can there therefore be a greater absurdity than to hear Christians talking in their publick prayers of macerating their bodies, of sighing and groaning under the weight of their fins, of being terrified with the judgments of God, while they content themselves with complying outwardly (and that too often very imperfeitly) with the ceremony of a bodily fast; notwithstanding there is the same mirth, jollity, good cheer, diversions, and recreations going on, as in other parts of the year. This is not the fast the Lord hath chosen, as appears from the express declaration of God himself in the Lesson of A-Wednesday, and that of Friday before the first Sunday in Lent.
In order therefore not only to use the language of the Church, but likewise to follow it's spirit and directions, we must join to our fasting, prayer, retirement, and the avoiding whatever leads to fin, the virtues of continency and alms-deeds, which were formerly looked on as inseparable from Lent, and other fasts. We frequently beg the grace of continency in the publick prayers of the Church during that holy time, and the practice of it was formerly imposed as a precept. With regard to alms, the holy Fathers look on them so necessary, that they say our fasts will avail nothing without them; and the design of the church is, and the practice from the most early times was, that we should live so in Lent and other Fasi. ing-days, as to be able to retrench considerably from the expences of our tables, in order to bestow, what was so retrenched, on the poor.
Those that are entangled in any habitual mortal sin, can do nothing better for their salvation, or more agreeable to the spirit of the Church, than to approach the facrament of pennance at the beginning of Lent; that after having taken time to become sensible of the enormity of their fins, to sigh and weep before God, and to satisfy, as far as they are able, his justice, they may hope to obtain at the end of Lent, the grace of reconciliation, which the Church grants to contrite and humble finners,
MASS. Introit, Pf. xc.
Nvocabit me, & ego me, and I will
exaudiam eum: Erihear him: I will rescue piam eum, & glorificabo him, and glorify him: I eum: Longitudine diewill fill him with length rum ad implebo eum,
of days. Pf. He that PS. Qui habitat in adjutaketh up his abode in torio altiffimi, in protecthe aid of the most high, tione Dei cæli commoThall remain under the rabitur. protection of the God of heaven. V. Glory
V. Gloria. 1. COLLECT. Deus qui Ecclefiam. God, who' purifiest thy Church by the yearly
observation of Lent; grant that what thy children endeavour to obtain of thee by abstinence, they may put in execution by good works. Thro'.
II. COLLECT. Acunctis.
dangers of body and soul; and by the interceftion of ever glorious and blessed Mary, the evervirgin-mother of God, of the blefied Apostles, Peter and Paul, of bleiled George, and of all thy Saints ; grant us, in thy mercy, health and peace; that all adversities and errors being removed, thy Church may serve thee with a pure and undisturbed devetion.
III. COLLECT. Omnipotens.
minion orer the living and the dead, and art merciful to all those, whom thou knoweft are to be thine by faith and good works: We humbly be. feech thee, that they for whom we have purposed to offer our prayers, whether the present world still detains them in the Aeth, or the next hath already received them divested of their bodies, may by the clemency of thy goodness, and the interceflion of thy saints, obtain pardon and full remiffion of all their sins. Thro'.
These two last Collects, with their respective Secrets and Postcommunions, are continued to Pala fion-Sunday.