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with, thought herself equally obliged to Dr. Watts for his residench with them, and the pains he had taken in the education of her daughters, as well as upon several other accounts; and if he visited in the family during the Doctor's last illness, he must have heard Lady Ab. , ney often express herself in that manńcr.

• Dr. Watts was far from being in necessitous circumstances; he was many years pallor of a very considerable congregation among the Protestant Disienters ; he also enjoyed a pretty considerable income from his printed works, many of which passed through several editions in his life-time: and notwithstanding he disposed of a large part of his income in charities, he left several thousand pounds behind him at his death.'

RELIGIOUS and ControVERSIAL, Art. 13. An Answer to a second Letter inscribed to the Author of

the Remarks upon the Serious Address to the Christian Worlá. 8vo. 6d. Field.

In our Review for November last, p. 509-510, we made some mention of the controversy betwcen Mr. Stanton, the Author of the Serious Address, and his anonymous antagonist; and we exprefled some hopes, that we should have heard no more of it: however, the Remarker, who has now signed his name, T. Bingham, has once more taken the field ; but we shall not trouble our Readers with any further particulars of the dispute. .

Art. 14. A Letter to the Rev. Dr. Free, by the Rev. Thomas

Jones, A. M. Chaplain of St. Saviour's, Southwark. With proper affidavits. 8vo. 3 d. Dilly.

Dr. Free having charged the Chaplain of St. Saviour's, with forg. ing Mr. Hayward's noted Letter from the Dead, and then publishing it, Mr. Jones here sefutes the charge, and proves that the said letier was really written by the late Mr. Hayward, though not after he was dead. The story is thus related in this pamphlet :

· The late Rev. Mr. Hayward was a diffenting miniller, (well known in the city of London) with whom I had the happiness to be acquainted. Towards the close of his last illness it was, (Oh! may you and I be as happy, when the time of our departure shall be at hand !) in this awful season it was, that he wro:e the letter which has since made much noise, and gave it to a friend, with an injunction to send it but • not till after his departure) to Mr. Pearson, a linnen-draper, in Cheap.

fide, with whom he had preserved a very intimate friendship. Accord. ingly, foon after Mr. Hayward's deceale, Mr.Pearson received the said letter, and was not a little surprized by the kind artifice his departed' pastor had used, in order to convey such spiritual advice and comfort to him. This letter I law, and procured a copy of, (except what contained matter of private businels) which copy agrees with chat in your pam.phler, with this immaterial exception, that the word Fido is inkerted in yours and the other printed copies, infiead of Mr. Pearson's Chriftian name, which was in the original. Town this letter affected

me

me when I read it, and I thought it would not be amiss to read it to my hearers from the pulpit, hoping it might animate them in the pur. suit of that happiness aud comfort, in a trying hour, Mr. Hayward seemed so full of. I introduced it therefore in the following manner,

• I took occasion to speak of the great supports and solid comforts real religion inspires, more especially against the fears of death ; and then told the congregation, I had an infiance of the truth of the above observation in my hand (meaning the aforesaid copy); I told them it was wrote by a minister of my acquaintance in the near and certain prospect of death, and in short, I related every circumstancé as I have mentioned above: aś numbers, who heard me, can bear me witness. I never gave the least hint that I received it from a departed spirit, (as I am accused of doing); on the contrary, I told the people distinctly and plainly, that the minister wrote it before he died,

and gave it to a friend to convey it to Mr.P. after his decease. This ::“God knoweth,” is all I have been guilty of, as touching Mr. Hay.

ward's letter. And when it is considered how favourable a reception Mrs. Rowe's Letters from the Dead to the Living have met with from persons of all ranks, Dr. Free might, surely, have passed it by, at least but slightly censured it as a pardonable crime.

• You charge me too, with printing it. I folemnly declare, I knew nothing of its being printed, Had I entertained the least expectation * of it, I should never have read the letter from the pulpit. I had no

hand, directly or indirectly, in the printing ; I was only concerned in reading it. This I own, and acknowlege was a very great, though well meant, indiscretion. Si id peccare eft, fateor id quoque. But does not the punishment exceed the offence ? Allowing, that I was guilty

of a folly and indiscretion in reading the letter, yet it does by no i means amount to what you, Sir, have laid against me. Forgery, and

Impofture, are the crimes you charge me with and, taking my guilt for granted, you pass sentence upon ‘me accordingly. How greatly muft Dr. Free be concerned, when he reflects, that all this is absolute.

ly false and groundless.' :: To prove that he did not forge the Letter, Mr. Jones produces fe

veral unexceptionable affidavits? so that we are in a little pain for our good friend the Doctor, not being able to divine how he will bring

himself out of this scrape. On the whole, however, this affair oatu. • rally reminds us of the dispute between Isaac Bickerstaff, Elg; and Mr. Partridge the Almanack-maker.

MEDICAL. Art. 15. A plain Account of the Venereal Disease, with the Method

of Cure in its several Stages; by which the Patient may be a judge of his own case, and may either cure himself, or if he employs another, may know whether he treats him properly. 8vo. 15. 6d. Jackson and Cooper.

As this appears to be one link of the long chain of medical pamphlets lately begun, and sedulously continued, by the ever industrious Dr.Crine Uvedale Hill; and as we have fufficiently intimated our opi. nion of chat learned Gentleman's late productions, we shall not trouble our Readers with any particulars concerning this venereal affair.

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MONTHLY REVIEW,

For MARCH, 1759.

The Conclusion of Robertson's History of Scotland, Vol. II.

T ROM the specimens of this ingenious work given in the

last month's Review, we may suppose our readers already

well acquainted with the nature and extent of the subject, and with the Author's talents and acquirements for historical composition.

Before we enter upon this second volume, it will not be improper to observe, that it required all the ornaments of writing, to keep the reader's attention alive, in his way through the beaten tracks of history. In the preceding volume, the historian's genius had its full scope; the contents were not deftitute of the recommendation of novelty and variety. The writer had an opportunity to shew his extensive reading, and to display his political sagacity, in tracing the tirit principles of the Scotch constitution, to their origin, and explaining the nature of the feudal system, which is utterly unknown to many, and perfectly understood by very few. Besides the originality of this preliminary matter, the periods of history, likewise, comprized in the first volume, were by no means familiar to the English reader. The annals of Scotland, from the earliest times to Mary's short-lived reign in that kingdom, were but little known or regarded. With such materials, perhaps, a writer, with less power of execution, might have succeeded in engaging the reader's attention, VOL, XX,

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But in this second volume, the historian had not these advana tages to support him. The contents, including the transactions in Scotland, from Mary's captivity in England to the acceflion of her fon James VI. to the crown of Great Britain, are su interwoven with the English history, that they are generally known even to common readers: and it demanded peculiar skill to render passages, so familiar to our recollection, agreeable and entertaining.

In this attempt the historian, nevertheless, has happily succeeded. He has embellished old materials with all the elegance of modern dress. He has very judiciously avoided too circumItantial a detail of trite facts. His narratives are succinct and spirited.' His reflections are copious, frequent, and pertinent.

To this volume is annexed an appendix, containing many curious and original papers, which serve as vouchers for the particulars recorded by our historian. It likewise comprises a critical dissertation, concerning the murder of king Henry, and the genuineness of the queen's letters to Bothwell.

The first historical circumstance, which seems worthy of ob. fervation, is an event which determined Elizabeth's conduct with regard to the affairs of Scotland. - Pope Pius V. having issued a bull, whereby he excommunicated Elizabeth, deprived her of her kingdom, and abfolved her subjects from their oath of allegiance, Felton, an Englishman, had the boldness to fix it on the gates of the bishop of London's palace. Elizabeth imputed this step which the pope had taken, to a combination of the Roman Catholic princes against her, and suspected that some plot was on foot in favour of the Scotch queen. In that event, The knew that the safety of her own kingdom depended on preserving her infiuence in Scotland; and in order to strengthen this, she renewed her promises of protecting the king's adherents, encouraged them to proceed to the election of a regent, and even ventured to point out the earl of Lenox as the person who had the best title ; upon whom that honour was accordingly conferred." Thank heaven! the thunder of the vatican 'is no longer terrible; it is now regarded as a meer brutum fulmen ; and the pope's bull, like the ban of the empire, is more an object of ridicule than of dread,

The historian then proceeds to give a detail of the civil commotions in Scotland, between the king's men and the queen's meni, which became names of distinction, appropriated to the different parties. His relation of the taking Dunbarton castle, for the regent, must not be omitted ; as it was attended with a circumftance of a very remarkable nature. This callle was thought impregnable; but a disguited foldier, who had served in the

garrison,

garrison, proposed a scheme to the regent for taking it, which was accordingly attempted, under the direction of Capt. Crawford. At midnight, scaling ladders were fixed to the walls, but, by the weight and eagerness of those who mounted them, were brought to the ground. Their ladders were made fast a second time; but in the middle of the ascent, they met with an unforeseen difficulty. One of their companions was seized with some sudden fit, and clung, seemingly without life, to the ladder. All were at a stand. It was impossible to pass him. To tumble him headlong was cruel; and might occasion a discovery. But Crawford's prelence of mind did not forsake him. He ordered the soldier to be bound fast to the ladder, that he might not fall when the fit was over; and turning the other side of the ladder, they mounted with case over his belly. By this strata

gem they at length got pofTefsion of the castle without the loss of . a single man. In it they found Hamilton, the unfortunate

archbishop of St. Andrews; who, having been attainted, was executed without any formal trial.

The king's party however suffered in their turn. "They were surprized at Stirling, where they were holding a parliament after the example of that held at Edinburgh, under the queen's authority. Four hundred men surrounded the town, and made prisoners of the regent, and several persons of distinction. The word among the queen's soldiers was, Think on the archbishop of St. Andrew's; and Lenox, the regent, fell a sacrifice to his memory: the officer, to whom he surrendered, having lost his own life, in endeavouring to protect him.' One cannot reflect without horror on the ungoverned rage of civil difcord among a rude people, who are strangers to humanity, and who mcasure justice by the length of their swords.

About this time happened the massacre of Paris, by which ien thousand protestants, without distinction of age, or sex, or condition, were murdered in Paris alone. The fame barbarous orders were sent to other parts of the kingdom, and the like carnage ensued. This deed, which, as our historian observes, Do popili writer, in the present age, mentions without deteftation, was, at that time, applauded in Spain; and at Rome, foa lemn thanksgivings were offered to God for its success. But among the protestants it excited inconceivable horror; of which a striking picture is drawn by the French embassador at the court of England, in his account of his first audience after the massacre. A gloomy forrow, says he, sat on every face; silence, as in the dead of night, reigned through all the chambers of the royal apartment; the ladies and courriers were ranged on each Lide, all clad in deep mourning, and as I passed through them, not one bestowed on me a civil lock, or made the least return to O 2

my

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