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The Gallon to contain 282 cubic inches; and all other measures to contain proportional parts or multiples of the said Gallon.
All measures of capacity not to be heaped, but ftricken.
There ought to be but one standard of weight; and that to be the pound Troy, its proportional parts, and multiples.
The restriction relating to measures of capacity, directing that they Mhould be stricken; renders it impossible to measure many commodities usually fold after that manner: as apples, potatoes, turneps, and the like : the quantity of which is more naturally discovered by weight. But common usage, and the appointment of the Legislature, having established the contrary method, the alteration is submitted to their determination.
A Table is calculated and inserted in the second report, wherein the several weights of Avoirdepois are translated into Troy weight, the intended itandard; to facilitate dealings when the regulation takes place.
Art. 27. Tables of Weights and Prices on a new Plan; by which
the value of any quantity of goods, fold by Avoirdupois weight, from a single pound to five tons, and from two millings to ten pounds, ten shillings per hundred, may be known without the labour of multiplying or dividing. Particularly useful to dealers in hops, wool, hay, cheese, grocery, and other commodities. By J. Elmer, of Farnham, Surry. 2 s. 6 d. Newbery.
It happens unluckily for this book, that the Parliament has acknowleged a resolution to abolish the weight known by the denomination of Avoirdepois, and establish universally that called Troy; to which all dealings must be accommodated. Vid. the preceding article.
N Art. 28. Epistolary Correspondence made familiar and pleasant.
Containing lịxty letters in the English and French languages, on such subjects and occasions which young gentlemen and ladies require to write on, through the course of their education : being proper precedents for them to copy after, in order to instruct them early, not only in an easy, genteel, and polite manner of expressing their thoughts; but also to cultivate their minds with the principles of virtue, morality, and every filial and social duty:--The original English letters by John Gignoux, author of the Child's beji Instructor in spelling and reading. The French Translations by Mr. Bellie, master of the ladies French boarding-school, in Cheney walk, Chelsea. To which is annexed, A compendious treatise of the first five common rules in arithmetic, and the rule of three ; wherein all possible contractions are laid down in a concise and easy manner. 12mo. 2 s. 6d. Dilly. A useful book for children.
Art. 29. The Practice of Gardening explained to all capacities;
including the newest improvements." By T. Perfect, Gardener, Inventor of the new Chinese Parterres. Svo, Is. Baldwin.
Contains only general instructions, for those who are totally igno. rant of the gardener's art. Who Mr. Perfeet is, or whether such a person exists, is best known, we apprehend, io Dr. H—; who (as we may realonably presume, from the universality of his writings) Knau's every thing.
Ert. 3o. A Refutation of the Charge brought against Admiral
iniwles, in a late pamphlet, entitled, “The Conduct and Treat7!ent of John Crookshanks, Esq;' &c. 8vo. 6d. Millar.
The charge brought by Capt.Crookthanks against Admiral Knowles was, that lie had acted oppressively towards the captain, and partially, in the affair of his prosecution. See Review for January lait, p. 87. This accusation the Admiral totally denies; but that he has altogether refutedlit, remains still a matter of doubt with us: let the Reader, who has curiosity enough to enquire farther into the merits of this cause, fatisfy himself by consulting the pamphlet.
Art. 31. The Reply of John Crooksbanks, Esq; to a pamphlet lately
Jet forth by Admiral Knowles, &c. 8vo. 6d. Cooper. In this Reply Mr. Crookshanks endeavours to support his former charge against the Admiral, by further proofs ; and here he also takes occasion to put his antagonist in mind of that part of his own path conduct, which likewise subjected Mr. Knowles to the censure of a court-martial.
Art. 32. The Twentieth Epistle of Horace to his Book, modernizedt,
Yithe Author of Female Conduct, and applied to bis own book, &c. 8vo. 6d. Owen.
In our Review for February last, p. 135, our Readers were presented with an account of a poem written by one Mr. Marriott, entitled Female Conduct. This book not being praised, as its Author 'thinks it ought to have been ; but, on the contrary, censured, which the Author is firmly persuaded it ought not to have been ;--the said Author has now taken his revenge upon his critics, by abufng them heartily; to which end he has called in the aflistance of Horace and Virgil, who have luckily furnished him with the names of Bavius and Mævius ; and they, he infifts upon it, were the very fame sort of people with those who have found fault with thc Female Conduct. If this be the opinion of the public in general, as well as of Mr. Marri. ott in particular, it will not become us to controvert it. One thing yet, however, remains for Mr. Marriott to do; and that is, to thew how nearly the merit of his productions approaches to that of the writings of Virgil and Horace.
+ If our Readers do not understand this title-page, it is not our fault, but the Author's,
Art. 220 Art. 33. A Sop in the Pan for a Physical Critic. By a Halter
maker. 8vo. 6 d. Reeve. Mr. Read, the rope-maker, and Author of a droll theatrical pieco entitled, Madrigal and Trulietta, (see Review, vol XIX. p. 303) has here, in a merry manner, put in execution the lcx talionis on a certain critic, who, as Mi Read conceives, had injuriously represented his performance above mentioned. Our Halter-manufacturer is really a pleasant fellow, and a genius in his way.
POLITICAL. Art. 34. The Merchant's Advocate: or, an Enquiry whether the
Merchants are not intitled to a discount of five per cent, upon the payment of the subsidy of five per cent, given to the King by the at! of parliament made in the year 1747. Which discount the Merchants have never received from the said year 1747 to the present time? Addressed to the Merchants of Great Britain, 8vo. 6d. Cooper.
As those who are interested in an affair of this fort, and need any information upon the subjeet, will hardly fail of purchasing this little tract, it is unnecessary for us to add any thing to the particulars set forth in the above copy of its title-page.
MEDIC A L. Art. 35. The Seaman's Preservation : or, Safety in Shipwreck.
To which'are added, admonitions and precepts, to prevent, by various and easy methods, the diseases incident to seafaring people. By J. Wilkinson, M. B. Coll. Sap. Pisan. and F. A. S. 8vo. is. 6 d. Osborn.
We imagine this is not the first time that Mr. J. Wilkinson, M. B. Coll. Sap. Pisan. & F. A. S. has dedicated his labours to the service of the public. The pompous peculiarity of his language brought to remembrance some pamphlets relating to the adulteration of bread, intitled, Poison detected, &c. by my friend, a physician* ; Syhoroc t, and A final Warning to the Public, &c. f; the two last subscribed Peter Markham, M. D. which are evidently all by the fame band. But which, or whether the former or the latter of these names belong to the author, is neither clear nor material. Certain learned unknown writers have lately arisen, whose performances being chilled by the contempt of the public, generally die in their chrysalis or aurelian state ; but if any of them happen to be warmed by a little tranfitory sunshine, they strait uncafe, and—behold the buxom butterfly appears.
My Friend and Dr. Markham, having warned us against poison on land; Mr. Wilkinson now proposes to fave us from the dangers of fhipureck by sea. The purpose is certainly laudable;. and praise is due to the author, whether successful or not, who aims at doing good. • Review, Vol. XVII. p. 564. Vol. XVIII, p. 493. I Ibid.
This important purpose Mr. Wilkinson proposes to effea by means of a canvass waistcoat, without Neeves, lined with cork. He direds the waistcoat to be lined with four pieces of found cork, answering to the fore and hind-quarters of the waistcoat: these, he says, may easily be accommodated to the figure of the body by the help of fire; and if it is thought needful, each piece may be subdivided into as many parts as the wearer chuses, crossways. This is to be buttoned on with cork buttons; and he affirms it altogether sufficient for saving mariners from finking, upon any disaster happening to the vessel they are in.
He recommends a supply of thefe waistcoats for every thip’s company, as fifty men may be accommodated with them for about five pounds : sandals of the same materials he would also advise to be tied on the feet. For further particulars we refer to the pamphlet itself, and we wish the author's uncouth cypression may be tolerated, fince thinking well, and writing well, are not always concomitants.
We have mentioned his peculiarity of style, not to prejudice his readers against him, but for his own advantage in any future compofition *. As to his invention, he seems, indeed, very tenacious of it; and appears apprehensive of the attacks of critics, and the malevolence of envy. He therefore, in his introduction, intrenches himself strongly against their approaches, which, however, he dares, by commencing the first hostilities, and attacking his pre-supposed antagonists with much petulance and waspishness. This arises from his confidence. He is too sanguine in the contemplation of his own contrivance: and because the cork jacket may save a man from drowning, he would make the men wear it for armour in time of action. But though it may refift a pistol-bullet at some distance, yet pistol bullets are the fewest in oum. ber, and least dangerous of those used at sea ; and it is to be feared, our tars would not be much improved in their agility, when encircled in cork-boddice of an inch thick ; in which habilement they might possibly find themselves as embarrassed, as was Sancho in armour, at the tumult in his government.
Cork jackets are also to assist in curing seamen of the fourvy. Those who can swim, says he, do not care to venture in the sea at a distance from land, for fear of Aharks and other accidents : but in a cork jace ket a man would be in no danger; his body is, in a great mealue, (which surely implies some danger) defended against the attacks of ravenous fishes. True; he may prove but tough chewing for them when they come at his body; but it is possible they may first eat up a leg or an arm, after which, the body, though so effectually secured, would be but in an indifferent plight.-But thus it is, when men are so captivated with their own reveries. Mr. Wilkinson's scheme would
• He owns his language to be inaccurate, through precipitancy to obey the dictates of universal benevolence, which actuates a public spirit to quick execution.' But though he affects to despise typographical critics, who may censure the ' Spots and imperfections exposed by a rapidity of virtue, and fervour of public scal, yet we Thall venture to affirm the faults in bis stile to be owing to too much care and affccta. tion of technical writing; which will much sooner excite that ridicule of which he is so juftly apprehengve, than gain him that applause he endeavours to jafupce by anticipation,
have appeared to as much advantage, had he proposed it with more modesty. There is a respect due to the public, in any address to them, which the greatest merit in an author is no exemption from paying: nor is it to be expected they will accept any thing cordially, which is offered to them infolently. .
The medical precepts at the end seem to us, who are no mariners, to be good directions to seamen in general ; and proper to be observed as far as may be found practicable.
Art. 36. Some Reafons given against an Opinion, that a Perfon
infected with the Small-pox may be cured by antidote, without incurring the distemper. With an attempt to explain the manner of the propagation and eruption of the small.pox from the praitice of inoculation; and why this dissemper, taken by common infection, in the natural way, proves so much more fatal than that which is given by inoculation. By Thomas Frewen, M. D. 8vo. Is. Wilkie.
This little performance seems to us rather intended to publish the author's title, and introduce it, by a dedication, to the Royal Society, than calculated for any general utility in phyfic, or in the treatment of the small-pox. For as the opinion which the first part of this pamphlet opposes, was rather a suggestion of the great Boerhaave's, than a tenet to which he formally adhered; and as it has never appeared that he thought fit to hazard the practice of his supposed antidote himself, nor that he effectually persuaded any one else to hazard it, there seems to have been no solid reason for Dr. Thomas Frewen's combating the suggestion so long after Boerhaave's death; unless he has feen or made some tryals of such a medicine, or suspects Sexton's powder to be such a bland and yet powerful combination of mercury and antimony, as that great physician imagined might prove an adequate specific or antidote against the variolous poison, when and however imbibed.
Dr. Frewen's doubt, whether the small-pox ought to be prevented, even though an effectual antidote was discovered against it, evidently implies a doubt, whether we ought to save the one in seven, or rather the two in thirteen, which the natural small-pox, on a medium, has been reckoned to kill. And this doubt, he avows, p. 11. from a fuppofition, that the antidote might possibly do more hurt than good, as he seems to agree with Dr. Gilchrilt, that the small-pox might be intend. ed by nature for a drain to clear the constitution of some grofs humours, which, if not carried off this way, would bring on other direases. This opinion, it seems, Dr. Gilchrist supported by observing, • that those children, who had had the small-pox by inoculation, in Scotland, were uncommonly healthy,' But it is easy to infer, that if they were healthy, in consequence of the humours discharged by inoculation, from which the pustules are very generally fewer, and the suppuration consequently less, (not to infilt on the frequent withering, of many puítules by inoculation) than from accidental infection, this wouid naturally lead us to prefer it to inoculation, which certainly cannot be the intention of Mr. T. Frewen,