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G O V E R N M E N T.
BY AN AFRICAN MERCHANT.
L O N D ON:
Printed for R. BALDWIN, No. 47, Pater-nofter Row.
HOEVER is thoroughly acquainted with the true in
terest of Great Britain, must know, that to her foreign
commerce she is indebted for her present greatness, it's support and preservation. The very land of England depends upon the sea; to commerce we owe the encrease of our national treasure, the breed and excellency and plentiful supply of seamen; the security of our public .credit ; the regular payment of the funded interest, and in Thort, every advantage which can excite a spirit of industry to acquire the
comforts of life, and will at the fame time raise in the pof: sessors, a bravery of foul to protect and defend that country, from which they derive a solid property in so many valuable acquisitions.
It must therefore be an undeniable maxim, chat we are bound in prudence and duty to encrease this commerce to to the utmost, especially between the mother country and her colonies, since thereby many. mutual advantages will arise to both ; and it is equally clear, that it is our interest to restrain the trade of France, our natural enemy, as much as wè possibly can ; actively, by preventing their encroach
ments ; passively, by encouraging and enabling our own • merchants to rival and oppose, if not exceed them at foreign
CH A P. I. The IMPORTANCE of the Trade from GREAT BRITAIN
to AFRICA. F the benefits of foreign commerce are so great, and fo
essentially necessary to the support of Great Britain and her Colonies, and the improvements therein so restrictive of our enemies power, 'if disposed, to hurt us, how yaft is the importance of our trade to Africa, which is the first principle and foundation of all the rest ; the main spring of the machine, which sets every wheel in motion : a trade which arises almost entirely from ourselves, our exports being
chiefly our own manufactures, or such as are purchased with
and the returns gold, ivory; wax, dyeing woods and negroes : the four first articles of home consumption, or manufa&ured for exporting ; the last affording a most prodigious employment to our people, both by sea and land : without whom our plantations could not be improved or carried on, nor should we have any shipping passing between the colonies, and mother country ; whereas by their labours' our sugars, tobacco, and numberless other articles are raised, which employ an incredible number of ships, and these ships in their turn must employ a much greater number of handicraft trades at home; and the merchandizes they bring home and carry out; pay such considerable sums to government, that of them consist the most flourishing branches of the revenue ; fo that both for exports and imports, the improvement of our national revenue, the encouragement of industry at home, the supply of our colonies abroad, and the increase of our navigation ; the African trade is so very beneficial to Great Britain, so essentially necessary to the very being of her colonies, that without it neither could we Aourith, nor they long subsist.
There is also one very peculiar advantage in this trade, which is this; we need never fear that Africa will rival us, for it produces no one commodity similar to the productions of Great Britain, and consequently should any colonies be established there, they can never through any opposition of interests be under the necessity, or have the least desire to throw off their subordination to their niother country. 5