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the Celebes, where his ship unfortunately struck on a rock, but, beyond all expectation, they got her off, and continued their course. On the 26th of March he arrived at Java, whence he intended to have directed his course to Malacca; but he found himself obliged to alter his purpose, and to think of returning home. On the 15th of June he doubled the Cape of Good Hope, having then on board only fifty-seven men and three casks of water. On the 12th of July he passed the line, reached the coast of Guinea on the 16th, and there took in water. On the llth of September he made the island of Torceira, and on the 3rd of November he entered the harbour of Plymouth.

This voyage round the world was performed in two years and about ten months. Shortly after his arrival, the Queen, having gone to Deptford, went on board Drake's ship, and there, after dinner, conferred on him the honor of knighthood, at the same time declaring her approbation of all that he had done. She likewise gave directions for the preservation of his ship, as a memorial of his own and his country's glory.

Messmate, companion at table. Rover, pirate, sea-robber.
Turn to account, make a profit of. Quarter, side of the stern.
Competent, sufficient.


THE MOORS. I FIRST became acquainted with the master of a ship who had 'been on the coast of Guinea, and who, having had very good success there, was resolved to go again. This captain took a fancy to me, and, on hearing me say I had a mind to see the world, told me if I would go the voyage with him I should be at no expense. I should be his messmate and companion; and if I could carry anything with me, I should have all the advantage of it that the trade would admit of.

I embraced the offer, and, entering into a strict friendship with this captain, who was an honest, plain-dealing man, went the voyage with him. I carried a small stock of toys and trifles with me, which, by the kindly interest of my friend the captain, I turned to account.

This was the only voyage which I may say was successful in all my adventures. I owe this and much more to the integrity and honesty of my friend the captain. Under him I got a competent knowledge of the rules of navigation : learned how to keep an account of the ship’s course; and, in short, to understand some things that were needful to be understood by a sailor. As he took delight in instructing me, I took delight in learning. In a word, this voyage made me both a sailor and a merchant; for I brought home five pounds nine ounces of gold dust, which yielded me in London, at my return, almost £300. This filled me with those aspiring thoughts which have since so completed my ruin.

Yet, even in this voyage, I had my misfortunes too; particularly in that I was continually sick, and suffered froin a fever caused by the excessive heat of the climate.

I was now set up as a Guinea trader; and my friend, to my great misfortune, dying soon after his arrival, I resolved to go the same voyage again. I accordingly embarked in the same vessel, with one who was his mate in the former voyage, and who had now got the command of the ship. This was the unhappiest voyage that I ever made. The first misfortune was this, namely, our ship, making her course towards the Canary Islands, or rather between those islands and the African shore, was surprised in the grey of the morning by a Moorish rover of Sallee, which gave chase to us with all the sail she could make. We crowded also as much canvas as our yards would spread or our masts carry, in order to get clear; but finding the pirate gaining upon us, and likely to come up with us in a few hours, we prepared to fight. Our ship had twelve guns, and the rover eighteen.

About three in the afternoon he came up with us, and bring. ing to, by mistake, just athwart our quarter, instead of athwart our stern, as he intended, we brought eight of our guns to bear on that side. We poured in a broadside upon him, that made him sheer off again, after returning our fire, and pouring in also his small shot from nearly two hundred men that he had on board. However, we had not a man touched, all our men keeping close.

He prepared to attack us again, and we to defend ourselves; but, approaching us the next time upon our other quarter, sixty of his men boarded , us, and they immediately fell to cutting and hacking the decks and rigging. We plied them with small shot, half-pikes, cutlasses, and such like, and cleared our deck of them twice. However, to cut short this melancholy part of our story, our ship being disabled, and three of our men killed and eight wounded, we were obliged to yield. Then we were carried prisoners into Sallee, a port belonging to the Moors.

The usage I had there was not so dreadful as I expected. I was not carried up the country to the emperor's court, as the rest of our men were, but was kept by the captain of the rover as his proper prize, and made his slave, being young and nimble, and fit for business.

At this surprising change of circumstances, from a merchant to a miserable slave, I was perfectly overwhelmed. But, alas! this was but a taste of the misery I was to go through, as will appear in the sequel of this story.

Cruise, sail.
Meditate, consider, think of.
Pinnace, boat with oars and sails, rigged like a schooner.
Dexterous, clever, nimble-handed.

As my new patron or master had taken me home to his house, so I was in hopes that he would take me with him when he went to sea again. I hoped that it would be some time or other his fate to be taken by a Spanish or Portuguese man-ofwar, and that then I should be set at liberty. But this hope of mine was soon taken away; for when he went to sea, he left me on shore to look after his little garden, and do the common drudgery of slaves about his house. When he came home again from his cruise, he ordered me to lie in the cabin to look after the ship.

Here I meditated nothing but my escape, but could think of no way that had the least prospect of success in it. Nothing presented itself to make the supposition of it reasonable, for 1 had nobody to induce to embark with me--no fellow-slave, no Englishman, Irishman, or Scotchman there. Accordingly, for two years, though I often pleased myself with the fancy, yet I never had the least encouraging prospect of putting it in practice.

After about two years, an odd circumstance presented itself, which put the old thought of making some attempt for my liberty again in my head. My patron lying at home longer than usual, without fitting out his ship, he used constantly, once or twice a-week, to take the ship’s pinnace, and go out into the roads a-fishing. As he always took me and a young Moresco' with him to row the boat, we made him very merry, while I proved very dexterous in catching fish, insomuch that sometimes he would send me with a Moor, one of his kinsmen, and the youth, the Moresco as they called him, to catch a dish of fish for him.

It happened one time, that going a-fishing with him in a calm morning, a fog rose so thick, that though we were not half a league from the shore, we lost sight of it. We rowed we knew not whither; we labored all day, and all the next night, and when the morning came, we found we had pulled out to sea instead of pulling in for the shore, and that we were at least two leagues from the land. How. ever, we got well in again, though with a great deal of labor and some danger, for the wind began to blow pretty fresh in the morning. Worst of all, we were very hungry.

Now' our patron, warned by this disaster, resolved to take, more care of himself for the future, and having lying by him the long-boat of our English ship which he had taken, he resolved he would not go a-fishing any more without a compass, and some provisions. He therefore ordered the carpenter of his ship, who was also an English slave, to build a little stateroom or cabin in the middle of the long-boat, which was then like a barge. She sailed with what we call a shoulder-ofmutton sail, and the boom jibbed over the top of the cabin, which lay very snug and low. There was room in it for him to lie, with a slave or two, and a table to eat on; and it was provided with small lockers for bottles and victuals.

Distinction, importance, rank.
Ancient, flag ur streamer.
Subsistence, means of livelihood.
Patron, protector.

Pendant, pennon, flag at the mast

head (the end shaped like a swallow's tail).

We were frequently out with this boat fishing; and as I was most dexterous in catching fish for him, he never went without me. It happened one day that he had arranged to go out in this boat with two or three Moors of some distinction. He had therefore sent on board the boat over night a larger store of provisions than usual, and had ordered me to get ready three guns, with powder and shot, for some fowling-sport as well as fishing

I got all things ready as he had directed, and waited next morning with the boat was hed clean, her ancient and pendants out, and everything prepared to accommodate his guests. But by-and-by, my patron came on board alone, and told me his guests had put off going. However, he ordered me with the man and boy, as usual, to go out with the boat and catch them some fish, as his friends were to sup at his house. He commanded me, too, that as soon as I had got some fish I should bring them home to his house,—all which I prepared to do.

This moment my former notions of deliverance darted into my thoughts, for now I found I was likely to have a little ship at my command. Well, my master being gone, I prepared to furnish myself, not for fishing business, but for a voyage, though I knew not, neither did I care, whither I would steer ; for anywhere to get out of that place was my way.

My first contrivance was to make a pretence to speak to this Moor to get something for our subsistence on board ; for I told him we must not presume to eat of our patron's bread. He said that was true; so he brought a large basket of rusk or biscuit, and three jars of fresh water, into the boat. I knew where my patron's case of bottles stood, which, it was evident by the make, were taken out of some English prize; these I conveyed into the boat while the Moor was on shore, as if they had been there before for our master. I conveyed also a great lump of bees-wax into the boat, which

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