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That all the Appostels wer fishermen and base fellowes, nether of witt nor worth, that Pawle only had witt, that he was a timerous fellow in biddinge men to be subiect to magistrates against his conscience.

That he had as good right to coyne as the Queen of Englande, and that he was acquainted with one Poole, a prisoner in newgate, whoe hath great skill in mixture of mettalls, and, havinge learned some thinges of him, he ment, thorough help of a crnnynge stampe-maker, to coyne french crownes, pistolettes, and englishe shillinges.

That, yf Christ had instituted the Sacramentes with more ceremonyall reverence, it wold have ben had in more admiracion, that it wolde have ben much better beinge administred in a Tobacco руре.

That one Richard Cholmelei* hath confessed

That one Richard Cholmelei, &c.] On the margin,

that he was perawaded by Marloes reason to become an Athieste.

Theis thinges, with many other, shall by good and honest men be proved to be his opinions and common speeches, and that this Marloe doth not only holde them himself, but almost in every company he commeth, perswadeth men to Athiesme, willinge them not to be afrayed of bugbeares and hobgoblins, and vtterly scornynge both God and his ministers, as I Richard Bome [sic] will justify both by my othe and the testimony of many honest men, and almost all men with whome he hath conversed any tyme will testefy the same: and, as I thincke, all men in christianitei ought to endevor that the mouth of so dangerous a member may be stopped.

He sayeth moreover that he hath coated † a number of contrarieties out of the scriptures, which he hath geeven to some great men, whoe in convenient tyme shalbe named. When theis thinges shalbe called in question, the witnesses shalbe produced. RYCHARD BAME.

(Endorsed)

Copye of Marloes blasphemyes as sent to her Highness].

opposite this clause, is written in a different band "he is layd for," which is equivalent to-means are taken to discover him. (Ritson, misreading the MS., printed "he is sayd for.")

† coated] i. e. quoted, noted down.

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No. III.

PORTIONS OF GAGER'S DIDO.

[SEE Account of Marlowe and his Writings.-These portions of Gager's Dido, which was acted at Christ-Church, Oxford, before Prince Alasco in June, 1583, are given from a MS. volume in the author's hand-writing (which contains no more of the play).

"This night," says Holinshed, "and the night insuing, after sumptuous suppers in his lodging, he [Prince Alasco] personaly was present with his traine in the hall [of Christ-Church]; first at the plaieng of a pleasant comedie intituled Riuales; then at the setting out of a verie statelie tragedie named Dido, wherein the queenes banket (with Eneas narration of the destruction of Troie) was liuelie described in a marchpaine patterne; there was also a goodlie sight of hunters with full crie of a kennell of hounds, Mercurie and Iris descending and ascending from and to an high place, the tempest, wherein it hailed small confects, rained rosewater, and snew an artificiall kind of snow, all strange, maruellous, and abundant.-Most of the actors were of the same house [Christ-Church]; six or seauen of them were of saint Johns, and three or foure of other colleges and hals." Chron. iii. 1855, ed. 1587. Among the Latin dramas of Frischlin is a tragedy called Dido, which, according to Niceron (Mem. xix. 206), was first printed in 1581. Frischlin puts into the mouth of the Chorus the very same parts of Virgil which Gager (p. 394, sec. col., p. 396, sec. col.) has used for his Chorus: but it does not therefore necessarily follow that Frischlin's tragedy was known to Gager.]

PROLOGUS IN DIDONEM TRAGEDIAM.
RES quæque varias invicem patitur vices,
Et ipsa gratam varietas formam parit.
Quæ sæpe fiunt illa cui placeant diu?
Vicissitudo semper oblectat magis.
Hesterna Mopsum scena ridiculum dedit;
Hodierna grandem scena materiam dabit;
Levis in cothurnum vertitur soccus gravem :
Nec gratiora læta sunt moestis tamen,
Nec amara quovis melle delectant minus.
Tulit omne punctum tristia admiscens jocis:
Ridere forsan aliquis ad fletum potest,
Idemque magna flere lætitia potest;
Jucunditates lacrymæ summas habent,
Magna est voluptas flere ubi nihil est mali.
Tantum benignas quæso vos aures date,
Et argumentum, si placet, totum eloquar.

ARGUMENTUM.

Huic Dido clarum fabulæ nomen facit;
Hic ipsa ad horas regna moderatur dicas:
Urbs ista Libyci est magna Carthago soli.
Junonis odio per tot Eneas freta
Jactatus, istis applicat terris ratem:
Benigna tectis excipit Dido hospitem.
Sed ante nato cara prospiciens Venus,
Tyrios bilingues quippe et ambiguam domum
Et adhuc furentis odia Junonis timet,
Cupidinem sollicita lascivum rogat
Ut ora pueri sumat Ascanii puer,
Uratque tacita regium pectus face.

Gerit ille morem: deperit Elisa hospitem;
Instigat Anna: nemore venatur; dolo
Junonis atrum nimbus involvit diem;
Junguntur antro. Monitus Eneas parat
Abire Libya: rescit abituri fugam
Regina; queritur, obsecrat, sævit, furit:
Immotus ille navigat jussu Jovis.
Elisa magicos rite constructa pyra
Simulata cultus propria dextra occidit.

ACTUS SECUNDUS.

DIDO, ENEAS, ASCANIUS FALSUS.
Dido. QUIN, hospes, ista missa faciamus magis:
Olim juvabit quod fuit durum pati
Meminisse; curas interea mente excute.
Instructa dapibus mensa nos, eccum, manet:
Accumbe, quæso; Bacchus ærumnas levet.

Magnanime princeps, si foret suasum tibi
Quam gratus aulam veneris nostram advena,
Nec non lülus pariter et comites viæ,
Non dico Troja penitus excideret tibi
Sedesque patriæ, lætior certe fores.
En. Regina, gentis candidum sidus tuæ,

Non lingua nostri pectoris sensum explicet,
Non vultus animum: lætitia gestit levis,
Ingens stupescit seque non capiens silet.
Quis tam benignæ verba reginæ satis
Vultusque placidos referat, et miseris fidem

Opemque nostris rebus ærumnis datam? Quis apparatus regios digne efferat Luxusque tantos? ista meditantem tua Promerita si me cogites, lætum putes. Dido. Non ista tanti agnosco quæ memoras bona: Equidem esse cupio, fateor, et spero assequi Ut non Elisa pigeat Eneam hospitis. Sed cur Iülus tristior spectat dapes? Asc. Urbs ista Trojæ præbuit speciem mihi, Animumque misero subiit aspectu dolor: Quæ nocte genitor retulit hesterna altius Hic breviter oculis subjici videas tuis. Dido. Iüle, quæso, repete fortunam Ilii. Asc. Hanc esse Trojam finge quam pateram

vides:

Hac Simois ibat fluvius; hic densis sita est
Mons Ida silvis; hac stetit Tenedos via;
Hac Cilla, Chryse, quæque circuitu undique
Urbes minores dirutæ bello jacent.
Hic mille ratibus hostium statio fuit;
Hic castra; campus inter hic pugnæ jacet;
Hos esse magnos Pergami muros puta;
Hæc porta Scæa est; Hector hac solitus
ferox

Turmas in aciem ducere; hic Priami lares,

Hic patris; illic steterat Anchisæ domus ;
Hic, parte muri diruta, insidiis equi
Ingens in urbem panditur mediam via;
Hic cæpta cædes. Plura quid fari queam?
Post multa tandem funera et strages ducum,
Sic est Sinonis fraude, sic Danaûm face
Incensa, sic est in leves cineres data.
Dido. O quam stupendi specimen ingenii datum!

O te beatum prole generosa patrem,
Et te parente filium tali editum !

Divinam, Iüle, sequere naturæ indolem; Laudes parentis bellicas opto tibi, Senemque precor ætate transcendas avum : Et hoc amoris osculum pignus cape. Asc. Quin oscularis filium, genitor, tuum?

HYMNUS IÖPE.

Quod tibi nomen tribuam deorum? Sive te Martem, Lyciumve Phoebum, Herculem seu te Jove procreatum, Dicere fas est;

Sive digneris titulo minore, Teque mortalem placeat vocari; At deûm certe poteris videri Sanguine cretus.

Quas tibi dicam celebremve laudes? Quo mihi fas est resonare plectro? Quod decet tanto memorare carmen Principe dignum?

Splendor heroum, patriæque lumen Inclytum, salve, generisque prisci ! Non tua nostras tetigit carina Gratior oras.

Sis licet tantus, superesque nostri Pectoris captum, tamen est Elisa Major, O hospes, nimium beate Hospite Elisa!

Est minor nemo nisi comparatus,
Neve te dici pudeat minorem :
Nil videt nostræ simile aut secundum
Orbis Elisa.

Cynthiæ qualis nitor inter astra Talis in terris decor est Elise : Ecce, cui gratus patria relicta Veneris hospes !

Proximas illi tamen occupasti
Nominis laudes, sequerisque juxta;
Proximos illi tibi vox Iöpæ
Cantat honores.

Vinciant pictæ cyathos coronæ, Nobili Bacchus statuatur auro, Maximi fiant strepitus per aulam, Jussit Elisa.

Hospes illustris, tibi gratulamur; Jam juvat longos geminare plausus; En, tibi lætæ volitant per ampla Atria voces !

DIDO, ENEAS.

Dido. Dux magne Teucrûm, quæ tibi placeant dapes?

En. Nec hæ nec illæ, sed placent cunctæ mihi:
Epulas in epulis, in cibis quæro cibos,
Et copia meum tanta delectum impedit.
Dido. Non ista Priami regna: quis Carthaginis
Hospitia Troja conferat quondam tuæ?
Sed tenuis aures pepulit hic rumor meas
Quædam fuisse fata secreta Ilii:
Quænam illa fuerint, hospes, exponas precor.

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En. Cum dives Asiam regeret et muros novi

Extrueret Ilus Ilii, festo die

Cecidisse cælo fertur, huc illuc means,
Colum sinistra, spiculum dextra tenens,
Habituque toto bellicam referens deam.
Obstupuit Ilus: consulit Phœbum pius:
Consultus ille tale responsum dedit;
"In hoc ruina stabit et Trojæ salus;
Servate tectis urbe cum vestra deam;
Ablata secum tollet imperium loci."
Ast Ilus arcem Palladi sacram extruit,
Cæleste tuto collocat signum loco,
Additque vigiles; nec quidem hæredi minor
Pervenit inde cura, Laomedon, tibi.
At, heu, parum servata sub Priamo fuit !
Hoc ipsa voluit Pallas ex illo die

Quo forma victa est Paridis arbitrio
furens.

Dido. Quis machinator facinoris tanti extitit? En. Furtis Ulysses aptus ac natus dolo,

Dum per cloacas abditam quærit viam. Dido. Quin et secundum Pergami fatum explica. En. Arsurus illo natus Alcmena rogo

Quo victor astra petiit et superûm domos, "Pæante genite," dixit, "hoc munus cape;" Areumque dono pariter et pharetram dedit

Gravidam sagittis: arguunt tela Herculem.
Dido. Quis hoc Pelasgis aperuit fatum deus?
En. Et hoc et illud proximum Phobo caput

Monstravit Helenus, ipse fatorum mora.
Hic, captus Ithaci fraude, sic Danais sacra
Resolvit ora, Delio plenus deo:
"En, hic sagittis restat Alcidæ labor
Supremus! illum fata rapuerunt licet,
At interesse gloriæ hæredem jubent;
Nec minima tanti pars erit facti Hercules;
Non ante Troja poterit æquari solo
Priamique regnum quam Philoctetes gravi
Serpentis ictu saucius, Lemno exulans,
In castra veniat, ut ducum strage edita
Cruore arundo madeat Herculea Phrygûm,
Ne quid geratur arduum dempto Hercule."
En, ista Troja summa fatorum fuit!

POMPA LARVALIS.

Dido. Rector deorum Jupiter et hominum sator
(Nam jura te loquuntur hospitibus dare),
Si rite pateram solitus hanc Belus tibi
Implere vino, et quisquis a Belo minor,
Hanc esse Tyriis pariter et Teucris diem
Jucundam, et hujus posteros olim velis
Meminisse nostros! Bacche, lætitiæ dator,
Adsis, et alma Juno jam Phrygibus bona!
Et O faventes este vos, Tyrii, precor!
[Libat Jovi.

ASCANIUS, DIDO.

Asc. Regina, tandem quæso tollantur dapes;
Satis epularum, luxui satis est datum:
Inambulando membra relevemus precor.
Dido. Mos tibi geretur.-Tollite, ministri, ocius.
Interea læto personet cantu domus:
Nos inferamus regiis hortis gradum.

MAHARBAL, HANNO.

Mah. Ut vereor, Hanno, quem ferent ista exitum Hospitia si (quod omen avertat deus) Quod sæpe factum, jamque ne fiat precor, Si deperiret hospitem Dido novum,

Quæ bella, quas hæ nuptiæ turbas darent! Han. At tu, Maharbal, quem tibi fingis metum? Nolo oscitantem, nolo prudentem nimis. Quæ bella vates (illa fac nubat) canis ? Mah. Tantumne lärbas dedecus inultum feret

Furens adhuc amore? quid Libyæ duces Quos illa toties sprevit? impune hospitem In regna recipi, despici indigenas sinent? Han. Si tu, Maharbal, exigi miserum putes,

Licito juventam ducat ut vacuam toro
Regina pollens opibus, ætate integra,
Tuone potius nubet arbitrio, an suo,
An magis Iarba? Lege si tali velim
Rex esse, moriar! conjugem nolo eripi,
Nolo imperari; gravius hoc multo reor.
Nam quas lärbæ, quas refers regum minas?
Ducente Tyrias Troico turmas duce

Carthago clarum gentibus caput efferet. Mah. At subeat animo quæ sit hospitibus fides

Habenda; These us doceat Ariadnæ malo, Jason Medeæ: trita peregrinis fura est. Han. Ah, ne duorum scelera sint culpa omnium! Sed mæsta vultus exiit Dido foras: At nos secreto tecta repetamus gradu.

• Pompa larvais] i. e. A Masque.

DIDO, ANNA.

Dido. Quæ me, Anna, dubiam somnia exterrent, soror?

Quis iste nuper sedibus nostris novus
Successit hospes! ore quem sese ferens!
Quam fortis alto pectore armisque inclytus!
Equidem, soror, (nec vana credentis fides,)
Genus esse divům credo: degenerem arguit
Animum timor: quot ille perpessus mala
Terra marique! bella quæ gessit ferox!
Si non sederet in animo fixum mihi
Ne cui jugali lege sociari velim,
Postquam mariti morte deceptam mei
Amor fefellit primus, et tædæ mihi
Si non perosæ penitus ac thalami forent,
Huic forsan uni cederem culpæ libens.
Sed vel dehiscat ante mihi tellus precor,
Vel pater ad umbras fulmine omnipotens
agat,

Pallentis umbras Erebi et infernam Styga, Quam tua resolvam jura, te violem, pudor!

Me primus ille qui sibi junxit meog Abstulit amores; habeat is secum et suo Servet sepulcro: nemo levitate arguat. An. O cara magis hoc lucis aspectu, soror,

Semperne mærens cælibem vitam exiges?
Nunquamne Veneris pignora et licitos toros
Dulcesque natos noveris? id tu putas
Curare manes? esto, nulli ægram viri
Flexere quondam, non tua spretus Tyro
Nobilis Iärbas, gentis et Libyæ duces,
Et quos abundans Africa triumphis alit;
Etiamne Amori sola pugnabis deo?
Nec quorum in arvis degis in mentem
venit?

Hinc Marte gens invicta, Gætuli truces,
Numidæque cingunt; hinc regio squalens
situ,

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Sparsos penates, solus hic sensus meos Flexit, animumque cardine labantem impulit,

Primasque flammæ veteris agnosco notas: Sed dubius animum distrahit nostrum timor

Pudorque. Voti quam mei spem das,

soror?

An. Germana, tantum posce tu veniam deos
Sacris litatis: hospiti indulge novo;
Causas morandi necte dum pelago gravis
Desævit hiemis ira, dum quassæ rates,
Dum non sereno murmurant venti polo.
Dido. Satis est: amori subdis ardenti faces:
Laxabo fræna; stultus excedat pudor.
Cras demereri victima crebra deos
Pacemque in extis quærere statutum est
mihi:

Tibi vacca Cereri, pariter et Baccho cadet; Longe ante reliquos sacra Junoni feram Cui conjugalis vincla sunt curæ tori.

CHORUS.

Eheu, Dido, miseret nos tui!
O ignaræ vatum mentes!

Quid juvat aras tangere supplicem ?
Nulla juvabunt vota furentem:
Exedit intus flamma medullas,
Tacitum vivit pectore vulnus.
Dido miseris uritur ignibus,
Totaque furens urbe vagatur:
Missa qualis cerva sagitta
Quam procul inter Cressia fixit
Nemora incautam pastor, et inscius
Medio liquit pectore ferrum;
Mærens silvas illa petit fuga,
Lateri stridens hæret arundo.
Nunc per muros demens hospitem
Secum Æneam ducit Elisa;
Nunc Sidonias ostentat opes
Urbemque novam; cupit effari,
Et mox media voce resistit;
Nunc Iliacos audire expetit
Illa labores; nunc convivia
Eadem quærit labente die.
Non jam cœptæ surgunt turres,
Non exercent juvenes arma,
Non jam bello tela recondunt,
Portusve parant; cessant opera,
Pendent altæ murorum minæ.
O quis superum tanta clemens
Peste furentem solvat Elisam!

Secundo [actu] transitur ad venationem.

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