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This hope has dictated to his majesty the more direct in espousing the Prussian quar-
utnost forbearance and moderation in all rel, than the emperor of Russia ; the ally
his diplomatic intercourse with the court of his Prussian majesty, the protector of
of St. Petersburgh since the peace of Til- the north of Europe, and the guarantee of
sit. His majesty had much cause for sus the Germanick constitution. It is not in a
picion, and just ground of complaint. But publick declaration that his majesty can
he abstained from the language of reproach. discuss the policy of having, at any parti-
His majesty deemed it necessary to require cular period of the war, effected, or omit-
specifick' explanation with respect to those ted to effect, disembarkations of troops on
arrangements with France, the concealment the coasts of Naples. But the instance of
of which from his majesty could not but the war with the Porte, is still more singu-
confirm the impression already received larly chosen to illustrate the charge against
of their character and tendency. But his Great Britain of indifference to the interests
majesty, nevertheless, directed the demand of her ally : a war undertaken by Great
of that explanation to be made, not only Britain at the instigation of Russia, and
without asperity or the indication of any solely for the purpose of maintaining Rus-
hostile disposition, but with that considerate sian interests against the influence of
regard to the feelings and situation of the France. If, however, the peace of Tilsit
emperor of Russia, which resulted from the is, indeed, to be considered as the conse-
recollection of former friendship, and from quence and the punishment of the imputed
confidence interrupted but not destroyed.- inactivity of Great Britain, his majesty can-
The declaration of the emperor of Russia not but regret that the emperor of Russia
proves that the object of his majesty's for- should have resorted to so precipitate and
bearance and moderation has not been at- fatal a measure, at the moment, when he
tained. It proves, unhappily, that the in- had received distinct assurances that his
fluence of that power, which is equally and majesty was making the most strenuous
essentially the enemy both of Great Britain exertions to fulfil the wishes and expecta-
and of Russia, has acquired a decided as- tions of his ally (assurances which his im-
cendency in the counsels of the cabinet of perial majesty received and acknowledged
St. Petersburgh; and has been able to ex- with apparent confidence and satisfaction);
cile a causeless enmity between two nations, and when his majesty was, in fact, prepared
whose long-established connection, and to employ, for the advancement of the
whose mutual interests prescribed the most common objects of the war, those forces
intiinate union and co-operation.--His ma- which, after the peace of Tilsit, he was
jesty deeply laments the extension of the under the necessity of employing to discon-
calamities of war. But called upou, as he cert a combination directed against his own
is, to defend hiniself against an act of un immediate interests and security. The
provoked hostility, his majesty is anxious vexation of Russian commerce by Great
to refute, in the face of the world, the pre- Britain is, in truth, little more than an
texts by which that act is attempted to be imaginary grievance. Upon a diligent ex-
justified. The declaration asserts that his amination, made by his majesty's command,
majesty the emperor of Russia has twice of the records of the British court of ad-
taken up arms in a cause, in which the in- miralty, there has been discovered only a
terest of Great Britain was more direct solitary instance in the course of the pre-
than his own; and founds


sent war, of the condemnation of a vessel tion the charge against Great Britain of really Russian: a vessel which had carried having neglected to second and support naval stores to a port of the common enethe military operations of Russia.--His ma- my. There are but few instances of Rusjesty willingly does justice to the motives sian vessels detained : and none in which which originally engaged Russia in the justice has been refused to a party regulargreat struggle against France. His majesty ly complaining of such detention. It is avows with equal readiness the interest therefore matter of surprize as well as of which Great Britain has uniformly taken concern to his majesty that the emperor of in the fates and fortunes of the powers of Russia should have condescended to bring the continent. But it would surely be dif- forward a complaint which, as it cannot be ficult to prove that Great Britain, who was seriously felt by those in whose behalf it is herself in a state of bostility with Prussia, urged, might appear to be intended to when the war broke out between Prussia countenance those exaggerated declamaand France, had an interest and a duty tions, by which France perseveringly en


deavours to inflame the jealousy, of other for his own interests in the negotiations of countries, and to justify her own inveterate Tilsit, presented no encouraging prospect animosity, against Great Britain.--The of the result of any exertions which his peace of Tilsit was followed by an offer of imperial majesty might be disposed to emmediation on the part of the emperor of ploy in favour of Great Britain.—It is not, Russia, for the conclusion of a peace be while a French army still occupies and lays tween Great Britain and France; which waste the remaiving dominions of the king it is asserted that his majesty refused. of Prussia, in spite of the stipulations of His majesty did not refuse the mediation the Prussian treaty of Tilsit; while contriof the emperor of Russia : although the butions are arbitrarily exacted by France offer of it was accompanied by circumstan- from that reninant of the Prussian monarces of concealment which inigbt well have chy, such as, in its entire and most floujustified bis refusal. The articles of the rishing state, the Prussian monarchy would treaty of Tilsit were not communicated to have been unable to discharge ; while the his majesty : and specifically that article of surrender is demanded, in time of peace, the treaty, in virtue of which the mediation of Prussian fortresses, which had not been was proposed, and which prescribed a li- reduced during the war; and while the mited time for the return of his majesty's power of France is exercised over Prussia answer to that proposal. And his majesty with such shameless tyranny, as to designate was thus led into an apparent compliance and demand for instant death, individuals, with a limitation so offensive to the diguity subjects of lois Prussian inajesty, and resiof an independent sovereign. But the dent in his dominions, upon a charge of answer so returned by his majesty was not disrespect towards the French government; a refusal. It was a conditional acceptance. -it is not while all these things are done The conditions required by his majesty were, and soffered, under the eyes of the empe-a statement of the basis upon which the ror of Russia, and without his interference enemy was disposed to treat; and a com on behalf of his ally, that his majesty can munication of the articles of the peace of feel himself called upon to account to Tilsit. The first of these conditions was Europe, for having hesitated to repose an precisely the same which the emperor of unconditional confidence in the efficacy of Russia had himself annexed not four months his imperial majesty's mediation,---Nor, before to his own acceptance of the proffer- even if that mediation had taken full effect, ed mediation of the emperor of Austria. if a peace had been concluded under it, and The second was one which his majesty that peace guaranteed by his imperial mawould have had a right to require even jesty, could his majesty have placed implias the ally of his imperial majesty; but cit reliance on the stability of any such arwhich it would have been highly improvi- rangement, after having seen the emperor dent to omit, when he was invited to con of Russia openly transfer to France the fide to his imperial majesty the care of his sovereignty of the Ionian republic, the inhonour and of his interests.-But even if dependence of which his imperial majesty these conditions (neither of which has been had recently and solemnly guaranteed. fulfilled, although the fulfilment of them But while the alledged rejection of the emhas been repeatedly required by his majesty's peror of Russia's mediation, between Great ambassador at St. Petersburgh) had not Britain and France, is stated as a just been in themselves perfectly natural and ground of his imperial majesty's resentnecessary; there were not wanting consi- ment; his majesty's request of that mediaderations which might have warranted his tion, for the re-establishment of peace bemajesty iu endeavouring, with more than tween Great Britain and Denmark, is reordinary anxiety, to ascertain the views and presented as an insult which it was beyond intentions of the emperor of Russia, and the bounds of his imperial majesty's mothe precise nature and effect of the new re deration to endure.-His majesty feels lations which his imperial majesty had con- himself under no obligation to offer any tracted. The complete abandonment of atonement or apology to the emperor of the interests of the king of Prussia, (who Russia for the expedition against Copenhabad twice rejected proposals of separate gen. It is not for those who were parties peace, from a strict adherence to his en- to the secret arrangements of Tilsit, to de. gagements with his imperial ally,) and the mand satisfaction for a measure to which character of those provisions which the those arrangements gave rise, and by which emperor of Russia was contented to make one of the objects of them has been hap

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pily defeated.—His majesty's justification fered, any insult to the emperor of Russia. of the expedition against Copenhagen is Nor can his majesty conceive that, in probefore the world. The Declaration of the posing to the Prince Royal terms of peace, emperor of Russia would supply whatever such as the most successful war on the was wanting in it; if any thing could be part of Denmark could hardly have been wanting to convince the most incredulous of expected to extort from Great Britain, his the urgency of that necessity under which maj. rendered himself liable to the imputahis majesty acted.—But until the Russian tion, either of exasperating the resentment, declaration was published, his majesty had or of outraging the dignity, of Denmark. no reason to suspect that any opinions His majesty has thus replied to all the which the emperor of Russia might enter different accusations by which the Russian tain of the transactions at Copenhagen government labours to justify the rupture could be such as to preclude his imperial of a connection which has subsisted for majesty from undertaking, at the request ages, with reciprocal advantage to Great of Great Britain, that same office of me Britain and Russia ; and attempts to disdiator, which he had assumed with so guise the operation of that external influmuch alacrity on the behalf of France, ence by which Russia is driven into unjust nor can his majesty forget that the first hostilities for interests not her own.symptoms of reviving confidence, since The Russian declaration proceeds to anthe peace of Tilsit, the only prospect of nounce the several conditions on which success in the endeavours of his majesty's alone these hostilities can be terminated, ambassador to restore the ancient good and the intercourse of the two countries understanding between Great Britain and renewed.--His majesty has already had Russia, appeared when the intelligence of occasion to assert that justice has in no the siege of Copenhagen had been recently instance been denied to the claims of his received at St. Petersburgh.—The invio imperial majesty's subjects.—The termilability of the Baltick sea, and the reci- nation of the war with Denmark has been procal guaranties of the powers that border so anxiously sought by his majesty, that upon it, guaranties said to have been con it cannot be necessary for his majesty to tracted with the knowledge of the British renew any professions upon that subject: government, are stated as aggravations of But his majesty is at a loss to reconcile the his majesty's proceedings in the Baltick. emperor of Russia's present anxiety for It cannot be intended to represent his ma- the completion of such an arrangement, jesty as having at any time acquiesced in with his imperial majesty's recent refusal the principles upon which the inviolability to contribute his good offices for effecting of the Baltick is maintained; however his it.-The requisition of his imperial majesty majesty may at particular periods have for the immediate conclusion, by his maforborne, for special reasons influencing jesty, of a peace with France, is as extrahis conduct at the time, to act in contra- ordinary in the substance, as it is offensive diction to them. Such forbearance never in the manner. His majesty has at no could have applied but to a state of peace

time declined to treat with France, when and real neutrality in the north ; and his France has professed a willingness to treat majesty most assuredly could not be ex on an admissible basis. And the emperor pected to recur to it, after France has been of Russia cannot fail to remember that the suffered to establish herself in undisputed last negociation between Great Britain and sovereignty along the whole coast of the France was broken off, upon points immeBaltick sea from Dantzig to Lubeck. diately affecting, not his majesty's own But the higher the value which the em interests, but those of his imperial ally. peror of Russia places on the engagements But his majesty neither understands nor respecting the tranquillity of the Baltick, will he admit the pretension of the emperor which he describes himself as inheriting of Russia to dictate the time, or the mode, from his immediate predecessors, the em of his majesty's pacific negociations with press Catherine and the emperor Paul, the other powers. It never will be endured by less justly can his imperial majesty resent his majesty that any government shall the appeal made to him by his majesty as indemnify itself for the humiliation of the guarantee of the peace to be concluded, subserviency to France, by the adoption of between Great Britain and Denmark. In an insulting and peremptory tone towards making that appeal, with the utmost con Great Britain.-His majesty proclaims fidence and sincerity, his majesty neither anew those principles of maritime law, intended, nor can he imagine that he of- against which the armed neutrality, under

the auspices of the empress Catherine, was could have no objection to furnish the originally directed; and against which house with whatever information actually the present hostilities of Russia are de- existed on the subject alluded to by the nounced. Those principles have been right hon. gent. For this purpose he was recognized and acted upon in the best desirous that the right hon. gent. should periods of the history of Europe : and shape his motion in such a manner, that it acted upon by no power with more strict might apply to papers actually in existness and severity than by Russia herself ence. If the right hon. gent. meant to in the reign of the empress Catherine,- move for any official instruction on the Those principles it is the right and the subject, he could inform him that no such duty of his majesty to maintain : and existed; but if he confined his motion against every confederacy his majesty is simply for the proposal that had been determined, under the blessing of Divine made to the court of Russia on the subject Providence, to maintain them. They have of mediation with Denmark, with the at all times contributed essentially to the result of that proposal, to such a motion support of the maritime power of Great | there could be no possible objection. Britain; but they are become incalculably Mr. Ponsonby expressed his wish to more valuable and important at a period shape his motion, so as to attain the object when the maritime power of Great Bri he desired. The right hon, gent. must tain constitutes the sole remaining bul certainly be better informed on the subwarkagainst the overwhelming usurpations ject than 'he was; but he confessed of France; the only refuge to which other he could not understand how any proponations may yet resort, in happier times, sition could be made to the courtof Petersfor assistance and protection. When the burgh, without official instructions to our opportunity for peace between Great Bri ambassador. The answer, too, must be tain and Russia shall arrive, his majesty official, and assuredly all these papers will embrace it with eagerness. The ar might be forthcoming.--After some furrangements of such a negociation will not ther conversation, it was agreed to draw be difficult or complicated. His majesty, up'a motion in concert, 'which was done, as he has nothing to concede, so he has as follows : «"That an humble address be nothing to require : satisfied, if Russia presented to his majesty, that he will be shall manifest a disposition to return to' graciously pleased to give directions, that her ancient feelings of friendship towards there be laid before this house, Copies or Great Britain ; to a just consideration of Extracts of such parts of the Corresponher own true interests; and to a sense of dence between his majesty's secretary of her own dignity as an independent nation. state and his majesty's minister at the

court of St. Petersburgh, as relate to the Mr. Whitbread inquired, whether it was request, on the part of his majesty, of his the intention of his majesty's ministers to imperial majesty's Mediation for the Ressubmit to the house any proposition, toration of Peace between his majesty and founded upon the above Papers ?

the crown of Denmark.” Mr. Secretary Canning replied, that he ORDERS IN COUNCIL RELATIVE TO Neuwas not aware of any such intention. TRÁL VESSELS, &c.] The Chancellor of the

Mr. Whitbread then gave notice, that Exchequer presented to the house, by his after a sufficient time had elapsed to give majesty's command, the following Papers, the members an opportunity of duly inves- viz. tigating the contests of these Papers, he

ORDERS IN COUNCIL, should move some proposition, which

PRESENTED TO THE HOUSE OF would bring the house directly to the point

COMMONS, BY HIS MAJESTY’S of the propriety, at the present time, of en

COMMAND, JAN. 26, 1808.
tering into a negociation with France.

ORDER 'in Council; prohibiting Trade wished to know whether his majesty's

to be carried on between Port and ministers 'had any objections to the imme

Port of Countries under the dominion diate production of the proposition made or usurped controul of France and her by 'this country, for the Mediation of Allies. Russia, between Great Britain and Den At the Court at the Queen's Palace, the mark, and of the Answer made thereto. 7th of January 1807 ; Present, The King's

Mr. Secretary Canning replied, that most excellent_Majesty in council. -unquestionably "his majesty's 'ministers Whereas the French government has


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issued certain Orders, which, in violation | captured and brought in, and, together of the usages of war, purport to prohibit with her cargo, shall be condemned as the Commerce of all Neutral Nations with lawful prize : and his majesty's principal his majesty's dominions, and also to pre- secretaries of state, the lords commissioners vent such nations from trading with any of the admiralty, and the judges of the other country, in any articles, the growth, high court of admiralty, and courts of vice produce, or manufacture of his majesty's admiralty, are to take the necessary meadominions : and whereas the said govern sures herein as to them shall respectively ment has also taken upon itself to declare appertain. (Signed) WM. FAWKNER. all his majesty's dominions to be in a state Order in Council; approving Draught of blockade, at a time wļen the fleets of of an additional Instruction to the France and her allies are themselves con Commanders of His Majesty's Ships fined within their own ports by the supe

of War and Privateers, directing that rior valour and discipline of the British Neutral Vessels, laden with Cargoes navy : and whereas such attempts on the consisting of the Articles therein enupart of the enemy would give to his ma merated, coming for importation to jesty an unquestionable right of retaliation, any Port of the United Kingdom and would warrant his majesty in enforcing (provided they shall not be coming the same prohibition of all commerce with from


Port in a state of strict and France, which that power vainly hopes to rigorous Blockade), shall not be ineffect against the commerce of his ma terrupted; and that in case any such jesty's subjects; a prohibition which the Articles shall be brought for Adjudisuperiority of his majesty's naval forces cation before the High Court of Admight enable him to support, by actually miralty, or any Court of Vice Admiinvesting the ports and coasts of the enemy ralty, the same shall be forthwith with numerous squadrons and cruisers, so liberated, upon a Claim being given as to make the entrance or approach by or on behalf of the Merchant or thereto manifestly dangerous: and whereas Merchants to whom such Articles his majesty, though unwilling to follow shall be coming for Importation. the example of his enemies, by proceeding At the Court at the Queen's Palace, the to an extremity so distressing to all nations 4th of Feb. 1807; present, the King's not engaged in the war, and carrying on most excellent Majesty in Council. their accustomed trade, yet feels himself Whereas there was this day read at the bound by a due regard to the just defence Board, the annexed Draught of an Addiof the rights and interests of his people, tional Instruction to the commanders of not to suffer such measures to be taken by his majesty's ships of war and privateers, the enemy, without taking some steps on directing that they do not interrupt Neuhis part to restrain this violence, and to tral Vessels laden with Cargoes consisting retort upon them the evils of their own of the Articles thereinafter enumerated, injustice: his majesty is thereupon pleased, coming for importation to any port of the by and with the advice of his privy united kingdom (provided they are not council, to order, and it is hereby ordered, coming from any port in a state of strict That no vessel shall be permitted to trade and rigorous Blockade); and in case any from one port to another, both which ports such vessel, so coming with such articles, shall belong to or be in the possession of shall be brought for adjudication before France or her allies, or shall be so far the high court of admiralty, or any court under their controul, as that British vessels of vice admiralty, that the same shall be may not freely trade thereat : and the forthwith liberated, upon a claim being commanders of his majesty's ships of war given by or on behalf of the merchant or and privateers shall be, and are hereby merchants to whom such Articles are instructed to warn every neutral vessel coming for Importation: his majesty takcoming from any such port, and destined | ing the said Draught of Additional Into another such port, to discontinue her struction into consideration, was pleased, voyage, and not to proceed to any such with the advice of his privy council, to

any vessel after being so warned, approve thereof; and to order, as it is or any vessel coming from any such port, hereby ordered, That the right hon. earl after a reasonable time shall have been Spencer, one of his majesty's principal afforded for receiving information of this secretaries of state, do cause the said Inhis majesty's Order, which shall be found struction to be prepared for his majesty's proceeding to another such port, shall be royal signature. (Signed) W. FAWKNER.

port; and

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