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HOUSE OF COMMONS.
it could not have been foreseen that the , ment of that object; and, whether it should right hon. gent. would turn out to be a be deemed expedient as an ulterior meaperson of such transcendent talents and sure to purchase the interests of the present abilities, capable of holding the high and reversioners, or to await the expiration of important situation which he now filled. their terms, it was equally unfit that further The office he alluded to, however, did not grants in reversion should be made.- The certainly require such transcendent talents question being put, leave was given to bring and abilities as the right hon. gent. pos- in the bill, with the single dissenting voice sessed; for he believed it required little of Mr. W. Dundas. Mr. Bankes aftermore abilities than were sufficient for count wards brought in the bill, which was read a ing the money arising from its emoluments first time. into his own pocket. He confessed he thought any opposition to this bill was derogatory to the principles and opinions entertained by that house npon the subject;
Tuesday, January 26. and he trusted the house would uphold its
[MINUTes.] Petitions, complaining of ‘own honour and character, by again send- undue returns, were presented from the foling the bill up to the house of lords.
lowing places, and ordered to be taken Sir John Newport thought it his duty to into consideration on the days annexed : skake a particular instance in which the re
Poole, Feb. 2; Maldon, March 15; Beverform of an office recommended by the ley, March 15. committee of inquiry, in Ireland, could not
[PAPERS RELATING TO The Negobe carried into effect, in consequence of its TIATION WITH AUSTRIA AND RUSSIA.] being granted in rerersion. The office he Mr. Secretary Canning presented to the alluded to was that of customer of the port house, by his majesty's command, the Paof Dublin. It had been granted in rever
pers relative to the Negotiation with Aussion three deep. Two of the three had tria and Russia, of which the following are died while the reform was in agitation; but copies :
PAPERS the right of the third barred the reform. Mr. Horner rose for the purpose of re
RELATIVE TO THE NEGOTIATION pelling the aspersions which had been thrown
WITH AUSTRIA AND RUSSIA ; upon the memory of one of the proudest
PRESENTED, BY HIS MAJESTY'S ornaments of this or any other country, by
COMMAND, TO BOTH HOUSES OF the inconsiderate observations of the right
PARLIAMENT, JAN. 26, 1808. hon. gent. The hon. gent. denied that the latter part of Mr. Burke's life went in any way to invalidate or contradict the sincerity
No 1.- Note from the Count de Starof his earlier efforts. Those who were hemberg to Mr. Secretary Canning, honoured with that great man's friendship,
dated London, April 18, 1807. or those who were acquainted with his very His majesty the emperor of Austria, last work, knew that he took honour and king of Hungary and Bohemia, having recredit to himself for having pursued such solved upon offering to the principal powers measures as tended to every species of interested in the present war, his amicable economical reform; they knew that, to the mediation, in order by his intervention to latest hour of his splendid career, he was bring on a negotiation for peace, the count as zealous and as sincere an enemy tó ra- de Starhemberg, envoy extraordinary and pine and public malversation as he was in minister plenipotentiary, has received orders the mosť vigorous period of his memorable to transmit to the ministry of bis Britanlife.—He thought this measure the more va- nick majesty, the accompanying Note, conluable, not because it bore upon the pre- taining the offer of mediation which his rogative of the crown, but because it was a imperial and royal majesty has caused to measure of reform; and that perhaps, was be presented in the same manner, and at the very reason of the right hon. gent.'s the same time, to the cabinets of Petersopposition to it.—The bill was to be re- burgh and of the Thuilleries, as well as to spected, because it came from a committee that of Berlin. In acquitting himself of appointed by the house to consider the this commission, the undersigned requests means of reducing the public expenditure, his excellency Mr. Canning will have the and because it was the first step recom- goodness to lay this offer of mediation of his mended by tlie committee for the attain- imperial 'majesty before the king of Eng.
PAPERS RELATIVE TO AUSTRIA.
land, and he ventures to hope that his ex vent desire for peace, and the hope of its cellency will not refuse to inform him as compleat and speedy re-establishment, if soon as possible of the resolutions taken by he did not at the same time state the entire his Britannic majesty on this subject.—The convictiou he feels, that it is only by the count de Starhemberg embraces this oppor- united endeavours of the powers principally tunity to renew to his excellency the assur- concerned in the war, and by a negotiation ance of his high consideration.
in common, which should embrace the (Note referred to in Number 1.) whole of their reciprocal interests, that perThe emperor Francis II. could not be- manent tranquillity and a secure and solid bold, without the deepest concern, the peace can be attained, a peace which should rupture which took place last autumn, secure the future political relations of Eubetween his majesty the emperor of the rope.-His imperial majesty, from that firm French, king of Italy, and his majesty the persuasion (which the frankness of his senking of Prussia ; and he was shortly after- timents will not permit him to dissemble) wards still more painfully affected, by the conceives that this pacific overture should extension of hostilities over a considerable be made by him in common to those cabipart of Europe. If by observing a strict and nets which are, in the first instance, to take scrupulous impartiality from the very com a part in the conferences; and it is therefore mencement of the war, his imperial and royal with earnestness that he equally invites the apostolic majesty has had the satisfaction cabinets of Petersburgh, of Berlin, and of the to maintain bis system of neutrality in cir- Thuilleries, to adopt the same conciliatory cumstances so critical, and to preserve his views, and to enter into negotiations for a people from the ravages of war, he did not peace, in which the essential relations of all enter the less fully into the miseries which the parties interested should, as far as is were multiplied around his states; and in practicable, be combined.--The emperor bis just solicitude for the tranquillity and has thus generally testified bis wish for peace. the security of his monarchy, he could not He will not take upon himself to suggest but be sensible to the continually renewed the particular mode of negotiation, and alarms upon his frontiers, or to the fatal still "less to anticipate, the intentions of effects which they inevitably produced in other powers, or to decide upon those various branches of his interior administra- measures which it may be thought necessary tion. The emperor, uniformly animated previously to settle, in order to determine with the same dispositions, has had no other the principles of the preliminary overtures view from the commencement, and during between the belligerent powers.—Neverthe course of hostilities, than to endeavour theless, in the hope that this friendly offer to bring about a reconciliation, and to avail of his interposition will be appreciated in himself of every proper opportunity to put such a manner as the rectitude of his intenan end to the calamities of war. He judged tions authorises him to expect, his imperial he could not better effect this desirable re-majesty is eager to propose (in order that sult than by constantly impressing the belli- the opening of negotiations may be faciligerent powers with his sentiments of mo- tated by his good offices) any place in his deration and of conciliation, and in giving dominions, the situation and locality of his whole attention towards producing in which might be reciprocally convenient, and them a similar disposition. The reception which, from this consideration, ought not which his first overtures to this effect bave to be too near the theatre of war; and, in obtained, appears to announce that the mo- this respect, as in every other point, the emment of so desirable a reconciliation is not | peror will feel pleasure in contributing to far distant. In the confidence inspired by accelerate the period of so desirable a so consolatory a prospect, the general wel meeting. fare and the interest of his own dominions Louis COUNT DE STARHEMBERG. call upon his imperial majesty to offer to No. II. — Note from Mr. Secretary Canthe belligerent powers his friendly interven ning to the count de Starhemberg, tion; and in consequence of this, he does dated April 25, 1807. not besitate to make to his Britannick ma The undersigned, his majesty's principal jesty, the offer of his mediation, and of his secretary of state for foreign affairs, las good offices.-But, in considering how very . laid before the king his master, the note complicated and extensive the present war delivered to bim by the count de Starhemis become, the emperor would think that berg, envoy extraordinary, and minister he had but imperfectly expressed his fer- plenipotentiary of his imperial majesty the
emperor of Austria, king of Hungary and of his imperial majesty) it might be expeBohemia, in which his imperial majesty dient previously to establish as the basis and offers himself as the mediator of a general foundation of a general discussion and arpeace.—The undersigned has received the rangement.-With respect to the place orders of the king, to transmit to the count which should be selected as the seat of the de Starbemberg, the inclosed official an- negotiations; his majesty would not object swer to the note of his imperial majesty. to any place which, in addition to the indisRendering the fullest justice to the motives pensable qualification, proposed in the note which have actuated his imperial majesty, in of his imperial majesty, of being sufficiently the proposal of such a mode of negotiation, remote from the immediate influence of the as can alone, by embracing the interests of events of the war, should have that of affordall parties, conduce to the establishment of ing to his majesty, in an equal degree with a solid peace, and to the permanent tran- all the other powers concerned, the opportuquillity of Europe, the king accepts, so far nity of a prompt and uninterrupted comas his majesty is concerned, the offer of his munication with the plenipotentiaries who imperial inajesty's mediation, subject only should be appointed to represent his majesto the condition of a like acceptance of it on at the congress. George CANNING. the part of all the other powers who are en- Foreign Office, April 25, 1807. gaged in the present war.-In executing No. III.-Note from the prince de Starthis duty, the undersigned is happy to seize hemberg to Mr. Secretary Canning, the opportunity of renewing to the count de dated Nov. 20, 1807. Starhemberg the assurance of his high con The undersigned has the honour to insideration. GEORGE CANNING.
form his excellency Mr. Canning, secretary (Official Note, referred to in No. 2.) of state for the department of foreign affairs,
His majesty the king of the united king- that he has received positive orders from dom of Great Britain and Ireland, has re- his court, to make to the British ministry ceived, with a just sense of the consideration the most earnest representations on the imwhich is due to every communication from portance of putting an end to the struggle his imperial majesty the emperor of Austria, which still exists between England and king of Hungary and Bohemia, and of the France; and the effects of which may promotives by which, on this occasion, his im- duce to the rest of Europe the most fatal perial majesty has been actuated, the offer consequences. His majesty the emperor of his imperial majesty to become the me- and king, animated by a constant desire diator of a general peace.--The king, who to effect the restoration of repose
and tranhas never ceased to consider a secure and quillity, does not hesitate to request officialdurable peace as the only object of the ly and earnestly his Britannick majesty to war, in which his majesty is engaged, and declare his intentions on this point in evincwho has never refused to listen to any sug- ing to him his disposition to enter into a gestions which appeared likely to conduce negotiation for a maritime peace upon to the attainment of that object, cannot a basis suitable to the reciprocal interests hesitate to declare his entire concurrence of the powers who may take a part in it. in the opinion expressed by the emperor The cabinet of St. James's has explained itand king, that a peace of such a description self too often respecting its desire for the reis only to be attained through negotiations establishment of peace, for the undersigned which shall be common to all the powers not to flatter himself that he shall now obprincipally engaged in the war.To such tain the formal assurance wished for by his negotiations, whenever the consent of court, which will completely prove to all the other powers interested in them shall the nations of Europe, the sincerity of the be obtained, the king will willingly accede; pacifick views of England. The undersignand his majesty will lose no time in com- ed, &c. LOUIS PRINCE DE STARHEMmunicating with such of those powers as are connected with him by the bonds of No. IV.—Note from Mr. Secretary Canamity and confidential intercourse, for the ning to the prince de Starhemberg, purpose of ascertaining their views; and if dated Nov. 23, 1807. those views shall be favourable to his im The undersigned, his majesty's principal perial majesty's proposal, of concerting with secretary of state for foreign affairs, has them the mode in wbich such negotiations laid before the king his master the official should be opened, and of agreeing upon the note presented by the prince de Starhemprinciples which (according to the suggestion berg, envoy extraordinary and minister ple
nipotentiary of his imperial majesty the em- plenipotentiaries to Paris for the purpose peror of Austria, in which the prince de of treating for the establishment of peace Starhemberg expresses, by order of his between all the powers at present at war court, the earnest desire of his imperial ma- with England. This explicit and frank jesty for the termination of the present invitation must furnish a proof of the contest between Great Britain and France, good faith and of the sincere intention of and requires a sincere and formal declara- France to put an end to the calamities of tion of his majesty's sentiments upon that war; and his imperial majesty consents subject.-His majesty having repeatedly with eagerness to be the intermediary of a and recently declared his disposition and result so desireable. It is hoped, that the desire to enter into negotiation for a peace court of London will not hesitate to recogon secure and honourable terms, and this nize on this occasion the importance of the declaration having been made in the most proposal which is made to it, and that it will regular and authentic manner to the Austrian be disposed to give a fresh proof of that degovernment, in the answer which the under- sire which it has so often expressed, to resigned was commanded to return to the store repose to the rest of Europe, by naming official offer by the prince de Starhemberg negotiators to be entrusted with the imin the month of April last) of his imperial portant interests to be discussed.-To avoid majesty's mediation; and in that which his every species of delay, the undersigned is majesty has since directed to be returned authorized by France to give passports to to a similar offer on the part of the emperor the ministers whom the cabinet of St. of Russia, and which has been communicated James's may appoint for this purpose. The to the court of Vienna ; his majesty cannot mode in which these overtures are subreceive without surprize an application for mitted to the court of London, and the a renewal of the declaration of sentiments measures which are taken towards realizing of which the court of Vienna has been so the execution of them with the least possilong and so formally in possession. His ble delay, will effectually demonstrate the majesty will not believe that any farther de spirit of conciliation by which they are dicclaration can be necessary for the purpose tated. The undersigned, &c. of proving to the nations of Europe a sin LOUIS PRINCE DE STARHEMBERG. cerity which the nations of Europe cannot No. VI.-Note from Mr. Secretary Canquestion. But in compliance with the wishes ning to the prince de Starhemberg, of a friendly powerexpressed with so much dated Jan. 8, 1808. earnestness and anxiety, bis majesty is never The undersigned, his majesty's principal theless willing to repeat once more the secretary of state for foreign affairs, has assurance, already so often repeated, that laid before the king his master, the note his majesty is now, as be bas at all times delivered to him the second of this month been, prepared to enterinto negotiation for by the prince de Starhemberg, envoy exthe conclusion of such a peace as shall traordinary and minister plenipotentiary of settle on equal terms the respective interests bis majesty the emperor of Austria.-In of the powers engaged in the war, as shall stating himself to be charged to propose to be consistent with his majesty's fidelity to the British government the immediate sendhis allies, and shall provide for the tranquil- ing of plenipotentiaries to Paris, the prince lity and security of Europe. The undersign-de Starhemberg has omitted to explain ed, &c. GEORGE CANNING.
from whom he has received that commission, No. V.-Note from the prince de Star- whether from his imperial master or from
hemberg to Mr. Secretary Canning, the government of France.-If the prince dated Jan. 1, 1808.
de Starhemberg has, in this instance, acted The undersigned, obeying the orders of under the specific and immediate orders of his court, in conforming to the desire of his court, and if the proposal to his majesty that of the Thuilleries, bas the honour to to send plenipotentiaries to Paris is to be inform his excellency the secretary of state considered as originating at Vienna, the unfor the foreign department, that, in conse- dersigned is commanded to express his maquence of the pacifick dispositions of his jesty's concern that so little reference should Britannick majesty, announced in the an appear to have been had, in framing the swer returned on the 23d of November proposal now offered for his majesty's conlast, to his official note of the 20th of the sideration, to the correspondence which same month, he is charged to propose to has already taken place between the courts the English ministry to send immediately of London and Vienna, upon the subject of
a negotiation for peace.---After so long an, companied as it is with any ostensible and interval has been suffered to elapse since unequivocal return on the part of France the acceptance by his majesty, in April last, for the declarations already made in his of the offer of his imperial majesty's medi- majesty's name, is so far from being a proof tation, his majesty could hardly have ex of any such reciprocal disposition, that it pected that the same offer should now be can be construed no otherwise by his marepeated (if indeed the prince de Starhem- jesty than as implying an unjustifiable berg's note is to be construed as a repetition doubt of the sincerity of his majesty's proof it) without any notification of the accept- fessions.—Nor is the want of such formal ance of those conditions which were at that authority and of such reciprocal assurance, time stated by his majesty to be indispen- the only, or the most material defect in the sable preliminaries to the opening of a ne- prince de Starhemberg's communication.gotiation. And while the note of the un His majesty is called upon to send plenipodersigned of the 23d of November last is tentiaries to Paris to negotiate for peace, cited by the prince de Starlemberg as the without the slightest intimation being given foundation of the present proposal, bis ma to inis majesty of the basis on which it is jesty observes with surprize, that this pro- proposed that suclr negotiation should be posal nevertheless extends only to the founded. If it could ever have been powers combined with France in the war matter of doubt whether the previous settleagainst Great Britain, and not to the ment of a basis of negotiation were necesallies of Great Britain in the war with sary to the hope of its successful termination, France. If, on the other hand, the court the experience of the last negotiation with of Vienna is no otherwise concerned in the France would have placed that question step which the prince de Starlienberg has beyond controversy. The experience of taken, than as having generally authorized the last negotiation has further demonstrathat minister to receive and to convey to ted the disadvantage and inconveniency of the British goverument whatever communi a negotiation conducted at Paris.—His maeations the government of France might jesty is willing to treat with France : but he think fit to intrust to him, the undersigned will treat only on a footing of perfect equais commanded, in that case, to remark to lity. He is ready to treat with the allies of the prince de Starhemberg, that although France: but the negotiation must equally the character which the prince de Starlem- embrace the interests of the allies of Great berg holds from the court of Vienna, and Britain. -As soon as the basis of negotiathe formalities by which he is accredited to tion shall have been satisfactorily ascerhis majesty, entitle him to immediate and tained, and an unexceptionable place of neimplicit confidence in every exercise of his gotiation agreed upon, bis majesty will be diplomatic functions, in the name and on prepared to name plenipotentiaries to meet the behalf of his imperial master ; yet that those of the other powers engaged in the when he professes to speak in the name of war: but his majesty will not again consent another power, the statement of some pre- to send his plenipotentiaries to a hostile cacise authority, and the production of some pital.—But while his majesty has permitted specifick and authenticated document, could the undersigned to address this frank and alone justify the court to which he addresses unequivocal exposition of his majesty's sentihimself, in founding a publick and impor- ments to the minister of the emperor of tant measure upon such a communication. Austria, the undersigned is at the same From the tenour of the prince de Starhem- tinje charged to state distinctly to the berg's note it appears, that the note of the prince de Starhemberg, that not having reundersigned of the 23d of November has ceived any authentic proof of the prince de been communicated to the government of Starhemberg's commission to enter into any France.—The government of France is explanations in the name of the French therefore in possession of a solemn and government, or to afford any assurance authentick pledge of the pacifick dispositions by which that government could be of his majesty. It follows that a pledge bound, his majesty has not directed the equally solemn and authentick of the undersigned to give any authority to the reciprocal dispositions of France, is reason- prince de Starhemberg to speak in the ably to be expected by his majesty, before name of his majesty to the government his majesty can be called upon to make of France. The undersigned has the hoany further advance.—The proposal to his nour to request the prince de Starhemberg majesty to send negotiators to Paris, unac to accept, &c. GEORGE CANNING.