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vate character, sometimes seems due To the Editor of the Remembrancer. to historic truth.
So far as regards the operations of Mr. Sharpe in favour of American FROM the very first appearance of Episcopacy, the first fact within the the Remembrancer, I have been knowledge of those who moved in a constant reader, and am now the business in this country, was his happy to join your correspondent letter to a Baptist minister (Dr. Man- “Clericus" in acknowledging “your ning, ) handed about ainong the readiness to admit any thing into members of the Convention of 1785, your useful Miscellany that is of but not submitted to that body. The essential interest to the Clergy.” Per. nest, was extracts of letters of Mr. mit me to add also, that, under the Sharpe to the Archbishop of Can- terms “ interests of the Clergy," I terbury, communicated to Dr. Frank have no doubt but you comprehend lin, and by him sent, in 1786, to the the interests of Curates, as well as author of the "Memoirs of the Epis- those of Incumbents. copal Church." The two Bishops, Under this persuasion I venture who were soon after consecrated in to hope, you will allow me, through England, uniformly testified to the the medium of the Remembrancer kind reception of them by Mr. to lay before Clericus, a Curate's Sharpe, and to his zeal in their busi- views of that part of the act 57 ness. These things fall short of Geo. III. “ For consolidating and what is contained in the biography: amending the laws relating to spifor there it is stated, that a book ritual persons, &c.” which appears published by him in 1777, gave a so oppressive to an Incumbent. beginning to designs in favour of I shall not dispute the accuracy, Episcopacy, and this, with the aid with which Clericus has painted the of the people called Quakers; that melancholy situation of incumbents, the same book had convinced a large (though I think that if meant for a body of dissenters as well as church- general representation, it is too men in the United States, of the pro. highly coloured :) but I do contend, priety of establishing Episcopacy that if relief, and assistance is reamong themselves ; and that eveu quired, for those, “ who have borne duriog the war, a motion had been the heat and burden of the day," it made in Congress for the purpose, ought not to be procured by a deand was postponed, merely because duction from the pittance of those, a time of peace would be the most who are bearing“ the heat and proper. There must have been some burden of the day,” and are perhaps such accounts transmitted, but the the most diligent, and efficient lamatters were unknown to those, bourers " in the vineyard.” · I canwho had an agency in organizing not see the equity or the humanity the Episcopal Church.
of that appeal to the Bishops for They were equally strangers to relief, which points to the hardthe alterations in the Liturgy pro- earned stipend of a Curate, as the jected in 1689, under a commission source from which it is to be drawn. from the crown, by a body of emi- Is Clericus prepared, to maintain, bent divines, one of whom was the that £100, or £150, is too great a excellent grandfather of Mr. Sharpe, reward for the services of a Curate? soon after Archbishop of York.' or that it is too large a sum for his They could not but know of the necessities? commission, and of the disappointe Has not the Curate's education ment of the object of it. But they been as expensive as his Rector's ? had not access, as Mr. Sharpe sup- Has not he the same quantum of posed, (page 229) to the projected labour to perform while he is in alterations.
health? Is he not under the same REMEMBRANCER, No. 39.
liability to be disabled by sickness ricus, have incapacitated the poor without any provision for such an Curate from bearing any longer emergency, and without any means “ the heat and burden of the day" of laying by money to form a fund where, alas, is he to take refuge ? of his own ? Has he not a certain The Rector provides nothing for his appearance to keep up? Is he not retirement, when he is past his labour. actually performing the duties of the He may pine, languish, and sicken living? Is it then just, that the in penury, contempt, and obscuRector, who does nothing, should rity; may end a life of usefulness call upon the legislature, to allevi. and toil, by a death rendered more ate his distress by taking from his bitter from a broken spirit, a heartCurate that little which he so fairly rending struggle with miseries, for earns ?
i which poverty denies relief, and of If the case of the Incumbent be which decent pride forbids disclo. 80 deplorable, where the above- sure ! mentioned act is in operation, let Clericus, must be sensible, that Clericus consider the situation of such must be the fate of a Curate the Curate where it is not in opera- in such a case as mine. He must tion. Clericus brings forward his be sensible, that mine is not an exown case to illustrate his observa. treme case, that there are many tions, permit me in like manner to Curates, whose salary is less than state mine. Our cases are so far mine. Does he then seriously urge parallel, as I have another (though the legislature to provide for nonvery scanty) source of income, for resident incumbents by diminishing which I have equal reason to be the additional stipend, which they thankful.
have so justly decreed to the sufferI am curate to a parish of which ing and laborious Curate? If they the Rector is non-resident, and of did withdraw that addition I again which the population amounts to ask Clericus what would be the situbetween two and three thousand ation of the Curate. He will not souls. I have served this curacy surely contend, that the stipend I (and I trust zealously, and consci- receive is adequate to either my ser. entiously,) during nine years, for a vices or my necessities? • And what salary of 60l, per annum, and a grounds has he to assume that the house without surplice fees, or any generality of incumbents, would, other advantage whatsoever. without the interference of the legis.
.Now supposing I happened not lature, be more bountiful than mine? to be possessed of any other source He has no character for illiberality of income (as certainly is the case in his general dealings, even this with numbers of my brother Cu- statement is not intended as a rates,) I ask Clericus what would vent to feelings of anger, or disconbe my situation? I have a wife tent on my part. I have always and four young children. Is 60l. a served him cheerfully as a Curate, just remuneration for my services, and been attached to him as a or for the expences of my educa- friend. Mine is the language, not tion? Is it sufficient to maintain a of complaint, but of justification. decent appearance? Is it more I wish to vindicate the legislature, than sufficient for the bare suste- and the Bishops, from what appears nance of such a family? Does it to me, an unjust censure. I wish to afford a possibility of laying aside shew, that they were called upon a single sbilling for the day of sick- by every principle of equity, humaness, or distress? When “ age," nity, and sound policy, to make a then, or “ infirmity,” or “ chronic better provision for the Curates, disease," or any other of those ne- and not to leave the quantum of cessary causes enumerated by Cle- their reward to be determined by
those, whose interest it certainly of repectable Clergymen;" you may, must be, to reduce it to the lowest “ perhaps be the means of procurpossible standard. I wish to shew ing them some speedy alleviation that if any censure is applicable to and redress." I must, however, also the legislature, it is because they hope that under the appellation of did not take the case of the Curates " respectable Clergymen," he will into their earlier consideration, and be pleased to include us poor Cuprovide for them by a law more rates, and allow us to form one speedy in its operation; that if any member of this venerable body. I appeal on this head is necessary to hope that if he finds one leg of this the Bishops, it is that they will ex- body, to be disabled by a " chro. ert their vigilance, in taking care, nic," or any other disease, he will that the benevolent intentions of relinquish his plan of relieving it, by Parliament be not frustrated, and transferring the disorder to the other the provisions of the act evaded by leg. And I can assure him, that if he the artifices of the selfish, the needy, really does think Curates are “ betor the avaricious.
ter provided for than Incumbents," In these remarks, if I have been and is desirous to throw away that betrayed into any warmth of expres- very disadvantageous and troublesion, let me not be supposed to some thing called a living, he will breathe a spirit of hostility, or dis. find it readily and thankfully picked respect, to the Incumbents of this up, by his, and your country. As a body, and, to the Obedient humble servant, extent of my acquaintance with
A CURATE. them, as individuals, I hold them in the highest possible admiration, and esteem. I look upon them as an honour to the age, an ornament and To the Editor of the Remembrancer. a blessing to the country in which they live. I consider them as often
Sir, very inadequately rewarded, and WILL you allow me to add a postwould not deprive them of one jot, script, to the satisfactory answer or tittle of what they so justly merit. which has already been given to Mr.
All that I contend for is that an Owen's vaunting account, of the increased provision for non-resident Bible Society's translating operaIncumbents cannot consistently with tions. equity, or humanity, be derived “ No body of men, (says Mr. from the diminution of that destined Owen,) can take more pains than for the maintainance of resident they (the Bible Society) do, to proCuratés, a class of men cqually cure suitable editors for such foreign meritorious, and in still greater versions as they may have occasion need : of men who have been often, to print, or look more closely into and justly characterised as exem- the principles and qualifications of plary, pious, zealous, and efficient: those to whom the editing of them as deserving every encouragement is entrusted." It is admitted that that their country could give them, they knew nothing at all about the and yet often receiving scarcely the principles of M. Mercier the recomwages of a menial, or of a coinmon mender; and perhaps your readers labourer.
know as little of the principles of Dr. I shall close this subject with Adam Clarke, the editor of the verconcurring in the hope of Clericus, sion in question. He brought himthat in giving his, or other commu. self first I believe, into public notice nications “ a place in the Christian by maintaining that the creature Remembrancer” and representing which tempted Eve was an ape. But “ the deplorable case of hundreds his chief forte seems to lie in per
verting the most solemn truths of that a good education naturally acScripture, into jibes and jeers at quired, is as far as education goes, the Established Church. The few sufficient. Again, “ men-made mifollowing may serve for a spice of nisters," says the Doctor, “ have the quality of the numbers inter- almost ruined the heritage of God." spersed through his commentary. Who the “men-made ministers" are, « Paul was not brought into the we need not ask, but I think some Christian ministry by any rite ever self-made ones have lately been used in the Christian Church; nei- much more mischievous. But to ther Bishop nor Presbyter ever laid quote all the passages of this de. their hands on him.” A very dif- scription would be endless, open ferent account, however, is given in the Doctor's Testament where you the thirteenth chapter of the Acts: will you meet with something of the where we see that Paul was brought kind. “ However necessary the into the Christian ministry, by the Church may be to the State, and very rite still used in the Christian the State to the Church, yet the Churcb, performed by the very same latter is never so much in dauger authorities as at present, and that as when the former smiles upon by the express command of the it." " The publicans were someHoly Ghost. Again, “where the thing like the tithe farmers in a seed of the kingdom of God is certain country,--a principal cause sowed, and the dispensation of the ofthe public burdens and discontent." gospel is committed to man, a good In short the Doctor seems never to education may be of great gene- have set himself down to his Bible ral use: but it no more follows, but with a mind rendered morbid because a man has had a good edu- by animosity towards the Church cation, that therefore he is qualified of England, and yet I believe to preach the Gospel, than it does the Doctor considers bimself one of because he has not had that, there those to whom the “dispensation of fore he is unqualified.” Dr. Clarke the Gospel" is peculiarly commitI hope will allow, that the “ dispen- ted. However this may be, he has sation of the gospel” was committed frequent recourse in his commentary to the Apostles, and they certainly to the authority of the late Mr. were considered by their master, Gilbert Wakefield, and occasionally unqualified for preaching it, for want to that of Dr. Priestely, neither of of a good education, for they were them very great friends either to not permitted to preach it till this the Gospel or its author, and therewant had been supplied, by one of fore we need not wonder that the the most awful miracles-recorded in Doctor as editor of the Bible SoHoly Writ, though many of them ciety's French version should permit were equally well educated with the the erroneous passage which gave generality of that class with which rise to this discussion to remain they ranked in Society; and second- uncorrected. ly, in the case of St. Paul, we see
ALPHA. that human learning, naturally acquired, superseded the necessity of this miraculous endowment with knowledge, although with re- MR. OWEN'S PAMPHLET AND gard to all the other gifts of the
POSTSCRIPT. Holy Ghost, he was not a whit behind the chiefest of the Apostles. Our readers may probably have From the first example it appears heard that the Rev. John Owen has that a good education, not a middling republished his two letters on the one, is absolutely required by Christ, subject of the Bible Society's French in his ministers, and from the second, Bible, which appeared in the last Number of the Christian Remem- others which we had never seen, brancer, with a Postscript, contain. (viz. the other early editions of the ing remarks on the whole corres- same work) we should think it highly pondence. Those who have not probable that the friends of truth seen the pamphlet will be surprised would never tronble themselves again to hear that Mr. Owen has abstained about us or our writings. Mr. Owen from reprinting the letter and - the thought Ostervald's Bible was first observations to which he replies. published in 1716. This was a misSuch a proceeding might have been take, and as such may be excused, inconvenient, but it would not have But he also said that he had conbeen unfair. Those who have seen sulted that and other editions, and the pamphlet, will probably think that they sanctioned the disputed that we are called upon to offer translation. This was not a mistake, some remarks upon its contents, and is not to be excused. And
First, we must speak of Mr. ready as we are, and ever shall be Owen and of ourselves. This con- to submit to the judgment of the troversy was not of our seeking, In fair dealing, Mr. Owen must excuse giving insertion to Dr. Luscombe's us for questioning his title to the letter, we acted merely as the con- epithet. If bis Advertisement bad ductors of a magazine and we noticed the letter from Oxford, or printed the Oxford reply the moment his Pamphlet had contained a reprint that it reached our hands. Mr. Owen of the articles on which it comments, refused to let the matter rest here, if he had given a categorical answer he drew up a long statement upon to our query respecting Dr. A. the subject, and published it as an Clarke; or said less about his friendadvertisement in the newspapers. ship for the Society for promoting And when our attention was thus Christian Knowledge, we should have forcibly directed to the question, we been happy to pay a tribute to the took the trouble of examining Mr. fair dealing of our adversary. In Owen's statements, and sept our the present state of affairs we must discoveries respecting them to the beg leave to pause, and to refer a New Times. The importance of question upon which of course we those discoveries is admitted by Mr. cannot be impartial, to the judgment Owen himself; and if they have not of every candid mind. contributed to raise the character A few words must be added with of his favourite institution, the friends respect to the last mentioned insti. of that institution have nobody to tution, of which Mr. Owen affects blame but Mr. Owen. The public to think that we are as much the di. would never have heard of M. Mer- rectors and the organs, as he is the cier, or M. Des Carrieres, had it director and organ of the British and not been for the overflowing of Mr. Foreign Bible Society. If we had Owen's zeal. He thought it worth been selected by a Right Rev. Vicehis while to attack the Remembran- president of the Society for promot. cer, in the newspapers, and we ing Christian Knowledge, as the proavailed ourselves of the right of self- per persons to explain the proceeddefence. In his Postscript, Mr.Owen ings of that institution, if we had fears that the friends of truth and consequently defended it at a very fair dealing, will feel great pain at considerable expence, in the Old and our statement respecting the French New Times, if when that defence Testament, circulated by the Soci. was exposed and refuted, we had ety for promoting Christian Know- proved the fact “ to the satisfaction ledge. Now if we had pretended to of the committee,” and been authoquote a work which does not exist, rized to inform the world of “ their (viz. Ostervald's French Bible, 1716) having given directions that the corand referred confidently to several rected translation shall be adopted