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The Seventh Period comprizes the Death of Haman; and III. The Reis history of the Babylonish captivity: formation by Nehemiah, and the No historical book in the Old Tes. Completion of the Canon of the Old tament contains a complete narra- Testament by Simon the Just. tive of the transactions of the se. Such is the brief outline of the venty years: they are related in va present arrangement of the contents rious parts of the prophets Jere- of the Old Testament; and it is but miah, Ezekiel, and Daviel, and in justice to Mr. T. to present his own the latter passages of the books of views of the advantages which may Kings and Chronicles. The chap. be expected to result from it. ters under this period are, I. Events

“ It may be justly said that every class at Jerusalem, from the Commencement of the Captivity to the Burning

and description of the admirers and read

ers of Scripture, are interested in an arof the Temple: II. Contemporary rangement of its sacred contents. The Events at Babylon, during the same unlearned will be more able to comprehend Period: III, The History of that those difficulties of Scriptare, which origiPortion of the Jewish nation which nate in an ignorance of the occasion on was not carried captive to Babylon. which a Psalm or Prophecy was written, after the Burning of the Temple,

The passages which seem at first sight to

contradict each other, will, by harmonizing and the Destruction of Jerusalem :

the several accounts, be clear and consistIV. Events at Babylon between the ent. Those innumerable false interpretaDestruction of the Temple, and the tions of single texts, (the chief source perReturn of the Jews from their Cap- haps of popular misapprehension) will be tivity, on the decree of Cyrus.

obviated by fixing that primary meaning : The Eighth and last Period com- which was originally intended.

" The learned will find their labours les prizes the events from the termination of the captivity to the probable, words, the object of obscure expressions,

sened in tracing the meaning of peculiar *close of the canon. It includes, be or the intention and scope of passages, sides several of the Psalms, the which require more particular attention. books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Es As the meaning of a sentence is better ther, and the prophecies of Zecha- and sooner apprehended, when the preriah, Haggai, and Malachi. The ceding and subsequent passages of the

context are evident, so also will the mean, arrangement of the events of this

ing of the obscurer difficulties be more period is made chiefly on the easily discoverable, if the preceding and authority of Dean Prideaux; whose subsequent events of the connected hishistory is advocated and adopt tory are known. ed by Dr. Hales, the present Bi. “ The clergyman will of all otliers be shop of Winchester. and many most interested in a work of this nature. other learned and pious authors.

In expounding the Scripture, the primary

meaning of a passage is of the utmost imThe very close connection which

portance. As the books of Scripture subsisted between the Holy Land

were all, in some measure, originally de. and Persia, after the restoration signed to accomplish some temporary obof the Jews from their captivity; ject before they were committed as a lastand the manner in which their ing testimony to the Church of God, the adversity and prosperity were af. spiritual application of every part of the

Old Testament to Christians of the prefected by the politics of the court

sent day will be immediately perceived, of Persia, rendered it impossible to

when the original application to the cirseparate the accounts of the two

cumstances of the ancient Church has countries : they are incorporated been satisfactorily ascertained. The lestherefore into one history, and the song appointed for every day in the year prophecies are placed in their re will become more interesting, in proporspective situations. The chapters

tion as they are better understood. The

I beauty and sublimity of many passages which compose this period are, 1.

will be made evident, when that part of From the Decree of Cyrus to the

ne the dispensatious of Providence to which Dedication of the Second Temple: they refer, is thus more fully developed II, From this Dedication to the "The attendant on public worship, who has but litile time, except on the or equalled, and are superior to all that Sunday, for studying the Scriptures, will can be selected from the tenderest, the find an arrangement of the text of the sublimest, the most admired etłorts of Old Testament solve many difficulties, and buman genius. By such arrangensent, le supply the place of a more extensive com- will be more able to appreciate those inmentary.

valuable compositions. The jewels of the “ The pions master of a family, who is temple will be set, the apples of gold will anxious to lay the foundation of Christian be inclosed in the net-work of silver; the morality upon Christian principles, will be man inost indifferent to their spiritual more able to interest them in the finest value, will learn to admire the harmony volume of ail antiquity. Many of the and simplicity of the narrative, and the most important parts of the Old Testament magnificence of the poetry. are with the ntmost difficulty made pleas. " The infidel and the sceptic, who ivg to children. While their attention is have thonghtlessly or wilfully rejected arrested by the beautiful narratives of the Revelation, may perceive in an arrangeSacred Volun:e, they are too often embar- ment of the Old Testament, the inost inrassed and confused by the attempts of controvertible demonstration of the Bible's the anxious parent to explain the connec- authenticity, its genuineness and inspiration between the parts of that variety of tion; and all the absurdities of the Deistiinteresting matter, which makes the Scrip- cal creed are ma le more glaring by peture so attractive and so useful. By such rusing the Scripture narrative this mean arrangement, therefore, the labour of thodized. the parent is lessened, and the child at • Tie pious and humble Christian, by once interested and improved,

perusing the sacred history in its historical “ The students of history, it may be form, will be able more clearly to perceive justly supposed, will be particularly inte. the developement of the plans of Provirested in an arrangement of the Bible. dence. He will there discover in what Vithout this inestimable collection of re- manner, events apparebtly unconnected, cords, there would be no foundation for all tend, in a greater or less degree, to the the ancient history of the world : we should fulfilment of some wonderful events forebe in utter darkness with respect to the told, but which, at the time of prediction, most important questions : we shonld know appeared impossible to be brought about; nothing of the origiu of nations, or by he will perceive that all the circumstances what means the world was overspread: we recorded in the Scripture tend to one end, should be still iganrant of the condition of with as much regularity as the incidents ju society in the patriarcial ages, before the a regular drama bring about the catascorruplious of the post-diluvians bad in. trophe; he will see them combine in one troduced or perfected the incongruous and purpose, prove one point, develope one detestable system of idolatry, which cha- mighty scheme, wiiich was planned in the racterized Egypt, and Greece, and Ronie, councils of Omnipotence, gradually na and the whole Pagan world, and which realed tu naukind, and still in progress; now disgraces the nations of the East in and will perceive that the scheme of progeneral; and particularly Hindostan. phecy has been in great measure surely Events which are only hinted at, or re- accomplished, and will be more and more ferred to iu Scripture, are related at convinced that the remaining prophecies length in history. In an arrangement of shall all be frifilled.” the narrative of Scripture, the student may read the prophecies that foretold The notes which Mr. T. has events, and in the events recorded in luis- affixed to his text are not bumerous, tory, he will read the accomplishment of but copious and valuable; they are those prophecies. History will thus be

selected from the best authorities, the commentary on Scripture and ou prophecy; and the influence of religion will

ancient as well as modern, and combe confirmed, while the knowledve of the prehend the observations of travelinquirer is increased.

lers even to the recent discoveries * Nor will an arrangement of the Bible of Belzoni, who actually saw the be less useful to the general reader, or the circumstances of the captivity of lover of literature, as it is certain that the Josiah. king of Judah, depicted on literary beauties of the Scriptures, consi- the walls of the chief temples in dered only as specimens of composition, are conceived and expressed in language

Egypt. [Vol. II. p. 642, note.) which neither the epic nor dramatic

To the work are appended no power of Greece itself has eitlier surpassed fewer than six Indexes. The first


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comprehends the entire contents of Horsley is adopted, who observes, the eight periods; the second shews that in what part of the arrangement

The ten last verses of the preceding any chapter or verse may be found;

chapter, which relate Saul's madness, and the third, in what part any Psalm David's introduction to the court upon may be found; also the probable that occasion, are certainly misplaced. occasion on which it was composed, The true place for these ten verses seems with the authority for its insertion ; to be between tbe 9th and 10th of the the fourth, in what part any pro.

eighteenth chapter. Let these ten verses phecy may be found ; the fifth con

be removed to that place, and this seven

teenth chapter be connected immediately tains dates of events, according to

with the iSth verse of chapter xvi. and Dr. Hales; and the sixth is a the apparent disorder will be removed." general alphabetical Index to the whole.

Thus, the arrangement stands as As specimens of the versual trans

follows, and renders the narrative positions which Mr. Townsend has

connected and intelligible, viz. After adopted, we shall select, as the

the 40th verse of chapter xvii. promost impartial test, the second

ceed to verse 55 and 56, then to

verse 41 to 54, then to verse 57 and chapter of Genesis, which is very

58, then to 1 Sam. xviii. the first judiciously made to begin with the 4th verse. The sacred historian,

four verses, then to 1 Sam. xvi. having in the conclusion of the first

irst from verse 14 to the end, and prochapter terminated his account of cer

of ceed to chapter xviii. at verse 10, the creation, proceeds to observe,

and the whole difficulty vanishes. These are the generations of the

And lastly, the arrangement of the heavens and of the earth, when they

events in the life of Solomon, which were created, &c.; and the three

no doubt was a subject of considerfirst verses thus omitted, are re,

able difficulty, on account of the stored after the end of the second

miscellaneous manner in which they chapter, Thus the heavens and the

are related. They seem to have earth were finished. Next. the been enumerated, either as they arrangement, from Bishop Horsley,

arose in the minds of the writers, of that complicated passage in the

or as they were compiled or abridged narrative of David's interview with

from the public registers of the Saul, and the combat with Goliah,

kingdom. Mr. T. bas endeavoured which has given rise to so much

so to dispose them, as that they sceptical animadversion. It appears

may be read in their probable from the disposition of the verses in

order. the established Version, that after

“ The Book of Canticles," he judiciously Saul had been completely ac

remarks, “ is supposed to have been writquainted with David, and even

ten when Solomon was a young man, at

the time be removed the daughter of Pha. armed him with his armour, (1 Sam.

raoh to bis palace in the forest of Lebaxvii. 38.] when the young warrior non; and the Book of Ecclesiastes, as a returned from his victory, the king kind of recantation upon his repentance knew him not, [ver. 55 and 58.] for his errors." but repeatedly asked Abner, the. The reign of Solomon properly captain of the host, Whose son is begins at i Kings ii. 12. Then sate this youth? And Abner, who had Solomon upon the throne of David, introduced hig, was equally igno- his father, &c.; and the progress rant: ds thy soul liveth, o king, I of his history, preserved in the precannot tell ; and the king was sent arrangement, is as follows: obliged to repeat the question to 2 Chron. i. 2.; 1 Kings ii. 3. ; David. To remedy this evident de- 2 Chron, i, 2–7.; 1 Kings iii. 5– rangement, the order of Bishop 29,; 2 Chron. i. 13. ; with a series

of similar irregularities to 2 Chron. vantages, with equal delight and ix. 31. And Solomon slept with his edification. But in advancing this fathers, and was buried in the city opinion, let us not be understood to of David, &c. Read, in this con- detract an iota from Mr. T.'s concatevated way, the whole history of spicuous merits. He has exhibited this illustrious monarch is perspi- a degree of erudition, and laborious cuous and interesting.,

research, which qualifies him to rank Of the labour, ingenuity, and at- as a worthy successor of the iltention bestowed on this work, it is lustrious authors, from whom he impossible to speak too highly. The derived his first ideas of Biblical autbor bas, under the direction of arrangement, and on whose exerbis master-guides, and with the tions he has so evidently improved; assistance of his own inteilect and and there can be no doubt, that researches, produced as clear a although his work will not find its concatenation of the scattered events way amongst the general classes of in the Seriptural history, as perhaps the community, it will maintain a ever will be accomplished, or can be distinguished place in the libraries desired. All the disjecta membra of the learned, and be attentively appear clearly reduced into their perused by all who, to the means of proper places, and the studious or procuriug, unite the desire of read. religious reader may sit down to his ing the Scriptures of the Old Tessacred studies, and pursue the train tament disposed in regular and hisof narrative, without interruption torical order. by extraneous passages. He will also find himself occasionally enlightened by the judicious and well- . arranged information of the notes;

The Scripture Testimonies to the and, on the whole, will be much

Divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ, pleased to see, that greatly varying as is this arrangement from

collected and illustrated, by the

the Rev. George Holden, M.A. 460 order of the Authorized Version, the explanations of the Sacred Text

pp. 8vo. Rivingtons. 1820. are in perfect concurrence with it. The title of this work will naturally

But with every deference to the remind the reader of the inestimable ability, the zeal, and excellent in manual of Jones of Nayland on the tention of its anthor, we must freely Catholic Doctrine of the Trinity. confess our opinion, that in his ex- A singular facility in reducing the pectation of that general utility highest and most elevated subwhich he anticipates, he will be dis- jects to a level with the meanest appointed. No lucid arrangement capacity, was the distinguishing exthat the wit of man can devise will cellence of that incomparable writer, ever displace, or even accompany, and the treatise to which we have in the houses of those millions of adverted, at the same time that it Christians, to whose service the conveys conviction to the most author has so benevolently devoted powerful mind, gives to the most his labours, the Received Version of uninstructed and inexperienced a the Old Testament. Independently power of comprehending, as far as of the heavy price, those numerous it can he comprehended, the subclasses who have neither time nor linest and most inscrutable mystery talent for discussion and investiga. which was ever revealed to mantion, will adhere to the ancient kind. volume with all its dislocations ; Mr. Holden has taken a more and having firm faith in its divine limited view of the question, and original, will continue to read it, has restricted his arguments and his under all its chronological disad- testimonies to the Divinity of our Lord Jesus Cbrist. In proof of this The Sonship of Christ, severally great mystery of godliness, he has argued in proof of his essential arranged under distinct heads, the Divinity; IX. Christ's Subordinatexts which speak to the several tion to the Father, and Conclusion. points which the doctrine involves, The view is comprehensive, and emand if at one time he has made braces all the leading features of them, principally by collocation, the argument; the arrangement is support the testimony of each other, distinet and unembarrassed, and in he has always taken care to sustain the large body of evidence which is and substantiate their testimony by brought before the reader, all repea critical exposition of their propertition of the conimentary is stusense and meaning, and by refuting diously and successfully avoided. the opposite interpretations which A large portion of the volume is have been assigned to them, by naturally occupied with the Second calling in the authority of the best and Third Chapters, in which the commentators and critics, and by Express and Indirect Testimonies appealing, in virtue of a familiar. to the Divinity of our Lord, are acquaintance, to the original lan brought forward, and in appropriatguages in which these testimovies are ing on their own perits, and viudidelivered. His constant object has cating from all exception, the true been " to coinbine, to vindicate doctrine of the texts, in which those from exceptions, and to compress testimonies are contained. The exwithin a short compass the leading press testimonies are established in arguments” in support of the Divi. an elaborate commentary upon the nity of Christ: and his method in principal texts which assert the pursuing this object has been, 1. divinity of Christ: viz. John i. l. “ to collect and arrange the scrip- Matt. xxviii. 20. Philipp. ii. 6. Rom. tural testimonies;" 2. to establish ix. 5. Col. ii. 9. Tit. ii. 13. The by critical reasons the texts adduced strength of the argument is made to in proof of Christ's divinity;" 3. rest upon these passages, of wbich "to take some notice of the prin- the Catholic interpretation is vindi. cipal objections ;" and,“ lastly, to cated and established, if not beinclude the whole within the shortest yond controversy and dispute, at linits consistent with perspicuity." least in such a manner as to secure The reader peeds not to be told, the reader from all the subtlety and that this is a learned work; but he sophistry of the school of Socinus, has no occasion to apprehend, that and to enable him to avoid or repel it is a work intended only for scho- them. There are other texts, illuslars, and professed theologians. The trated by expositions more brief, passages, which will hereafter be but pot less satisfactory and conextracted, will be sufficient to show, vincing. that the author has used his talents The argument in favour of indiso skilfully, that the full strength of rect testimony is justly stated : his argument may be appreciated " Indirect testimonies fiave, in some reby any man of common understand

speets, the advantage over those which are ing and ordinary attention.

more immediate. The latter are someThe work is divided into nine times evaded by that ingeunity of distort. principal chapters: 1. Importance ing the plainest expressions, which the of the Doctrine of the Trinity; II. disciples of a certain school have too sucExpress, and III. Indirect Testimo. cessfully practised. From the most pernies to the Divinity of Jesus Christ;

spicuous plırase, when thrown into the

alembic of hypercritical philology, a sense IV. Divine Titles applied to Christ;

Intes applied to Christ; is often extracted which no unsophisticated V. Divine Attributes ascribed to mind could ever suppose it was intended Christ; VI, Creation ; VII. Divine to convey. But conclusions fairly deduced Worship direeted to Christ; VIII, from the apostolic reasonings, cannot te

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