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únion of the divine and human na- Jerusalem as before it. In fact, not a tures, he speaks in the subordinate shadow of proof is given for putting any relation of the Son of Man, and
limitation of tiine to the promise of Christ,
except the necessity of propping up the with reference only to his human
baseless fabric of Socinianism : and we nature.
may, in the confidence of faith, rely upon Omnipresence is another attri.
the enlivening and consolatory promise of bute of Christ, established as upon our Saviour, that he will be present to other texts, so especially upon the comfort and support his true disciples to following, which is of the more im. the final dissolution of the world." P. 275. portance from its connexion with The Omnipotence of Christ is the preceding institution of the Sa- exhibited in distinct propositions, crament of Baptism, of which the in each of which it is proved upon perpetuity and universality are co- competent authorities, that he sends extensive with the promised pre. the Holy Spirit; that he forgives sence of our Lord.
sins; that he bears and accom“ Matt. xviii. 20. ' And lo! I am with
ish plishes the prayers of his servants;
2 you alway, even to the end of the world that he confers power of various Who but an omnipresent being could, in kinds upon others; that he governs such express language, declare his conti- the world with unlimited and abso. nued presence with bis disciples ?
lute power; that he will raise the “ We are told that the words recorded dead. a power plainly pot of man, by the Evangelist, may be rendered with nor ascribed to man, but of God, Dr. Campbell, I am with you always, even to the conclusion of this state,' or
and ascribed to God; and, lastly, to the end of the age,' pamely, the end
that he will judge the world. Nor of the Jewish dispensation, by the de- does it in any degree disparage these struction of Jerusalem and the temple. evidences of the divinity of our Hovitidla Tou diwros, it is acknow. Lord, to acknowledge and maintain ledged, may admit this translation, which, that this power is delegated, that it however, in no way assists the Unitarian was given to the Son, and received cause; for if Christ, after his ascension, was present with his disciples to the end
by the Son; for the orthodox faith of the age, as it could not be in his human is founded on the subordination of nature, it must have been by his superiu. the Son to the Father, a truth on tending providence, the influence of his which Mr. Holden expatiates in his Spirit, and the miraculous operations of his ninth chapter. power, which certainly imply divinity. In inferring the Divinity of Christ Besides, if Christ was every where pre. from the alleged office of creation, sent, at all times, with all his disciples, dispersed through different parts of the
it is argued that Christ is the crea. world during that age, he must be omni
tor, and that the creator is God: present in all ages. There can be no in- and it is proved, in answer to the termission of an infinite attribute.” Socinians, that the creation thus as
« Allowing that the words may by signed to Christ, was not and could themselves be translated to the end of not be a moral renovation, but was the age,' I nevertheless am of opinion that, a true and proper creation. in this place, it is not the proper transla- " tion, or at least that they refer not to the
The chapter on the divine wor. destruction of Jerusalem, but to the end ship ascribed to Christ, is highly of the world. The words, magas tas interesting and important, alleging muegas, ' at all times, strongly oppose the various acts of prayer actually the notion of limiting the promise to the offered to Christ, as well as the poJewish dispensation. The phrase on our sitive directions to pray to Him; Tea19 TOU Alavos, occurs six times, Matt, dhe dovolacies addressed to him: xiii. 39, 40. 49. xxiv. 3. xxviii, 20, Heb. ix. 26. in the three first of which it evi.
evi: the benedictions pronounced in bis dently means the end of the world: and name; the thanksgivings addressed this seems to be the meaning here, as to him, and the solemn adjurations Christ's presence with his disciples was delivered in his name; and the force egnally necessary after the destruction of of the argument is not abated, whether his name is used alone or from God the Father and the Lord Jesus in conjuction with that of the Fa, Christ, impartial reason infers, that they ther and of the Holy Spirit.
are equal in essence and perfections.
« Nor will it alter the nature of this “ When we consider the great differ. conclusion, should these passages be conence between these doxologies, and the
sidered, as Unitarians are fond of reprecommendations but sparingly given in the senting them, in the light of wishes. A Scriptures to mere men ; the serious and wish preferred to the Deity is in effect a reverential manner in which they are in- prayer. It implies au ability in the pertrodnced, and the superlative praise they Bon to whom it is made of performing the convey, so far surpassing what humanity
wish. I may innocently wish,' says Mr. can deserve, we cannot but suppose, that Belsham, ' that a person in power may the being to whom they refer is really di grant an office to a friend, to ask for vine. The ascription of eternal glory
which, if the person were present, might and everlasting dominion, if addressed to
or might not be proper, according to cirany creature, however exalted, would be
cumstances; but to pray to him for it idolatrous and profane. It must also be when he is absent, with an expectation remembered, that similar doxologies are that he will hear and grant the request, addressed to God the Father, as Rom. would be downright idolatry? True; but xvi. 27. I Tim. i. 17. vi. 16. Jade 25. and the very wish implies that the person in unless Christ were God, it is not to be
power is able to grant that office. In like believed that the same praises world be manner, when St. Paul wished, supposing ascribed to him as to the Father. The the passages just cited to be wishes, that Apostles, to the fervour of piety joined a the new converts might receive grace, sound and masculine judgment, and they peace and mercy from the Lord Jesus would have abhorred the profanation of Christ, he must have supposed in bim acribing to a creature the glory which is
an ability to grant these blessings. If alone due to the immortal and immaculate St. Paul had wished for spiritual blessCreator. When Jesus Christ, therefore, ings from a being whom he believed inis the subject of their doxologies, which capable of granting them, it would have imply eternity and omnipotence, aud been a most flagrant absurdity : bence which are likewise addressed to the Fa. these wishes of the Apostle must bave been ther, the conclusion that Christ is God founded on the belief that our Lord was randot reasonably be controverted." able to comply with them, which is, in P. 367.
fact, tacitly attributing to him essential
divinity, since it is in the power of God After reciting various benedica alone to bestow spiritual blessings. The tions in the name of Christ, it is apostolical supplications, therefore, for again conclusively argued :
grace, peace and mercy, from God the
Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ, whe" One cannot but suspect a want of ther we chuse to denominate them wishes candour in the mind that can peruse the or prayers, evince incontestibly the Deity texts here referred to, and not acknow- of our Saviour, and the consequent duty ledge that the author, while he wrote of presenting religions addresses to him as them, was impressed with a firm convic- well as to the Father.” P. 369. tion that Jesus Christ is a proper object of religious worship. Of every one of The method and design of the these texts it may be said, “Whether it argument on the Sonship of Christ be a blessing or a prayer it implies that and proof of his divinity is thus religious worship is due to Him, in whose stated : name, if a blessing it is pronounced; or to whom if a prayer it is directed.' To “ The main object to be kept in view, suppose that a mere man would be thus is to show that Jesus Christ is a son in his associated with the Almighty Father of superhuman pature: for the proof of this all, by an Apostle, in imploring grace, position will be a sufficient refutation of peace and mercy to be with the Christian all the objections which have been adconverts, would be an impiety of wbich vanced against it. Now that he is properly the most abaodoped wonld shudder to be 'and peculiarly the Son of God, will be adguilty. Grace, peace and mercy are spi- mitted, if it can be proved that he was a ritual blessings, which it is universally al. Son before his appearance in the flesh, lowed can only be supplied by the inef- that he is styled the Son of God in so fable operation of the Godlread: and as emphatic a manner as to distinguish him the Apostle supplicates for them equally froin all others to whom this appellation may be given, and that this title is ooca- “ Christ is emphatically called a Son. sionally applied to him onder circum "Matt. xxvi. 63. The high priest stances where it must have been designed said unto him, I adjure thee by the living to convey the idea of divinity. The truth of God, that thou tell us whether thou be the this is confirmed by the most ample and Christ, the Son of God.' The terms the convincing testimony, which I shall state, Christ, and the Son of God,' are frefor the sake of perspicuity, under separate quently connected together as in this pasheads.” P. 381.
sage, from which circumstance it has been It will be proper to specify the
inferred that they are synonymous. Were several divisions of the argument,
this the case, the Sacred Writers are guilty
of an idle and unmeaning tautology. It with an occasional proof and illus.
may surely be urged with greater reason, tration,
from their being so often joined together “ Christ was a Son before his concep that they are not equivalent expressions. tion.
The arrangement also denotes some pecu“ Col. i. 15. "The Son who is the first liar excellence in the latter, which is not bort of every creature.' The chief diffi- particularly expressed in the former. The culty lies in ascertaining the meaning of appellation Son of God' in the Socinian KONTOTOXOS, which has been variously ex sense was applicable to any pious indiviplained as may be seen in the Synopsis of daal, and if it were used in that sense in Pool, or the Curæ of Wolfius. One thing connection with the title the Christ,' is certain, that it cannot mean according which was restricted to him alone who to the Anans the first made creature, was to be the Messiah ; the arrangement • as by him all things were created,' v. 16. wonld be, tell us whether thou be the and the Creator of all things cannot be a Son of God, the Christ.' The very reverse creature. My opinion coincides with that of this being adopted, shews that 'the of those commentators, who understand Christ was the title of an office which the words as meaning . begotten before was to be sustained by him who is in a every creatore,' i. e. before any created peculiar sense the Son of God." P. 403. being bad existence. For in the first
God is emphatically called the place, this interpretation suits the context
Father of Christ. Christ is O MObetter than any other. In illustration of the truth, that Christ is the first-horn of
NOTENHE, the only begotten. Conevery creature,' the Apostle adds, that by fessions were made in Christ as the bim were all things created,' which evi. Son of God, and as the Son of God dently implies that Christ was begotten distinct from the Messiah. The before the existence of any creature. title of Son of God was understood Secondly, PWTOTOXOS literally signifies
by the Jews to imply Divinity. The
hohe Leone to imal Dininity. The first born, or first begotten, and understanding apo, which is included in it to
title of the Son of Man also implies govern the genitive «TICING, the whole Divinity. phrase is most naturally explained, being It is a strong ground of assured begotten before every creature. Thirdly, and confirmed faith in the Catholic this term occurs in eight other places of doctrine of the Divinity of Christ, the New Testament, and always convey that it harmonizes with the natura! ing the notion of first born, with perbaps
and literal interpretatiou of the one exception. (Heb. xii. 23.) Fourthly, all the ancient versions take it in the sense
whole Bible, that it is the only docof first born, and so it was explained by
trine which a plain unsophisticated most of the ancient fathers. This inter mind can collect from the Sacred pretation, so strongly supported, may be Volume. The Socinian method of regarded as undoubtedly the true one, and detaching text from text, and of init supplies a striking testimony to the eter- troducing figurative interpretations val filiation of our Lord.' P. 383.
upon every occasion, may authorize The miraculous conception re- the deduction of any inference from corded in the Gospels is substan- any words, and may lead to the es. tiated and confirmed, not only on tablishment of Atheism or Deism the proper evidence of the authen- upon inspired authority. It is a ticity of the respective narrations, leading character of Mr. Holden's but by various allusions in the writo argument, that every position is esings of the New, and by distinct tablished on the authority of the prophecies in the Old Testament. Scripture interpreted critically, and
in harmony with itself and with other the literal testimony of Scripture; and as Scriptures, and while his intimate divine revelation was given of God for our and familiar acquaintance with the
guidance in doctrines, and in practice this original languages peculiarly qua.
testimony is sure and incontrovertible, it
is that upon which the mind can repose in lifies him for these investigations, it
the confidence of truth. enables him in the conclusion to • If the Unitarian exposition of the argue upon the distinguishing style Sacred Records is to be admitted, how and structure of the New Testament, shall we account for a phraseology so dark and to strengthen his previous ar. and enigmatical in the lowly followers of gument in favour of the literal in
Christ? Our adversaries cannot deny that
the divine characters appear to be ascribterpretation.
ed to Jesus in numerous passages, many “ The fact is undeniable, that the figures of which cannot be made to be any other in the New Testament, are neither so sense without the application of the multiplied, nor so lofty as in the Old: and greatest critical subtlety. Now on the that the style of the Apostles approaches supposition of our Lord's being a created pearer to that of European writers. In being, what reason can be assigned why the choice of the Greek tongue as the me the Apostles should speak of him so ambidium of communication they surely de guonsly? Why should they constantly and signed to be intelligible to those who un- uniformly apply such language as to readerstood that language: and therefore ders of plain and common understandings their productions, with the exceptions of conveys the idea of his divinity? As there the passages manifestly tinctured by their is no conceivable motive for describing in Jewish education, must be understood ac- mysterious terms the person and character cording to the forms of speech customary of their Master, their expressions, it is among the Greeks. Now, the commenta reasonable to suppose, were designed to tors upon the literary remains of classic be understood in their literal and obvious antiquity, are agreed that the literal and signification; and in that signification, grammatical sense is never to be rejected they represent him as strictly divine and without absolute necessity; and hence, the upcreated. laws of sound criticism forbid the inter- “ We may go further and affirm, that preter of the New Testament to depart the Sacred Writers could not speak of from the literal meaning, except where the Jesus in such elevated terms, had he been language is clearly and unquestionably only a human being. As men of sound figurative. This cannot be asserted to be understanding, as men of integrity, anxious the case with the passages relating to the to delineate our Saviour in his true coperson and character of our Saviour, unless lours, they would have told us plainly and upon the previous assumption of his being explicitly, that he was only a man highly only a human prophet, that is, an assump favoured of heaven. They could not, contion of the very thing to be proved. În sistently, with a regard to veracity, have this mode of argumentation, the disciples used expressions so liable to be mistaken, of Socinus are wonderful adepts, and in especially as the subject of their discourse truth Unitarianism is necessitated to adopt was neither difficult nor obscure. In disall its subtlety of criticism, all its artifice cussing matters of profound research and of paraphrase, and all its dexterity of so- abstruse science which reqnire a penetratphistry, to gain a feeble support from the ing and sagacious mind to comprehend volume of inspiration. An expression some degree of obscurity can scarcely be clearly intimating the Deity of Christ, is avoided; but in treating of a human prorepresented as metaphorical; a phrase of phet there is no occasion for the employthe like import is stated to be a common ment of ambiguous terms. On the hypoJewish idiom: and a description which in- thesis of our Lord's simple humanity, vests our Lord with the Divine attributes, nothing were more easy than to avoid is reduced to a mere oriental figure. Thus every expression incompatible with this the clearest and most express declarations view of his character and office. And this of his eternal divinity, are explained course the Apostles would have undoubtaway; and though the judgment cannot edly followed, as every page of their writacquiesce in the strained and far-fetched ings and the whole tenour of their lives gloss, we are compelled to admire the in- demonstrate that their object in writing genuity of torture, by which the writivgs was to inculcate truth, and not to palm a of the Apostles are made to speak a lan- deception apon the world. Yet they do guage so repugnant to their obvious mean frequently describe their Lord and Master ing. Our faith on the contrary rests upon in such terins, and ascribe to him such offices and attributes, as apparently imply oblique allusion, and comparison of Scripdivinity. Had they believed him to be ture with Scripture, cannot be evaded by only man, how can this be reconciled with philological subtlety : that divine titles their character of unimpeached honour are ascribed to Christ; that divine attriand veracity? How shall we account for butes are applied to him; that he is the the adoption of a phraseology which has efficient Creator of the universe ; that led almost the whole Christian world to divine worship is directed to bim; and reverence and adore Jesus as their God." that he is the Son of God with respect to P. 449.
his divine nature. What remains then, “ Besides these general arguments but that we bumbly receive the literal against the Unitarian exposition, a multi- testimony of Scripture, and with devout plicity of particular reasons has been given hearts acknowledge the essential divinity for receiving in their literal acceptation, of Jesus Christ our blessed Lord and the passages produced in proof of our Saviour ?" P. 458. Lord's participation of the divine essence. It were unnecessary to recapitulate the The volume is concluded with a observations already made upon individual copious index of texts, illustrated texts: but the preceding chapters demon- in ibe course of the argument, which strate (such is the unshaken conviction of few men will consult without a re. my own mind) that according to the trne
solution of their doubts, and a conprinciples of interpretative criticism, there are many express testimonies to the divi firmation of their faith in the plain nity of Jesus : that there are still more of and orthodox interpretation of the an indirect kind, which, as they arise from Scriptures,
MONTHLY REGISTER. Society for the Propagation of the a confident hope, that it will not be found
Gospel in Foreign Parts. deficient in interest. The Anniversary Meeting of this Scarcely had the last year's Report been
submitted to the General Meeting, wben Society was held in the vestry of
the arrival of the Books, as had been antiBow Church, on Friday, Februarycipated.
cipated, to the amount of no less than 15, present, the Archbishop of Can- 2751, 14s. 10d. and at a cost to the Parent terbury, the Bishops of London, Society of 365l. 188. 7d. afforded the ComGloucester, Llandaff, Lincoln, St. mittee ample means of answering the vaDavid's. Exeter, and the Lord rious demands, which had been made upon Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, and
them. Boxes of Books were accordingly
dispatched to the District Committees at a large assemblage of Clergy and
Montreal and Missisquoi Bay, both of which Laity. The Sermon was preached
have since received a second supply; to by the Lord Bishop of Llandaff; the Missionaries recently established at and we should proceed to lay an Rivière du Loup, and in the District of abstract of it before our readers, Gaspé; to the Rev. J. Jackson, at William did we not hope soon to see it in Henry, and to the Rev. B. B. Stevens, very extensive circulation, and feel
Chaplain to the Forces at Fort George, in
the Upper Province, as well for the nse of confident, that any sketch which it
the troops, as of a small, but zealous conmight be in our power to furnish, gregation, to which he officiates at Queenwould be totally inadequate to con. ston. The Townships of Ernest Town and vey a just idea of the merits of the Matilda, and the new Military Settlement Discourse itself.
at Perth, in the Upper Province, and the
Township of Eaton, and Settlement of Society for Promoting Christian
Drummondville, in the Lower Province, Knowledge.
have likewise been partially supplied Extracts from the Annual Report of through their respective Missionaries, Conthe Quebec Diocesan Committee,
firmation Tracts were also distributed to
all the Clergy of the Diocese, by the Rer. for the Year 1820.
the Official of Lower Canada, preparatory The Quebec Diocesan Committee, in to the visitation of the Lord Bishop; and communicating this their Third Annual every opportunity has been taken of circuReport to the public, beg leave to express lating the Books and Tracts as widely, and