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prophecy, for the inspiration of the Scrip- infidels of former ages, he has been obliged tures, and by a discussion of the internal to consider every objection for liimaself: evidence for their inspiration, furnished by and in every instance he has found that the the sublimity and excellence of the doc- numerons contradictions alleged to exist trines, and by the purity of the moral pre- in the Sacred Writings, have disappeared cepts revealed in the Bible; the harmony before an attentive and candid examinasubsisting between every part; the preser- tion. It may perhaps be thought that the vation of the Scriptures to the present gross and illiberal manner in which some time, and their tendency to promote the of the productions in question have been present and eternal happiness of mankind, executed, renders them unworthy of no. as evinced by an historical review of the tice : but nothing surely is unworthy of beneficial effects produced in every age notice that is calculated to mislead the igand country, by a cordial reception of the norant or unwary. And though some of Bible ; together with a refutation of the the objections are so coarse, as to carry pumerous objections which have been with them their own refutation ; yet others urged against the Scriptures in recent de- are so concisely and so speciously existical publications. An Appendix to this pressed, as to deinand several pages-the volume comprizes a particular examination result of many days laborious search, in of the miracles supposed to have been order to detect their sophistry and falsewrought by the Egyptian magicians, and of hood." the contradictions which are falsely al- The first volume consists of six leged to exist in the Scriptures, whether chapters, 1. On the Necessity of a historical or chronological; contradictions
S Divine Revelation : II. On the Ge. in morality; apparent contradictions be. tween the sacred writers themselves, and nuineness,
and nuineness and Authenticity of the between sacred and profane writers, or Old and New Testaments : III. On seeming contradictions to philosophy and their Credibility : IV. All the Books the nature of things. This discussion is of the Old and New Testament are followed by a table of the chief prophecies of Divine Authority, and their Aurelative to the Messiah, both in the Old and thors divinely inspired: V. Internal New Testament, and by an examination of
of Evidences of the Inspiration of the the pretensions of the Apocryphal Books of the Old and New Testament.”
Scriptures: VI. Recapitulation of
the Evidences for their Truth and Mr. Horne then alludes to the ex- Divine Authority: and to each chaptensive circulation of infidel works ter are appended very copious Secand tracts, whose avowed object tions of particulars. was, by the unblushing re-assertion The former part of Volume I. is of old and often-refuted objections, divided into eleven chapters, of or by specious insinuations, to un- which the first is entitled, On the dermine or subvert the religion of Original Languages of- Scripture; Jesus Christ.
- the second, On the Manuscripts of “ Called upon, by name, from the press,
mece the Bible; the third, On the Edito consider those objections to Divine Re- tions of the Old and New Testavelation, the author felt it his duty not to ment; the fourth, On the Divisions shrink from the task; and as the antago- and Marks of Distinction occurring nists of the Scriptures, have in some degree in the Scriptures; the fifth, On the varied the ground of their attacks, he in- ancient Versions of the Scriptures ; dulges the hope that a temperate discus. the sixth, on the modern Versions ; sion of this subject, accommodated to the present times, may not be unacceptable to
the seventh, On the Critical Use of the Biblical student, who may, perhaps, be the Jewish and Rabbinical Writings, exposed to meet with the enemies of Scrip- and the works of profane Authors. ture. This part of the work has engaged The eighth, On the Various Readso large a portion of his time and atten- ings occurring in the Old and New tion, as materially to retard the appear. Testaments; the ninth, Of the Quoance of the present edition. To his own tations from the oud
tations from the Old Testament in
T. mind, indeed, the result of these laborious inquiries has been highly satisfactory; for
the New, Quotations in the New not baving access to all the numerous and Testament from the Apocryphal able defences of Christianity against the Writers, and from profane Authors;
the tenth, On the Poetry of the He- ther, of the Codex Ebnezianus, à brews; and the last, On Harmonies MS. executed in A. D. 1391 ; and of Scripture.
several specimens of the versions of The second part of Volume II. the sacred Scriptures in the Eastern consists of twelve chapters, thus de- languages, chietly translated by the nominated; 1.On the Senses of Scrip- brethren of the Serampore mission; ture: II. On the Signification of viz. in the Sanscrit, or Sungskrit ; Words and Phrases : III. On the in the Bengalee ; Mahratta ; Kashsubsidiary Means for ascertaining miree, or Kashmeer; Doriya, or the Senses of Scripture: IV. On the Orissa; Telinga, or Teloogoo ; historical Interpretation of the Brij.Bhossa ; Pushtoo, or Affghan; Scriptures: V. On the Interpreta. Sikh, Sheek, or Punjabee ; Hindostion of the Figurative Language of tanee; Uhumiya, or Assamese ; Scripture : VI. On the Spiritual In- Barman ; Bulocha, or Buloshee; terpretation of the Scriptures : VII. Chinese Version; and Kurnata, On the Interpretation of Scripture or Cavarese, all of which are exProphecies : VIII. On the Inter- ecuted with admirable precision. pretation of Types: IX. On the Volume III, contains a SumDoctrinal Interpretation of the mary of Biblical Geography and Scriptures : X. On the Interpreta- Antiquities, divided into four Parts, tion of the Moral Parts of Scrip- comprehending several Chapters, ture: XI. On the Interpretation of which are subdivided into Sections. the Promises and Threatenings of Part I. is denominated a Sketch of Scripture : and XII. On the Inferen- the Historical and Physical Geo. tial and Practical Reading of Scrip- graphy of the Holy Land, which ture. And these several chapters occupies two chapters. Part II. are likewise supplied with copious treats on the Political and Military and explanatory sections. To this Affairs of the Jews, and other pavolume is prefixed a fac simile of tions incidentally mentioned in the the BIBLIA PAUPERUM, supposed Scriptures, and consists of seven to have been executed between chapters* ; the first of which deA. D. 1420 and 1435; another of scribes the Different Forms of Go. Ezekiel i. 1, 2, 3. of the Codex Va. vernment from the Patriarchal ticanus made in 1704, and presery- Times to the Babylonish Captivity; ed in the Budleian Library; ano- the second, the Political State of ther, of the Codex Bezæ, a MS. of the Jews, from their return from the the Four Gospels and Acts of the Babylonish Captivity, to the Sub. Apostles, preserved in the University version of their Civil and EcclesiLibrary at Cambridge ; another, of astical Polity: the third, the Courts the Codex Cottonianus of the Book of Judicature, Legal Proceedings, of Genesis, with an engraving re- and Criminal Law of the Jews; the presenting Jacob delivering his son fourth, the Jewish and Roman Benjamin to his brethren, and Jo. Modes of computing Time, menseph's subsequent interview with tioned in the Scriptures; the fifth, them in his own house, taken from the tribute and taxes mentioned in that of the Antiquarian Society; the Scriptures; the sixth, the Treaanother, of the Codex Argenteus, ties, or Covenants, and Contracts a Gothick Version of the Four Gos- of the Jews; and the seventh, the pels in the University Library at Military Affairs of the Jews, and Upsal; another, of a Codex Re- other nations mentioned in the scriptus of St. Matthew's Gospel, in Scriptures. Part III. treats on the the Library of Trinity College, Dub- Sacred Affairs of the Jews, and lin; another, of a MS. of the Acts of the Apostles, preserved in the Erroneously numbered in the Preface Bodleian Library at Oxford ; ano- to the Third Volume, as eight.
other nations, and is divided into Part I. comprehends an Analysis of six Chapters ; of which, the first the Old Testament. Chapter 1. is denominated, Of Sacred Places: treats on the Pentateuch; 2. On the fourth, Sacred Times and Seasons Historical Books; 3. On the Poetiobserved by the Jews; the fifth, cal Books : 4. On the Prophets ; 5. Sacred Obligations and Duties ; the Of the Prophets who flourished be. the second, Of Sacred Persons; fore the Babylonish Captivity; 6 the third Of Sacred Things; the Of the Prophets who flourished near sixth, On the Corruptions of Religion to and during the Captivity ; 7. Of by the Jews. Part IV. discusses the Prophets who flourished after the Private Life, Manners, and Cus. the return of the Jews from Babytoms of the Jews, and is divided lon; and 8. On the Apocrypha. into Eight Chapters; 1. On the The second Part comprehends an Dwellings of the Jews ; 2. On the Analysis of the New Testament, diDress of the Jews ; 3. Jewish Cus. vided into Five Chapters; 1. On the toms relating to Marriage; 4. On Classification of the Books, and 2. the Condition of Slaves, and the On the Historical Bouks; 3. On the Customs relating to them, men- Epistolary or Doctrinal Writings tioned or alluded to in the New particularly those of St. Paul : 4 Testament; 5. Domestic Customs On the Catholick Epistles; and 5. and Usages of the Jews; 6. On the On the Apocalypse. To these are Occupations, Arts and Sciences of affixed a General Index of Matters, the Hebrews; 7. Festivities and an Index of Texts Illustrated, and a Amusements of the Jews, and of Bibliographical Index; and the voother nations mentioned in the lume contains a Map of the JourScriptures; 8. Jewish Mode of treat- neyings of the Children of Israel ing ihe Dead, Funeral Rites. from Egypt through the Desert to
An Appendix to this Volume con- the Land of Canaan, and a Map of tains (besides chronological and the Travels of the Apostles, includother tables of weights and mea- ing the more remote places from the sures) a Geographical Index of the Holy Land, which are mentioned in principal places mentioned in Scrip- the New Testament. ture, especially in the New Testa- The above view indicates a large ment; including an abstract of pro- extent of inquiry, and evidently defane Oriental History, from the time manded a considerable share of of Solomon to the Captivity, illustra. ability and perseverance. The whole tive of the history of the Hebrews outline is well filled up with direct as referred to in the prophetic write and collateral information, derived ings, and presenting historical no. from various sources, and may prove tices of the Assyrian, Chaldee, Me- equally useful to the reader who is dian, and Persian empires. It also not conversant with such subjects, contains a Map of the Holy Land, and to the biblical student who conwith the Divisions into Tribes, a sults it for professional instruction. Map of Judea adapted to the Gos- Nor is the work to be considered as pel history, a Plan of Jerusalem a mere compilation. The extracts from D'Anville, and of the Temple and selections which Mr. H. has of Jerusalem according to Lamy and made from other authors, he has inCalmet.
terspersed and connected with oriVolume IV, is appropriated to ginal accessions of his own ingethe Analysis of Scripture, contain- nuity, so as to effect one uniform ing copious critical prefaces to the whole. respective books, and synopses of Amongst the curiosities which he their several contents, and is divided has introduced in his vast mass of into two Parts ; of which, the for- information, may be reckoned the mer consists of Eight Chapters. Jewish prototype, as it is presumed, of the Prayer which our Lord hath vancing out of it to dry land, while two left us, and which appears to have other persons remain within. Above it been formed by him on the model of
the model of flutters a dove, bearing an olive branclı;
and another bird, possibly a raven, is one of the Jewish euchologies. It
perched upon its roof. In one of the front was translated by the learned John
pannels of the chest is the word NOE, in Gregory, and is frequently alluded ancient Greek characters.” to by Dr. Lightfoot, Whitby, Hales,
We have now given a competent &c.
idea, and sufficient specimens of the « Our Father, wbich art in heaven, be nature of this work and its execugracions unto us! O Lord our God, hal tion. It certainly abounds with inlowed be thy name, and let the remem
formation, and on the whole is well brance of thee be glorified in heaven above, - and upon earth here below. Let thy
arranged. kingdom reign over us now, and for ever :
Mr. H. has executed his labori. The holy men of old said, remit and for ous task with ardent zeal. The give unto all men whatever they have done work which he has produced is, in against thee. And lead us not into temp- many parts, too voluminous ; yet tation, but deliver us from the evil thing.
wheresoever it is opened, it will preFor thine is the kingdom, and thou shalt
sent to the reader valuable informareign in glory for evermore.”
tion, and supply him with instruction Mr. H. is also clearly of opinion, well calculated to render the Holy that the celebrated phenomenon, on Scriptures intelligible and delightwhich the French have affixed the ful, to remove those difficulties which name of mirage, existed in the days time and other causes have inevi. of Isaiah, and is expressly described tably brought upon those Sacred by that prophet, in xxxv. 7.
Writings, and to confirm his mind in The glowing land shall become a pool,
the credibility of Divine Revelation, And the thirsty soil, bubbling springs.
and of the Gospel. Bp. Lowth's Translation. " And," he adds, “ it is not improbable that Jeremiah refers to the serâb, or mi. Sermons on the Christian Character. rage, when in pouring forth his complaint with occasional Discourses. By to God, for mercies deferred, he says, • Wilt thou be altogether unto me as wa
the Rev. C. J. Hoare, A.M. Recters that be not sure,' (marginal reading of
tor of Godstone, and late Vicar Jer. xv. 18.) that is, which have no reality,
of Blandford Forum. 8vo. pp. as the Septuagint translators have rendered 353. Hatchard. 1821. it, υδωρ ψευδες ουκ εχον σις».”
There is not upon earth a more im-, The true extent of the Holy Land portant and interesting relation, Mr. H. demonstrates to have been than that which subsists between nearly 200 miles in length, 80 in the pastor and his flock. In many breadth about the middle, and 10 or cases it has no termination or con15 where it widens and contracts. clusion but in the death of one of
His testimony to the truth of the the parties, and no case can be con. Mosaic deluge, derived from the ce. ceived, in which it does not involve lebrated Assamæan medal, is well the welfare of immortal souls. Imworthy of observation. This in- provement in righteousness, with valuable relick of antiquity was confirmation and instruction in faith struck at Assamæa, in the reign of and hope, are the natural fruits and Philip the Elder, and is thus de- tendency of the pastoral office, and scribed by the laborious Mr. Bry- in the day of account it will appear, ant:
as it will be demanded, with what 46 On the reverse of this medal is repre.
faithfulness and constancy tbe misented a kind of square chest, floating on nister has watched, and in wbat rethe waters: a man and a woman are ad verent esteem and account his mi.
nistrations have been held. There his Ephesian converts, that he had not is happiness in reflecting upon the
shunned to declare unto them the whole zealous discharge of ministerial du
counsel of God,' declares that publicly, and
from house to house, he had testified ties, and in observing the kind re
“ repentance toward God, and faith toturns with which they have been re- wards our Lord Jesus Christ." ceived; and it is a painful necessity, “ I have no wish, by extending my obwhich dissolves the connexion, which servations in the present Address, to antihas been carried on for a series of cipate, what I have already, perhaps, with years to the mutual satisfaction of too much fulness dilated upon in the enboth parties, in which the labour of
suing Sermons and Discourses. But I still
feel desirous to be allowed a single partthe ministry has not been unre.
ing admonition: which is, that in order to quited for ineffectual ; in which the be saved by Christianity, it is necessary people are sensible of their pastor's we should duly understand that Christi worth, and the minister is conscious anty is. If we imagine it a mere set of of the purity of his intention, and moral precepts, a law to be observed, and thankful for the success with which a proportionate reward to be obtained at his labours have been crowned.
last, we virtually re-establish a law of
works, by which it is expressly declared, In the Preface to these Sermons,
as the very foundation of Christianity, that Mr. Hoare dwells with affectionate'po flesh can be justified. If, on the regret on the circumstances which other hand, we regard it as a mere exatiended his ministration in the town emption from the law of works, on a supof Blandford Forum, and offers the posed plea of faith ; or a hope of pardon on present volume as a memorial of
the condition of sincere instead of perfect The doctrine which had been preach
obedience: then we each become the judge
of our own sincerity; we indulge a hope ed to his former parishioners, of the
of pardon on most uncertain grounds; we practice which had been recom
may still love the sin we partially forsake, mended, and the principles which and loathe the righteousness we partially had been maintained.
practise, and in truth render the Gospel
of Christ the means of encouragement in a The general tepor of instruction, negligent and worldly practice. Against which, I may justly say, we have ever both these errors, it has been my object, striven to maintain, may be shortly sum- as I believe it to be the end of true med up in the words-Christian prac- Christianity, to guard you.” P. ix. tice founded upon Christian principles, On both points, I trust, the two follow This account of the following ing selections will be found to speak a true Sermons is as just, as it is modest and consistent language. In the former and unassuming, and, it may be series I have wished you to discern the added. that it is the common chacharacter of the Christian; in the latter how he is to attain it. In the one I have
racter of the preaching of the humbly aimed to delineate the portrait, in
Church of England. To recomthe other to point out the Divine Hand mend Christian practice upon Chriswhich must give existence and life to the tian principles, is the one office of original. In the survey of Christian prac- the Christian ministry, the neglect tice, we see from what we have fallen, or misuse of which it is most unjust and to what y
repentance and uncharitable to assume. Occabe restored. In the survey of Christian principles we equally behold that which
sions may arise, in the course of can alone, through faith, effect our resto. parochial duty, which may call for ration. Thus are repentunce and faith exhortations to duties, purely of a virtually the respective ground-work of the moral nature, the practice of which is two series; in each of which I have care supposed in the Christian code, and fully laboured to demonstrate the assistance which there are no motives peculiwe derive from our own invaluable Church, arly Christian to enforce. Such is Acting according to her (our) views, I might refer to Scripture itself as affording
the common vice of drunkenness, the best authority for the order maintain
ins from which the minister will labour
Tror ed in this arrangement: where the great to dissuade bis hearers by exhibitApostle of the Gentiles, in appealing to ing, both in public and in private,