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will I should see Georgia (as I am correspondent R. P. can be, I do not thoroughly persuaded it is) he will wish bis interpretation of my remarks still confirm the clearness of my in- upon the manner in which the Judges ward call, and intimations of his pass sentence of death on criminals, holy word, by outward concurring to remain unanswered. Providence, and by a permission God forbid ! that I should ever defrom those powers who are invested sire to see the laudable practice of with authority to send labourers exhorting the criminal to make his into his vineyard. To the utmost peace with God entirely abandoned, of my kpowledge (unless my false or that I should wish to exclude heart deceives me) I desire simply to hope from bis breast,-my only wish do the Will of God. It was acting is, that the Judges should so qualify upon that principle, first made me their exhortations, as not to encou. resolve, and still makes me con- rage too great hopes of Salvation tinue my resolutions tu go help Mr. upon a late repentance,--hopes, Wesley notwithstanding the solicita- which if not injurious to the crimitions of some persons against it. But nal himself, are very likely to be so whenever I find that God does more to others who may be present, by clearly reveal his will to me (wbich causing them to put off to the last I beg for Christ's sake he may if he moment, that repentance and amendwould not bave me go) and plainly ment of life, which, all must confess, shew me I should stay in England, it is dangerous to delay. For though, I willingly renounce all thoughts of as your correspondent says, “it is going abroad; but till then I must never too late to offer the sacrifice conclude with the same words I did of a deep and sincere repentance,” a late letter to Mr. Wogan (which I he must allow, that it is utterly imwould have you see). If I perisha possible for any man, in the hour I perisb. I will (unless God shews of sickness or of death, to know that me to the contrary), go and assist his repentance is sincere,—to be cerMr. John Wesley. You will not fail tain, that, upon bis restoration to commending to the Throne of Grace, life and health, he would not return as I do you and yours. O Graci, to his former evil ways. ous Father, I desire only to do thy I must still maintain then, that Will. Send, I send thy Holy Spi- the present mode of passing senrit to guide me into all truth, and tence of death, without shewing the convince my friends as well as me, necessity of virtuous practice, tends if it be thy Blessed Will, before I to encourage this reliance upon a go, that it is thy Will I should go death-bed repentance, and as such far heuce amongst the Gentiles. the practice is dangerous—if not to Even so, Lord Jesus. Dear Mr. the criminal—to those, at least, who Laseer,
attend the proceedings of a Court Ever Your's, of Justice.
I would, by no means, deny those I go not from hence till vext “ lenitives and soporifics,” your corweek. If you would answer this, respondent talks of, to the patient I should be obliged to you.
who is past recovery, but I would have the Physician so administer them, as not to raise false hopes of
their efficacy in the minds of the To the Editor of the Remembrancer patient or his surrounding friends, : Sir,
Byla. BEING as great an admirer of your
April 11th, 1822. useful and orthodox pages as your
gold on each wrist.. From her BURNING HINDOO WIDOWS. posture I could see only her hands,
which, with the palms joined, rose The following description of the above her head, in an attitude of burning of a Hindoo widow is invocation; quitting, therefore, this copied from the papers lately pre. post, I removed to an eminence that sented to the House of Commons. gave me an opportunity of observIn a future number we shall extracting the construction of the funeral some further information from the pile, and commanded the pathway same source.
by which I understood she would
approach it. Extract of a Letter from Sir 1. The spot chosen for its erec.
Charles Ware Malet, Řesident at tion, was about forty paces from Poona ; dated the 18th June, the river, and directly fronting the 1787.
suttee. When I came up, the
frame only was fixed; it consisted “ I take the liberty to enclose of four uprights, each about ten Mr. Crusoe's account of a brahmin feet high : they stood rather more suttee, which I think faithful and in than nine feet asunder lengthways, teresting.
and under six in breadth. Soon “ Poona, the 24th July 1786.- after, by ropes fastened near the This evening about five, I was top of the uprights, was suspended hastily called to be a spectator of a roof of rafters, and on it, again, the shocking ceremony of self-de- heaped as many billets as it would votion, sometimes practised amongst bear. Beneath, arose a pile of the brahmin females, on the death more substantial timbers to the of their husbands.
height of about four feet, which “Soon after I and my conductor was covered over with dry straw had quitted the house, we were in and bushes of a fragrant and sacred formed the suttee (for that is the shrub, called toolsee; the sides and name given to the person who so one end being then filled up with devotes herself) had passed, and the same materials, the other exher track was marked by the goolol tremity was left open as an en. and betel leaf, which she had scat. trance. The melancholy preparatered as she went along. She had tions completed, the lady got up, reached the mootah, which runs and walked forward, unsupported, close under the town, before we ar- amidst her friends. She approachrived, and having performed hered the door-way, and then having last ablutions, was sitting at the paid certain devotions, retired a few water's edge. Over her head was yards aside, and was encircled as held a punker, an attendant fanned before. The dead body was brought her with a waving handkerchief, from the bank where it had bither. and she was surrounded by her to remained, close to the place the relations, a few friends, and some suttee lately sat on, and laid upon chosen brahmins, the populace be the pile, and with it several sweet. ing kept aloof by a guard from go meats and a paper bag containing vernment. In this situation, I learn either flour or dust of sandal. The from good authority, sbe distributed widow arose and walked three times among the brahmins two thousand slowly round the pile ; then seat. rupees, and the jewels with which ing berself opposite the entrance, she came decorated, reserving only on a small square stone, constantly as is usual on these occasions, a used in such cases, on which two small ornament in her nose called feet were rudely sketched, she remootee, (perhaps from a pearl or ceived and returned the endear. two on it), and a bracelet of plain ments of her companions with great serenity. This over, she again the case ; but I traced the whole stood up, and having stroked her progress of the ceremony with so . right hand, in the fondest manuer, close and eager an attention, that over the heads of a favoured few, I think I may safely contradict gently inclining her person towards him. them, she let her arms fall round “ As curiosity may be expected their necks in a faint embrace, and to know something of the subject turned from them. Now with her of this terrible, though not uncomhands, indeed, held up to heaven, mon, immolation, I have collected but with her poor eyes cast, in a the following particulars. gaze of total abstraction, deep into “ The lady's name was Toolsethe den of anguish that awaited boy, her husband's Ragaboy Taunher, she stopped awhile-a piteous tee. He was about thirty years statue! At length, without altering old, and nephew to Junaboy Dada feature, or the least agitation of dah, a person of distinction in this her frame, she ascended by the place. A little girl about four door-way, unaşsisted, and, lying years of age, the fruit of their union, down beside her husband's corpse, survives them. Toolesboy was gave herself, in the meridian of life nineteen, her stature above the midand beauty, a victim to a barbarous dle standard, her form elegant, and and cruelly consecrated error of her features interesting and expresmisguided faith. As soon as she sive ; ber eyes in particular, large, entered, she was hid from our view bold and commanding. At the so.' by bundles of straw with which the lemn moment in which alone I saw aperture was closed up, and all the her, these beauties were eminently actors in this tragic scene seemed conspicuous, notwithstanding her to vie with each other who should face was discoloured with turmeric, be most forward in hurrying it to her hair dishevelled and wildly or. a conclusion. At once, some dark- namented with flowers ; and her ened the air with a cloud of goolol, looks, as they forcibly struck me some darting their hatchets at the throughout the ceremony, like those suspending cords, felled the laden of one whose senses wandered: or, toof upon her, and others rushed to come nearer the impression, eagerly forward to apply the fatal whose soul was already fleeting and torch. Happily in this moment of in a state of half-separation from insufferable agony, when the mind the body.” must have lost her dominion, and the ear expected to be pierced by the upavailing cries of nature, the welcome din of the trumpet broke UNITARIAN MARRIAGES. forth from every quarter.
A Speech that ought to be spoken " When the conflagration took place, and not till then, it was fed,
upon the first reading of Mr. W.
Smith's Marriage Act Amendfor a time, with large quantities of
ment Bill. ghee thrown by the nearest akin; but, except the toolsee and straw When it was proposed to enact before mentioned, no combustible that the Clergy of the Church of whatever that I either saw or could England shall solemnize marriage hear of, was used in preparing the after a different form from that pile. It is said to be the custom which is prescribed in the Prayer that, as the suttee ascends the pile, Book, I expected that so extraorshe is furnished with a lighted táper, dinary a measure would be defended to set fire to it herself, and my upon extraordinary grounds. But companion, who was a brahmin, I was uuable to anticipate any thing asserted that in this instance it was half so strange as the first argu
ment upon which this bill proceeds, lord-mayor. No woman of feeling namely, that our laws consider mar- and decency would submit to such riage as a mere civil contract, and a degradation. And the fathers and that the statutes by which it is re friends of the present bill would gulated having nothing to do with solemnize their marriages to-morrow religion, I thought that our ances. in their religious assemblies, if the tors had observed a proper mean law threw no obstacle in their way. between the Papist who exalted All this results, not merely from the marriage to the rank of a sacra. Datural propriety of the thing, ment, and the Puritan who degra. though that is sufficiently obvious, ded it to the level of a bond and in- but from the actual provisions of denture. I thought that all direct the statute-book--the known, the interference, with regard to the va, acknowledged, the unvaried regulalidity of marriages, was reserved to tions which, from the earliest pethe ecclesiastical judge, because they riods of our history, have connected partook of a sacred character. But matrimony with religion. So much it seems that I have been under a for the first very ill.selected topic, mistake. The words civil contract which the advocates of the present are used by writers of good autho. measure have thought proper to in. rity, in the course of their remarks troduce: but it is sufficiently in cha. upon marriage ; and on this account racter with the measure itself, to the we are to unlearn our old ignorance consideration of which I will now and prejudices, and believe that an proceed. engagement, which can only be con- I cannot be expected to know the tracted with the assistance of a complete history of this bill; but priest, which can only be set aside part of it, and a very material part, by a spiritual court, and which has been long before the · public. unless declared to have been void The precise period at which the ab initio, canpot be set aside at all, consciences of Unitarians took is to be considered in the same light alarm at certain expressions in the as a deed of bargain and sale !! Let marriage service, has not been com. the Unitarian produce an instance municated to the world; but the of any other contract, as solemn first symptom of that alarm was and as indissoluble as marriage, or made sufficiently notorious, and the which is looked upon as equally relief then sought was of a very sacred, by those good judges of the objectionable nature. A person of tendency and spirit of our institu- the name of Fearon objected to betions, the great body of the people; ing married according to the comlet him shew at what period ma- mon form, and delivered a protest trimony could be celebrated by a against the ceremony to the officiat. layman, except during the grand ing clergyman. Another person, rebellion, when the constitution was Mr. Dillon, an Unitarian Teacher, subverted,—and then perhaps it will followed up the blow, and contrived be time to review the history of the to insult the Church, the Prayer. marriage laws, and expose the weak- Book, and the Clergyman, and to ness of the opinion wbich they have get married, according to his own been now declared to favour. For statement of the case, without gothe present it is sufficient to ob. ing through the proper ceremony. serve, that the sacred character of Mr. Dillon publisbed an account of " the marriage rite is just as much' his own misconduct in the Monthly an admitted fact among us, as the Repository, and strongly recomvalue of a trial by jury. No parent mended his own behaviour to general of respectability would endure to imitation. The first step, therefore, see his daughter coupled to her bus, that was taken by the tender conband by a parish constable, or a sciences, for which we are called
to legislate, was an attempt to break of the Father, and of the Son, and the law. They tried their own of the Holy Ghost,” occur twice in strength, and protested, before they the course of the Marriage Service, came to your bar with a petition; and Unitarians, disbelieving the and it is fair to infer, that they doctrine of the Trinity, scruple to would never have petitioned at all, hear or to repeat the sentence. Now if they had succeeded in their at the words, even by the confession tempt to set the legislature at defi- of Unitarians, are the words of Scripance.
ture. Their improved version of the It should be observed, however, New Testament admits the authen. that the Unitarians are not respon- ticity of the passage, and contents sible for thie conduct of Fearon. I itself with saying Spirit instead of am not certain that he ever pro. Ghost, that is, with substituting a fessed himself a member of their modern term in the place of an old sect. He now calls himself a Free one. And what is still more to the Thinking Christian, which is a purpose, these words, which were round about name for an unbeliever. spoken by our Saviour wben he com. The present outcry againt the mar- missioned his Apostles to baptize, riage act originated with this man. are retained as a part of the Bap.
But it comes before the House of tismal Service in Belshim's UnitaCommons in a less questionable rian Prayer Book, and are used shape, introduced to their notice by frequently, if not universally, by the a respectable Member, and pre- members of his congregation. I must ceded by petitions from every corner think, therefore, that the conscien. of the kingdom. To the former ces for which we are now required circumstance I am willing to attri- to legislate, are not only tender but bute all the importance that it can sore. Unitarians have their own claim. It is the only favourable method of explaioing the words in feature which I can discover in the question. They do not hesitate to Case, and any encouragement, which use them in the solemn rite of Bap. the Bill may unhappily receive, will tism ; and it is difficult to underbe owing to its author rather than stand why so much stress should be to its merits. The latter, I certainly laid upon their recurrence in the covsider, as of very little conse Marriage-service. If in the latter quence. For since the day on which they teach, imply, and assume the the secret of simultaneous petition sublime and mysterious doctrine of ing was first discovered by the Dis. a Trinity in Unity, as I conceive senters, there is no qnestion however they certainly do, they must teach, trivial on which parchment is not imply, and assume the same in the put into requisition, and Parliament Baptismal-service and in the Soripduly acquainted with the grievances ture-in neither of which have your of his Majesty's subjects. A bustling Petitioners ever been able to discover London secretary sends a circular them. I know that Messrs. Fearon to his friends in the country,and back and Dillon, and others of a similar comes the humble Petition and Pray- disposition, call our ceremony blas. er by return of post. Whether the phemy, and our altars idolatrous. measure in contemplation be great And I also know that such decla. or small, a tithe bill or a turnpike- rations are punishable, and should bill, a school bill or a marriage-bill, be punished. For though the Tri. the popular voice is invariably de- nity bill be repealed, yet are the clared with the same sincerity and Scriptures still protected; and these dispatch.
. : . scurrilities are directed against the But to come a little closer to the Bible as pointedly as against the grievance and the remedy. The Church. Fearon's case may pos, first is, that the words in the name sibly be considered peculiar; in